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Contents

Long Title

Part I PRELIMINARY

Part II ADMINISTRATION

Part III IMPOSITION OF INCOME TAX

Part IV EXEMPTION FROM INCOME TAX

Part V DEDUCTIONS AGAINST INCOME

Part VI CAPITAL ALLOWANCES

Part VII ASCERTAINMENT OF CERTAIN INCOME

Part VIII ASCERTAINMENT OF STATUTORY INCOME

Part IX ASCERTAINMENT OF ASSESSABLE INCOME

Part X ASCERTAINMENT OF CHARGEABLE INCOME AND PERSONAL RELIEFS

Part XI RATES OF TAX

Part XII DEDUCTION OF TAX AT SOURCE

Part XIII ALLOWANCES FOR TAX CHARGED

Part XIV RELIEF AGAINST DOUBLE TAXATION

Part XV PERSONS CHARGEABLE

Husband and wife

Trustees, agents and curators

Part XVI RETURNS

Part XVII ASSESSMENTS AND OBJECTIONS

Part XVIII APPEALS

Part XIX COLLECTION, RECOVERY AND REPAYMENT OF TAX

Part XX OFFENCES AND PENALTIES

Part XXA Exchange of information under avoidance of double taxation arrangements and exchange of information arrangements

Part XXB INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS TO IMPROVE TAX COMPLIANCE

Part XXI MISCELLANEOUS

FIRST SCHEDULE Institution, authority, person or fund exempted

SECOND SCHEDULE Rates of tax

THIRD SCHEDULE

FOURTH SCHEDULE Name of bond, securities, stock or fund

FIFTH SCHEDULE Child relief

SIXTH SCHEDULE Number of years of working life of asset

SEVENTH SCHEDULE Advance rulings

EIGHTH SCHEDULE Information to be included in a request for information under Part XXA

