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Contents  

Long Title

Part I PRELIMINARY

Part II REGISTRATION OF ELECTORS AND REVISION OF REGISTERS

Part III ELECTIONS

UNCONTESTED ELECTIONS

CONTESTED ELECTIONS

POSTPONEMENT AND ADJOURNMENT OF ELECTIONS

CORRUPT PRACTICES

ELECTION AGENT, ELECTION EXPENSES AND ILLEGAL PRACTICES

EXCUSE FOR CORRUPT AND ILLEGAL PRACTICE

GROUNDS FOR AVOIDING ELECTIONS

Part IV APPLICATIONS FOR AVOIDANCE OF ELECTION

Part V GENERAL

FIRST SCHEDULE

SECOND SCHEDULE Directions for guidance of voters in voting

THIRD SCHEDULE Election expenses

FOURTH SCHEDULE Parliamentary Elections (Application for Avoidance of Election) Rules

Legislative History

Comparative Table

 
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Parliamentary Elections Act
(CHAPTER 218)

(Original Enactment: Ordinance 26 of 1954)

REVISED EDITION 2011
(15th April 2011)
An Act to make provision for Parliamentary elections.
[12th November 1954]
PART I
PRELIMINARY
Short title
1.  This Act may be cited as the Parliamentary Elections Act.
Interpretation
2.
—(1)  In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires —
“ballot box” includes a ballot container;
“ballot display” means an electronic video display, image or representation of a ballot paper on a screen;
“candidate” means a person who is nominated as a candidate for election to any seat in Parliament;
“Commissioner of National Registration” means the Commissioner of National Registration appointed under the National Registration Act (Cap. 201);
“contact address”, in relation to any person, means the person’s contact address under section 8(2) of the National Registration Act;
“direct recording electronic voting machine” or “DRE voting machine” means any mechanical, electronic or electro-optical machine that can —
(a)
be activated by a voter to mark or record his vote for any candidate or group of candidates on a ballot display on the machine;
(b)
process the vote by means of a computer program;
(c)
instantaneously record and store that vote in a memory device within the machine; and
(d)
sort and count votes marked or recorded on all ballot displays on that machine,
and includes any computer program that is used in the operation of the machine;
“direct recording electronic voting system” or “DRE voting system” means any voting system using DRE voting machines;
“election” means an election for the purpose of electing a Member of Parliament;
“election advertising” means any poster, banner, notice, circular, handbill, illustration, article, advertisement or other material that can reasonably be regarded as intended —
(a)
to promote or procure the electoral success at any election for one or more identifiable political parties, candidates or groups of candidates; or
(b)
to otherwise enhance the standing of any such political parties, candidates or groups of candidates with the electorate in connection with any election,
and such material shall be election advertising even though it can reasonably be regarded as intended to achieve any other purpose as well and even though it does not expressly mention the name of any political party or candidate, but excludes any button, badge, pen, pencil, balloon and any other thing prescribed by the Minister by notification in the Gazette;
“elector” means a person whose name is entered in a register as an elector to vote at an election;
“electoral division” means an electoral division specified in the notification for the time being in force under section 8;
“general election” means a general election of Members after a dissolution of Parliament;
“group” means a group of not less than 3 but not more than 6 candidates nominated for any election in any group representation constituency in accordance with section 27B;
“group representation constituency” means any electoral division declared to be a group representation constituency under section 8A(1)(a);
“Member” means a Member of Parliament;
“overseas elector” means an elector who is registered under section 13 or 13A in any register of electors as an overseas elector;
“overseas polling station” means such of the following premises situated outside Singapore as the Returning Officer may approve under section 36A(2) to be an overseas polling station:
(a)
an embassy, a High Commission, diplomatic mission, permanent mission or consulate of Singapore (or any part thereof) in a country or territory outside Singapore;
(b)
the official residence (or any part thereof) of any person who is appointed to hold or act in any of the following offices in a country or territory outside Singapore:
(i)
an ambassador, a High Commissioner, Consulate-General or head of a diplomatic mission or consulate;
(ii)
the Permanent Representative; or
(iii)
such other senior diplomatic or consular office as the Minister may, from time to time, prescribe;
“overseas registration centre” means an overseas registration centre established under section 10(4);
“Parliament” means the Parliament of Singapore established by the Constitution;
“political party” means a political party which is registered under the Societies Act (Cap. 311);
“polling district” means a part of an electoral division subdivided under section 9;
“polling station” means any polling station established by or under the authority of the Returning Officer under section 36A for voters to cast their votes at an election, and includes any overseas polling station;
“presidential election” means an election under the Presidential Elections Act (Cap. 240A);
“principal election agent” means an election agent of a candidate in a group who has been appointed under section 62(5) as the principal election agent for that group;
“public authority” means any body corporate, board or authority established by or under any written law for the performance of any public function, but excludes any Town Council constituted under the Town Councils Act (Cap. 329A);
“publish” means make available to the general public, or any section thereof, in whatever form and by whatever means, including broadcasting (by wireless telegraphy or otherwise) and transmitting on what is commonly known as the Internet;
