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Contents  

Long Title

Part I PRELIMINARY

Part II ENTRY INTO AND DEPARTURE FROM SINGAPORE

Part IIA SINGAPORE VISAS FOR NON-CITIZENS

Part III ENTRY AND RE-ENTRY PERMITS

Part IV PROCEDURE ON ARRIVAL IN AND DEPARTURE FROM SINGAPORE

Part V REMOVAL FROM SINGAPORE

Part VA OBLIGATIONS RELATING TO IDENTIFYING INFORMATION OR PASSENGER INFORMATION

Part VI MISCELLANEOUS

THE SCHEDULE Personal Identifiers

Legislative History

 
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Immigration Act
(CHAPTER 133)

(Original Enactment: M. Ordinance 12 of 1959)

REVISED EDITION 2008
(1st January 2008)
An Act relating to immigration into, and departure from, Singapore.
[16th September 1963]
PART I
PRELIMINARY
Short title
1.  This Act may be cited as the Immigration Act.
Interpretation
2.
—(1)  In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires —
“advance passenger information” means information relating to any passenger required to be furnished to the Controller prior to the arrival in Singapore of the vessel, aircraft or train, as the case may be, on which the passenger will be travelling to Singapore;
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
“arrive” means —
(a)
in relation to an aircraft, the aircraft coming to a stop after landing;
(b)
in relation to a vessel or ship, the securing of the vessel or ship for any purposes, including for the embarkation or disembarkation of its passengers or the loading or unloading of its cargo or stores or both; or
(c)
in relation to a train, the train coming to a stop at a train checkpoint;
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
“authorised airport”, “authorised landing place”, “authorised train checkpoint”, “authorised point of entry”, “authorised departing place” and “authorised point of departure” mean, respectively, an airport, a landing place, a train checkpoint, a point of entry, a departing place or a point of departure declared as such under section 5;
“authorised area” means an authorised airport, authorised landing place, authorised train checkpoint, authorised point of entry, authorised place of embarkation, authorised departing place, authorised point of departure or immigration control post declared as such under section 5;
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
“certificate” means a certificate of status issued under the provisions of any regulations made under section 55;
“Controller” means the Controller of Immigration appointed under section 3;
“Controller of Work Passes” means the Controller of Work Passes appointed under section 3 of the Employment of Foreign Manpower Act (Cap. 91A);
“crew” includes every seaman on a vessel, and every person employed in the operation of an aircraft or a train or in any service rendered to the crew or passengers of an aircraft in flight or a train in motion;
“Director of Marine” means the Director of Marine appointed under section 4(1) of the Merchant Shipping Act (Cap. 179) and includes the Deputy Director of Marine appointed under that subsection and such other officers appointed under section 4(3) of that Act as the Director of Marine may authorise to carry out any of his duties under this Act;
“document” includes —
(a)
any endorsement;
(b)
any paper or other material where there is writing;
(c)
any paper or other material on which there are marks, figures, symbols or perforations that are —
(i)
capable of being given a meaning by persons qualified to interpret them; or
(ii)
capable of being responded to by a computer, a machine or an electronic device;
(d)
any article or material from which information is capable of being reproduced with or without the aid of any other article or device; or
(e)
any electronic record;
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
“electronic record” has the same meaning as in section 2(1) of the Electronic Transactions Act (Cap. 88);
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
“employ” means to engage or use the service of any person, whether under a contract of service or otherwise, with or without remuneration;
“entry” means —
(a)
in the case of a person arriving by sea, disembarking in Singapore from the vessel in which he arrives;
(b)
in the case of a person arriving by air at an authorised airport, leaving the precincts of such airport;
(c)
in the case of a person entering by land and proceeding to an immigration control post under section 26 or an authorised train checkpoint under section 25A, leaving the precincts of such post or checkpoint for any purpose other than that of departing from Singapore by an approved route;
(ca)
in the case of a child born in Singapore on or after 15th January 2005 who is not a citizen of Singapore, his birth in Singapore; and
(d)
in any other case, any entry into Singapore by land, sea or air,
but shall not include in any case an entry made for the purpose of complying with this Act or an entry, expressly or impliedly, sanctioned by an immigration officer for the purpose of any enquiry or detention under the provisions of this Act;
“entry permit” means a permit to enter or remain in Singapore issued under section 10;
“harbour” means to give food or shelter, and includes the act of assisting a person in any way to evade apprehension;
“immigration control post” means a post established as such by the Controller at a place declared to be an immigration control post under section 5;
“immigration depot” means any place designated by the Controller for the examination, inspection or detention of persons under this Act;
“immigration officer” means any person appointed under section 3;
“immigration signal” means such signal as may be prescribed for vessels which arrive in Singapore;
“leave” means —
(a)
in the case of a person leaving Singapore by sea, embarking in Singapore on a vessel which is about to leave Singapore and remaining on board such vessel at the time of its departure for any place outside Singapore;
(b)
in the case of a person leaving Singapore by air, boarding an aircraft in Singapore which is about to depart from Singapore;
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
