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Application of English Law Act
(CHAPTER 7A)

(Original Enactment: Act 35 of 1993)

REVISED EDITION 1994
(15th March 1994)
An Act to declare the extent to which English law is applicable in Singapore and for purposes connected therewith.
[12th November 1993]
Short title
1.  This Act may be cited as the Application of English Law Act.
Interpretation
2.  In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires —
“English enactment” means an enactment of the Parliament of England, the Parliament of Great Britain or the Parliament of the United Kingdom;
“local Act” means an Act of the Parliament of Singapore and includes any Ordinance or Act of Singapore or of Malaysia having the force of law in Singapore.
Application of common law and equity
3.
—(1)  The common law of England (including the principles and rules of equity), so far as it was part of the law of Singapore immediately before 12th November 1993, shall continue to be part of the law of Singapore.
(2)  The common law shall continue to be in force in Singapore, as provided in subsection (1), so far as it is applicable to the circumstances of Singapore and its inhabitants and subject to such modifications as those circumstances may require.
Application of English enactments
4.
—(1)  Subject to the provisions of this section and of any other written law, the following English enactments shall, with the necessary modifications, apply or continue to apply in Singapore:
(a)
the English enactments specified in the second and third columns of the First Schedule to the extent specified in the fourth column thereof; and
(b)
any other English enactment which applies to or is in force in Singapore by virtue of any written law.
(2)  The English enactments specified in Part II of the First Schedule shall be the enactments as they are in force at 12th November 1993, subject to the exceptions specified in the fourth column of that Part and to the amendments specified in Part III of that Schedule.
(3)  To the extent to which any of the provisions of any English enactment is inconsistent with the provisions of any local Act in force at or after 12th November 1993, the provisions of the local Act shall prevail.
(4)  In relation to any English enactment specified in the First Schedule, unless the context otherwise requires —
(a)
any reference to the United Kingdom shall be read as a reference to Singapore;
(b)
any reference to the High Court shall be read as a reference to the High Court in Singapore;
(c)
any reference to a County Court shall be read as a reference to a District Court in Singapore;
(d)
any reference to the holder of an office shall be read as a reference to the holder of the corresponding office in Singapore;
(e)
any reference to a statute or a statutory provision shall, where applicable, be read as a reference to the corresponding statute or statutory provision in Singapore; and
(f)
any reference or provision relating to Scotland or Northern Ireland or to any enactment relating to Scotland or Northern Ireland shall be disregarded.
Other enactments not part of law of Singapore
5.
—(1)  Except as provided in this Act, no English enactment shall be part of the law of Singapore.
(2)  Where any English enactment ceases by virtue of this Act to be part of the law of Singapore, the Interpretation Act [Cap. 1] shall apply as it would apply on the repeal of an Act of the Parliament of Singapore.
Repeal
6.
—(1)  Subject to subsection (2), section 5 of the Civil Law Act [Cap. 43] is repealed.
(2)  In respect of any proceedings instituted or any cause of action accruing before 12th November 1993, section 5 of the Civil Law Act shall continue to apply as if it had not been repealed by this Act.
(3)  The Voluntary Conveyances Act [Cap. 346] is repealed.
Miscellaneous amendments
7.  The local Acts specified in the Second Schedule are amended in the manner provided in that Schedule.
Modification Orders
8.  The Minister may, on the advice of the Law Revision Commissioners and where he considers it necessary or expedient for the purpose of removing any difficulty arising from local conditions or circumstances in the application of any provision in any English enactment specified in the First Schedule, by order modify or substitute that provision.
Revised edition of English enactments
9.
—(1)  The Law Revision Commissioners appointed under the Revised Edition of the Laws Act [Cap. 275] may prepare and publish a revised edition of any English enactment specified in the First Schedule so as to bring the enactment into conformity with the local Acts.
(2)  In preparing a revised edition under subsection (1), the Commissioners shall have all the powers under section 4 of the Revised Edition of the Laws Act [Cap. 275].
(3)  The Commissioners shall transmit to the President a copy of any revised edition of an English enactment published under this section and with effect from such date as the President may specify by order in the Gazette any such revised edition shall, in all courts and for all purposes, be the sole and only proper law of Singapore in respect of that enactment.
(4)  Every revised edition of an English enactment shall, as soon as possible after the publication of such order, be presented to Parliament.
(5)  Where a revised edition of any English enactment has been published under this section, the Commissioners may, from time to time if they consider necessary, issue a subsequent revised edition of that enactment.
(6)  The Commissioners shall cause every revised edition of an English enactment to be published in the form of a booklet or in loose-leaf form.
[Act 2 of 2012 wef 01/03/2012]
(7)  The Commissioners may also cause a revised edition of any English enactment that is or has been published in accordance with subsection (6) to be published in electronic form.
[Act 2 of 2012 wef 01/03/2012]
(8)  Notwithstanding subsections (3) and (6), any English enactment published in electronic form under subsection (7) may, in all courts and for all purposes, be taken and accepted as prima facie evidence of the proper law of Singapore in respect of that enactment.
[Act 2 of 2012 wef 01/03/2012]
(9)  Where there is any discrepancy or inconsistency between a revised edition of any English enactment published in the form of a booklet or in loose-leaf form and the same revised edition of that English enactment published in electronic form, the revised edition published in the form of a booklet or in loose-leaf form shall prevail.
[Act 2 of 2012 wef 01/03/2012]