“register” or “register of electors” means the register of electors for any particular electoral division comprising sections, each of which shall relate to a polling district of that electoral division;
“Registration Officer” and “Assistant Registration Officer” mean respectively the Registration Officer and an Assistant Registration Officer appointed under section 3;
“Returning Officer” means the Returning Officer appointed under section 3;
“Revising Officer” means a Revising Officer appointed under section 12;
“voter” means a person who, whether his name does or does not appear in a register of electors, applies to vote or votes at an election.
[10/88; 9/91; 42/96; 18/99; 19/2001; 31/2001; 14/2008]
(2)  For the purposes of this Act —
(a)
the reference to electoral success at any election shall be a reference —
(i)
in relation to any political party, to the return at any such election of candidates or groups of candidates standing in the name of the party; and
(ii)
in relation to candidates or groups of candidates, to their return at any such election;
(b)
the reference to the doing of anything mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) of the definition of “election advertising” shall include doing so by prejudicing the electoral prospects at the election of other political parties, candidates or groups of candidates or (as the case may be) by prejudicing the standing with the electorate of other political parties, candidates or groups of candidates; and
(c)
the reference to candidates or groups of candidates shall include a reference to any person or group of persons (whether or not a member of any political party) who, on or after the date of the issue of a writ for the election is declared, by himself or others, as seeking nomination as a candidate at that election.
[31/2001; 18/2005; 2/2007]
Appointment of officers
3.
—(1)  The Minister may appoint a Registration Officer and a Returning Officer and such Assistant Registration Officers as he may from time to time think fit.
(2)  An Assistant Registration Officer shall have all the powers and may perform all the duties of the Registration Officer.
(3)  Any reference in this Act to the Registration Officer shall, unless the context otherwise requires, be deemed to include a reference to an Assistant Registration Officer.
(4)  An appointment made by the Minister under this section may be revoked by him at any time.
Appointment of clerks and interpreters
4.
—(1)  The Registration Officer and the Returning Officer may, from time to time, appoint such numbers of clerks and interpreters as may be necessary for the purposes of this Act.
(2)  The appointments made under subsection (1) may be revoked at any time.
Qualification of electors
5.
—(1)  Subject to sections 6 and 7, any person who on the prescribed date in any year —
(a)
is a citizen of Singapore;
(b)
is ordinarily resident in Singapore; and
(c)
is not less than 21 years of age,
shall be entitled to have his name entered or retained in a register of electors in that year.
[42/96]
(1A)  For the purposes of subsection (1)(b), a person shall be deemed to be ordinarily resident in Singapore on the prescribed date in a year if the person has resided in Singapore for an aggregate of 30 days during the period of 3 years immediately preceding the prescribed date, even though the person is not resident in Singapore on that date.
[14/2008]
(2)  For the purposes of the preparation or revision of any register of electors a person who is a citizen of Singapore and to whom an identity card has been issued or deemed to have been issued on or before the prescribed date in any year under the provisions of the National Registration Act (Cap. 201) and has not been withdrawn shall, until the contrary be shown, be presumed —
(a)
to be ordinarily resident in Singapore on the prescribed date in that year;
(b)
to be not less than 21 years of age on the prescribed date in that year, if from the particulars recorded in the register maintained by the Commissioner of National Registration he appears to be not less than that age on that date; and
(c)
to reside in the electoral division and polling district of the electoral division in which is situated the latest address shown on the prescribed date in the register maintained by the Commissioner of National Registration.
[42/96; 19/2001]
(3)  Notwithstanding subsection (2), the Registration Officer may, in preparing or revising any register of electors, omit therefrom the name of any person where he has reason to believe that the latest address of the person shown on the prescribed date in the register maintained by the Commissioner of National Registration has ceased to exist or to be used as a place of residence or is an address situated outside Singapore.
[19/2001]
(4)  For the purposes of subsections (1), (1A) and (2), the prescribed date shall be 1st July or such other date as the Minister may, by order published in the Gazette, specify1.
1  Parliamentary Elections (Prescribed Date) Order 2011 (S 3/2011) which specified 1st January in any year to be the prescribed date w.e.f. 3rd January 2011.
[42/96; 19/2001]
(5)  No order shall be made under subsection (4) between the date of commencement of any preparation or revision of any register of electors for any year and the date of certification of that register under this Act (both dates inclusive).
[42/96]
(6)  For the purposes of this section, the contact address of the holder of an identity card shall be regarded as his latest address in the register maintained by the Commissioner of National Registration.
[19/2001; 14/2008]
Disqualification of electors
6.
—(1)  No person shall be entitled to have his name entered or retained in any register of electors if he —
(a)
has done any of the following:
(i)
acquired or applied to acquire by registration, naturalisation or other voluntary and formal act (other than marriage) the citizenship of any country outside Singapore;
(ii)
voluntarily claimed and exercised any rights (other than any rights in connection with the use of a passport) available to him under the law of any country outside Singapore being rights accorded exclusively to the citizens or nationals of that country;
(iii)
taken any oath or made any declaration or acknowledgment of allegiance, obedience or adherence to any foreign power or state; or