(c)
in the case of a person leaving Singapore by land, boarding and remaining in a train or other vehicle which is about to leave Singapore; and
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
(d)
in the case of a vessel, an aircraft or a train leaving Singapore by sea, air or land, as the case may be, departing from any authorised departing place in Singapore by sea, or from any airport or train checkpoint in Singapore, for any place outside Singapore;
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
“master” —
(a)
in relation to a vessel, means any person (except a pilot or harbour master) having for the time being control or charge thereof;
(b)
in relation to an aircraft, means the captain thereof; and
(c)
in relation to a train, means the driver of the train or any person having for the time being control or charge thereof;
“non-citizen” means any person who is not a citizen of Singapore;
“occupier”, in relation to any premises or place, includes —
(a)
the person having the charge, management or control of either the whole or part of the premises or place, either on his own account or as an agent; and
(b)
a contractor who is carrying out building operations or construction works at the premises or place on behalf of some other person;
“pass” means a pass issued under the regulations entitling the holder thereof to remain, or enter and remain, temporarily in Singapore;
“passenger” means any person carried in a vessel, an aircraft or a train, other than the members of the crew;
“permit” includes an entry permit and a re-entry permit;
“personal identifier” means any of the identifiers specified in the Schedule (including any in digital form);
“prohibited immigrant” means any person who is a prohibited immigrant as defined in section 8;
“re-entry permit” means a permit to re-enter Singapore issued under section 11;
“regulations” means regulations made under this Act;
“seaman” includes the master and any person carried in a vessel as a bona fide member of the staff employed in the operation or service of the vessel and, if the vessel has articles, entered on the articles;
“Singapore visa” means a Singapore visa granted under Part IIA;
“stowaway” means a person who is secreted in a vessel, an aircraft or a train without the consent of the master or other person in charge of the vessel, aircraft or train and includes such a person who is arriving in or departing from Singapore on board any vessel, aircraft or train without the consent of the master or other person in charge of the vessel, aircraft or train;
“through passenger” means any passenger who arrives in Singapore by a vessel, an aircraft or a train and who is continuing his journey in the same vessel, aircraft or train to a place outside Singapore;
“transportation company” means any government, municipality, body corporate, or organisation, firm or person carrying or providing for the transit of passengers, whether by vessel, aircraft, railway, highway or otherwise, and includes any 2 or more such transporting companies co-operating in the business of carrying passengers;
“vehicle” means any vehicle whether mechanically propelled or otherwise;
“vessel” includes any ship or boat or other description of floating craft used in navigation, and includes any tackle, equipment, book, document, goods, cargo or things carried therein or thereon.
[12/70; 21/73; 60/73; 13/77; 6/89; 38/93; 41/95; 34/98; 53/2004; 30/2007; 33/2007]
(2)  For the purposes of sections 8(6), 10(5), 11(6), 14(6), 29(7) or 33, any reference to the Minister shall include a reference to any of the following who is authorised by the Minister for the purposes of hearing an appeal under that provision:
(a)
the Minister who has been designated by the Prime Minister as Second Minister for Home Affairs (if any);
(b)
any Minister of State,
and any reference in section 39A to the Minister shall include a reference to a person so authorised by the Minister under this subsection.
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
Appointment and powers of Controller and immigration officers
3.
—(1)  The Minister may appoint a Controller of Immigration and such number of immigration officers as he may consider necessary for the proper carrying out of the provisions of this Act.
[13/77]
(2)  The powers and discretions vested in the Controller under this Act, and the duties required to be discharged by him may, subject to section 4 and to such limitations as the Controller may impose, be exercised and discharged by immigration officers duly authorised by the Controller to act on his behalf.
[13/77]
Power of Minister to issue directions
4.
—(1)  The Minister may from time to time give the Controller directions of a general character, and not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, as to the exercise of the powers and discretions conferred on the Controller by, and the duties required to be discharged by the Controller under, this Act or any regulations or orders made thereunder, in relation to all matters which appear to him to affect the immigration policy of Singapore.
(2)  The Controller shall give effect to all directions given under subsection (1).
PART II
ENTRY INTO AND DEPARTURE FROM SINGAPORE
Entry into and departure from Singapore
5.
—(1)  The Minister may, by notification in the Gazette, prescribe approved routes and declare such immigration control posts, landing places, airports, train checkpoints or points of entry, as he may consider to be necessary for the purposes of this Act, to be immigration control posts, authorised landing places, authorised airports, authorised train checkpoints or authorised points of entry, as the case may be.
(1A)  In declaring under subsection (1) any place to be an immigration control post, a landing place or an authorised point of entry, the Minister may specify that it or any part of the place is to be an immigration control post, a landing place or an authorised place of entry generally only for a fixed period or for fixed periods of time in any day, or only for the separate and exclusive immigration clearance of a particular person or class of persons.
