Singapore Government
Link to Homepage
Home | About Us | Browse | Advanced Search | Results | My Preferences | FAQ | Help | PLUS
 
Contents  

Long Title

Part I PRELIMINARY

Part II OFFENCES INVOLVING CONTROLLED DRUGS AND SUBSTANCES

Part III EVIDENCE, ENFORCEMENT AND PUNISHMENT

Part IV TREATMENT AND REHABILITATION

Part V TAKING OF PHOTOGRAPHS, FINGER IMPRESSIONS, PARTICULARS AND BODY SAMPLES

Part VI COMMITTEE OF INQUIRY

Part VII GENERAL

FIRST SCHEDULE Controlled Drugs

SECOND SCHEDULE Offences Punishable on Conviction

THIRD SCHEDULE Controlled equipment, materials or substances useful for manufacturing controlled drugs

FOURTH SCHEDULE Specified Drugs

FIFTH SCHEDULE Temporarily listed drugs

Legislative History

Comparative Table

Comparative Table

 
Slider
Left Corner
Print   Link to Viewed VersionLink to In-Force Version
 
On 20/10/2017, you requested the version in force on 02/10/2013 incorporating all amendments published on or before 02/10/2013. The closest version currently available is that of 02/05/2013.
Slider
Misuse of Drugs Act
(CHAPTER 185)

(Original Enactment: Act 5 of 1973)

