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Contents  

Long Title

Part I PRELIMINARY

Part II ASSEMBLIES AND PROCESSIONS

Part III SPECIAL EVENTS SECURITY

Part IV POWERS TO PRESERVE AND MAINTAIN PUBLIC ORDER

Part V MISCELLANEOUS

Legislative History

Comparative Table

 
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Public Order Act
(CHAPTER 257A)

(Original Enactment: Act 15 of 2009)

REVISED EDITION 2012
(31st May 2012)
An Act to regulate assemblies and processions in public places, to provide powers necessary for preserving public order and the safety of individuals at special event areas, to supplement other laws relating to the preservation and maintenance of public order in public places.
[9th October 2009]
PART I
PRELIMINARY
Short title
1.  This Act may be cited as the Public Order Act.
Interpretation
2.
—(1)  In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires —
“act of terrorism” means any of the following:
(a)
a terrorist bombing offence within the meaning of the Terrorism (Suppression of Bombings) Act (Cap. 324A);
(b)
a terrorist act within the meaning of the Terrorism (Suppression of Financing) Act (Cap. 325);
“assembly” means a gathering or meeting (whether or not comprising any lecture, talk, address, debate or discussion) of persons the purpose (or one of the purposes) of which is —
(a)
to demonstrate support for or opposition to the views or actions of any person, group of persons or any government;
(b)
to publicise a cause or campaign; or
(c)
to mark or commemorate any event,
and includes a demonstration by a person alone for any such purpose referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c);
“authorised officer”, in relation to any provision in this Act or the regulations, means any police officer authorised in that behalf by the Commissioner for the purposes of that provision;
“Commissioner” means the Commissioner of Police appointed under the Police Force Act (Cap. 235);
“copy”, in relation to a film, means any article or thing in which the visual images or sounds comprising the film are embodied;
“declaration” means a declaration made under section 21;
“event” includes any rehearsal, sound and light testing and other ancillary activities necessary and incidental to an event;
“permit” means a permit granted under section 7 in respect of a public assembly or public procession;
“place” includes any motor vehicle, train, vessel, aircraft or other conveyance;
“procession” means a march, parade or other procession (whether or not involving the use of vehicles or other conveyances) —
(a)
comprising 2 or more persons gathered at a place of assembly to move from that place substantially as a body of persons in succession proceeding by a common route or routes; and
(b)
the purpose (or one of the purposes) of which is —
(i)
to demonstrate support for or opposition to the views or actions of any person, group of persons or any government;
(ii)
to publicise a cause or campaign; or
(iii)
to mark or commemorate any event,
and includes any assembly held in conjunction with such procession, and a march by a person alone for any such purpose referred to in paragraph (b)(i), (ii) or (iii);
“prohibited area” means any area that is specified in an order made under section 12;
“public assembly” means an assembly held or to be held in a public place or to which members of the public in general are invited, induced or permitted to attend;
“public place” means —
(a)
any place (open to the air or otherwise) to which members of the public have access as of right or by virtue of express or implied permission, whether or not on payment of a fee, whether or not access to the place may be restricted at particular times or for particular purposes, and whether or not it is an “approved place” within the meaning of the Public Entertainments and Meetings Act (Cap. 257); or
(b)
a part of a place that the occupier of the place allows members of the public to enter, but only while the place is ordinarily open to members of the public;
“public procession” means a procession in, to or from a public place;
“regulated place” means any place to which Part IV applies;
“security officer” means an individual who is a licensed security officer within the meaning of the Private Security Industry Act (Cap. 250A);
“special event” means an event declared under section 21 to be a special event;
“special event area”, in relation to a special event, means, for the period the declaration under section 21 of the event is in force —
(a)
the place or places stated in the declaration as the location or locations at which the event is or is to be; and
(b)
any place reasonably incidental to the holding of the event;
“unrestricted area” means a public place specified in an order made under section 14.
