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Contents

Part I PRELIMINARY

Part II REGISTRATION AND MARKING OF AIRCRAFT

Part III AIRWORTHINESS AND EQUIPMENT OF AIRCRAFT

Part IV AIRCRAFT CREW AND LICENSING

Part V OPERATION OF AIRCRAFT

Part VI AIRCRAFT NOISE

Part VII FATIGUE OF CREW

Part VIIA EXHIBITIONS OF FLYING

Part VIII DOCUMENTS AND RECORDS

Part IX CONTROL OF AIR TRAFFIC

Part X AERODROMES, AERONAUTICAL LIGHTS AND DANGEROUS LIGHTS

Part XI GENERAL

FIRST SCHEDULE

SECOND SCHEDULE A, B and C Conditions

THIRD SCHEDULE Categories of Aircraft

FOURTH SCHEDULE Maintenance Engineers: Privileges of Licences

FIFTH SCHEDULE Aircraft Equipment

SIXTH SCHEDULE Radio Equipment to be Carried in Aircraft

SEVENTH SCHEDULE Aircraft, Engine and Propeller Log Books

EIGHTH SCHEDULE Flight Crew of Aircraft: Licences and Ratings

NINTH SCHEDULE Public Transport — Operational Requirements

TENTH  SCHEDULE Documents to be Carried by Aircraft Registered in Singapore

ELEVENTH  SCHEDULE Rules of the Air and Air Traffic Control

TWELFTH  SCHEDULE Fees

THIRTEENTH  SCHEDULE Penalties

FOURTEENTH  SCHEDULE Medical Requirements

FIFTEENTH  SCHEDULE

SIXTEENTH  SCHEDULE Minimum Navigation Performance Specifications — Specified Airspace and Navigation Performance Capability

Legislative History

 
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FIFTH SCHEDULE
Aircraft Equipment
1.  Every Singapore aircraft shall be provided, when flying in circumstances specified in the first column of the Table set forth in paragraph 4, with adequate equipment, and for the purpose of this paragraph the expression “adequate equipment” shall mean the scales of equipment respectively indicated in that Table:
Provided that, if the aircraft is flying in a combination of such circumstances, the scales of equipment shall not on that account be required to be duplicated.
2.  The equipment carried in an aircraft as being necessary for the airworthiness of the aircraft shall be taken into account in determining whether this Schedule is complied with in respect of that aircraft.
3.  The following items of equipment shall not be required to be of a type approved by the chief executive officer:
(i)
The equipment referred to in Scale A (ii).
(ii)
First Aid Equipment and Handbook referred to in Scale B.
(iii)
Time pieces referred to in Scale F.
(iv)
Torches referred to in Scales G, H and J.
(v)
Whistles referred to in Scale H.
(vi)
Sea anchors referred to in Scales I and J.
(vii)
Equipment for mooring, anchoring or manoeuvring aircraft on the water referred to in Scale I.
(viii)
Paddles referred to in Scale J.
(ix)
Food and water referred to in Scales J, T and W.
(x)
Rocket signals referred to in Scale I.
(xi)
Stoves, cooking utensils, snow shovels, ice saws, sleeping bags and arctic suits referred to in Scale T.
(xii)
First Aid Equipment referred to in Scales J, T and W.
(xiii)
Megaphones referred to in Scale V.
4.—
TABLE
 
 
 
 
Aircraft and circumstances of flight
 
Scale of equipment required
 
 
 
 
1. Flying machines flying for purpose other than public transport —
 
 
 
 
 
 
(a) when flying at night
 
A, C and D
 
 
 
 
(b) when flying under Instrument Flight Rules —
 
 
 
 
 
 
(i) outside controlled airspace
 
A and D
(ii) within controlled airspace
 
A, E with E (iv) duplicated and F
 
 
 
 
(c) when carrying out aerobatic manoeuvres
 
A and M
 
 
 
 
(d) on all other flights
 
A.
 
 
 
 
2. Flying machines flying for the purpose of public transport —
 
 
 
 
 
 
(a) when flying under Instrument Flight Rules —
 
 
 
 
 
 
(i) in the case of flying machines of which the maximum total weight authorised exceeds 1,150 kg.
 
A, B, E with E (iv) duplicated and F
(ii) in the case of flying machines of which the maximum total weight authorised does not exceed 1,150 kg. —
 
 
 
 
 
 
(aa) outside controlled airspace
 
A, B, D and F (i) only
(bb) within controlled airspace
 
A, B, E with E (iv) duplicated and F
 
 
 
 
(b) when flying at night —
 
 
 
 
 
 
(i) in the case of flying machines of which the maximum total weight authorised exceeds 1,150 kg.
 
A, B, C, E with E (iv) duplicated, F and G
(ii) in the case of flying machines of which the maximum total weight authorised does not exceed 1,150 kg.
 
A, B, C, D, F (i) only and G
(iii) in the case of turbo-jet aeroplanes for the carriage of passengers and which have a maximum total weight authorised exceeding 22,700 kg.
 