REVISED EDITION 2008
(31st March 2008)
An Act for the control of dangerous or otherwise harmful drugs and substances and for purposes connected therewith.
[7th July 1973]
PART I
PRELIMINARY
Short title
1.  This Act may be cited as the Misuse of Drugs Act.
Interpretation
2.  In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires —
“approved institution” means any institution or place declared by the Minister to be an approved institution under section 35;
“article liable to seizure” means any money, thing, controlled equipment or controlled material by means of or in respect of which an offence under this Act has been committed or which contains evidence of an offence under this Act;
“cannabis” means any part of a plant of the genus Cannabis, or any part of such plant, by whatever name it is called;
“cannabis mixture” means any mixture of vegetable matter containing tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabinol in any quantity;
“cannabis resin” means any substance containing resinous material and in which is found tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabinol in any quantity;
“Class A drug”, “Class B drug” and “Class C drug” mean any of the substances and products for the time being specified in Parts I, II and III of the First Schedule, respectively;
“committee of inquiry” means a committee of inquiry convened under section 41;
“controlled drug” means any substance or product which is for the time being specified in Part I, II or III of the First Schedule or anything that contains any such substance or product;
“controlled equipment, controlled material or controlled substance” means any equipment, material or substance, respectively, specified in the Third Schedule;
“corresponding law” means a law stated in a certificate purporting to be issued by or on behalf of the government of a country outside Singapore to be a law providing for the control and regulation in that country of —
(a)
the production, supply, use, export and import of drugs and other substances in accordance with the provisions of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs signed at New York on 30th March 1961; or
(b)
the production, supply, use, export and import of dangerous or otherwise harmful drugs in pursuance of any treaty, convention or other agreement or arrangement to which the government of that country and the Government of Singapore are for the time being parties;
“Director” means the Director of the Central Narcotics Bureau appointed under section 3(1);
“Director of Prisons” means the Director of Prisons appointed under section 20 of the Prisons Act (Cap. 247);
“drug addict” means a person who, through the use of any controlled drug, has developed —
(a)
a desire or need to continue to take that controlled drug; or
(b)
a psychological or physical dependence upon the effect of that controlled drug;
“Health Sciences Authority” means the Health Sciences Authority established under the Health Sciences Authority Act (Cap. 122C);
“immigration officer” has the same meaning as in the Immigration Act (Cap. 133);
“inmate” means a person who is detained in an approved institution;
“manufacture”, in relation to —
(a)
a controlled drug, includes any process of producing the drug and the refining or transformation of one drug into another; or
(b)
a controlled substance, includes any process of producing the substance and the refining or transformation of one substance into another;
“officer of customs” has the same meaning as in the Customs Act (Cap. 70);
“officer of the Bureau” means the Director or any person appointed under section 3 as a Deputy Director, a Divisional Director or an officer of the Central Narcotics Bureau;
“opium” means any substance containing in any quantity morphine and one or more of the following, namely, codeine, narcotine, papaverine and thebaine but does not include poppy-straw which is not mixed in any such substance;
“permanent resident of Singapore” includes the holder of a Singapore blue identity card and a person who holds an entry permit or a re-entry permit issued by the Controller of Immigration;
“place” includes —
(a)
any building or structure, whether permanent or temporary;
(b)
any land, whether or not built on;
(c)
any place, whether or not enclosed, and whether or not situated underground or underwater;
(d)
any vessel, aircraft, train, or vehicle (whether mechanically propelled or otherwise) or any other means of transport; and
(e)
any part of any place referred to in paragraphs (a) to (d);
“police officer” has the same meaning as in the Police Force Act (Cap. 235);
“prison officer” has the same meaning as in the Prisons Act (Cap. 247);
“regulations” means any regulations made under this Act;
“Review Committee”, in relation to an approved institution, means the Review Committee appointed for the institution under section 37;
“senior officer of customs” has the same meaning as in the Customs Act;
“special police officer” means a member of the Special Constabulary constituted under Part VIII of the Police Force Act;
“specified drug”, except for the purposes of the Second Schedule, means a drug specified in the Fourth Schedule;
“traffic” means —
(a)
to sell, give, administer, transport, send, deliver or distribute; or
(b)
to offer to do anything mentioned in paragraph (a),
otherwise than under the authority of this Act, and “trafficking” has a corresponding meaning;
“Vigilante Corps” means the Vigilante Corps constituted under the Vigilante Corps Act (Cap. 343);
[49/75; 12/77; 40/93; 20/98; 8/2000; 4/2001; 2/2006]
“vulnerable person” means any person who suffers from an impairment of, or a disturbance in the functioning of, the mind or brain resulting from any disability or disorder of the mind or brain which impairs the ability to make a proper judgment in relation to the commission of any offence under this Act;