(2)  Any reference in this Act to an assembly or a procession that is unlawful under Part II shall be a reference to an assembly or a procession —
(a)
in respect of which no permit has been granted under section 7 or no such permit is in force;
(b)
which is held —
(i)
on a date or at a time which differs from the date or time specified in relation to the assembly or procession in the notice given under section 6; or
(ii)
in the case of a procession, along a route which differs from the route specified in relation to the procession in the notice given under section 6;
(c)
which is not in compliance with any requirement imposed by section 8(1) or any condition imposed under section 8(2) on organisers or persons taking part in that assembly or procession;
(d)
which is held within a prohibited area and the holding thereof is prohibited by an order under section 12(1);
(e)
the holding of which is prohibited by an order or a notification under section 13(1) or (2); or
(f)
which is held within an unrestricted area and the holding thereof is not in accordance with any condition that applies by virtue of section 14 to the organising or taking part in the assembly or procession.
Meanings of “organising” and “taking part in”
3.
—(1)  In this Act, a reference to a person organising an assembly or a procession shall be a reference to a person who is responsible for holding, convening, forming or collecting the assembly or procession, and includes —
(a)
any person who assists or promotes the holding, convening, forming or collecting of any assembly or procession; and
(b)
where any person will receive revenue from the sale (if any) of tickets to the assembly or procession, that person,
but does not include a person carrying on a demonstration by himself or marching alone.
(2)  A reference to a person or persons taking part in an assembly or a procession shall include, as the case may be, a person carrying on a demonstration by himself, or a march by a person alone, for any such purpose referred to in the definitions of an assembly and a procession, respectively, in section 2(1).
Commissioner and authorised officers
4.
—(1)  The Commissioner shall, subject to any general or special directions of the Minister, be responsible for the administration of this Act and may perform such duties as are imposed and may exercise such powers as are conferred upon him by this Act.
(2)  The Minister may from time to time give the Commissioner directions of a general character, and not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, as to the exercise of the powers and discretions conferred on the Commissioner by, and the duties required to be discharged by the Commissioner under, this Act; and the Commissioner shall give effect to all such directions given.
(3)  The Commissioner may delegate the exercise of all or any of the powers conferred or duties imposed upon him by this Act (except the power of delegation conferred by this subsection) to any authorised officer, subject to such conditions or limitations as set out in this Act or as the Commissioner may specify by directions; and any reference in this Act to the Commissioner shall include a reference to such an authorised officer.
(4)  In exercising any powers or functions under a delegation under subsection (3), an authorised officer must comply with any direction of the Commissioner.
PART II
ASSEMBLIES AND PROCESSIONS
Regulation of public assemblies and public processions
5.
—(1)  Subject to the provisions of this Act, a public assembly and a public procession shall not take place unless —
(a)
the Commissioner is notified under section 6 of the intention to hold the public assembly or public procession, and a permit is granted under section 7 in respect of that public assembly or public procession, as the case may be; and
(b)
the holding of that public assembly or public procession is not prohibited under section 12 or 13.
(2)  This section shall not apply to —
(a)
an assembly or a procession exempted from this section under section 46; and
(b)
an assembly or a procession within any part of an unrestricted area not falling within a special event area.
Advance notice of public assembly or public procession
6.
—(1)  Notice of intention to organise a public assembly or public procession shall be given in accordance with subsections (2) and (3) to the Commissioner in the prescribed manner accompanied by an application for a permit in respect of that assembly or procession, as the case may be.
(2)  Notice under this section shall be given not less than the prescribed period before the date on which the assembly or procession, as the case may be, is to be held.