Legislative History

Comparative Table

Comparative Table

 
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Exemption of shipping profits
13A.
—(1)  There shall be exempt from tax the income of a shipping enterprise derived or deemed to be derived from the operation of Singapore ships or foreign ships as hereinafter provided.
[4/75; 20/91; 31/98]
(1A)  Such exemption in respect of Singapore ships shall be backdated to the date of provisional registration if the owner has subsequently obtained a permanent certificate of registry in respect of the ship.
(1B)  For the year of assessment 2009 and subsequent years of assessment, the income of a shipping enterprise referred to in this section shall include income derived from foreign exchange and risk management activities which are carried out in connection with and incidental to the operation by the shipping enterprise of Singapore ships.
(1C)  The income of a shipping enterprise referred to in this section shall include income derived on or after 22nd February 2010 by the shipping enterprise from the provision of ship management services to any qualifying company in respect of Singapore ships owned or operated by the qualifying company.
(1CA)  The income of a shipping enterprise referred to in this section includes income derived on or after 1st June 2011 by the shipping enterprise from —
(a)
the sale of a Singapore ship or a ship that is provisionally registered under the Merchant Shipping Act (Cap. 179);
(b)
the assignment to another of all its rights as the buyer under a contract for the construction of a ship that, at the time of the assignment, is intended to be registered or is provisionally registered under the Merchant Shipping Act; or
(c)
the sale of all of the issued ordinary shares in a special purpose company of the shipping enterprise where, at the time of the sale of the shares, the special purpose company —
(i)
owns a Singapore ship or a ship that is provisionally registered under the Merchant Shipping Act; or
(ii)
is the buyer under a contract for the construction of a ship that, at that time, is intended to be registered or is provisionally registered under the Merchant Shipping Act,
and the special purpose company does not at that time own any foreign ship, foreign dredger, foreign seismic ship or any foreign vessel used for offshore oil or gas activity.
(1CB)  The income referred to in subsection (1CA) does not include —
(a)
income of the shipping enterprise as a lessor of a ship under a finance lease that is treated as a sale under section 10D; or
(b)
income of the shipping enterprise from carrying on a business of trading in ships or of constructing ships for sale.
(1CC)  For the purposes of subsection (1CA), a ship shall not be regarded as provisionally registered under the Merchant Shipping Act if its registry under that Act is closed or deemed to be closed or is suspended.
(1D)  This section does not apply to income of a shipping enterprise, being an international shipping enterprise approved under section 13F, derived in the basis period for the year of assessment 2012 or any subsequent year of assessment from the operation of foreign ships.
(2)  A shipping enterprise shall maintain separate accounts for the income derived or deemed to be derived from the operation of each Singapore ship or foreign ship.
(2A)  Where expenses have been incurred by a shipping enterprise which are not directly attributable to a Singapore ship or foreign ship, the Comptroller may allocate as expenses such amounts as might reasonably and properly have been incurred in the normal course of its business in respect of such ship.
(3)  In determining the income of a shipping enterprise from the operation of Singapore ships or foreign ships —
(a)
the capital allowances provided under sections 16, 17, 18, 18B, 18C, 19, 19A, 20, 21 and 22 shall only be made against the income exempt under this section, and the balance of such allowances shall not be available as a deduction against any other income; and
(b)
a loss incurred by a shipping enterprise in respect of any activity referred to in subsection (1), (1B) or (1C) for any basis period shall only be deducted against the income from any activity referred to in any of those subsections, and the balance of such loss shall not be available as a deduction against any other income.
[4/75; 31/98; 7/2007; 29/2010; 29/2012]
(3A)  Where a shipping enterprise incurs a loss on any sale or assignment referred to in subsection (1CA) in any basis period, that loss shall only be deducted against the gains derived from another sale or assignment referred to in subsection (1CA) in that same basis period, and the balance of the loss shall not be available as a deduction against any other income.
(4)  The Comptroller shall for each year of assessment issue to a shipping enterprise a statement (to be included in a notice of any assessment served on the shipping enterprise under section 76) showing the amount of income derived from the operation of Singapore ships or foreign ships by the shipping enterprise; and Parts XVII and XVIII (relating to assessments, objections and appeals) and any rules made under this Act shall apply, with the necessary modifications, as if such statement were a notice of assessment.
[31/98; 34/2008; 19/2013]
(5)  Subject to subsection (8) where any statement issued under subsection (4) has become final and conclusive, the amount of income shown therein shall not form part of the statutory income of a shipping enterprise for the year of assessment to which the statement relates and shall be exempt from tax.
(5A)  [Deleted by Act 19 of 2013]
(6)  [Deleted by Act 19 of 2013]
(7)  A shipping enterprise shall deliver to the Comptroller a copy of the accounts referred to in subsection (2) made up to any date specified by him whenever called upon to do so by notice in writing.
[19/2013]
(8)  Notwithstanding subsections (1) to (7), where it appears to the Comptroller that any income of a shipping enterprise which has been exempted from tax ought not to have been so exempted for any year of assessment, the Comptroller may, at any time within 4 years after the expiration of that year of assessment, make such assessment or additional assessment upon the shipping enterprise as may appear to be necessary in order to make good any loss of tax.