“young person” means any person who is below 21 years of age.
Appointment of Director and other officers of Central Narcotics Bureau
3.
—(1)  The Minister may appoint a Director of the Central Narcotics Bureau and such numbers of Deputy Directors, Divisional Directors and other officers as the Minister may think fit.
[2/2006]
(2)  All officers of the Bureau appointed by the Minister before 12th December 1975 shall be deemed to have been appointed under subsection (1).
[49/75]
(3)  Subject to the provisions of this Act, the powers and functions conferred upon the Director under this Act, and the duties required to be discharged by him may, subject to such limitations as the Director may impose, be exercised and discharged by any Deputy Director or Divisional Director of the Central Narcotics Bureau duly authorised by the Director to act on his behalf.
(4)  The Director may issue such orders not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act and the regulations made thereunder, to be called General Orders, as he may think necessary and expedient for the control, direction and information of the officers of the Bureau.
(5)  It shall not be necessary to publish any General Orders in the Gazette.
Advisory committees
4.
—(1)  For the purpose of assisting in the administration of this Act, the Minister may from time to time appoint such advisory committees as he thinks fit.
[12/77]
(2)  Every such committee shall have such functions as the Minister may from time to time determine.
[12/77]
(3)  Subject to the regulations, every such committee may regulate its own procedure.
[12/77]
PART II
OFFENCES INVOLVING CONTROLLED DRUGS AND SUBSTANCES
Trafficking in controlled drugs
5.
—(1)  Except as authorised by this Act, it shall be an offence for a person, on his own behalf or on behalf of any other person, whether or not that other person is in Singapore —
(a)
to traffic in a controlled drug;
(b)
to offer to traffic in a controlled drug; or
(c)
to do or offer to do any act preparatory to or for the purpose of trafficking in a controlled drug.
(2)  For the purposes of this Act, a person commits the offence of trafficking in a controlled drug if he has in his possession that drug for the purpose of trafficking.
[40/93]
Manufacture of controlled drugs
6.  Except as authorised by this Act, it shall be an offence for a person to manufacture a controlled drug.
Import and export of controlled drugs
7.  Except as authorised by this Act, it shall be an offence for a person to import into or export from Singapore a controlled drug.
Possession and consumption of controlled drugs
8.  Except as authorised by this Act, it shall be an offence for a person to —
(a)
have in his possession a controlled drug; or
(b)
smoke, administer to himself or otherwise consume —
(i)
a controlled drug, other than a specified drug; or
(ii)
a specified drug.
[20/98]
Consumption of drug outside Singapore by citizen or permanent resident
8A.
—(1)  Section 8(b) shall have effect in relation to a person who is a citizen or a permanent resident of Singapore outside as well as within Singapore where he is found as a result of urine tests conducted under section 31(4)( b) to have smoked, administered to himself or otherwise consumed a controlled drug or a specified drug.
[20/98; 2/2006]
(2)  Where an offence under section 8(b) is committed by a person referred to in subsection (1) in any place outside Singapore, he may be dealt with as if that offence had been committed within Singapore.
[20/98]
Possession of pipes, utensils, etc.
9.  Except as authorised by this Act, it shall be an offence for a person to have in his possession any pipe, syringe, utensil, apparatus or other article intended for the smoking, administration or consumption of a controlled drug.
Cultivation of cannabis, opium and coca plants
10.  It shall be an offence for a person to cultivate any plant of the genus Cannabis, or any plant of the species papaver somniferum or any plant of the genus erythroxylon from which cocaine can be extracted.
Manufacture, supply, possession, import or export of equipment, materials or substances useful for manufacture of controlled drugs
10A.
—(1)  Any person who —
(a)
manufactures any controlled equipment, controlled material or controlled substance;
(b)
supplies any controlled equipment, controlled material or controlled substance to another person;
(c)
has in his possession any controlled equipment, controlled material or controlled substance; or
(d)
imports or exports any controlled equipment, controlled material or controlled substance,
knowing or having reason to believe that the controlled equipment, controlled material or controlled substance is to be used in or for the manufacture of a controlled drug in contravention of section 6 shall be guilty of an offence.
[20/98]
(2)  It shall not be a defence to a person who contravenes subsection (1)(d) in respect of any controlled equipment, controlled material or controlled substance to show that the equipment, material or substance is the subject of a licence, permit or any other form of authorisation issued or granted under any regulations made under section 10B.
[20/98]
Regulations on controlled equipment, material or substances
10B.
—(1)  The Minister may by regulations make provisions for —
(a)
the licensing, by such person or authority as may be prescribed, of persons who intend to import or export any controlled equipment, controlled material or controlled substance;
(b)
the regulation and control of the import or export of any controlled equipment, controlled material or controlled substance;
(c)