(3)  Notice under this section shall —
(a)
be given in writing in such form as may be prescribed;
(b)
be given —
(i)
if it is a demonstration carried on by a person by himself or a march by a person alone, by that person; and
(ii)
in any other case, by any of the organisers of the assembly or procession; and
(c)
contain all the following particulars:
(i)
the location, date and time where and when the assembly or procession, as the case may be, is to be held and the estimated time at which it will disband;
(ii)
in the case of a procession, the location, time of commencement and duration of any assembly to be held in conjunction with the procession and the route, the places (if any) at which the procession will halt and time for which it will remain stationary in each such place;
(iii)
the number of persons likely to take part in it;
(iv)
the purpose of the assembly or procession;
(v)
the name, address and telephone number of the organiser of the assembly or procession, and of a person able to act, if necessary, in place of the organiser for the purposes of section 8(1)(a);
(vi)
the arrangements for its control being made by the person proposing to organise it;
(vii)
such other particulars and information relating to the assembly or procession as may be prescribed;
(viii)
such other particulars and information relating to that particular assembly or procession, as the case may be, as the Commissioner may require.
(4)  Notwithstanding subsection (2), the Commissioner may, and shall in any case where he is reasonably satisfied that earlier notice could not have been given, accept shorter notice than is as mentioned in that subsection.
(5)  In cases where the Commissioner has decided not to accept shorter notice than is as mentioned in subsection (2), he shall as soon as practicable inform in writing the person purporting to give such notice of his decision.
Permit for public assembly or public procession
7.
—(1)  The Commissioner shall, upon receipt of any notice and application under section 6 for a permit in respect of a proposed public assembly or public procession, have regard to the information furnished in the notice and any other information available to him in relation to the proposed public assembly or public procession, as the case may be, and may thereafter either —
(a)
grant a permit (with or without conditions) in respect of the proposed public assembly or public procession, as the case may be; or
(b)
refuse to grant a permit in respect of the proposed public assembly or public procession.
(2)  The Commissioner may refuse to grant a permit for a public assembly or public procession in respect of which notice under section 6 has been given if he has reasonable ground for apprehending that the proposed assembly or procession may —
(a)
occasion public disorder, or damage to public or private property;
(b)
create a public nuisance;
(c)
give rise to an obstruction in any public road;
(d)
place the safety of any person in jeopardy;
(e)
cause feelings of enmity, hatred, ill-will or hostility between different groups in Singapore;
(f)
glorify the commission or preparation (whether in the past, in the future or generally) of acts of terrorism or any offence or otherwise have the effect of directly or indirectly encouraging or otherwise inducing members of the public to commit, prepare or instigate acts of terrorism or such an offence; or
(g)
be held within or enter a prohibited area, or an area to which an order or a notification under section 13 applies.
Conditions applying to public assembly or public procession
8.
—(1)  At every public assembly or public procession —
(a)
there shall be present throughout the assembly or procession either the person who organised the assembly or procession or, if he is not present, a person nominated by him, in writing, to act in his place; and
(b)
good order and public safety shall be maintained throughout the assembly or procession, as the case may be.
(2)  In granting a permit for a public assembly or public procession, the Commissioner may impose on the organisers of, and the persons taking part in, the assembly or procession such conditions specified in the permit and relating to the assembly or procession as in the Commissioner’s opinion are necessary to prevent the assembly or procession, as the case may be, being carried out to result in anything referred to in section 7(2)(a) to (g).
(3)  Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (2), the conditions may, in particular, impose requirements as to —
(a)
the number of persons who may take part in the public assembly or public procession;
(b)
the number and size of banners, placards, displays or other paraphernalia used;
(c)
the engagement of such number of marshals and security officers as may be necessary to ensure that good order and public safety shall be maintained throughout the assembly or procession, as the case may be; and
(d)
the place or places where the public assembly or public procession may, or may not, be carried on.
(4)  The Commissioner may, if he reasonably believes that it is necessary in order to prevent anything referred to in section 7(2)(a) to (g) from happening —
(a)
impose additional conditions on those organising or taking part in an assembly or a procession authorised by a permit; or
(b)
amend any condition previously imposed under subsection (2) or paragraph (a),
and the senior police officer may give directions to those organising or taking part in the assembly or procession to ensure the due observance of any condition imposed under subsection (2).