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
(2)  No person shall, unless compelled by accident or other reasonable cause, enter or attempt to enter Singapore except at an authorised landing place, airport, train checkpoint or point of entry.
[13/77; 38/93; 34/98]
(3)  The Minister may, by notification in the Gazette, prescribe approved routes and declare such immigration control posts, places of embarkation, authorised airports, authorised train checkpoints, authorised departing places or authorised points of departure, as the case may be.
[13/77; 38/93]
(3A)  In declaring under subsection (3) any place to be an authorised departing place or an authorised point of departure, the Minister may specify that it or any part of the place is to be an authorised departing place or an authorised point of departure generally only for a fixed period or for fixed periods of time in any day, or only for the separate and exclusive immigration clearance of a particular person or class of persons.
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
(4)  No person shall, unless compelled by accident or other reasonable cause, leave or attempt to leave Singapore except at an authorised place of embarkation, airport, train checkpoint, departing place or point of departure.
[13/77; 38/93; 34/98]
(5)  Any person who contravenes subsection (2) or (4) shall be guilty of an offence.
[13/77]
(6)  Without prejudice to subsection (1A) or (3A), where upon the application of any person (referred to in this section as the applicant), any place or any part of that place is declared under subsection (1) or (3), as the case may be, to be an immigration control post, a landing place, an authorised point of entry or an authorised departing place or authorised point of departure for the separate and exclusive immigration clearance of the applicant, or a particular person or class of persons associated with the applicant, the Controller may, with the approval of the Minister, require the applicant to pay to the Controller a rate, at such intervals and at such amount or rate as may be prescribed, for or in connection with immigration clearance performed by immigration officers at that place or part thereof.
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
(7)  The number of immigration officers to be deployed at any immigration control post, landing place, authorised point of entry, authorised departing place or authorised point of departure referred to in subsection (6) shall be determined at the discretion of the Controller.
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
(8)  In this section, unless the context otherwise requires —
“immigration clearance”, in relation to any person, includes refusing the person entry into Singapore or exit from Singapore;
“separate and exclusive immigration clearance” includes immigration clearance carried out only during a particular period or periods in a day for a particular person or class of persons.
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
Person entering or leaving Singapore to produce passport, etc.
5A.
—(1)  Subject to subsection (2), every person, whether a citizen of Singapore or a non-citizen, who is arriving in Singapore (by air, sea or land) from a place outside Singapore, or is leaving Singapore (by air, sea or land) to a place outside Singapore, shall present to an immigration officer at the authorised airport, authorised landing place, authorised train checkpoint, authorised point of entry, authorised departing place or authorised point of departure, as the case may be —
(a)
if the person is a citizen of Singapore (whether or not the person is also the national of a country other than Singapore) — the person’s Singapore passport that is valid, and any other prescribed evidence of the person’s identity and Singapore citizenship; or
(b)
if the person is a non-citizen —
(i)
the person’s foreign passport or other foreign travel document that is valid, and such other evidence of the person’s identity as the immigration officer may require; and
(ii)
where a Singapore visa is required by section 9B, evidence of a Singapore visa that is in effect and is held by the person.
[33/2007]
(2)  The immigration officer may waive —
(a)
the requirements of a passport or travel document if the person is a citizen of Singapore and in prescribed circumstances; or
(b)
the requirements of a passport, travel document or Singapore visa in the case of any person entering Singapore from a place outside Singapore and holding a valid entry permit, re-entry permit or certificate of status issued in accordance with this Act.
[33/2007]
(3)  Any person who enters or leaves Singapore in contravention of subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $1,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both.
[33/2007]
(4)  Subsection (1) shall not apply to such categories of persons as the Minister may prescribe.
[33/2007]
Facilities at authorised areas
5B.
—(1)  The Minister may, by notice in writing, require the owner or occupier of any premises within which an authorised area is or is to be located (referred to in this section as the relevant owner or occupier), but not the Government —
(a)
to provide and maintain in the authorised area, at the relevant owner’s or occupier’s cost, such facilities and resources as the Minister considers necessary for the proper, secure and efficient functioning of the authorised area, including providing such facilities to the immigration officers whose duties require their presence within or at the perimeter of the authorised area; or
(b)
to permit the establishment of immigration offices within the authorised area.
(2)  The Minister may give to the relevant owner or occupier such written directions as may be necessary —
(a)
to ensure compliance with the provisions of this Act and the regulations; or
(b)
for the proper, secure and efficient functioning of the authorised area.
(3)  The relevant owner or occupier shall comply with the written notice or direction served or given to him or it under subsection (1) or (2).
(4)  Any relevant owner or occupier who or which fails to comply with subsection (3) shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine of not less than $100,000 and not more than $200,000 and, in the case of a continuing offence, to a further fine not exceeding $2,000 for every day or part thereof during which the offence continues after conviction.