imposing requirements for the registration of premises used in connection with the import, export, manufacture, processing, storage, distribution or supply of any controlled equipment, controlled material or controlled substance;
(d)
imposing requirements as to the documentation of transactions involving any controlled equipment, controlled material or controlled substance;
(e)
requiring the keeping of records and the furnishing of information with respect to any controlled equipment, controlled material or controlled substance;
(f)
the inspection and production of records kept pursuant to the regulations; and
(g)
the labelling of consignments of any controlled equipment, controlled material or controlled substance.
[20/98]
(2)  Regulations made under subsection (1) may, in particular, require —
(a)
the notification of the proposed exportation of any controlled equipment, controlled material or controlled substance to such countries as may be specified in the regulations; and
(b)
the production, in such circumstances as may be specified, of evidence that the required notification has been given,
and any such equipment, material or substance shall be deemed to be exported contrary to a restriction for the time being in force with respect to the equipment, material or substance under such regulations if it is exported without the requisite notice being given.
[20/98]
(3)  Regulations made under this section may make different provisions in relation to different controlled equipment, controlled material or controlled substance and in relation to different cases or circumstances.
[20/98]
(4)  Regulations made under this section may provide that any person who contravenes any provision thereof shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to be punished with a fine not exceeding $10,000 or with imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 years or with both as may be specified in the regulations.
[20/98]
(5)  No information obtained pursuant to any regulations made under this section shall be disclosed except for the purposes of criminal proceedings or of proceedings under or in relation to the Corruption, Drug Trafficking and Other Serious Crimes (Confiscation of Benefits) Act (Cap. 65A).
[20/98]
Responsibilities of owners, tenants, etc.
11.  It shall be an offence for a person being the owner, tenant, occupier or person in charge of any place or premises, to permit or suffer such place or premises or any part thereof to be opened, kept or used for —
(a)
the purpose of smoking, administration or consumption of any controlled drug; or
(b)
the unlawful trafficking in or the unlawful manufacturing of any controlled drug.
Arranging or planning gatherings where controlled drugs are to be consumed or trafficked
11A.
—(1)  Where there is a gathering of 2 or more persons in any place, any person who arranges or plans the gathering with the knowledge that any controlled drug is, or is to be, consumed or trafficked at that gathering shall be guilty of an offence and shall on conviction —
(a)
be punished with imprisonment for a term of not less than 3 years and not more than 20 years; and
(b)
be liable to caning of not more than 10 strokes.
(2)  A person may be guilty of an offence under subsection (1) notwithstanding that he does not supply any controlled drug to be consumed or trafficked at that gathering.
Abetments and attempts punishable as offences
12.  Any person who abets the commission of or who attempts to commit or does any act preparatory to, or in furtherance of, the commission of any offence under this Act shall be guilty of that offence and shall be liable on conviction to the punishment provided for that offence.
Causing or procuring young person or vulnerable person to commit certain offences
12A.  Any person of or above the age of 21 years who causes or procures any young person or vulnerable person to commit any offence under section 5(1) or 7 shall be guilty of an offence.
Abetting or procuring commission of offences outside Singapore
13.  It shall be an offence for a person —
(a)
to aid, abet, counsel or procure the commission in any place outside Singapore of an offence punishable under a corresponding law in force in that place;
(aa)
to aid, abet, counsel or procure the commission of any offence under this Act within Singapore, notwithstanding that all or any of the acts constituting the aiding, abetment, counselling or procurement were done outside Singapore; or
(b)
to do an act preparatory to, or in furtherance of, an act outside Singapore which if committed in Singapore would constitute an offence under this Act.
Offences by body corporate
14.  Where any offence under this Act committed by a body corporate is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to any neglect on the part of, any director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate, or any person purporting to act in any such capacity, he as well as the body corporate shall be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against accordingly.
PART III
EVIDENCE, ENFORCEMENT AND PUNISHMENT
Certificate of corresponding law
15.
—(1)  A document purporting to be issued by or on behalf of the government of a country outside Singapore and purporting to state the terms of a corresponding law in force in that country shall be admitted in evidence, in any proceedings for an offence under this Act, on its production by the prosecution without further proof.
(2)  Such document shall be conclusive evidence that —
(a)
it is issued by or on behalf of the government of that country;
(b)
the terms of that law are as stated in the document; and
(c)
any fact stated in the document as constituting an offence under that law does constitute such offence.