BB (i) and BB (ii)
(iv) in the case of aeroplanes having a maximum total weight authorised exceeding 5,700 kg. for the carriage of passengers and which conform to a type for which a Certificte of Airworthiness was first applied for (whether in Singapore or elsewhere) after 30th April 1972 but not including any aeroplane which in the opinion of the chief executive officer is identical in all matters affecting the provision of emergency evacuation facilities to an aeroplane for which a Certificate of Airworthiness was first applied for before that date
 
BB (i) and BB (ii)
(v) in the case of aeroplanes for the carriage of passengers which in accordance with the Certificate of Airworthiness in force in respect thereof may carry more than 19 persons over 3 years of age
 
BB (i)
 
 
 
 
(c) when flying over water beyond gliding distance from land
 
A, B, D, F (i) only and H
 
 
 
 
(d) on all flights on which in the event of any emergency occurring during take-off or during the landing at the intended destination or any likely alternate destination it is reasonably possible that the aeroplane would be forced to land onto water
 
A, B, D, F (i) only and H
 
 
 
 
( e) when flying over water —
 
 
 
 
 
 
(i) in the case of an aeroplane having such a weight and performance that with any one of its power units inoperative and the remaining power unit or units operating within the maximum continous power conditions specified in the Certifcate of Airworthiness, performance schedule or flight manual relating to the aeroplane issued or rendered valid by the Minister it is capable of a gradient of climb of at least 1 in 200 at an altitude of 5,000 feet in the International Standard Atmosphere specified in or ascertainable by reference to the Certificate of Airworthiness in force in respect of that aircraft, when either more than 400 nautical miles or more than 90 minutes flying time1 from the nearest aerodrome at which an emergency landing can be made
1  For purposes of this Table, flying time shall be calculated on the assumption that the aircraft is flying in still air at the speed specified in the relevant Certificate of Airworthiness as the speed for compliance with regulations governing flights over water.
 
A, B, D, F (i) only, H and J
(ii) in the case of all other flying machines, when more than 30 minutes flying time2 from such aerodrome
2  For purposes of this Table, flying time shall be calculated on the assumption that the aircraft is flying in still air at the speed specified in the relevant Certificate of Airworthiness as the speed for compliance with regulations governing flights over water.
 
A, B, D, F (i) only, H and J
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(f) on all flights which involve manoeuvres on water
 
A, B, D, F (i) only, H, I and J
 
 
 
 
(g) when flying at a height of 10,000 feet or more above mean sea level:
 
 
 
 
 
 
(i) having a Certificate of Airworthiness first issued (whether in Singapore or elsewhere) before 1st January 1989
 
A, B, D, F (i) only and K1 or K2
(ii) having a Certificate of Airworthiness first issued (whether in Singapore or elsewhere) on or after 1st January 1989
 
A, B, D, F (i) only and K2
 
 
 
 
(h) when flying at a height of 25,000 feet or more above mean sea level
 
CC
 
 
 
 
(i) on flights when the weather reports or forecasts available at the aerodrome at the time of departure indicate that conditions favouring ice formation are likely to be met
 
A, B, D, F (i) only and L
 
 
 
 
(j) when carrying out aerobatic manoeuvres
 
A, B, D, F (i) only and M
 
 
 
 
(k) on all flights on which the aircraft carries a flight crew of more than one person
 
N
 
 
 
 
(l) on all flights by flying machines being turbine-jet aircraft with a maximum total weight authorised exceeding 5,700 kg. or pressurised aircraft with a maximum total weight authorised exceeding 11,400 kg.
 
O
 
 
 
 
(m) on all flights for the purpose of the public transport of passengers
 
Q and V
 
 
 
 
(n) on all flights by a pressurised aircraft
 
R
 
 
 
 
(o) when flying over substantially uninhabited land areas where in the event of an emergency landing polar conditions are likely to be met
 
T
(p) when flying over substantially uninhabited land areas where in the event of an emergency landing, tropical conditions are likely to be met
 
W
 
 
 
 
(q) when flying at an altitude of more than 49,000 feet
 
X
 
 
 
 
(r) on all flights by a turbine-jet aeroplane
 
Y
 
 
 
 
(s) on all other flights
 
A, B, D and F (i) only.
 
 
 
 
3. Gliders flying for purposes other than public transport or aerial work when flying by night
 
A (ii) only and C.
 
 
 
 
4. Gliders flying for the purpose of public transport or aerial work —
 
 
 
 
 
 
(a) when outside controlled airspace under Instrument Flight Rules
 
A, B, D and F (i) only
 
 
 
 
(b) when flying by night
 
A, B, C, D, F (i) only and G
 
 
 
 
(c) when carrying out aerobatic manoeuvres
 
A, B, D, F (i) only and M
 
 
 
 
(d) on all other flights
 
A, B, D, F (i) only.
 
 
 
 
5. All aeroplanes having a maximum total weight authorised exceeding 5,700 kg. —
 
 
 
 
 
 
(a) which are operated by an air transport undertaking under a Certificate of Airworthiness of the Transport Category (Passenger) or the Transport Category (Cargo); or
 
 
 
 
 
 
(b) in respect of which application has been made and not withdrawn or refused for such a certificate, and which fly under the “A Conditions” or under a Certificate of Airworthiness of the Special Category
 
P.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Aeroplanes for which an individual Certificate of Airworthiness in the Transport Category (Passenger) or Transport Category (Cargo) was first issued (whether in Singapore or elsewhere) on or after 1st January 1990 and which have a maximum total weight authorised not exceeding 5,700 kg., are powered by two or more turbine engines, and are certificated to carry more than 9 passengers
 
Z.
 
 
 
 
7. Helicopters for which an individual Certificate of Airworthiness in the Transport Category (Passenger) or Transport Category (Cargo) was first issued (whether in Singapore or elsewhere) on or after 1st January 1990 and which have a maximum total weight authorised exceeding 2,730 kg., or which are certificated to carry more than 9 passengers
 
AA.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Turbine-engine aeroplanes exceeding 15,000 kg. maximum total weight authorised or authorised to carry more than 30 passengers
 
U.
 