(5)  Where a body corporate is guilty of an offence under subsection (4) and that offence is proved to have been committed with the authority, consent or connivance of any director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate or of any person purporting to act in any such capacity, he, as well as the body corporate, shall each be guilty of that offence and shall each be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.
(6)  In this section, “owner” means any person who has an estate or interest in the premises and whose permission to enter the premises is needed by another before that other may enter the premises.
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
Control of entry into and departure from Singapore
6.
—(1)  No person, other than a citizen of Singapore, shall enter or attempt to enter Singapore unless —
(a)
he is in possession of a valid entry permit or re-entry permit lawfully issued to him under section 10 or 11;
(b)
his name is endorsed upon a valid entry permit or re-entry permit in accordance with section 12, and he is in the company of the holder of that permit;
(c)
he is in possession of a valid pass lawfully issued to him to enter Singapore; or
(d)
he is exempted from this subsection by an order made under section 56.
[13/77; 34/98; 53/2004]
(2)  Every person departing from Singapore, other than a citizen of Singapore or a person exempted from this subsection by an order made under section 56, shall, if so required by an immigration officer, complete an embarkation form and submit it for examination by that officer at the time he leaves Singapore.
[53/2004]
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
(3)  Any person who contravenes subsection (1) or (2) shall be guilty of an offence and —
(a)
in the case of an offence under subsection (1), shall on conviction be punished with imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months and shall also, subject to sections 325(1) and 330(1) of the Criminal Procedure Code 2010, be punished with caning with not less than 3 strokes, or where by virtue of that section he is not punishable with caning, he shall, in lieu of caning, be punished with a fine not exceeding $6,000;
[15/2010 wef 02/01/2011]
(b)
in the case of an offence under subsection (2), shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $2,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both.
[35/84; 6/89; 41/95; 53/2004]
(4)  In any proceedings for an offence under subsection (1), it shall be presumed, until the contrary is proved, that the defendant attempted to enter Singapore in contravention of subsection (1)(c) if the defendant was found within the waters of the port and it is proved to the satisfaction of the court that —
(a)
he was unable, or refused, to produce when requested to do so by a police officer or an immigration officer a valid passport or other valid travel document issued by the competent authority of any State or territory;
(b)
he has no visible means of subsistence; or
(c)
he had taken precautions to conceal his identity or presence from any police officer or immigration officer.
[34/98]
(5)  For the purposes of this section, “port” means any place declared to be a port under section 3 of the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore Act (Cap. 170A).
[34/98]
Non-citizens born in Singapore
6A.
—(1)  A child who —
(a)
is born in Singapore on or after 15th January 2005; and
(b)
is not a citizen of Singapore at the time of his birth,
shall be deemed to be issued with a special pass authorising him to remain in Singapore.
[53/2004]
(2)  A special pass referred to in subsection (1) shall be valid for 42 days from the date of the birth of the child and may be extended for such period as the Controller thinks fit.
[53/2004]
(3)  An application to renew a special pass referred to in subsection (1) —
(a)
shall be made —
(i)
in the case of a legitimate child, by the father or mother; or
(ii)
in the case of an illegitimate child, by the mother; and
(b)
shall be in such form as the Controller may determine.
[53/2004]
(4)  Upon an application made under subsection (3), the Controller may extend the special pass or issue the child with such permit or other pass as the Controller thinks fit.
[53/2004]
(5)  The father or mother in the case of a legitimate child, or the mother in the case of an illegitimate child, shall ensure that the child referred to in subsection (1) does not remain in Singapore after the expiry of the special pass or, where a permit or pass has been issued to the child under subsection (4), the expiry of the permit or pass, as the case may be.
[53/2004]
(6)  Any person who contravenes subsection (5) shall be guilty of an offence.
[53/2004]
Right of entry
7.
—(1)  A citizen of Singapore shall be entitled to enter Singapore without having obtained a permit or pass in that behalf under this Act.
(2)  The burden of proof that any person is a citizen of Singapore shall lie upon that person.
Prohibited immigrants
8.
—(1)  Any person, not being a citizen of Singapore, who is a member of any of the prohibited classes as defined in subsection (3) or who, in the opinion of the Controller, is a member of any of the prohibited classes, is a prohibited immigrant.
[34/98]
(2)  Subject to any exemption granted under section 56 —
(a)
no prohibited immigrant who is a member of the prohibited class defined in subsection (3)(o) shall enter Singapore; and
(b)
no other prohibited immigrant shall enter Singapore, unless he is in possession of a valid pass in that behalf issuable to a prohibited immigrant under the regulations.
