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Cash books, ledgers, journals, etc.
11.
—(1)  Every solicitor shall at all times keep properly written up in the English language such cash books, ledgers and journals and such other books and accounts as may be necessary —
(a)
to show all his dealings with —
(i)
client’s money received, held or paid by him through a client account;
[S 395/2011 wef 01/08/2011]
(ii)
conveyancing money received, held or paid by him through a conveyancing account or conveyancing (CPF) account; and
[S 395/2011 wef 01/08/2011]
(iii)
any other money dealt with by him through a client account;
[S 395/2011 wef 01/08/2011]
(b)
to show separately in respect of each client all money of the categories specified in sub-paragraph (a) which is received, held or paid by him on account of that client; and
(c)
to distinguish all money of the categories mentioned in sub-paragraph (b) received, held or paid by him, from any other money received, held or paid by him.
(2)  All dealings referred to in paragraph (1)(a) shall be recorded as may be appropriate —
(a)
in a client’s cash book or a client’s column of a cash book; or
(b)
in a record of sums transferred from the ledger account of one client to that of another,
and in addition —
(i)
in a client’s ledger or a client’s column of a ledger; and
(ii)
in a journal.
(2A)  No other dealings shall be recorded in such client’s cash book and ledger mentioned in paragraph (2) or, as the case may be, in such client’s columns and journal.
(2B)  All dealings of the solicitor relating to his practice as solicitor other than those referred to in paragraph (1)(a) shall, subject to compliance with the Legal Profession (Solicitors’ Trust Accounts) Rules (R 9), be recorded in such other cash book and ledger or such other columns of a cash book and ledger and such journal as the solicitor may choose to maintain.
(3)  In addition to the books and accounts referred to in paragraphs (2) and (2B), every solicitor shall keep a record of all bills of costs (distinguishing between profit costs and disbursements) and of all written intimations under rules 7(1)(a)(iv) and 9(2)(c)(i) delivered or made by the solicitor to his clients, which record shall be contained in a bills delivered book or a file of copies of such bills and intimations.
(4)  Every solicitor shall within one month of his commencing practice on his own account (either alone or in partnership) and thereafter not less than once in every succeeding month cause the balance of his clients’ cash books (or clients’ column of his cash book) to be reconciled with his clients’ bank statements and shall keep in the cash book or other appropriate place a statement showing the reconciliation.
[S 109/2004 wef 01/04/2004]
(5)  No solicitor shall make use of any computerised system of book-keeping for the purpose of this rule unless any information which is recorded on such computerised system is capable of being reproduced in the form of a printed document within a reasonable time.
(6)  Every solicitor shall preserve for a period of at least 6 years from the date of the last entry therein —
(a)
all accounts, books, ledgers and records kept by him under this rule; and
(b)
all bank statements received by him in respect of each client account, conveyancing account and conveyancing (CPF) account.
[S 395/2011 wef 01/08/2011]
[S 631/2011 wef 25/11/2011]
(7)  Unless authorised in writing by the Council, no money may be withdrawn from a bank account or a deposit account with an approved finance company, being or forming part of a client account, otherwise than under the signature of a solicitor who is not a person prohibited under rule 8(7) from signing a cheque or other instruction effecting a withdrawal from a client account.
[S 207/2007 wef 15/07/2007]
(8)  Subject to rule 11A, a solicitor may engage a book-keeper to keep his books and accounts properly written up and reconciled as required by this rule.
[S 109/2004 wef 01/04/2004]
[S 207/2007 wef 15/07/2007]
History for Provision '11 Cash books, ledgers, journals, etc.'.
Left Arrow
Right Arrow
pr11-.
25/03/1992
Formal Consolidation
25 March 1992
1990 RevEd
 
Compare versionsDiff

01/08/1998
Informal Consolidation
17 July 1998
Amended
S 380/1998

01/01/1999
Formal Consolidation
01 January 1999
1999 RevEd
 
Compare versionsDiff

01/04/2004
Informal Consolidation
09 March 2004
Amended
S 109/2004

15/07/2007
Informal Consolidation
14 May 2007
Amended
S 207/2007

01/08/2011
Informal Consolidation
08 July 2011
Amended
S 395/2011

25/11/2011
Informal Consolidation
25 November 2011
Amended
S 631/2011

04/05/2012
Informal Consolidation
03 May 2012
Amended
S 181/2012