(iv)
applied to the authorities of a place outside Singapore for the issue or renewal of a passport or used a passport issued by such authorities as a travel document;
(b)
is serving a sentence of imprisonment (by whatever name called) imposed by any court in or outside Singapore for an offence punishable with imprisonment for a term exceeding 12 months, or is under sentence of death imposed by any such court or is serving a sentence of imprisonment awarded in lieu of execution of any such sentence;
(c)
is under any written law found or declared to be of unsound mind;
(d)
is incapable of being registered by reason of his conviction of a corrupt or illegal practice under this Act or the Presidential Elections Act (Cap. 240A) or by reason of the report of an Election Judge in accordance with the provisions of this Act or the Presidential Elections Act or by reason of his conviction under section 55 of this Act or section 37 of the Presidential Elections Act;
(e)
is a serving member on full pay of any naval, military or air force not maintained out of moneys provided by Parliament unless he possesses a domicile in Singapore;
(f)
[Deleted by Act 14 of 2008 wef 17/02/2008]
(g)
is a person whose name has been expunged from the register under sections 13(3) and 43(5) and whose name has not been restored to the register under section 43(8) or (8A), as the case may be; or
(h)
is a person whose name has been expunged from the register of electors under section 26(5) of the Presidential Elections Act and whose name has not been restored to the register under section 26(8) of that Act.
[27/91; 18/94; 19/2001; 14/2008]
(1A)  Without prejudice to subsection (1), no person who is deemed to be ordinarily resident in Singapore under section 5(1A) shall be entitled to have his name entered or retained in any register of electors if he is —
(a)
serving a sentence of imprisonment (by whatever name called) in any prison, jail or other place of detention outside Singapore;
(b)
accused of an offence against any written law punishable with imprisonment for a term exceeding 12 months and a warrant of arrest by a court in Singapore authorising his apprehension in relation to that offence remains in force; or
(c)
convicted by any court in Singapore of any offence punishable with imprisonment for a term exceeding 12 months and a warrant of arrest by a court in Singapore authorising his apprehension in relation to that offence remains in force.
[19/2001]
(2)  For the purposes of subsection (1)(b), where the conviction is by a court of law outside Singapore, the person shall not be so disqualified unless the offence is also one which, had it been committed in Singapore, would have been punishable by a court of law in Singapore.
[19/2001]
(3)  For the purposes of subsection (1)(a)(ii), the exercise of a vote in —
(a)
any national, state or provincial election; or
(b)
any election for the local government of any metropolitan or urban area,
in a country outside Singapore (but not an election under this Act or a presidential election) shall be deemed to be the voluntary claim and exercise of a right available under the law of that country.
[14/2008]
Plural voting
7.
—(1)  Subject to the provisions of this Act, a person shall be entitled to have his name entered in the register of one electoral division only.
(2)  Any person who votes as an elector —
(a)
in or in respect of an electoral division other than the electoral division in which he is registered as an elector;
(b)
more than once at any election in or in respect of the same electoral division in which he is registered as an elector; or
(c)
in or in respect of more than one electoral division at any general election,
shall be guilty of an illegal practice.
[19/2001]
(3)  The court before which a person is convicted under subsection (2) may, in its discretion in the circumstances of any particular case, mitigate or remit any penalty or incapacity which may be imposed in respect thereof under section 79.
Electoral divisions
8.
—(1)  The Minister may, from time to time, by notification in the Gazette, specify the names and boundaries of the electoral divisions of Singapore for purposes of elections under this Act.
[22/84]
(2)  The number of electoral divisions of Singapore shall be the total number of the electoral divisions specified in the notification made under subsection (1).
[22/84]
Group representation constituencies
8A.
—(1)  For the purposes of electing Members of Parliament on a group basis to ensure the representation in Parliament of Members from the Malay, Indian and other minority communities under this Act, the President shall, subject to this section, by order published in the Gazette —
(a)
declare any electoral division, having regard to the number of electors in that division, to be a group representation constituency and designate that constituency as a constituency in which any election is to be held on the basis of a group of such number of candidates, being not less than 3 but not more than 6; and
(b)
designate every group representation constituency as —
(i)
a constituency where at least one of the candidates in every group shall be a person belonging to the Malay community; or
(ii)
a constituency where at least one of the candidates in every group shall be a person belonging to the Indian or other minority communities.
[10/88; 9/91; 42/96]
(1A)  There shall at all times be at least 8 electoral divisions which are not group representation constituencies.
[42/96]
(2)  The number of Members to be returned by all group representation constituencies shall not be less than one-quarter of the total number of Members to be returned at a general election.
[10/88; 9/91; 42/96]
(3)  The number of group representation constituencies to be designated under subsection (1)(b)(i) shall be three-fifths of the total number of group representation constituencies; and where that number is not a whole number, it shall be rounded to the next higher whole number.
[10/88]
Polling districts
9.
—(1)  Whenever any electoral division of Singapore is altered or a new division is created, the Registration Officer shall —
(a)
subdivide that division into polling districts;
(b)
assign to each such polling district a distinguishing letter or letters; and