 
 
 
9. All aeroplanes when operated across land areas which have been designated by the State concerned as areas in which search and rescue would be especially difficult
 
S.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5.  The scales of equipment indicated in the Table set out in paragraph 4 shall be as follows:
Scale A.
((i))  Spare fuses for all electrical circuits the fuses of which can be replaced in flight, consisting of 10% of the number of each rating or 3 of each rating, whichever is the greater.
((ii))  Maps, charts, codes and other documents and navigational equipment necessary, in addition to any other equipment required under the Order for the intended flight of the aircraft, including any diversion which may reasonably be expected.
((iii))    (a)  Subject to Scale B (iv), in all aeroplanes, helicopters and gyroplanes, for every pilot’s seat and for any seat situated alongside a pilot’s seat, a safety belt with one diagonal shoulder strap or a safety harness;
(b)
subject to Scale B (vi) for every seat in use (not being a seat referred to in sub-paragraph (a)) a safety belt with or without one diagonal shoulder strap or a safety harness; and
(c)
in addition and for attachment to the equipment required in sub-paragraph (b), a child restraint device for every child under the age of two years.
((iv))  One portable non-toxic type fire extinguisher for each enclosed passenger and crew compartment, one of which shall be convenient to a member of the flight crew.
((v))  At least one crash axe readily accessible to a member of the flight crew.
Scale B.
(i)  First aid equipment of good quality, sufficient in quantity, having regard to the number of persons on board the aircraft, including the following:
Roller bandages, triangular bandages, absorbent gauze, adhesive plaster, white absorbent lint, cotton wool (or wound dressing in place of the lint and cotton wool), burn dressings, safety pins;
Haemostatic bandages or tourniquet, scissors;
Antiseptic, analgesic and stimulant drugs; and a handbook on first aid.
(ii)  In the case of flying machines with a maximum total weight authorised exceeding 5,700 kg used for the public transport of passengers, the following first aid equipment in addition to paragraph (i):
(a)
Materials for treating minor injuries including burns;
(b)
Ophthalmic ointment;
(c)
A decongestant nasal spray;
(d)
Oral drugs as follows:
antispasmodic, central nervous system stimulant, circulatory stimulant, coronary vasodilator, anti-diarrhoeic medication, anti-emetic;
(e)
An artificial plastic airway;
(f)
Inflatable bag (Ambu-bag) for resuscitation (to be used with item (e) above);
(g)
Inflatable splints;
(h)
An anaeroid type blood pressure set;
(i)
Injectable drugs as follows:
analgesic, antihistamine, coronary stimulant, corticosteroid, intravenous infusion fluid, sedative and tranquilliser, uterine stimulant and vasopresser agent;
(j)
Disposable syringes;
(k)
Ground-air visual signal code for use by survivors.
(iii)  In the case of a flying machine used for the public transport of passengers in which, while the flying machine is at rest on the ground, the sill of any external door intended for the disembarkation of passengers, whether normally or in an emergency —
(a)
is more than 1.82 metres from the ground when the under-carriage of the machine is in the normal position for taxying; or
(b)
would be more than 1.82 metres from the ground if the under-carriage or any part thereof should collapse, break or fail to function,
apparatus readily available for use at each such door consisting of device or devices which will enable passengers to reach the ground safely in an emergency while the flying machine is on the ground, and can be readily fixed in position for use.
(iv)  For all aircraft on all flights a safety harness for each flight crew member seat in place of the safety belt referred to under Scale A. If the maximum total weight authorised for the aircraft is more than 2,730 kg the safety harness shall incorporate a device which will automatically restrain the occupant’s torso in the event of rapid deceleration.
Note: Safety harness includes shoulder straps and seat belt which may be used independently.
If the commander cannot, from his own seat, see all the passengers’ seats in the aircraft, a means of indicating to the passengers that seat belts should be fastened.
(vi)  In the case of an aircraft for which a Certificate of Airworthiness is first issued on or after 1st January 1981, a forward or rearward facing (within 15° oφ τηε λoνγιτυδιναλ αξισ oφ τηε αιρχραφτ) σεατ, fitted with a safety harness for the use of each cabin attendant specified in paragraph 18(8) of the Order.
Scale C.
((i))  Equipment for displaying the lights required by the Rules of the Airand Air Traffic Control.
((ii))  Electrical equipment, supplied from the main source of supply in the aircraft, to provide sufficient illumination to enable the flight crew properly to carry out their duties during flight.
((iii))  Unless the aircraft is equipped with radio, devices for making the visual signal specified in the Rules of the Airand Air Traffic Control as indicating a request for permission to land.
Scale D.
((i))    (a)  In the case of a helicopter or a gyroplane, a slip indicator;
(b)
in the case of any other flying machine either —
(aa)
a turn indicator and a slip indicator; or
(bb)
a gyroscopic bank and pitch indicator and a gyroscopic direction indicator.
((ii))  A sensitive pressure altimeter adjustable for changes in barometric pressure.
((iii))  An airspeed indicator.
((iv))  A magnetic compass.
Scale E.
(i)    (a)  in the case of a helicopter or a gyroplane, a slip indicator.
(b)
in the case of any other flying machine, a turn indicator and a slip indicator except that any aircraft may, at the option of the operator, be equipped with an additional gyroscopic bank and pitch indicator in lieu of the turn indicator.
(ii)  A gyroscopic bank and pitch indicator.
(iii)  A gyroscopic direction indicator.
(iv)  A sensitive pressure altimeter adjustable for changes in barometric pressure.
(v)  An emergency power supply, independent of the main electrical generating system, capable of operating and illuminating a gyroscopic bank and pitch indicator for a minimum period of 30 minutes after the total failure of the main electrical generating system, in respect of —