(5)  Any reference in this Act to a condition imposed under subsection (2) shall, except where the context otherwise requires, include reference to an additional condition or amendment to such a condition imposed under subsection (4).
(6)  In this section —
“assembly” and “procession” include the period of first assembly of the assembly and procession, respectively, to the time it disbands;
“senior police officer” means the most senior in rank of the police officers present at the scene of the assembly or procession, or any one of them if there are more than one of the same rank.
Form and validity of permit
9.  A permit granted under section 7 shall —
(a)
be in such form as the Commissioner may determine;
(b)
contain the conditions subject to which it is granted; and
(c)
unless earlier cancelled by or under this Act, be valid —
(i)
in respect of the holding of such particular public assembly or public procession specified in the permit; or
(ii)
for such period (not exceeding one year) as may be specified therein.
When permit may be cancelled
10.
—(1)  The Commissioner may, by notice in writing to the person to whom the permit is granted, cancel the permit that has been granted thereto.
(2)  Without prejudice to subsection (1), the Commissioner may, by notice in writing, cancel a permit that has been granted to any person if —
(a)
the permit has been reported lost or stolen;
(b)
there is reasonable cause to believe that the permit has been obtained by means of any false statement or any statement that is false in a material particular;
(c)
the Commissioner becomes aware of a circumstance that would have required or permitted him to refuse the permit to the person had he been aware of the circumstance immediately before the grant thereof; or
(d)
there is reasonable cause to believe that any condition of the permit has been contravened.
(3)  Every permit that is cancelled under subsection (1) shall thereupon be invalid and cease to be in force.
Appeal to Minister
11.
—(1)  If a person is aggrieved by the Commissioner’s decision under this Part —
(a)
to refuse to grant a permit;
(b)
to cancel a permit; or
(c)
to impose any particular condition on a permit,
the person may, within 7 days after being notified of the decision (or such longer period as the Minister allows in exceptional circumstances, whether before or after the end of the 7 days), appeal to the Minister whose decision shall be final.
(2)  An appeal must be in writing, and specify the grounds on which it is made.
(3)  After receiving an appeal under subsection (1), the Minister shall consider the appeal and —
(a)
reject the appeal and confirm the Commissioner’s decision;
(b)
allow the appeal in whole or in part and vary the Commissioner’s decision;
(c)
set aside the Commissioner’s decision and make a decision in substitution for it; or
(d)
direct the Commissioner to reconsider his decision,
and the appellant shall be notified in writing of the Minister’s decision in respect of his appeal accordingly.
(4)  In this section, any reference to the Minister shall include a reference to any Minister of State designated by the Minister to hear any appeal under this section in place of the Minister.
Prohibited areas
12.
—(1)  If, in relation to any public place, the Minister is of the opinion that, having regard to the extent of powers exercisable under section 13, it is necessary in the public interest to do so, the Minister may, by order published in the Gazette, prohibit the holding of all public assemblies or public processions or both in the public place (referred to in this Act as a prohibited area).
(2)  An order made under subsection (1) may exclude any assembly or procession, or any assembly or procession of any class or description, specified in the order from the prohibition therein.
(3)  An order made under subsection (1) shall have the effect of cancelling any previous permit granted under section 7 in relation to any public assembly or public procession, the holding of which is prohibited by the order.
(4)  All orders made under this section shall be presented to Parliament as soon as possible after publication in the Gazette.
Power to prohibit assembly or procession in public interest
13.
—(1)  If, in the case of any proposed public assembly or public procession, the Minister is of the opinion that it is necessary in the public interest to do so, the Minister may, by order published in the Gazette, prohibit the holding of that public assembly or public procession.