(3)  The following persons are members of the prohibited classes:
(a)
any person who is unable to show that he has the means of supporting himself and his dependants (if any) or that he has definite employment awaiting him, or who is likely to become a pauper or a charge on the public;
(b)
any person suffering from a contagious or infectious disease which makes his presence in Singapore dangerous to the community;
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
(ba)
any person suffering from Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus;
(c)
any person desiring to enter Singapore who refuses to submit to an examination after being required to do so under section 29(1);
(d)
any person who —
(i)
has been convicted in any country or state of an offence for which a sentence of imprisonment has been passed for any term;
(ii)
has not received a free pardon; and
(iii)
by reason of the circumstances connected with that conviction is deemed by the Controller to be an undesirable immigrant;
(e)
any prostitute or any person who is living on or receiving or who, prior to entering Singapore, lived on or received the proceeds of prostitution;
(f)
any person who procures or attempts to bring into Singapore prostitutes or women or girls for the purpose of prostitution or other immoral purpose;
(g)
vagrants or habitual beggars;
(h)
any person whose entry into Singapore is, or at the time of his entry was, unlawful under this Act or any other written law for the time being in force;
(i)
any person who believes in or advocates the overthrow by force or violence of the Government or of any established government or of constituted law or authority or who disbelieves in or is opposed to established government, or who advocates the assassination of public officials, or who advocates or teaches the unlawful destruction of property;
(j)
any person who is a member of or affiliated with any organisation entertaining or teaching disbelief in or opposition to established government or advocating or teaching the duty, necessity or propriety of the unlawful assaulting or killing of any officer or officers, either of specific individuals or officers generally, of the Government or of any established government, because of his or their official character, or advocating or teaching the unlawful destruction of property;
(k)
any person who, in consequence of information received from any source or from any government through official or diplomatic channels, is considered by the Minister to be an undesirable immigrant;
(l)
any person who has been removed from any country or state by the government of that country or state on repatriation for any reason whatever and who, by reason of the circumstances connected therewith, is considered by the Controller to be an undesirable immigrant;
(m)
any person who, being required by any written law for the time being in force to be in possession of valid travel documents, is not in possession of those documents or is in possession of forged or altered travel documents or travel documents which do not fully comply with that written law;
(n)
the family and dependants of a prohibited immigrant; and
(o)
any person prohibited by an order made under section 9 from entering Singapore.
[38/93; 34/98]
(4)  The burden of proof that any person seeking to enter Singapore is not a prohibited immigrant shall lie upon that person.
(4A)  Where the Controller refuses to allow any person to enter Singapore on the ground that the person is a prohibited immigrant, the Controller shall, if so requested by the person, inform him of the class of prohibited immigrants of which, in the opinion of the Controller, he is a member.
(5)  Subject to any exemption granted under section 56, if any prohibited immigrant enters Singapore otherwise than in accordance with a valid pass lawfully issued to him, he shall be guilty of an offence.
(6)  Any person in possession of a permit issued to him under the provisions of this Act who, upon his arrival in Singapore, is refused permission to enter on the ground that he is a prohibited immigrant, may appeal against the refusal, within such time and in such manner as may be prescribed, to the Minister whose decision shall be final.
(7)  Notwithstanding sections 24, 25, 25A and 26, any person who appeals against such refusal shall be permitted to disembark and shall be detained in an immigration depot pending the determination of his appeal, unless released on a pass issued at the discretion of the Controller on such conditions as to furnishing security or otherwise as the Controller may think fit.
[41/95]
Power to prohibit or limit entry into Singapore
9.
—(1)  The Minister may, by order —
(a)
where he thinks it expedient to do so in the interests of public security or by reason of any economic, industrial, social, educational or other conditions in Singapore —
(i)
prohibit, either for a stated period or permanently, the entry or re-entry into Singapore of any person or class of persons;
(ii)
limit the number of persons of any class who may enter Singapore within any period specified in the order;
(iii)
limit the period during which any person or class of persons entering or re-entering Singapore may remain therein;
(b)
prohibit the entry into Singapore of passengers brought to Singapore by any transportation company which refuses or neglects to comply with the provisions of this Act.
(1A)  No order made under subsection (1)(a), except an order made in the interests of public security, shall apply to any person outside Singapore at the time when the order is made and who is in possession of a valid re-entry permit lawfully issued to him.
(2)  An order made under subsection (1) shall not apply to any citizen of Singapore or to any person seeking to enter Singapore under and in accordance with any pass lawfully issued to that person.
(3)  Every order made under subsection (1)(a) which relates to a class of persons, except an order made in the interests of public security, shall be presented to Parliament as soon as possible after publication in the Gazette and if a resolution is passed within the next 3 months after the order is so presented disapproving the order or any part thereof, the order or such part thereof, as the case may be, shall thenceforth cease to have effect but without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done thereunder.
(4)  Every order made under subsection (1) shall, unless otherwise expressed therein, come into force on the date of the making thereof, and shall be published in the Gazette.
(5)  Any person who enters or re-enters or remains in Singapore in contravention of any order made under subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence and shall on conviction be punished with imprisonment for a term of not less than 2 years and not more than 4 years and shall also be liable to a fine not exceeding $6,000.