(c)
publish in the Gazette a notice in Form 2 in the First Schedule specifying —
(i)
the polling districts into which that electoral division has been subdivided; and
(ii)
the distinguishing letter or letters assigned to each such polling district.
(2)  The subdivision of an electoral division into polling districts may be altered by the Registration Officer as occasion may require; and upon any such alteration being made he shall publish in the Gazette a notice specifying in relation to that electoral division the particulars mentioned in subsection (1)(c).
(3)  Any alteration under subsection (1) shall come into effect on the date of the publication of the notice under section 20(1) relating to the next certification of the register of electors for that electoral division, but the revision of the register before such certification shall be made on the basis of that alteration.
PART II
REGISTRATION OF ELECTORS
AND REVISION OF REGISTERS
Registration of electors
10.
—(1)  As soon as may be after the publication of any notification under section 8, the Registration Officer, with such assistance as he may require from the Commissioner of National Registration, shall prepare for that year a separate register of electors for each electoral division and shall enter in the register the names of all persons who are qualified as electors under section 5 and are not disqualified by any of the provisions of section 6.
(1A)  The Minister may, before a general election, require the Registration Officer to bring up-to-date any register prepared under subsection (1) in such manner and by reference to such year as the Minister may direct.
(2)  For the purpose of satisfying himself as to the qualification of any elector, the Registration Officer may make such enquiry as he may consider necessary.
(3)  On the completion of the register for any electoral division, the Registration Officer shall give notice in the Gazette that the register is completed and that the register, or a copy thereof, is open for inspection at all reasonable hours of the day at the office of the Registration Officer and at such other place or places in or near the electoral division and at such overseas registration centres as may be specified in the notice.
[19/2001]
(4)  The Registration Officer may, for the purpose of registering persons as overseas electors, establish such number of overseas registration centres as he considers practicable in any embassy, High Commission, diplomatic mission, permanent mission or consulate of Singapore situated in any country or any territory outside Singapore.
[19/2001; 14/2008]
Claims and objections
11.
—(1)  Any person who considers that he is entitled to have his name entered in a register of electors and whose name has been omitted from the register (referred to in this section as the claimant) may apply to the Registration Officer to have his name entered therein.
(2)  Every claim under subsection (1) shall be in writing and shall be in Form 3 in the First Schedule and shall reach the Registration Officer within 2 weeks from the date of publication in the Gazette of the notice of completion of the register.
(2A)  Within 21 days from the expiry of the period of 2 weeks referred to in subsection (2), the Registration Officer shall exhibit notices containing the names and addresses of the claimants (if any) at the place or places in or near the electoral division in which those claimants reside and at the overseas registration centres specified in the notice mentioned in section 10(3).
[19/2001]
(2B)  A claim under subsection (1) may be made at an overseas registration centre and be accompanied by the claimant’s application to be registered as an overseas elector made in accordance with section 13A.
[19/2001]
(3)  Any person whose name appears in the register for any electoral division may object to the inclusion in the register of his own name or the name of any other person appearing therein or may object to the insertion in the register of the name of any claimant.
(4)  In this section and section 12, every person objecting to the inclusion or insertion of any name in the register is referred to as the objector.
(5)  Every objection to the inclusion of any name in the register shall be made in writing and shall be in Form 4 in the First Schedule and shall reach the Registration Officer within 2 weeks from the date of publication in the Gazette of the notice of completion of the register.
[14/2008]
(6)  Every objection to the insertion of the name of any claimant in the register shall be made in writing and shall be in Form 5 in the First Schedule and shall reach the Registration Officer within 6 days from the date on which the notice containing the names of claimants is exhibited under subsection (2A).
[14/2008]
(7)  [Deleted by Act 18 of 2005 wef 06/06/2005]
(8)  The Registration Officer shall, as soon as practicable after receiving an objection to the inclusion or insertion of any name in any register, send a notice of the objection to the person in regard to whom objection has been made.
(8A)  The notice of objection shall be in Form 6 in the First Schedule.
(9)  The Registration Officer shall as soon as practicable hold a public inquiry into all claims and objections which have been duly made, giving not less than 6 clear days’ written notice of the date on which and the time and place at which the inquiry will commence to each claimant, objector and person in regard to whom objection has been made.
(9A)  At any such public inquiry, any person appearing to the Registration Officer to be interested in or affected by the subject-matter of the inquiry may appear and be heard either by himself or by any other person duly authorised by him in writing in that behalf.
(9B)  Notwithstanding subsection (9), the Registration Officer may, without any public inquiry, allow any claim in respect of which no objection has been made if he is satisfied that the claim should be allowed and shall insert the claimant’s name in the register and, where applicable, register the person as an overseas elector.
[19/2001]