(a)
newly constructed aircraft, fitted with electrical attitude indicating instruments, of which the maximum total weight authorised exceeds 5,700 kg issued with a Singapore Certificate of Airworthiness in the Transport Category;
(b)
aircraft, fitted with electrical attitude indicating instruments, certified in the Transport Category for the carriage of more than 19 persons over the age of 3 years; and
(c)
aircraft, fitted with electrical attitude indicating instruments, with a maximum total weight authorised exceeding 15,900 kg.
(vi)  An airspeed indicating system with means of preventing malfunctioning due to either condensation or icing.
(vii)  A magnetic compass.
Scale F.
(i)  An accurate time piece indicating the time in hours, minutes and seconds.
(ii)  A means of indicating whether the power supply to the gyroscopic instruments is adequate.
(iii)  A rate of climb and descent indicator.
(iv)  If the maximum total weight authorised of the aircraft is more than 5,700 kg a means of indicating the outside air temperature.
(v)  If the maximum total weight authorised of the aircraft is more than 5,700 kg 2 air speed indicators.
Scale G.
(i)  Landing lights consisting of two single filament lamps, or one dual filament lamp with separately energised filaments.
(ii)  An electric lighting system to provide illumination in every passenger compartment.
(iii)    (a)  One electric torch for each member of the crew of the aircraft; or
(b)
(A)
one electric torch for each member of the flight crew of the aircraft; and
(B)
at least one electric torch affixed adjacent to each floor level exit intended for the disembarkation of passengers whether normally or in an emergency, except that such torches shall —
(i)
be readily accessible for use by the crew of the aircraft at all times; and
(ii)
number in total not less than the minimum number of cabin attendants required to be carried with a full passenger complement.
[S 384/2000 wef 31/08/2000]
(iv)  In the case of an aircraft of which the maximum total weight authorised exceeds 5,700 kg, a means of observing the existence and build up of ice on the aircraft.
Scale H.
For each person on board, a lifejacket equipped with a whistle and a waterproof torch:
Provided that lifejackets constructed and carried solely for use by children under 3 years of age need not be equipped with a whistle.
Scale I.
(i)  Additional flotation equipment, capable of supporting one-fifth of the number of persons on board, and provided in a place of stowage accessible from outside the flying machine.
(ii)  Parachute distress rocket signals capable of making, from the surface of the water, the pyrotechnical signal of distress specified in the Rules of the Airand Air Traffic Control.
(iii)  A sea anchor and other equipment necessary to facilitate mooring, anchoring and manoeuvring the flying machine on water, appropriate to its size, weight and handling characteristics.
Scale J.
(i)  Liferafts sufficient to accommodate all persons on board the flying machine with the following equipment:
(a)
means for maintaining buoyancy;
(b)
a sea anchor;
(c)
life lines, and means of attaching one liferaft to another;
(d)
paddles or other means of propulsion;
(e)
means of protecting the occupants from the elements;
(f)
a waterproof torch;
(g)
marine type pyrotechnical distress signals;
(h)
means of making sea water drinkable;
(i)
for each 4 or proportion of 4 persons the liferaft is designed to carry —
(A)
100 grams of glucose toffee tablets; and
(B)
one litre of fresh water in durable containers; provided that in any case in which it is not reasonably practicable to carry the quantity of water above specified as large a quantity of fresh water as is reasonably practicable in the circumstances may be substituted. In no case however shall the quantity of water carried be less than is sufficient when added to the amount of fresh water capable of being produced by means of the equipment specified in item (h) of this sub-paragraph to provide 1 litre of water for each 4 or proportion of 4 persons the liferaft is designed to carry; and
(j)
first aid equipment.
Items (f) to (j) inclusive, shall be contained in a pack stowed with the liferaft.
(ii)  For every 4 or proportion of 4 liferafts —
one life raft radio transmitter.
Scale K1.
Part I
(i)  In every flying machine which is provided with means for maintaining a pressure greater than 700 millibars throughout the flight in the flight crew compartment and in the compartments in which passengers are carried —
(a)
a supply of oxygen sufficient, in the event of failure to maintain such pressure, occurring in the circumstances specified in columns 1 and 2 of the Table set out in Part II of this Scale, for continuous use, during the period specified in column 3 of the said Table, by the persons for whom oxygen is to be provided in accordance with column 4 of that Table; and
(b)
in addition, in every case where the flying machine flies above flight level 350, a supply of oxygen in a portable container sufficient for the simultaneous first-aid treatment of two passengers,
together with suitable and sufficient apparatus to enable such persons to use the oxygen.
(ii)  In any other flying machine —
(a)
a supply of oxygen sufficient for continuous use by all the crew, and, if passengers are carried, by 10% of the number of passengers, for any period exceeding 30 minutes during which the flying machine flies above flight level 100 but not above flight level 130 except that on and after 1st January 1989 flight crews shall be supplied with oxygen sufficient for continuous use for any period during which the flying machine flies above flight level 100; and
(b)
a supply of oxygen sufficient for continuous use by all persons on board for the whole time during which the flying machine flies above flight level 130,
together with suitable and sufficient apparatus to enable such persons to use the oxygen.
(iii)  The quantity of oxygen required for the purpose of complying with paragraphs (i) and (ii) of this Part of this Scale shall be computed in accordance with the information and instructions relating thereto specified in the operations manual relating to the aircraft pursuant to item (f) of Part A of the Ninth Schedule.
Part II
Column 1.
 