Certificate of analyst, etc.
16.  A certificate purporting —
(a)
to be signed by —
(i)
an analyst employed by the Health Sciences Authority; or
(ii)
such other person as the Minister may, by notification in the Gazette, appoint; and
(b)
to relate to a controlled drug or controlled substance,
shall be admitted in evidence, in any proceedings for an offence under this Act, on its production by the prosecution without proof of signature and, until the contrary is proved, shall be proof of all matters contained therein.
[2/2006]
Presumption concerning trafficking
17.  Any person who is proved to have had in his possession more than —
(a)
100 grammes of opium;
(b)
3 grammes of morphine;
(c)
2 grammes of diamorphine;
(d)
15 grammes of cannabis;
(e)
30 grammes of cannabis mixture;
(f)
10 grammes of cannabis resin;
(g)
3 grammes of cocaine;
(h)
25 grammes of methamphetamine;
(ha)
113 grammes of ketamine; or
(i)
10 grammes of any or any combination of the following:
(i)
N, α-dimethyl-3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenethylamine;
(ii)
α-methyl-3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenethylamine; or
(iii)
N-ethyl-α−methyl-3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenethylamine,
whether or not contained in any substance, extract, preparation or mixture, shall be presumed to have had that drug in possession for the purpose of trafficking unless it is proved that his possession of that drug was not for that purpose.
[38/89; 40/93; 20/98; 2/2006]
Presumption of possession and knowledge of controlled drugs
18.
—(1)  Any person who is proved to have had in his possession or custody or under his control —
(a)
anything containing a controlled drug;
(b)
the keys of anything containing a controlled drug;
(c)
the keys of any place or premises or any part thereof in which a controlled drug is found; or
(d)
a document of title relating to a controlled drug or any other document intended for the delivery of a controlled drug,
shall, until the contrary is proved, be presumed to have had that drug in his possession.
(2)  Any person who is proved or presumed to have had a controlled drug in his possession shall, until the contrary is proved, be presumed to have known the nature of that drug.
(3)  The presumptions provided for in this section shall not be rebutted by proof that the accused never had physical possession of the controlled drug.
(4)  Where one of 2 or more persons with the knowledge and consent of the rest has any controlled drug in his possession, it shall be deemed to be in the possession of each and all of them.
Presumption concerning premises
19.
—(1)  Where a pipe, syringe, utensil, apparatus or other article intended for the smoking, administration or consumption of a controlled drug is found in any place or premises, it shall be presumed, until the contrary is proved, that the place or premises is used for the purpose of smoking, administering or consuming a controlled drug.
(2)  Any person found in or escaping from any place or premises which is proved or presumed to be used for the purpose of smoking or administering a controlled drug shall, until the contrary is proved, be presumed to have been smoking or administering a controlled drug in that place or premises.
Presumption relating to ship or aircraft
20.  If any controlled drug is found in any ship or aircraft, it shall be presumed, until the contrary is proved, that the drug has been imported in that ship or aircraft with the knowledge of the master or the captain thereof.
Presumption relating to vehicle
21.  If any controlled drug is found in any vehicle, it shall be presumed, until the contrary is proved, to be in the possession of the owner of the vehicle and of the person in charge of the vehicle for the time being.
Presumption relating to urine test
22.  If any controlled drug is found in the urine of a person as a result of both urine tests conducted under section 31(4)(b), he shall be presumed, until the contrary is proved, to have consumed that controlled drug in contravention of section 8(b).
[49/75; 38/89; 2/2006]
Protection of informers
23.
—(1)  Except as provided in subsection (3) —
(a)
no information for an offence under this Act shall be admitted in evidence in any civil or criminal proceedings; and
(b)
no witness in any civil or criminal proceedings shall be obliged —
(i)
to disclose the name and address of any informer who has given information with respect to an offence under this Act; or
(ii)
to answer any question if the answer thereto would lead, or would tend to lead, to the discovery of the name or address of the informer.
(2)  If any book, document or paper which is in evidence or liable to inspection in any civil or criminal proceedings contains any entry in which any informer is named or described or which may lead to his discovery, the court shall cause those entries to be concealed from view or to be obliterated so far as may be necessary to protect the informer from discovery.
(3)  If —
(a)
in any proceedings before a court for an offence under this Act, the court, after full inquiry into the case, is satisfied that an informer wilfully made a material statement which he knew or believed to be false or did not believe to be true; or
(b)
in any other proceedings, the court is of the opinion that justice cannot be fully done between the parties thereto without the disclosure of the name of an informer,
the court may permit inquiry and require full disclosure concerning the informer.
Powers of search and seizure
24.
—(1)  Any officer of the Bureau, police officer not below the rank of Assistant Superintendent of Police or any police officer authorised by him or any senior officer of customs may at any time —
(a)