(10)  Where an objection is made to the inclusion or insertion of any name in the register, the Registration Officer shall call upon the objector, or some person authorised in writing in that behalf by the objector, to give prima facie proof of the ground of the objection.
(11)  If such prima facie proof is given, the Registration Officer shall require proof of the entitlement of the person in regard to whom objection has been made, and —
(a)
if the person’s entitlement is not proved to the Registration Officer’s satisfaction, he shall expunge that person’s name from or, as the case may be, refuse to insert that person’s name in the register; or
(b)
if the person’s entitlement is so proved, he shall retain that person’s name or, as the case may be, insert that person’s name in the register and, where applicable, register that person as an overseas elector.
[19/2001]
(12)  If, on the date fixed for inquiry into any objection, the objector or a person authorised in writing in that behalf by the objector fails to appear, or appears but fails to give such prima facie proof, then —
(a)
if the objection is to the inclusion in the register of the name of a person appearing therein, the Registration Officer shall retain the person’s name in the register without calling upon the person to prove his entitlement; or
(b)
if the objection is to the insertion in the register of the name of any claimant, the Registration Officer shall require proof of the entitlement of the claimant; and —
(i)
if the claimant’s entitlement is not proved to the Registration Officer’s satisfaction, he shall refuse to insert the claimant’s name in the register; or
(ii)
if the claimant’s entitlement is so proved, he shall insert the claimant’s name in the register and, where applicable, register the person as an overseas elector.
[19/2001]
(13)  If an objection is made and is overruled by the Registration Officer and, in his opinion, the objection was made without reasonable cause, the Registration Officer may, if he thinks fit, order in writing the objector to pay to the person in regard to whom objection has been made such sum not exceeding $50 as the Registration Officer considers reasonable compensation for any loss of time incurred by the person in consequence of the objection.
(14)  If, upon an objection being overruled, the objector appeals under section 12 to the Revising Officer and the appeal is dismissed, and in the opinion of the Revising Officer the appeal was made without reasonable cause, the Revising Officer may, if he thinks fit, order in writing the objector to pay to the person in regard to whom objection has been made such sum not exceeding $50 as the Revising Officer considers reasonable compensation for any loss of time incurred by the person in consequence of the appeal.
(14A)  If any appeal is allowed by the Revising Officer, he shall have power to revise or cancel any order made by the Registration Officer for the payment of compensation by the objector.
(15)  Any sum awarded as compensation under this section shall be recoverable as though the order of the Registration Officer or Revising Officer were an order of a District Court for the recovery of money by that Officer.
(16)  [Deleted by Act 18 of 2005 wef 06/06/2005]
Appeals to Revising Officer
12.
—(1)  For the purpose of hearing appeals against any decision of the Registration Officer, the Minister may appoint such Revising Officers as he may from time to time think fit.
(2)  If any claimant, objector or person in regard to whom objection has been made is dissatisfied with the decision of the Registration Officer, he may, within 10 days from the date of the decision, appeal to the Revising Officer.
(3)  Every appeal under this section shall be in writing and shall state shortly the ground of appeal.
[18/2005]
(4)  The Revising Officer shall hear such appeals in public giving notice of the dates of the hearing of the appeal to the parties concerned.
(4A)  It shall be at the discretion of the Revising Officer whether or not to hear any evidence.
(4B)  The Revising Officer’s determination of the appeal shall be final and conclusive and shall not be called in question in any court.
(5)  When the Revising Officer has determined the appeals which have been lodged with respect to any register, he shall forward to the Registration Officer a statement under his hand containing the names which he has decided shall be included or inserted in the register and those which he has decided shall be expunged from the register, and the Registration Officer shall amend the register accordingly.
(6)  [Deleted by Act 18 of 2005 wef 06/06/2005]
Certification of registers
13.
—(1)  The Registration Officer shall, as soon as conveniently may be after the claims and objections have been adjudicated upon, certify the register of electors for each electoral division in Form 7 in the First Schedule.
(1A)  The Registration Officer may certify any register in accordance with this section during the pendency of any appeal under section 12 but shall thereafter insert in or expunge from the certified register the name of any person in accordance with the decision of the Revising Officer on the determination of the appeal.
(2)  Nothing in this Act shall be deemed to prohibit the Registration Officer, within 7 days after certifying any register, from correcting any clerical or other error therein.
(2A)  Any correction under subsection (2) does not affect the entitlement of any person to have his name included or retained therein.
(3)  Notwithstanding subsections (1), (1A) and (2), the Registration Officer shall, from time to time, on being informed by the Registrar of Citizens that any person has ceased to be a citizen of Singapore under the provisions of the Constitution, or on being informed by the Registrar-General of Births and Deaths that any person is dead, expunge the name of the person from any register of electors.
[10/2010]
(4)  Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Act, the Registration Officer may, at any time after certifying any register of electors for any electoral division, except between the issue of a writ of election under section 24 and polling day appointed for election in that division, remove from the register the name of any person where the Registration Officer has reason to believe that the address of that person as shown in the register has ceased to exist or to be used as his place of residence or his contact address.