Column 2.
 
Column 3.
 
Column 4.
Vertical displacement of the flying machine in relation to flight levels
 
Capability of flying machine to descent (where relevant)
 
Period of supply of oxygen
 
Persons for whom oxygen is to be provided.
Above flight level 100
 
 
 
30 minutes or the period specified at A hereunder whichever is the greater
 
In addition to any passenger for whom oxygen is provided as specified below, all the crew.
Above flight level 100 but not above flight level 300
 
Flying machine is either flying at or below flight level 150 or is capable of descending and continuing to destination as specified at X hereunder
 
30 minutes or the period specified at A hereunder whichever is the greater
 
10% of number of passengers.
 
 
Flying machine is flying above flight level 150 and is not so capable
 
10 minutes or the period specified at B hereunder whichever is the greater
 
All passengers.
 
 
 
 
and in addition
 
 
 
 
30 minutes or the period specified at C hereunder whichever is the greater
 
10% of number of passengers.
Above flight level 300 but not above flight level 350
 
Flying machine capable of descending and continuing to destination as specified at Y hereunder
 
30 minutes or the period specified at A herunder whichever is the greater
 
15% of number of passengers.
 
 
Flying machine is not so capable
 
10 minutes or the period specified at B hereunder whichever is the greater
 
All passengers.
 
 
 
 
and in addition
 
 
 
 
30 minutes or the period specified at C hereunder whichever is the greater
 
15% of number of passengers.
Above flight level 350
 
 
 
10 minutes or the period specified at B hereunder whichever is the greater
 
All passengers.
 
 
 
 
and in addition
 
 
 
 
30 minutes or the period specified at C hereunder whichever is the greater
 
15% of number of passengers.
A.  The whole period during which, after a failure to maintain a pressure greater than 700 millibars in the control department and in the compartments in which passengers are carried has occurred, the flying machine flies above flight level 100.
B.  The whole period during which, after a failure to maintain such pressure has occurred, the flying machine flies above flight level 150.
C.  The whole period during which, after a failure to maintain such pressure has occurred, the flying machine flies above flight level 100, but not above flight level 150.
X.  The flying machine is capable, at the time when a failure to maintain such pressure occurs, of descending in accordance with the emergency descent procedure specified in the relevant flight manual and without flying below the minimum altitudes for safe flight specified in the operations manual relating to the aircraft, to flight level 150 within 6 minutes, and of continuing at or below that flight level to its place of intended destination or any other place at which a safe landing can be made.
Y.  The flying machine is capable, at the time when a failure to maintain such pressure occurs, of descending in accordance with the emergency descent procedure specified in the relevant flight manual and without flying below the minimum altitudes for safe flight specified in the operations manual relating to the aircraft, to flight level 150 within 4 minutes and of continuing at or below that flight level to its place of intended destination or any other place at which a safe landing can be made.
Scale K2.
A supply of oxygen and the associated equipment to meet the requirements set out in Parts I and II of this Scale. The duration for the purposes of this Scale shall be —
(i)  that calculated in accordance with the operations manual prior to the commencement of the flight, being the period or periods which it is reasonably anticipated that the aircraft will be flown in the circumstances of the intended flight at a height where such requirements apply and in calculating the duration account shall be taken of —
(a)
in the case of pressurised aircraft, the possibility of depressurisation when flying above flight level 100;
(b)
the possibility of failure of one or more of the aircraft engines;
(c)
restrictions due to required minimum safe altitude;
(d)
fuel requirement; and
(e)
the performance of the aircraft; or
(ii)  the period or periods during which the aircraft is actually flown in the circumstances specified in Parts I and II,
whichever is the greater.
Part I —
Unpressurised Aircraft
(i)
When flying at or below flight level 100: Nil.
(ii)
When flying above flight level 100 but not exceeding flight level 120:
Supply for
Duration
(a) Members of the flight crew
Any period during which the aircraft flies above flight level 100.
(b) Cabin attendants and 10% of passengers
For any continuous period exceeding 30 minutes during which the aircraft flies above flight level 100 but not exceeding flight level 120, the duration shall be the period by which 30 minutes is exceeded.
(iii)
When flying above flight level 120:
Supply for
Duration
(a) Members of the flight crew
Any period during which the aircraft flies above flight level 120.
(b) Cabin attendants and all passengers
Any period during which the aircraft flies above flight level 120.
Part II —
Pressurised Aircraft
(i)
When flying at or below flight level 100: Nil.
(ii)
When flying above flight level 100 but not exceeding flight level 250:
Supply for
Duration
(a) Members of the flight crew
30 minutes or whenever the cabin pressure altitude exceeds 10,000 ft, whichever is the greater.
(b) Cabin attendants and 10% of passengers
(A) When the aircraft is capable of descending and continuing to its destination as specified in A below, 30 minutes or whenever the cabin pressure altitude exceeds 10,000 ft, whichever is greater.
 
(B) When the aircraft is not so capable, whenever the cabin pressure altitude is greater than 10,000 ft but does not exceed 12,000 ft.
(c) Cabin attendants and all passengers
(A) When the aircraft is capable of descending and continuing to its destination as specified in A below, no requirement other than that at (ii) (b) (A) of this part of this scale.
 