(2)  If, in relation to any public place and any period of time not exceeding 28 days, the Commissioner is of the opinion that, having regard to —
(a)
any serious public disorder or serious damage to public or private property which may result from public assemblies or public processions of a particular class or description in that public place during that period;
(b)
any serious public nuisance or obstruction in any public road, or threat to the safety of persons in that public place, that may result from such public assemblies or public processions;
(c)
any serious impact which such public assemblies or public processions may have on relations between different groups in Singapore;
(d)
any undue demands which such public assemblies or public processions may cause to be made on the police or military forces; and
(e)
the extent of powers exercisable under subsection (1),
it is necessary in the public interest to do so, he may, with the concurrence of the Minister, by notification published in the Gazette, prohibit the holding of all public assemblies or public processions or both, or of that class or description, in that public place during that period.
(3)  An order made under subsection (1) in relation to an assembly or a procession shall have the effect of cancelling any previous permit granted under section 7 in relation to that assembly or procession.
(4)  A notification made under subsection (2) shall have the effect of cancelling any previous permit granted under section 7 in relation to any assembly or procession, the holding of which is prohibited by the notification.
Unrestricted areas
14.
—(1)  If the Minister is of the opinion that, having regard to the natural environment of any public place and the likelihood of any serious disruption to the life of the community (such as but not limited to the rights of members of the public to enjoy the natural environment and the rights of persons to carry on business), it is appropriate to allow citizens and other persons to exercise the right to participate in assemblies and processions in that public place, the Minister may, by order published in the Gazette, designate that public place (referred to in this Act as an unrestricted area) to be an area whereby no notice under section 6, and no permit under section 7, shall be required for the holding of all assemblies or processions or both therein.
(2)  An order made under subsection (1) shall —
(a)
describe the unrestricted area, whether by means of a description, map or other document;
(b)
state any period for which the order is in force; and
(c)
state the conditions (if any) that apply to the organising of, or taking part in, any assembly or procession within that unrestricted area.
(3)  An order made under subsection (1) may —
(a)
provide that any contravention of any condition therein that is applicable to the organising of or taking part in any assembly or procession within the unrestricted area subject to the order shall be an offence punishable with a fine not exceeding $10,000 or with imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or with both; and
(b)
provide for such transitional, savings and other consequential, incidental and supplemental provisions as the Minister considers necessary or expedient.
(4)  All orders made under this section shall be presented to Parliament as soon as possible after publication in the Gazette.
(5)  This section shall have effect subject to section 33.
Offences in prohibited areas, etc.
15.
—(1)  A person who organises an assembly or a procession the holding of which he knows or ought reasonably to know is prohibited by an order under section 12(1) or 13(1) or a notification under section 13(2), as the case may be, shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both.
(2)  A person who takes part in an assembly or a procession the holding of which he knows or ought reasonably to know is prohibited by an order under section 12(1) or 13(1) or a notification under section 13(2), as the case may be, shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $5,000.
Other offences in relation to assemblies or processions
16.
—(1)  Each person who organises a public assembly or public procession —
(a)
in respect of which no permit has been granted under section 7 or no such permit is in force, where such permit is required by this Act;
(b)
which is held —
(i)
on a date or at a time which differs from the date or time specified in relation to the assembly or procession in the notice given under section 6; or
(ii)
in the case of a procession, along a route which differs from the route specified in relation to the procession in the notice given under section 6; or
(c)
which is not in compliance with any condition imposed under section 8(2) on persons taking part in that assembly or procession,
shall be guilty of an offence and shall, subject to subsection (3), be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $5,000.
(2)  Each person who takes part in a public assembly or public procession —
(a)
in respect of which no permit has been granted under section 7 or no such permit is in force, where such permit is required by this Act;
(b)
which is held —
(i)
on a date or at a time which differs from the date or time specified in relation to the assembly or procession in the notice given under section 6; or
(ii)
in the case of a procession, along a route which differs from the route specified in relation to the procession in the notice given under section 6; or
(c)
which is not in compliance with any requirement imposed by section 8(1)(b) or any condition imposed under section 8(2) on persons taking part in that assembly or procession,
shall be guilty of an offence and shall, subject to subsection (3), be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $3,000.
