—(1) Except as otherwise provided in this Act, no person shall drive a motor vehicle of any class or description on a road unless he is the holder of a driving licence authorising him to drive a motor vehicle of that class or description.
(2) No person shall employ or permit another person to drive a motor vehicle on a road unless the person so employed or permitted to drive is the holder of such a driving licence.
(4) An application for a driving licence shall be made in the prescribed form to the Deputy Commissioner of Police.
(5) On an application for the grant of a driving licence, the applicant shall, in addition to any declaration required under this Act, state whether —
he has held a driver’s certificate or licence in any part of the world;
any such certificate or licence has been endorsed, suspended or cancelled;
he has been disqualified from holding a licence; and
he is under the provisions of this Act disqualified by reason of age or otherwise from obtaining the licence for which he is applying.
(6) Subject to the provisions of this Part as to tests of competence to drive and as to the physical fitness of applicants for driving licences, the Deputy Commissioner of Police shall, on payment of the prescribed fee, grant a licence to any person who applies for it in the prescribed manner and makes a declaration in the prescribed form that he is not disqualified by reason of age or otherwise from obtaining the licence for which he is applying.
(7) The Deputy Commissioner of Police shall grant a licence under subsection (6) except in the case of an applicant —
who is disqualified as provided under this section; or
to whom, in the opinion of the Deputy Commissioner of Police, it would not be in the public interest to grant a licence.
(8) A driving licence may authorise the holder thereof to drive all classes of motor vehicles or such class or classes or such type or types within any class or classes as the Deputy Commissioner of Police may specify therein.
(9) Where the applicant is subject to any restriction with respect to the driving of any class of motor vehicle, the extent of the restriction shall be specified in the prescribed manner on the driving licence.
(10) Subject to the provisions of this Act, unless earlier revoked or surrendered —
a driving licence or a renewal thereof granted to a person who is a citizen or permanent resident of Singapore shall remain in force for the lifetime of that person; and
a driving licence or a renewal thereof granted to a person who is not a citizen or permanent resident of Singapore shall remain in force for a period not exceeding 5 years from the date of such grant.
(11) Subsection (10) shall not apply to a provisional licence referred to in section 36(3).
(12) In subsection (10), “permanent resident” means a person who is not subject to any restriction as to his period of residence in Singapore imposed under the Immigration Act (Cap. 133).
(13) The Deputy Commissioner of Police may refuse to renew any driving licence, or may renew it for a period shorter than that provided for in subsection (10)(a) or (b), if he is satisfied —
that the holder of the driving licence has not complied with any process of court issued against him in respect of any offence committed by him under this Act or any written law specified in Part II of the First Schedule; or
(14) Subject to subsection (15), the Minister may, by notification in the Gazette, amend Part II of the First Schedule.
(15) The Minister shall, before exercising his powers under subsection (14), consult the Minister responsible for the written law to which the amendment relates.
(16) Where a driving licence has lapsed for a period of 3 years or more, the Deputy Commissioner of Police shall not renew the licence or grant a new licence to the person who held such a licence unless —
he passes the prescribed test of competence to drive; or
the Deputy Commissioner of Police is satisfied that, at some time within 3 years before the date of the application, the applicant has held a driver’s certificate or licence granted by the competent authority in any country authorising him to drive a motor vehicle of the class or description which he would be authorised to drive by the licence applied for.
(17) A person shall be disqualified from obtaining a driving licence —
while another driving licence granted to him is in force whether the licence is suspended or not;
if he is, by a conviction under this Act or by an order of a court in Singapore or Malaysia, disqualified from holding or obtaining a driving licence.
(18) In any proceedings, the fact that a driving licence has been granted to a person shall be evidence that the person for the purpose of obtaining the licence made a declaration that he was not disqualified from holding or obtaining the licence.
(19) If any person is aggrieved by the refusal of the Deputy Commissioner of Police to grant a driving licence or by the revocation of a driving licence under section 37, he may, after giving the Deputy Commissioner of Police notice of his intention to do so, appeal to the Minister and on any such appeal the Minister may make such order as he thinks fit and any order so made shall be binding on the Deputy Commissioner of Police.