(B) When the aircraft is not so capable and the cabin pressure altitude exceeds 12,000 ft, the duration shall be the period when the cabin pressure altitude exceeds 12,000 ft or 10 minutes, whichever is the greater.
(iii)
When flying above flight level 250:
Supply for
Duration
(a) Members of the flight crew
2 hours or whenever the cabin pressure altitude exceeds 10,000 ft, whichever is the greater.
(b) Cabin attendants
Whenever the cabin pressure altitude exceeds 10,000 ft and a portable supply for 15 minutes.
(c) 10% of passengers
Whenever the cabin pressure altitude exceeds 10,000 ft, but does not exceed 12,000 ft.
(d) 30% of passengers
Whenever the cabin pressure altitude exceeds 12,000 ft, but does not exceed 15,000 ft.
(e) All passengers
If the cabin pressure altitude exceeds 15,000 ft the duration shall be the period when the cabin pressure altitude exceeds 15,000 ft or 10 minutes, whichever is the greater.
(f) 2% of passengers or two passengers, whichever is the greater, being supply of first aid oxygen which must be available for simultaneous first aid treatment of 2% or two passengers wherever they are seated in the aircraft
Whenever after decompression, cabin pressure altitude exceeds 8,000 ft.
A.  The flying machine is capable, at the time when a failure to maintain cabin pressurisation occurs, of descending in accordance with the emergency descent procedure specified in the relevant flight manual and without flying below the minimum altitudes for safe flight specified in the operations manual relating to the aircraft, to flight level 120 within 5 minutes and of continuing at or below that flight level to its place of intended destination or any other place at which a safe landing can be made.
Scale L.
Equipment to prevent the impairment through ice formation of the functioning of the controls, means of propulsion, lifting surfaces, windows or equipment of the aircraft so as to endanger the safety of the aircraft.
Scale M.
Safety harness for every seat in use.
Scale N.
An intercommunication system for use by all members of the flight crew and including microphones, not of a hand-held type for use by the pilot and flight engineer (if any).
Scale O.
A radar set capable of giving warning to the pilot-in-command and co-pilot of the aircraft of the presence of cumulo-nimbus clouds and other potentially hazardous weather conditions.
Scale P.
(i)
A flight data recorder which is capable of recording, by reference to a timescale the following data:
(a)
indicated air speed;
(b)
indicated altitude;
(c)
vertical acceleration;
(d)
magnetic heading;
(e)
pitch attitude;
(f)
roll attitude;
(g)
radio transmission keying;
(h)
thrust of each engine;
(i)
position of each thrust reverser;
(j)
trailing edge flap or cockpit flap control position;
(k)
leading edge flap or cockpit flap control position;
(l)
lateral acceleration or sideslip angle;
(m)
pitch trim position;
(n)
control column or pitch control surface position;
(o)
control wheel or lateral control surface position; and
(p)
rudder pedal or yaw control surface position.
(ii)
In the case of an aeroplane for which the individual Certificate of Airworthiness is first issued (whether in Singapore or elsewhere) on or after 1st April 1987, a flight data recorder capable of recording by reference to a time scale the following data in addition to paragraph (i):
(a)
ground spoiler/speedbrake selection;
(b)
outside air temperature or total air temperature;
(c)
autopilot/autothrottle/automatic flight control system mode and engagement status.
(iii)
In the case of an aeroplane for which the individual Certificate of Airworthiness is first issued (whether in Singapore or elsewhere) on or after 1st January 1989, a flight data recorder capable of recording by reference to a time scale the following data in addition to paragraphs (i) and (ii):
(a)
angle of attack;
(b)
longitudinal acceleration;
(c)
radio altitude;
(d)
glide path deviation;
(e)
localiser deviation;
(f)
marker beacon passage;
(g)
status of landing gear squat switch;
(h)
use of ground proximity warning system;
(i)
landing gear or gear selector position;
(j)
each hydraulic system (low pressure);
(k)
cockpit master warning;
(l)
for aeroplanes with mechanical control system:
(A)
control column or pitch control surface position;
(B)
control wheel or lateral control surface position;
(C)
rudder pedal or yaw control surface position;
(m)
for aeroplanes with non-mechanical control system:
(A)
control column and pitch control surface position;
(B)
control wheel and lateral control surface position;
(C)
rudder pedal and yaw control surface position; and
(n)
if the equipment provided in the aeroplane are of such a nature as to enable these data to be recorded:
(A)
NAV 1 and 2 frequency selection;
(B)
DME 1 and 2;
(C)
latitude and longitude;
(D)
ground speed;
(E)
drift angle.
(iv)
An approved 4 channel cockpit voice recorder capable of simultaneously recording the following information:
(a)
all communications spoken into any active microphone at the commander’s normal flight station and all audio signals selected to the commander’s headphones or loud speaker;
(b)
all communications spoken into active microphone at the co-pilot’s normal flight station and all audio signals selected to the co-pilot’s headphones or loud speaker;
(c)
all communications spoken into any active microphone at another flight crew station and all audio signals selected at that crew position; and
(d)
all conversation within the cockpit.
(v)
In respect of aeroplanes having a maximum total weight authorised not exceeding 27,000 kg, a 4 channel cockpit voice recorder specified in paragraph (iv) and a flight data recorder capable of recording by reference to a time scale the data specified in paragraphs (i) and (ii).
(vi)
In respect of aeroplanes having a maximum total weight authorised exceeding 27,000 kg, a 4 channel cockpit voice recorder specified in paragraph (iv) and a flight data recorder capable of recording by reference to a time scale the data specified in paragraphs (i), (ii) and (iii).
(vii)