(3)  Where a person who is convicted or found guilty of an offence under subsection (1) or (2) is a repeat offender, the person shall be liable on conviction —
(a)
if the person is one who organises an assembly or a procession — to a fine not exceeding $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both; and
(b)
if the person is one who takes part in an assembly or a procession — to a fine not exceeding $5,000.
(4)  A person organising or taking part in an assembly or a procession who knowingly fails to comply with any direction of the senior police officer given under section 8(4) shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction —
(a)
in the case of a person organising an assembly or a procession — to a fine not exceeding $10,000; and
(b)
in the case of a person taking part in an assembly or a procession — to a fine not exceeding $5,000.
(5)  For the purposes of subsection (3), a person is a repeat offender in relation to an offence under subsection (1) or (2) if the person who is convicted, or found guilty, of an offence under subsection (1) or (2) (referred to as the current offence) has been convicted or found guilty of —
(a)
an offence under subsection (1) or (2);
(b)
an offence under section 5(4) of the Miscellaneous Offences (Public Order and Nuisance) Act (Cap. 184) as in force immediately before the commencement of this section; or
(c)
an offence under any rules made under section 5(1) of the Miscellaneous Offences (Public Order and Nuisance) Act as in force immediately before the commencement of this section, in relation to any assembly or procession in any public road, public place or place of public resort held without a permit under those rules or in contravention of any term or condition of such a permit,
on at least one other occasion within the period of 5 years immediately before the date on which he is convicted or found guilty of the current offence.
(6)  This section shall not apply to —
(a)
an assembly or a procession exempted from this section under section 46; and
(b)
an assembly or a procession within an unrestricted area not falling within a special event area.
Defences
17.
—(1)  In any proceedings for an offence under section 16(1)(a) or (2)(a), it shall be a defence for the person charged to prove that he did not know, and neither suspected nor had reason to suspect, that no permit had been granted under section 7 in respect of the assembly or procession or that no such permit is in force, as the case may be.
(2)  In any proceedings for an offence under section 16(1)(b) or (2)(b), it shall be a defence for the person charged to prove that —
(a)
he did not know, and neither suspected nor had reason to suspect, the difference in date, time or route; or
(b)
the difference arose from —
(i)
circumstances beyond his control;
(ii)
something done in compliance with conditions imposed under section 8(2); or
(iii)
something done with the agreement of a police officer not below the rank of sergeant or by the senior police officer’s direction under section 8(4).
(3)  In any proceedings for an offence under section 16(1)(c) or (2)(c), it shall be a defence for the person charged to prove that he did not know, and neither suspected nor had reason to suspect, that the assembly or procession was not in compliance with any of the conditions of the permit for the assembly or procession.
(4)  In any proceedings for an offence under section 16(4), it shall be a defence for the person charged to prove that his failure to comply with a direction of the senior police officer given under section 8(4) arose from circumstances beyond his control.
Obstructing free passage of any ambulance, etc.
18.  Where a person at, or in relation to, an assembly or a procession conducted pursuant to a permit —
(a)
acts in a disorderly manner for the purpose of preventing the transaction of the business for which the assembly or procession assembled;
(b)
obstructs the free passage of any ambulance, fire engine or vehicle belonging to the Singapore Police Force or the Singapore Civil Defence Force or, otherwise than in the manner and to the extent authorised by the permit relating to that assembly or procession, impedes or disrupts the use by members of the public in general of any road; or
(c)
incites other persons to do so,
the person shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both.
Legal immunity for participant in lawful assembly or procession
19.  If an assembly or a procession —
(a)
is the subject of a permit;
(b)
is peaceful; and
(c)
is held in accordance with the conditions imposed on the permit,
a person who takes part in the assembly or procession, does not, merely because of his taking part, incur any civil or criminal liability because of the obstruction of a public place.