[19/2013]
(9)  Parts XVII and XVIII (relating to assessments, objections and appeals) and any rules made under this Act shall apply, with the necessary modifications, as if an assessment under subsection (8) were a notice of assessment.
[19/2013]
(10)  Nothing in this section shall affect the operation of section 27 in ascertaining the income of a non-resident person owning or operating Singapore ships or foreign ships.
(11)  Where in the basis period for any year of assessment a ship ceases to be a Singapore ship the income derived from the operation of which is exempt under this section, the capital allowances in respect of that ship for that year of assessment and subsequent years shall be calculated on the residue of expenditure or reducing value of the assets after taking into account the capital allowances provided for in sections 16, 17, 18, 18B, 18C, 19, 19A, 20, 21 and 22 for those years of assessment during which income derived from the operation of the ship was exempt from tax notwithstanding that no claim for such allowances was made.
[4/75; 7/2007; 29/2010]
(12)  Subsections (3) and (11) shall have effect notwithstanding any other provisions of this Act.
(13)  Notwithstanding anything in this section, a shipping enterprise may at any time elect that its income derived or deemed to be derived from the operation of all its Singapore ships shall be taxed at the rate prescribed by section 43(1)(a).
(14)  An election under subsection (13) shall be made by a shipping enterprise by notice in writing to the Comptroller and shall be irrevocable.
(15)  Where a shipping enterprise has made an election under subsection (13) —
(a)
subsections (1) to (10) shall not apply to the income derived or deemed to be derived from the operation of Singapore ships by the shipping enterprise for the year of assessment immediately following the year in which the election is made and for subsequent years of assessment;
(b)
any capital allowances or the balance thereof which were not made against the income of the shipping enterprise exempt under this section for any year of assessment during which its income was exempt from tax shall not be available to be made under section 23 against its income (other than income exempt under this section) for the year of assessment immediately following the year in which the election is made and for subsequent years of assessment;
(c)
any loss or the balance thereof incurred by the shipping enterprise in respect of the operation of a Singapore ship for any year of assessment which was not deducted against its income exempt under this section for any year of assessment during which its income was exempt from tax shall not be available as a deduction under section 37(3)(a) against its income (other than income exempt under this section) for the year of assessment immediately following the year in which the election is made and for subsequent years of assessment; and
(d)
any capital allowances in respect of Singapore ships of the shipping enterprise for the year of assessment immediately following the year in which the election is made and for subsequent years of assessment shall be calculated in accordance with subsection (11) as if the Singapore ships were ships which had ceased to be Singapore ships.
(16)  In this section —
“foreign ship” has the same meaning as in section 13F;
“operation” means —
(a)
in relation to a Singapore ship —
(i)
the carriage of passengers, mail, livestock or goods outside the limits of the port of Singapore;
(ii)
towing or salvage operations outside the limits of the port of Singapore;
(iii)
the charter of the ship for use outside the limits of the port of Singapore; or
(iv)
for the year of assessment 2007 and subsequent years of assessment, the use outside the limits of the port of Singapore of the ship as a dredger, seismic ship or vessel used for offshore oil or gas activity; and
(b)
in relation to a foreign ship, the carriage of passengers, mail, livestock or goods shipped in Singapore, except where such carriage arises solely from transhipment from Singapore, or is only within the limits of the port of Singapore;
“qualifying company”, in relation to a shipping enterprise, means a company at least 50% of the total number of the issued ordinary shares of which are beneficially and directly owned by the enterprise;
“ship management services” means any of the following activities in respect of a ship:
(a)
making a purchase or sale of it, or a decision regarding its ownership;
(b)
deciding on its flag and registry;
(c)
sourcing for and deciding on financing for its acquisition;
(d)
awarding contracts, entering into alliances or deciding on pooling in respect of it;
(e)
securing its employment or its cargo;
(f)
planning its route and tonnage;
(g)
appointing a ship manager or ship agent for it;
(h)
collecting freight in exchange for its use;
(i)
arranging insurance for it;
(j)
undertaking crew related matters such as the appointment of a crew manager;
(k)
arranging dry-docking or ship repairs or overhaul;
(l)
ensuring that it is adequately equipped with supplies, provisions, spares and stores;
(m)
supervising its construction, conversion or registration;
(n)
liaising with the relevant competent authorities or bodies on ship safety and manning requirements and other similar matters;
“shipping enterprise” means any company owning or operating Singapore ships or foreign ships;
“Singapore ship” means a ship in respect of which a certificate of registry, other than provisionally, has been issued under the Merchant Shipping Act and its registry is not closed or deemed to be closed or suspended;
“special purpose company”, in relation to a shipping enterprise, means a company that is wholly owned by the shipping enterprise and whose only business or intended business is the operation of Singapore ships.
[26/73; 20/91; 31/98; 37/2002; 21/2003; 7/2007; 29/2010; 29/2012]