The flight data recorder and the cockpit voice recorder referred to above —
(a)
shall be capable of retaining the information recorded during at least the last 25 hours and half an hour respectively during their operation;
(b)
shall be so constructed that the record would be likely to be preserved in the event of an accident to the aeroplane;
(c)
shall be so located and installed in compliance with the requirements of the chief executive officer; and
(d)
shall have securely attached an automatically activated underwater locating device.
Scale Q.
If the maximum total weight authorised of the aeroplane exceeds 5,700 kg a door between the flight crew compartment and any adjacent compartment to which passengers have access, which door shall be fitted with a lock or bolt capable of being worked from the flight crew compartment.
Scale R.
(i)
(a)
In respect of aeroplanes having a maximum total weight authorised exceeding 5,700 kg., equipment sufficient to protect the eyes, nose and mouth of all members of the flight crew required to be carried by virtue of paragraph 18 for a period of not less than 15 minutes and, in addition, where the minimum flight crew required as aforesaid is more than one and a cabin attendantis not required to be carried by virtue of paragraph 18, portable equipment sufficient to protect the eyes, nose and mouth of one member of the flight crew for a period of not less than 15 minutes.
(b)
In respect of aeroplanes having a maximum total weight authorised not exceeding 5,700 kg., the equipment specified in (i) (a) of this Scale except that in the case of such aeroplanes restricted by virtue of the operator’s operations manual to fly at or below flight level 250 and capable of descending as specified at A hereunder, such equipment shall be sufficient to protect the eyes only.
(ii)
(a)
In respect of aeroplanes having a maximum total weight authorised exceeding 5,700 kg., portable equipment to protect the eyes, nose and mouth of all cabin attendants required to be carried by virtue of paragraph 18 for a period of not less than 15 minutes.
(b)
In respect of aeroplanes having a maximum total weight authorised not exceeding 5,700 kg., the equipment specified in (ii) (a) of this Scale except that this requirement shall not apply to such aeroplanes restricted by virtue of the operator’s operations manual to fly at or below flight level 250 and capable of descending as specified at A hereunder.
A.
The aeroplane is capable of descending in accordance with the emergency descent procedure specified in the relevant flight manual and without flying below the minimum altitudes for safe flight specified in the operations manual relating to the aeroplane, to flight level 100 within 4 minutes and of continuing at or below that flight level to its place of intended destination or any other place at which a safe landing can be made.
Scale S.
(i)
A minimum of one portable survival radio equipment operating on VHF, and self-sufficient in power supply, capable of being operated away from the aeroplane by unskilled persons.
(ii)
Signalling devices.
(iii)
Life-saving equipment including means of sustaining life.
Scale T.
(i)
1 survival beacon radio apparatus.
(ii)
Marine type pyrotechnical distress signals.
(iii)
For each 4 or proportion of 4 persons on board, 100 grams of glucose toffee tablets.
(iv)
For each 4 or proportion of 4 persons on board, 1 litre of fresh water in durable containers.
(v)
First aid equipment.
(vi)
For every 75 or proportion of 75 persons on board, 1 stove suitable for use with aircraft fuel.
(vii)
1 cooking utensil, in which snow or ice can be melted.
(viii)
2 snow shovels.
(ix)
2 ice saws.
(x)
Single or multiple sleeping-bags, sufficient for the use of one-third of all persons on board.
(xi)
1 arctic suit for each member of the crew of the aircraft.
Scale U.
A ground proximity warning system which shall be capable of providing automatically a timely and distinctive warning to the flight crew when the aeroplane is in potentially hazardous proximity to the earth’s surface.
(i)
A ground proximity warning system which shall be capable of providing automatically a timely and distinctive warning to the flight crew when the aeroplane is in potentially hazardous proximity to the earth’s surface.
Scale V.
(i)
If the aircraft may in accordance with its Certificate of Airworthiness carry more than 19 and less than 100 passengers, one portable battery-powered megaphone capable of conveying instructions to all persons in the passenger compartment and readily available for use by a member of the crew.
(ii)
If the aircraft may in accordance with its Certificate of Airworthiness carry more than 99 and less than 200 passengers, two portable battery-powered megaphones together capable of conveying instructions to all persons in the passenger compartment and each readily available for use by a member of the crew.
(iii)
If the aircraft may in accordance with its Certificate of Airworthiness carry more than 199 passengers, 3 portable battery-powered megaphones together capable of conveying instructions to all persons in the passenger compartment and each readily available for use by a member of the crew.
(iv)
If the aeroplane may in accordance with its Certificate of Airworthiness carry more than 19 passengers —
(a)
a public address system; and
(b)
an interphone system of communication between members of the flight crew and the cabin attendants.
[S 384/2000 wef 31/08/2000]
Scale W.
(i)
1 survival beacon radio apparatus.
(ii)
Marine type pyrotechnical distress signals.
(iii)
For each 4 or proportion of 4 persons on board, 100 grams of glucose toffee tablets.
(iv)
For each 4 or proportion of 4 persons on board, 1/2 litre of fresh water in durable containers.
(v)
First aid equipment.
Scale X.
Cosmic radiation detection equipment calibrated in millirems per hour and capable of indicating the action and alert levels of radiation dose rate:
Provided that an aircraft shall not be required to carry the said equipment if before take-off the equipment is found to be unserviceable and it is not reasonably practicable to repair or replace it at the aerodrome of departure and the radiation forecast available to the commander of the aircraft indicates that hazardous radiation conditions are unlikely to be encountered by the aircraft on its intended route or any planned diversion therefrom.
Scale Y.
If the speed limitations of the aeroplane are expressed in terms of mach number, a mach number indicator.
Scale Z.
(i)
A flight data recorder capable of recording by reference to a time scale the following data:
(a)
indicated air speed;
(b)
indicated altitude;
(c)
vertical acceleration;
(d)
magnetic heading;
(e)
pitch attitude;
(f)
roll attitude;
(g)
radio transmission keying;
(h)
thrust of each engine;
(i)
position of each thrust reverser;
(j)
trailing edge flap or cockpit flap control position;
(k)
leading edge flap or cockpit flap control position;
(l)
ground spoiler/speedbrake selection;
(m)
outside air temperature or total air temperature; and
(n)
autopilot/autothrottle/automatic flight control system mode and engagement status.
(ii)
An approved 4 channel cockpit voice recorder capable of simultaneously recording the following information:
(a)
all communications spoken into any active microphone at the commander’s normal flight station and all audio signals selected to the commander’s headphones or loud speaker;
(b)
all communications spoken into any active microphone at the co-pilot’s normal flight station and all audio signals selected to the co-pilot’s headphones or loud speaker;
(c)
all communications spoken into any active microphone at another flight crew station and all audio signals selected at that crew station; and
(d)
all conversation within the cockpit.
(iii)
The flight data recorder and the cockpit voice recorder referred to above —
(a)
shall be capable of retaining the information recorded during at least the last half hour during their operation;
(b)
shall be so constructed that the record would be likely to be preserved in the event of an accident to the aeroplane;
(c)
shall be so located and installed in compliance with the requirements of the chief executive officer; and
(d)
shall have securely attached an automatically activated underwater locating device.
Scale AA.
(i)
A flight data recorder which is capable of recording, by reference to a time scale, the following data:
(a)
indicated air speed;
(b)
indicated altitude;
(c)
vertical acceleration;
(d)
magnetic heading;
(e)
pitch attitude;
(f)
roll attitude;
(g)
radio transmission keying;
(h)
thrust of each engine;
(i)
main rotor speed;
(j)
each hydraulic system (low pressure);
(k)
outside air temperature or total air temperature;
(l)
autopilot/autothrottle/automatic flight control system mode and engagement status;
(m)
stability augmentation system engagement;
(n)
for helicopters with conventional control system: pilot input or control surface position of collective pitch, longitudinal cyclic pitch, lateral cyclic pitch and tail rotor pedal;
(o)
for helicopters with non-mechanical control system: pilot input and control surface position of collective pitch, longitudinal cyclic pitch, lateral cyclic pitch and tail rotor pedal;
(p)
main gearbox oil pressure;
(q)
main gearbox oil temperature;
(r)
yaw acceleration or yaw rate;
(s)
sling load force;
(t)
longitudinal acceleration;
(u)
lateral acceleration;
(v)
radio altitude;
(w)
glide path deviation;
(x)
localiser deviation;
(y)
master beacon passage;
(z)
landing gear or gear selector position;
(za)
cockpit master warning; and
(zb)
if the equipment provided in the helicopter is of such a nature as to enable these data to be recorded; NAV 1 and 2 frequency selection, DME 1 and 2 distance, latitude/longitude, ground speed and drift angle.
(ii)
An approved 4 channel cockpit voice recorder capable of simultaneously recording the following information:
(a)
all communications spoken into any active microphone at the commander’s normal flight station and all audio signals selected to the commander’s headphones or loud speaker;
(b)
all communications spoken into any active microphone at the co-pilot’s normal flight station and all audio signals selected to the co-pilot’s headphones or loud speaker;
(c)
all communications spoken into any active microphone at another flight crew station, and all audio signals selected at that crew station; and
(d)
all conversation within the cockpit.
For helicopters not equipped with a flight data recorder, at least main rotor speed shall be recorded on one track of the cockpit voice recorder.
(iii)
In respect of helicopters having a maximum total weight authorised not exceeding 7,000 kg, a 4 channel cockpit voice recorder specified in paragraph (ii).
(iv)
In respect of helicopters having a maximum total weight authorised exceeding 7,000 kg, a 4 channel cockpit voice recorder specified in paragraph (ii) and a flight data recorder capable of recording, by reference to a timescale, the data specified in paragraph (i).
(v)
The flight data recorder and the cockpit voice recorder referred to above —
(a)
shall be capable of retaining the information recorded during at least the last 10 hours and half an hour respectively during their operation;
(b)
shall be so constructed that the record would be likely to be preserved in the event of an accident to the helicopter;
(c)
shall be so located and installed in compliance with the requirements of the chief executive officer; and
(d)
shall have securely attached an automatically activated underwater locating device.
Scale BB.
(i)
An emergency lighting system to provide illumination in the passenger compartments sufficient to facilitate the evacuation of the aircraft notwithstanding the failure of the lighting systems specified in paragraph (ii) of Scale G.
(ii)
An emergency lighting system to provide illumination outside the aircraft sufficient to facilitate the evacuation of the aircraft.
Scale CC.
(i)
A quick donning type of oxygen mask which will readily supply oxygen upon demand at the duty station of each flight crew member.
(ii)
A device to provide a positive warning to the pilot of any dangerous loss of pressurisation.