PART III
SPECIAL EVENTS SECURITY
Interpretation of this Part
20.  In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires —
“approved person”, in relation to any power under section 22, 24, 27, 28 or 29, means any of the following persons approved by the Commissioner in writing to exercise such power under that provision at or in relation to a special event area specified in that approval:
(a)
any member of an auxiliary police force; or
(b)
any security officer who is employed by, or whose services are supplied to, the occupier of the special event area;
“entrant”, in relation to a special event area, means a person who is about to enter or is in the area;
“event organiser”, in relation to an event, means a person who is responsible (whether fully or substantially) for the organisation and holding of the event and the receipt of revenue from the event (if any);
“garment” includes a cloak, coat or shirt;
“hand-held scanner” means a device that may be passed over or around a person or a person’s personal property to detect metal, objects or other substances;
“occupier”, in relation to a special event area, includes the event organiser of the special event at that special event area;
“personal property”, in relation to a person, means things carried by the person or things apparently in the immediate control of the person, but does not include clothing being worn by the person;
“place” includes an area;
“prohibited item”, in relation to a special event, means such thing or animal that is stated to be a prohibited item in the notification in respect of the event under section 22;
“search” includes —
(a)
a search of a person conducted by quickly running the hands over the person’s outer garments; and
(b)
an examination of anything worn or carried by the person;
“statutory condition of entry”, in relation to a special event, means a condition that is stated in the notification concerning the event under section 22 to be a statutory condition of entry to the special event area;
“vehicle” includes an aircraft and a boat;
“X-ray machine” means a device through which a person’s belongings are passed and X-rayed.
Declaration of special event
21.
—(1)  Subject to subsections (2) and (3), the Minister may declare an event to be a special event for the purposes of this Part.
(2)  In deciding whether to make a declaration, the Minister shall have regard to —
(a)
the nature of the event;
(b)
the number and kind of people expected to attend the event;
(c)
Singapore’s obligations for holding the event; and
(d)
any other relevant matter.
(3)  The Minister may make a declaration only if he is satisfied —
(a)
that the declaration is necessary for preserving public order and the safety of individuals involved in the event and other individuals and for the avoidance of disruptions to the event; and
(b)
that either —
(i)
there is a reasonable likelihood that the event may be disrupted if the powers in sections 24 to 30 are not exercised;
(ii)
the exercise of the powers is necessary because of the need to protect persons involved in or at the event;
(iii)
the exercise of the powers is required as a condition of holding the event in Singapore; or
(iv)
there is a reasonable likelihood that the event because of its nature might be at risk of an act of terrorism.
(4)  A declaration under subsection (1) must —
(a)
contain a brief description of the event to which it applies, whether by means of a description, map or other document;
(b)
state the proposed time and date of the event or the proposed period in which the event is to take place, and the location of the special event area for the event;
(c)
state the period (not exceeding 3 years) for which the declaration is in force; and
(d)
be published in the Gazette.
(5)  Once such a declaration is made, the Minister shall, within 7 days thereafter and before the date the declaration comes into force, cause to be published a notice of the making of the declaration, describing briefly the event and the special event area in such manner as will secure adequate publicity for the declaration.
(6)  Failure to comply with subsection (5) in respect of any declaration shall not invalidate the declaration.
(7)  Unless sooner revoked, a declaration shall expire on the date, and at the time (if any) stated in, or worked out in accordance with the declaration.
(8)  At any time before a declaration comes into force, the Minister may amend the description of the location of the special event area to which the declaration applies by publishing the amendment in the Gazette; and notice of the amendment describing briefly the changes therein shall be published as soon as practicable in such manner as will secure adequate publicity for the amended declaration.
Statutory conditions of entry
22.