[35/84; S 22/89]
(6)  Where a person, who has been previously convicted of any offence which is punishable with imprisonment for a term of not less than 3 years, commits an offence under subsection (5) by the use of a passport or other travel document which bears a name different from that stated in the order made against him under subsection (1), he shall on conviction be punished with imprisonment for a term of not less than 2 years and not more than 5 years and shall also be liable to a fine not exceeding $10,000 and to caning.
[35/84; S 22/89]
PART IIA
SINGAPORE VISAS FOR NON-CITIZENS
Singapore visas
9A.
—(1)  Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Controller may grant a non-citizen permission, to be known as a Singapore visa, to travel to and enter Singapore.
[33/2007]
(2)  Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), a Singapore visa to travel to and enter Singapore may be one to travel to and enter Singapore during a specified period.
[33/2007]
Visas essential for travel
9B.
—(1)  Subject to subsection (2), a non-citizen shall not travel to Singapore without a Singapore visa that is in effect.
[33/2007]
(2)  Subsection (1) shall not apply to a non-citizen in relation to travel to Singapore if the travel is by a non-citizen who holds and produces a valid passport from a territory that is approved by the Minister.
[33/2007]
Effect of Singapore visa
9C.
—(1)  A Singapore visa that is in effect is not a pass or other permission for, and does not confer any right on, the holder to enter Singapore.
[33/2007]
(2)  Subject to section 5(2) and any regulations made under section 55, the holder of a Singapore visa that is in effect shall enter Singapore at an authorised airport, authorised landing place, authorised train checkpoint or authorised point of entry.
[33/2007]
PART III
ENTRY AND RE-ENTRY PERMITS
Entry permits
10.
—(1)  Any person seeking to enter Singapore who is not entitled so to enter as a citizen of Singapore or by virtue of a valid pass to enter Singapore issued to him or seeking to remain in Singapore after he had ceased to be a citizen of Singapore or after the expiry of such a pass may make application in that behalf in the manner prescribed to the Controller or to such other person whether within or outside Singapore as the Controller may, from time to time, appoint for the purpose.
[53/2004]
(2)  Upon an application made under subsection (1) and upon payment of the prescribed fee, the Controller may issue to the applicant an entry permit in the prescribed form and shall, if the applicant is required by the provisions of any written law relating to passports for the time being in force in Singapore to have a visa to enter Singapore, issue a visa to the applicant on the production by him of his passport or other travel document and on payment of the fee prescribed by that written law, and the visa shall remain valid until the expiry or cancellation of the entry permit issued to him.
(3)  The Controller may, in his discretion —
(a)
at the time of issuing an entry permit under subsection (2), impose any condition as he thinks fit; or
(b)
at any time after the issue of an entry permit under subsection (2), vary or revoke any condition to which the entry permit is subject or impose any condition thereto.
[53/2004]
(3A)  For the avoidance of doubt, the power of the Controller to vary, revoke or impose any condition under subsection (3)(b) may be exercised whether or not he is entitled to cancel the entry permit under this Act.
[53/2004]
(4)  Before varying, revoking or imposing any condition on an entry permit under subsection (3)(b), the Controller shall notify the holder of the entry permit of his intention to do so and shall give the holder an opportunity to be heard as to why the condition of his entry permit should not be varied or revoked or the additional condition should not be imposed.
[38/93; 53/2004]
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
(5)  Any person who is aggrieved by the decision of the Controller under this section may, within 30 days of being notified of the decision of the Controller, appeal by petition in writing to the Minister whose decision shall be final.
[38/93]
(6)  Any entry permit issued by the Controller before 15th January 2005 to any person who was in Singapore at the time he ceased to be a citizen of Singapore and who continued to remain in Singapore shall be deemed to have been validly issued and shall continue in force until it is cancelled.
[53/2004]
Re-entry permits
11.
—(1)  Any person lawfully resident in Singapore, not being the holder of a valid pass or a citizen of Singapore, who seeks to leave Singapore temporarily, or within one month of so leaving Singapore, may make an application to the Controller in the prescribed manner for the issue to him of a re-entry permit authorising him to re-enter Singapore.
(2)  Subject to subsection (3), upon an application made under subsection (1) and upon payment of the prescribed fee, the Controller may issue to the applicant a re-entry permit in the prescribed form and shall, if the applicant is required by the provisions of any written law relating to passports for the time being in force in Singapore to have a visa to enter Singapore, issue a visa to the applicant on the production by him of his passport or other travel document and on payment of the fee prescribed by that written law and the visa shall remain valid until the expiry or cancellation of the re-entry permit issued to him.
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
(3)  The Controller may, in his discretion —
(a)
at the time of issuing a re-entry permit under subsection (2), impose any condition as he thinks fit; or
(b)
at any time after the issue of a re-entry permit under subsection (2), vary or revoke any condition to which the re-entry permit is subject or impose any condition thereto.
