—(1) The Fund shall be liable for pollution damage in the territory of Singapore if the person suffering the damage has been unable to obtain full compensation under section 3 —
because the discharge or escape, or the relevant threat of contamination, by reason of which the damage was caused —
resulted from an exceptional, inevitable and irresistible natural phenomenon;
was due wholly to anything done or left undone by another person, not being an employee or agent of the owner, with intent to do damage; or
was due wholly to the negligence or wrongful act of a government or other authority in exercising its function of maintaining lights or other navigational aids for the maintenance of which it was responsible,
(and because liability is accordingly wholly displaced by section 4);
because the owner or insurer liable for the damage cannot meet his obligations in full; or
(2) Subsection (1) shall apply with the substitution for the words “Singapore” of the words “a Fund Convention country” where the incident has caused pollution damage in the territory of Singapore and of another Fund Convention country, and proceedings under the Liability Convention for compensation for the pollution damage have been brought in a country which is not a Fund Convention country or in Singapore.
(3) Where the incident has caused pollution damage in the territory of Singapore and of another country in respect of which the Liability Convention is in force, references in this section to the provisions of Part II shall include references to the corresponding provisions of the law of any country giving effect to the Liability Convention.
(4) For the purposes of this section, an owner or insurer is to be treated as incapable of meeting his obligations if the obligations have not been met after all reasonable steps to pursue the legal remedies available have been taken.
(5) Expenses reasonably incurred, and sacrifices reasonably made, by the owner voluntarily to prevent or minimise pollution damage shall be treated as pollution damage for the purposes of this section, and accordingly he shall be in the same position with respect to claims against the Fund under this section as if he had a claim in respect of liability under section 3.
(6) The Fund shall incur no obligation under this section if —
it proves that the pollution damage —
resulted from an act of war, hostilities, civil war or insurrection; or
was caused by oil which has been discharged or escaped from a warship or other ship owned or operated by a State and used, at the time of the occurrence, only on government non-commercial service; or
the claimant cannot prove that the damage resulted from an occurrence involving a ship identified by him, or involving 2 or more ships one of which is identified by him.
(7) If the Fund proves that the pollution damage resulted wholly or partly —
from anything done or omitted to be done with intent to cause damage by the person who suffered the damage; or
from the negligence of that person,
the Fund may, subject to subsection (9), be exonerated wholly or partly from its obligations to pay compensation to that person.
(8) Where the liability under section 3 in respect of the pollution damage is limited to any extent by subsection (8) of that section, the Fund shall, subject to subsection (9), be exonerated to the same extent.