[14/2008]
(4A)  Where the person whose name has been removed under subsection (4) has notified the Commissioner of National Registration in writing of his change of address or contact address at the time of the removal of his name, the Registration Officer shall transfer the name of that person to the appropriate register.
[18/99; 14/2008]
(5)  The Registration Officer shall not remove or transfer any name under subsection (4) or (4A) unless at least 2 weeks before making the removal or transfer, a notice has been given in the Gazette that he proposes to make the removal or transfer and that a list of the names of persons affected is available for inspection at such time and place or places as may be specified in the notice.
(5A)  A notice for the purpose of subsection (5) may contain such particulars as the Registration Officer thinks sufficient and appropriate without specifying the names of persons who will be affected by the proposed removal or transfer.
(6)  Subject to subsection (7), the Registration Officer shall have power where any name from any register has been removed by him under subsection (4) —
(a)
to restore the name to the register if the removal has been made by mistake or through inadvertence; or
(b)
to enter the name in the appropriate register on the application of the person whose name has been removed and has not been transferred to the appropriate register at the time of the removal.
(7)  Where a writ of election has been issued under section 24 for an election in any electoral division, the Registration Officer shall not enter any name in the register of that division under subsection (6)(b) until after nomination day or, if a poll is to be taken, until after polling day.
Registration as overseas elector
13A.
—(1)  Any person not resident in Singapore but whose name is entered in the register of electors for an electoral division and who is entitled to have his name so entered or retained in that register of electors may, at any time before a writ of election is issued for any election in that electoral division, apply to the Registration Officer to be registered as an overseas elector for that electoral division at —
(a)
any overseas registration centre; or
(b)
any place in or near the electoral division for which the person seeks to be registered as an overseas elector.
[14/2008]
(2)  An application under subsection (1) by any person to be registered as an overseas elector shall be accompanied by —
(a)
satisfactory proof of his identity;
(b)
particulars of the date he left Singapore and his current mailing address outside Singapore;
(c)
a declaration that he is a citizen of Singapore and is not less than 21 years of age;
(ca)
a declaration that he —
(i)
has not acquired or applied to acquire by registration, naturalisation or other voluntary and formal act (other than marriage) the citizenship of any country outside Singapore;
(ii)
has not voluntarily claimed and exercised any rights (other than any rights in connection with the use of a passport) available to him under the law of any country outside Singapore being rights accorded exclusively to the citizens or nationals of that country;
(iii)
has not taken any oath or made any declaration or acknowledgment of allegiance, obedience or adherence to any foreign power or state; and
(iv)
has not applied to the authorities of a place outside Singapore for the issue or renewal of a passport or used a passport issued by such authorities as a travel document;
(d)
a statement specifying the overseas polling station he desires to vote at in an election; and
(e)
any other information as the Registration Officer considers necessary to determine the person’s entitlement to have his name entered in a register or the electoral division in or in respect of which he may vote.
[19/2001; 14/2008]
(3)  Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in section 13, the Registration Officer may, on receipt of any application under subsection (1) to be registered as an overseas elector for an electoral division, at any time except between the issue of a writ of election under section 24 and the nomination day appointed for an election in that electoral division or, if a poll is to be taken, the polling day appointed for that election —
(a)
register the applicant as an overseas elector in the register of electors; and
(b)
allot the applicant to vote at the overseas polling station specified in his statement under subsection (2)(d) or any other overseas polling station.
[19/2001; 14/2008]
(3A)  Any person who is registered under this section as an overseas elector in the register of electors for an electoral division may, at any time, apply to the Registration Officer in the manner prescribed —
(a)
to cancel his registration as an overseas elector; or
(b)
to change the overseas polling station allotted to him under subsection (3)(b) to another overseas polling station,
and the Registration Officer may, at any time before the issue of a writ of election under section 24 for an election in that electoral division, cancel the person’s registration as an overseas elector or allot the person another overseas polling station to vote at, as the case may be.
[14/2008]
(3B)  Only one overseas polling station may be allotted to a person who is registered as an overseas elector.
[14/2008]
(4)  The registration of any person under this section as an overseas elector in any register of electors shall continue in operation until superseded by the coming into operation of the next certified register relating to any area within that electoral division following any preparation of registers under section 10 or any revision of registers under section 14.
[19/2001]
(5)  For the purposes of subsection (2)(ca)(ii), the exercise of a vote in —
(a)
any national, state or provincial election; or
(b)
any election for the local government of any metropolitan or urban area,
in a country outside Singapore (but not an election under this Act or a presidential election) shall be deemed to be the voluntary claim and exercise of a right available under the law of that country.
[14/2008]
Revision of registers
14.