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
(4)  For the avoidance of doubt, the power of the Controller to vary, revoke or impose any condition under subsection (3)(b) may be exercised whether or not he is entitled to cancel the re-entry permit under this Act.
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
(5)  Before varying, revoking or imposing any condition on a re-entry permit under subsection (3)(b), the Controller shall notify the holder of the re-entry permit of the Controller’s intention to do so and shall give the holder an opportunity to be heard as to why the condition of his re-entry permit should not be varied or revoked or the additional condition should not be imposed.
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
(6)  Any person who is aggrieved by the decision of the Controller under this section may, within 30 days after being notified of the decision of the Controller, appeal by petition in writing to the Minister whose decision shall be final.
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
Persons ceasing to be citizens of Singapore
11A.
—(1)  Subject to subsection (4), any person in Singapore who, on or after 15th January 2005, ceases to be a citizen of Singapore shall not remain in Singapore for more than 24 hours after the date on which he ceases to be a citizen of Singapore unless he has been issued with a permit or a pass authorising him to remain in Singapore.
[53/2004]
(2)  Any person who, on or after 15th January 2005, ceases to be a citizen of Singapore and who wishes to remain in Singapore may make an application to the Controller in the prescribed manner for the issue to him of a permit or a pass authorising him to remain in Singapore.
[53/2004]
(3)  Upon an application made under subsection (2) and upon payment of the prescribed fee, the Controller may issue to the applicant a permit or a pass authorising him to remain in Singapore.
[53/2004]
(4)  Any person who applies for a permit or a pass under subsection (2) before the expiry of the time specified in subsection (1) —
(a)
may remain in Singapore pending the determination by the Controller of the application; and
(b)
subject to subsection (5), shall not remain in Singapore for more than 24 hours after being informed that his application for a permit or pass has been rejected.
[53/2004]
(5)  Subsection (4)(b) does not prevent a person from entering and remaining in Singapore if he is subsequently issued with a permit or a pass by the Controller authorising him to enter and remain in Singapore.
[53/2004]
(6)  Any person who, without reasonable cause, contravenes subsection (1) or (4)(b) shall be guilty of an offence and —
(a)
in the case where he remains unlawfully in Singapore for a period not exceeding 90 days, shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $4,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both; or
(b)
in the case where he remains unlawfully in Singapore for a period exceeding 90 days, shall on conviction be punished with imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months and shall also, subject to sections 325(1) and 330(1) of the Criminal Procedure Code 2010, be punished with caning with not less than 3 strokes, or where by virtue of that section he is not punishable with caning, he shall, in lieu of caning, be punished with a fine not exceeding $6,000.
[15/2010 wef 02/01/2011]
[53/2004]
Endorsement of names of wife and children on permits, passes and certificates
12.  Subject to such conditions as may be prescribed, it shall be lawful for the Controller, on application made in that behalf in the prescribed form by the holder of, or by an applicant for, a permit, pass or certificate, to endorse upon the permit, pass or certificate issued to that person the name or names of the wife or child of that person.
Power to make inquiries
13.  The Controller may, before the issue of a permit, pass or certificate under this Act or before making any endorsement thereon under section 12, make such inquiries or require the production of such evidence as he may think fit in order to satisfy himself as to the truth of any statement made in the application for the permit, pass or certificate.
Cancellation and declarations regarding permits and certificates
14.
—(1)  Where the holder of any permit seeks to enter Singapore accompanied by any child whose name is not endorsed upon that permit under section 12 and who is not otherwise entitled to enter Singapore under the provisions of this Act, the Controller may cancel the permit issued to that person.
(2)  Where, upon the arrival in Singapore of any person to whom a permit or certificate has been issued, the Controller is satisfied, as a result of inquiries made under section 24, 25, 25A or 26, or from other information, that the permit or certificate was issued as a result of any false representation or concealment of a material fact, the Controller may cancel the permit or certificate.
[38/93]
(3)  Where at any time during the period of validity of any permit or certificate, the Controller is satisfied that the holder of the permit or certificate is a prohibited immigrant, the Controller shall cancel the permit or certificate.
(4)  Where any person has entered or remains in Singapore by virtue of a permit or certificate, and the Controller is satisfied that —
(a)
any material statement made in or in connection with the application for the permit or certificate was false or misleading;
(b)
the person is a prohibited immigrant; or
(c)
the holder of the permit or certificate has contravened any condition stated in the permit or certificate,
the Controller may cancel the permit or certificate issued to that person, and may declare at any time after the date of the entry or date of the issue of the permit or certificate that the presence of that person in Singapore is unlawful.
[34/98]
(5)  On making any cancellation under subsection (2), (3) or (4) or on making any declaration under subsection (4), the Controller shall, by notification which, if the address of the person is known, shall be sent to him at that address and otherwise shall be published in such manner as the Controller thinks fit, inform the person affected thereby of the grounds on which the cancellation or declaration has been made.