without a warrant enter and search any place or premises in which he reasonably suspects that there is to be found —
(i)
any controlled drug, controlled substance, drug specified in the Fifth Schedule, substance containing any drug specified in the Fifth Schedule or article liable to seizure; or
(ii)
a person who has committed or is reasonably suspected to have committed any offence under this Act or any seizable offence under the regulations;
(b)
search any person found in that place or premises; and
(c)
seize and detain any controlled drug, controlled substance, drug specified in the Fifth Schedule or substance containing any drug specified in the Fifth Schedule, which is found in that place or premises, or any article liable to seizure.
[20/98]
(2)  For the purpose of exercising his power under this section, an officer may, with such assistance as he considers necessary, break open any door, window, lock, fastener, floor, wall, ceiling, compartment, box, container or any other thing.
(3)  Notwithstanding subsection (1), if the use of any drug specified in the Fifth Schedule or any substance containing such drug at any place or premises searched under that subsection is authorised by the Director, that drug or substance shall not be liable to seizure under that subsection.
Powers of arrest
25.
—(1)  Any officer of the Bureau, police officer, officer of customs, or special police officer or member of the Vigilante Corps authorised in writing by a police officer not below the rank of Assistant Superintendent of Police, may arrest and search without a warrant any person who has committed or whom he reasonably suspects to have committed an offence under this Act or a seizable offence under the regulations.
[12/77; 20/98]
(2)  Any person arrested under subsection (1) shall, together with any controlled drug, controlled substance or article liable to seizure, be taken to the Central Narcotics Bureau, a police station or a customs station and may be searched.
[49/75; 20/98]
(3)  No woman shall be searched under this Act except by another woman.
(4)  An officer making an arrest under this section may seize and detain any controlled drug, controlled substance or article liable to seizure.
[20/98]
Power to search ship, hovercraft, aircraft, vehicle or train and person arriving in or departing from Singapore
26.
—(1)  Any officer of the Bureau, police officer or officer of customs may —
(a)
stop, board and search any ship, hovercraft, aircraft, vehicle or train if he has reason to suspect that there is therein any controlled drug in contravention of this Act, controlled substance, drug specified in the Fifth Schedule, substance containing any drug specified in the Fifth Schedule or any article liable to seizure;
(b)
search any person in that ship, hovercraft, aircraft, vehicle or train; and
(c)
search any person arriving in Singapore or about to depart from Singapore.
[20/98]
(2)  An officer may seize and detain —
(a)
any controlled drug, controlled substance, drug specified in the Fifth Schedule, substance containing any drug specified in the Fifth Schedule or article liable to seizure as a result of any search under this section; and
(b)
any ship, hovercraft, aircraft, vehicle or train which has been used in the commission of or in connection with an offence under this Act.
[20/98]
(3)  Notwithstanding subsection (2), if the use of any drug specified in the Fifth Schedule or any substance containing such drug onboard any ship, hovercraft, aircraft, vehicle or train or by any person searched under that subsection is authorised by the Director, that drug or substance shall not be liable to seizure under that subsection.
Forfeiture of controlled drugs, controlled substances and articles seized
27.
—(1)  Where anything is seized under this Act, the officer who carried out the seizure shall immediately give notice in writing of the seizure to the owner of that thing, if known, either by delivering the notice to him personally or by post at his place of residence, if known.
(2)  The notice under subsection (1) shall not be required to be given where the seizure is made in the presence of the offender or the owner or his agent, or in the case of a ship or an aircraft, in the presence of the master or captain thereof.
(3)  An order for the forfeiture of any controlled drug, controlled substance or article shall be made if it is proved to the satisfaction of a court that an offence under this Act has been committed and that such drug, substance or article was the subject matter of or was used in the commission of the offence notwithstanding that no person may have been convicted of that offence.
[20/98]
(4)  If there is no prosecution with regard to any controlled drug, controlled substance or article seized under this Act, that drug, substance or article shall be deemed to be forfeited at the expiration of one month from the date of the seizure thereof unless a claim thereto has been made before that date in such manner as may be prescribed.
[20/98]
(5)  Any drug specified in the Fifth Schedule or any substance containing such drug shall be deemed to be forfeited at the expiration of one month after the date of the seizure thereof unless a claim thereto has been made before that date in such manner as may be prescribed.
Forfeiture of ship, hovercraft, aircraft or vehicle
28.
—(1)  Where a person has been convicted of an offence under this Act, the court may order to be forfeited to the Government any ship, hovercraft or aircraft which has been proved to have been used in any manner in connection with the offence.
[20/98]
(2)  Where a person has been convicted of an offence under this Act, the court shall, upon the application of the Public Prosecutor, order to be forfeited to the Government any vehicle which has been proved to have been used in any manner in connection with the offence.