—(1)  The Minister may from time to time, but in any case not later than 3 years after the last general election, require the Registration Officer to revise the registers of electors and complete the revision before such date as the Minister may, by notification in the Gazette, appoint.
(2)  For the purpose of revising a register and of satisfying himself as to the entitlement of any person to registration or determining whether the name of any person should be inserted or retained in the register or expunged therefrom, the Registration Officer may make such inquiry as he may consider necessary either by himself or through a person appointed by him.
(2A)  Any notice requiring information for the purposes of subsection (2) may be sent by ordinary post to the person from whom the information is required or may be delivered to him or to an adult member of his household.
(3)  All officers in the service of the Government (other than officers of any Government department who are prohibited by law from furnishing information) and all local authorities are hereby authorised and required to furnish to the Registration Officer, or any person appointed by the Registration Officer for the purpose, all such information as he may require to enable him to revise the register.
(4)  Every person who, being in possession of any information required under subsection (2A), fails to give such information to the Registration Officer or to any person appointed by the Registration Officer for the purpose, or wilfully gives any false information, shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $1,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both.
[10/2010]
(5)  Without prejudice to subsection (4), if any person being a registered elector fails to give such information with regard to his entitlement to registration to the Registration Officer or to any person appointed by the Registration Officer for the purpose within 14 days after the service upon him by the Registration Officer of a notice under subsection (2A), his name shall immediately be expunged from the register by the Registration Officer and he shall not be entitled to have his name retained or inserted in the register for the ensuing year.
(6)  Every person who is appointed by the Registration Officer and who wilfully suppresses any information relating to the entitlement of any person for registration or relevant for determining whether the name of any person should or should not be retained or inserted in a register, after such information has been furnished to or collected by him, shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $1,500 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 9 months or to both.
[10/2010]
Method of revising register
15.
—(1)  In revising a register of electors, the Registration Officer shall enter the names of all persons who are qualified as electors under section 5 and are not disqualified by any of the provisions of section 6.
(2)  Upon the completion of the revised register of electors referred to in subsection (1), the Registration Officer shall give notice in the Gazette that the register of electors has been completed and that the register, or a copy thereof, is open for inspection at all reasonable hours of the day at the office of the Registration Officer and at such other place or places as may be specified in the notice.
Claims and objections at revision of register
16.  Sections 11 and 12 shall apply to a revision of a register of electors as they apply to the preparation of the register.
Application of section 13 to revised register
17.
—(1)  Section 13(1) and (1A) shall apply to the certification of a revised register of electors as they apply to the certification of a register of electors.
(2)  Section 13(2) to (7) shall apply to a revised register of electors as they apply to a register of electors.
[19/2001]
Notices and adjournments
18.
—(1)  Subject to section 14, all notices required to be given by the Registration Officer or a Revising Officer shall be sufficiently given if sent by registered post to the address (if any) given in the claim or objection, or in default of that address, to the address given in the register of electors.
(2)  The Registration Officer or a Revising Officer may from time to time adjourn any proceedings before him under this Act to any convenient time and place.
Persons residing in building located on common boundary
19.
—(1)  In preparing or revising a register of electors, the Registration Officer may, in his discretion, enter the name of any person in the register of electors for such electoral division as he considers appropriate if that person is residing in a building which is located on a common boundary between 2 or more electoral divisions.
(2)  The decision of the Registration Officer under subsection (1) shall be final and conclusive and shall not be called in question in any court.
Notice of certification of register and commencement and period of operation
20.
—(1)  On the certification of a register under this Act, the Registration Officer shall give notice in the Gazette that the register has been certified and that the register, or a copy thereof, is open for inspection at all reasonable hours of the day at the office of the Registration Officer and at such other place or places in the division to which the register relates as may be specified in the notice.
(2)  The certified register shall —
(a)
in the case of a register prepared under section 10(1) or (1A), come into operation at the next general election and not earlier; and
(b)
in the case of a revised register, come into operation on the date of publication of the notice of the certification of the register in the Gazette.
[42/96]
(2A)  Subject to such alterations as may subsequently be made therein in accordance with section 13, 17 or 43, or with section 26 of the Presidential Elections Act (Cap. 240A), the register shall continue in operation until superseded by the coming into operation of the next certified register.
[42/96]