[34/98]
(6)  The person may appeal against the cancellation or declaration, as the case may be, within such time and in such manner as may be prescribed, to the Minister whose decision shall be final.
Unlawful entry or presence in Singapore
15.
—(1)  A person shall not remain in Singapore after the cancellation of any permit or certificate, or after the making of a declaration under section 14(4) or after the expiration or notification to him, in such manner as may be prescribed, of the cancellation of any pass relating to or issued to him unless he is otherwise entitled or authorised to remain in Singapore under the provisions of this Act or the regulations.
(2)  A person shall not remain in Singapore in contravention of section 62.
[12/70]
(3)  Any person who contravenes, without reasonable cause, this section shall be guilty of an offence and —
(a)
in the case where he remains unlawfully for a period not exceeding 90 days, shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $4,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both;
(b)
in the case where he remains unlawfully for a period exceeding 90 days, shall on conviction be punished with imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months and shall also, subject to sections 325(1) and 330(1) of the Criminal Procedure Code 2010, be punished with caning with not less than 3 strokes, or where by virtue of that section he is not punishable with caning, he shall, in lieu of caning, be punished with a fine not exceeding $6,000.
[15/2010 wef 02/01/2011]
[35/84; 6/89; 41/95]
PART IV
PROCEDURE ON ARRIVAL IN AND DEPARTURE FROM SINGAPORE
Immigration signal
16.
—(1)  The master of every vessel which arrives in or is about to leave Singapore shall hoist the prescribed immigration signal and shall exhibit that signal until authorised by an immigration officer to haul it down.
[13/77]
(2)  The master of a vessel who contravenes subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence.
Vessel to stop, proceed to immigration or departure anchorage or other place when ordered
17.
—(1)  The Controller may, by notification in the Gazette, declare any place within the limits of any port to be an immigration anchorage, either for vessels generally or for vessels of a class specified in the notification.
[13/77]
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
(2)  The master of every vessel which arrives at or is about to leave a port where an immigration anchorage, either for vessels generally or for vessels of a class to which that vessel belongs, has been declared shall, subject to any directions given under subsection (4), immediately navigate his vessel to that anchorage and shall remain there until an immigration officer gives him permission to leave.
[13/77]
(3)  The master of every vessel which arrives in or is about to leave Singapore shall, if ordered to do so by a police officer or an immigration officer, stop, anchor or tie up his vessel at such place as may be ordered, and shall remain there until a police officer or an immigration officer gives him permission to leave.
[Act 18 of 2012 wef 19/12/2012]
(4)  The master of a vessel who contravenes or fails, without reasonable cause, to comply with this section or any order made or directions given thereunder shall be guilty of an offence.
Aircraft arriving in or departing from Singapore
18.
—(1)  The captain of every aircraft which arrives in or leaves Singapore shall land his aircraft at, or fly his aircraft away from, an authorised airport.
[13/77]
(2)  The captain of an aircraft who, without reasonable cause, contravenes subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence.
Train arriving in or leaving Singapore
18A.
—(1)  The master of every train which arrives in or leaves Singapore shall stop his train at, or drive his train away from, an authorised train checkpoint.
[38/93]
(2)  The master of a train who, without reasonable cause, contravenes subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence.
[38/93]
Vehicles arriving in or leaving Singapore
18B.
—(1)  The driver of a vehicle who wishes to drive into Singapore shall stop his vehicle at an authorised place of embarkation, an authorised point of entry or an immigration control post upon arrival in Singapore.
[53/2004]
(2)  The driver of a vehicle who wishes to drive out of Singapore shall stop his vehicle at an authorised departing place, an authorised point of departure or an immigration control post before leaving Singapore.
[53/2004]
(3)  The driver of a vehicle who, without reasonable cause, contravenes subsection (1) or (2) shall be guilty of an offence.
[53/2004]
Persons not to board or leave vessel until examination completed
19.
—(1)  Except under and in accordance with any authority granted by an immigration officer, no person other than —
(a)
the pilot;
(b)
any Government officer boarding the vessel on duty;
(c)
the owner, charterer or agent of the vessel; or
(d)
a consular officer or an accredited representative of the country to which the vessel belongs,
shall leave or board a vessel arriving in Singapore nor may any person (other than the crew of a vessel carrying any such person) approach within 200 metres of the vessel, until the vessel has been examined by an immigration officer and the immigration signal has been hauled down, or board a vessel departing from Singapore after it has been examined by an immigration officer just before its departure.
[13/77; S 353/75]
(2)  Any person who contravenes subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence and every such person leaving a vessel in contravention of subsection (1) shall, if so required by an immigration officer, return immediately to the vessel and remain thereon and the master of the vessel shall be bound to re-embark that person.
Prohibition on disembarking from or boarding ships without permission of immigration officer
20.
—(1)  It shall be the duty of the master and the owner or charterer of every vessel which arrives in Singapore to prevent any person other than a person specified in section 19(1)(