[20/98]
(3)  This section shall not apply to any ship or hovercraft of more than 200 tons net or to any aircraft belonging to any person carrying on a regular passenger service to and from Singapore by means of that aircraft.
(4)  No ship, hovercraft, aircraft or vehicle shall be forfeited under this section if it is established by the owner thereof that the ship, hovercraft, aircraft or vehicle was unlawfully in the possession of another person without the consent of the owner.
Disposal of things forfeited
29.
—(1)  All things which are forfeited to the Government under this Act shall be disposed of in such manner as the Minister thinks fit.
(2)  The Minister may, in his discretion and after any proceedings under this Act are concluded, entertain and give effect to any claim to or in respect of anything which has been forfeited to the Government.
Obstruction of inspection or search
30.
—(1)  It shall be an offence for a person to —
(a)
obstruct any officer of the Bureau, police officer, officer of customs or other public officer in the exercise of any power under this Act;
(b)
fail to comply with any lawful requirement of any officer of the Bureau, police officer, officer of customs or other public officer in the execution of his duty under this Act;
(c)
fail, without reasonable excuse, to furnish such information in his possession as may be required by any officer of the Bureau, police officer, officer of customs or other public officer; or
(d)
furnish to any officer of the Bureau, police officer, officer of customs or other public officer any information which he knows or has reason to believe to be false.
[12/77]
(2)  In subsection (1), “public officer” includes any special police officer or member of the Vigilante Corps exercising any power under section 25.
[12/77]
Urine tests
31.
—(1)  Any officer of the Bureau, immigration officer or police officer not below the rank of sergeant may, if he reasonably suspects any person to have committed an offence under section 8(b), require that person to provide a specimen of his urine for urine tests to be conducted under this section.
[12/77; 38/89]
(2)  A person who fails, without reasonable excuse, to provide a specimen of his urine within such time as may be required by any of the officers referred to in subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence.
[12/77]
(3)  Any person (other than a citizen of Singapore or a permanent resident) arriving in Singapore by land, sea or air who —
(a)
fails to comply with the requirement of an immigration officer under this section; or
(b)
is found as a result of urine tests conducted under subsection (4)(a) or (b) to have consumed a controlled drug,
may be prohibited from entering or remaining in Singapore.
[38/89; 2/2006]
(4)  A specimen of urine provided under this section shall be divided into 3 parts and dealt with, in such manner and in accordance with such procedure as may be prescribed, as follows:
(a)
a preliminary urine test shall be conducted on one part of the urine specimen; and
(b)
each of the remaining 2 parts of the urine specimen shall be marked and sealed and a urine test shall be conducted on each part by a different person, being either an analyst employed by the Health Sciences Authority or any person as the Minister may, by notification in the Gazette, appoint for such purpose.
[2/2006]
(5)  Notwithstanding subsection (4), where upon conducting any preliminary urine test under subsection (4)(a), a part of a urine specimen has tested negative for controlled drugs, any of the officers referred to in subsection (1) may either discard the remaining 2 parts of the same urine specimen or proceed in accordance with subsection (4)(b).
(6)  A certificate stating the result of a urine test shall be signed by an analyst employed by the Health Sciences Authority or any other person that the Minister, by notification in the Gazette, appoints for such purpose.
(7)  The certificate stating the result of a urine test may be signed by an analyst or person appointed under subsection (6) notwithstanding that he did not personally conduct the test to analyse the urine specimen as long as the test was conducted by another person acting under his direction.
(8)  In this section, a specimen of urine may be collected from a person on different occasions within the time referred to in subsection (2).
Hair tests
31A.
—(1)  Any officer of the Bureau, immigration officer or police officer not below the rank of sergeant may, if he reasonably suspects any person to have committed an offence under section 8(b), require that person to provide specimens of his hair for a hair test to be conducted under this section.
(2)  A person who fails, without reasonable excuse, to provide specimens of his hair of such type and quantity as may be required by any of the officers referred to in subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence.
(3)  All specimens of hair provided under this section shall be marked and sealed for hair testing in accordance with the prescribed procedure.
(4)  A certificate stating the result of a hair test shall be signed by an analyst employed by the Health Sciences Authority or any other person that the Minister, by notification in the Gazette, appoints for such purpose.
(5)  The certificate stating the result of a hair test may be signed by an analyst or person appointed under subsection (4) notwithstanding that he did not personally conduct the test to analyse the specimens of hair as long as the test was conducted by another person acting under his direction.
Power of investigation of officers of Bureau
32.