—(1)  At any time after a declaration is made in respect of a special event and the special event area for that event, the Commissioner may, with the approval of the Minister, determine that any or all of the following conditions apply to the special event area:
(a)
that a person seeking to enter or in the special event area must, if asked by a police officer or an approved person, permit an inspection to be made of his personal property;
(b)
that a person seeking to enter or in the special event area must, if asked by a police officer, permit a search to be made of the person;
(c)
that a person must not take into or possess in the special event area a prohibited item;
(d)
that a person seeking to enter or in the special event area must comply with any lawful order of a police officer or an approved person regarding the entrant’s entry into and remaining in that area.
(2)  Once any such determination is made in respect of a special event and its special event area, the Commissioner shall, by notification published in the Gazette, specify —
(a)
the places, if any, at which a police officer or an approved person may exercise specified powers under sections 24 to 29;
(b)
if the determination includes the statutory condition of entry that a person shall not take into or possess in the special event area a prohibited item, the thing or animal a person is prohibited from bringing into the special event area; and
(c)
any other conditions that apply to entry to the special event area or any part of it.
(3)  Any notification under subsection (2) in respect of a special event and its special event area shall be made and published at least 7 days before the proposed date of the special event or, in the case where the special event is to take place during a proposed period, the beginning of that proposed period.
(4)  Once such a notification under subsection (2) is published, the Commissioner shall, within 7 days thereafter and before the proposed date of the special event or, in the case where the special event is to take place during a proposed period, the beginning of that proposed period, cause to be published a copy of the notification in such manner as will secure adequate publicity for it.
(5)  The Commissioner may at any time amend the notification under subsection (2) relating to a special event and special event area; and notice of the amendment describing briefly the changes therein shall be published as soon as practicable in such manner as will secure adequate publicity for the amended declaration.
Tickets sellers to inform of statutory conditions of entry
23.
—(1)  If any person who sells tickets to an event has reasonable grounds for believing that the event may be declared a special event, the person shall take reasonable steps to tell a person, before the person buys tickets to the event, that statutory conditions of entry may apply to the event.
(2)  If an event has been declared a special event under section 21, the person who sells tickets to the event must take reasonable steps to tell a person, before the person buys tickets to the event, the statutory conditions of entry that apply to the event.
Inspection of personal property, etc., as condition of entry
24.
—(1)  This section shall apply only if the notification under section 22(2) relating to the special event to be held at a special event area states that it is a condition of entry to the special event area that an entrant to the area must, if asked by a police officer or an approved person, permit an inspection to be made of the entrant’s personal property.
(2)  Subject to subsection (3), a police officer or an approved person may ask the entrant to do one or more of the following:
(a)
allow the police officer or approved person to inspect the entrant’s personal property;
(b)
remove one or more garments worn by the entrant as specified by the police officer or approved person and allow the police officer or approved person to inspect the garments;
(c)
remove all articles from the entrant’s clothing and allow the police officer or approved person to inspect them;
(d)
open an article for inspection and allow the police officer or approved person to inspect it;
(e)
open a vehicle or a part of it for inspection and allow the police officer or approved person to inspect it;
(f)
remove an article from the vehicle as specified by the police officer or approved person and allow the police officer or approved person, as the case may be, to inspect it.
(3)  A police officer or an approved person may make a request under subsection (2) if the police officer or approved person reasonably considers it necessary to make a request under subsection (2) in relation to an entrant or the entrant’s personal property, whether or not the entrant or his personal property have been subjected to screening.
(4)  Any person who fails to comply with the request of a police officer or an approved person under subsection (2) shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both.
(5)  In this section, inspecting an article includes handling the article, opening it and examining its contents.
Search of person
25.
—(1)  This section shall apply only if the notification under section 22(2) relating to the special event to be held at a special event area states that it is a condition of entry to the special event area that an entrant to the area must, if asked by a police officer, permit a search to be made of the person.
(2)  A police officer may ask a person to permit a search of the person where —
(a)
the person is entering or about to enter a special event area; or
(b)
the person is in a special event area.