(3)  Where a new electoral division is created under section 8 by the amalgamation of the whole of 2 or more existing electoral divisions, or where there is no change in the boundary of any electoral division specified in a notification under section 8(1), section 10 shall not apply to that electoral division unless the Minister otherwise directs; and the certified registers of electors in operation for those existing electoral divisions which have been amalgamated to form any new electoral division shall be deemed to be the register of electors in operation for that new electoral division at the next general election.
[9/91]
Redistribution of polling districts, etc.
20A.
—(1)  Where any new electoral division is created or the boundaries of any existing electoral division are altered by —
(a)
redistributing the whole of one or more contiguous polling districts of any existing electoral division or divisions to form a polling district or districts of the new or altered electoral division without any change in the boundaries of those polling districts; or
(b)
transferring the whole of one or more contiguous polling districts of any existing electoral division or divisions to any other existing division or divisions without any change in the boundaries of those polling districts,
the Minister may, in lieu of specifying the boundaries of the electoral divisions in a notification under section 8, specify —
(i)
the polling districts which have been retained, redistributed or transferred to form subdivisions of the respective electoral divisions; and
(ii)
the new distinguishing letter or letters (if any) assigned to each such polling district,
and each electoral division shall be deemed to have been subdivided under section 9(1) into the polling districts so retained, redistributed or transferred as its subdivisions.
[42/96]
(2)  Unless the Minister otherwise directs, whenever any new electoral division is created or any electoral division is altered in the manner referred to in subsection (1)(a) or (b), section 10 shall not apply to that new or altered electoral division and the Registration Officer shall, before the next general election, prepare in accordance with subsection (3) a composite register for each new or altered division and certify it in Form 7 in the First Schedule.
[42/96]
(3)  A composite register for any new or altered electoral division shall be prepared by using the certified registers in operation and combining the sections of those certified registers relating to the polling districts which have been redistributed or transferred to form the polling districts of the new or altered electoral division.
[42/96]
(4)  Any composite register prepared in accordance with subsection (3) for a new or altered electoral division shall —
(a)
be deemed to be the certified register in operation for that electoral division at the next general election following its certification but not earlier; and
(b)
subject to such alterations as may be made therein in accordance with section 13, 17 or 43 or with section 26 of the Presidential Elections Act (Cap. 240A), continue in operation until superseded by the coming into operation of the next certified register for that electoral division.
[42/96]
Penalty for false statements and wrongful claims
21.
—(1)  Every person who wilfully makes a false statement or declaration in any claim or objection or at any inquiry held in connection therewith or in any appeal shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $1,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both.
[10/2010]
(2)  The Registration Officer or a Revising Officer may, on the consideration or hearing of any claim, objection or appeal, require that the evidence tendered by any person shall be given on oath and may administer the oath for that purpose.
(3)  Every person who in the course of that consideration or hearing knowingly swears anything material to the validity of the claim, objection or appeal which is false shall be guilty of the offence of giving false evidence and shall be liable on conviction to the punishment provided therefor in the Penal Code (Cap. 224).
(4)  Any person who, in making any application under section 13A(1) to be registered as an overseas elector for an electoral division, or any application under section 13A(3A)(b) to change the overseas polling station allotted to him to another overseas polling station —
(a)
makes, in or outside Singapore, in any declaration under section 13A(2) any statement which is false, and which he knows or has reason to believe is false or does not believe to be true;
(b)
furnishes, in or outside Singapore, any document which he knows or has reason to believe is false or does not believe to be true; or
(c)
by the intentional suppression of any material fact, furnishes, in or outside Singapore, information which is misleading,
shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $1,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or to both.
[14/2008; 10/2010]
Use of registers of electors
21A.
—(1)  Any candidate or his election agent who or any political party which, on payment of any fee, acquires from the Registration Officer any copy (whether in printed or electronic form) of any register of electors —
(a)
shall use any information recorded in the register only for communicating with electors;
(b)
shall not use any information recorded in the register for commercial purposes; and
(c)
may disclose any information recorded in the register to others only after obtaining their written acknowledgment that they are bound by the restrictions in this subsection.
[19/2001]
(2)  Subject to subsection (3), no person who obtains any information recorded in any register of electors shall reproduce, store or transmit any part of the information by electronic or any other means for any purpose.
[19/2001]
(3)  Subsection (2) shall not apply to —
(a)
a candidate or his election agent who or any political party which, on payment of any fee, acquires a copy of a register of electors from the Registration Officer; or
(b)
a person who obtains information in any register of electors from a candidate, an election agent or a political party after giving a written acknowledgment described in subsection (1)(c).
[19/2001]
(4)  Any person who knowingly contravenes subsection (1) or (2) shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $1,500 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 9 months or to both.
[19/2001; 10/2010]