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Contents  

Long Title

Part I REGISTRATION AND LICENSING OF VEHICLES

Part IA ROAD-USER CHARGES

Part II LICENSING OF DRIVERS

Part III LICENSING OF DRIVING INSTRUCTORS AND DRIVING SCHOOLS

Part IV GENERAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO ROAD TRAFFIC

Division 1 — Provisions as to driving and offences in connection therewith

Division 2 — Accidents

Division 3 — Miscellaneous

Part V PUBLIC SERVICE VEHICLES

Part VA LICENSING OF TAXI SERVICE OPERATORS

Part VI PROVISIONS AS TO USE OF HIGHWAYS

Part VII MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

FIRST SCHEDULE Specified Acts

SECOND SCHEDULE Classification and Descriptions of Public Service Vehicles

Legislative History

Comparative Table

 
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Road Traffic Act
(CHAPTER 276)

(Original Enactment: Ordinance 26 of 1961)

REVISED EDITION 2004
(31st December 2004)
An Act for the regulation of road traffic and the use of vehicles and the user of roads and the operation of bus interchanges and for other purposes connected therewith.
[1st January 1963]
Short title
1.  This Act may be cited as the Road Traffic Act.
Interpretation
2.
—(1)  In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires —
“Authority” means the Land Transport Authority of Singapore established under the Land Transport Authority of Singapore Act (Cap. 158A);
“bicycle” means a two-wheeled pedal cycle constructed or adapted for use as a means of conveyance;
“carriage of goods” includes the haulage of goods;
“cart” includes a wagon, handcart or trolley used or constructed for the carriage of goods;
“company” includes any company as defined in the Companies Act (Cap. 50), any company to which Division 2 of Part XI of that Act applies, any company formed in pursuance of any other Act or by royal charter or letters patent, any corporation incorporated by law and any firm or partnership;
“Deputy Commissioner of Police” includes any police officer not below the rank of sergeant authorised by the Deputy Commissioner of Police in writing by name or office to exercise the powers vested by this Act in the Deputy Commissioner of Police;
“diameter”, in relation to the wheel of a vehicle or trailer, means the overall diameter measured between the 2 opposite points on the surface of a tyre which are furthest apart;
“driver”  —
(a)
in relation to a trailer, includes a driver of a vehicle by which the trailer is drawn, and “drive” shall be construed accordingly;
(b)
where a separate person acts as a steersman of a motor vehicle, includes that person as well as any other person engaged in the driving of the vehicle, and “drive” shall be construed accordingly; and
(c)
includes the rider of a bicycle and any person propelling a tricycle or trishaw or pushing or pulling a cart, and “drive” shall be construed accordingly;
“driving licence” means a licence to drive a motor vehicle granted under the provisions of Part II;
“foreign driving licence” means a driving licence or permit (not being a provisional driving licence or permit) issued by a competent authority in another country between which and Singapore there is in force a treaty for the recognition of driving licences or permits issued in the countries which are parties to the treaty;
“goods” includes goods or burden of any description;
“goods vehicle” means a motor vehicle constructed or adapted for use for the carriage of goods or a trailer so constructed or adapted;
“Minister” means —
(a)
except as provided in paragraphs (b) and (c), the Minister for Transport;
(b)
for the purposes of the whole of Parts II and III and sections 63(2) and (3), 74, 75, 76, 112 to 116, 121 and 123, the Minister for Home Affairs; and
(c)
for the purposes of sections 132, 133(7), 134, 135(2), 140(1) and (2) and 142, the Minister for Transport or the Minister for Home Affairs, as appropriate;
“motor spirit” has the same meaning as in the Customs Act (Cap. 70);
“motor vehicle” means a mechanically propelled vehicle intended or adapted for use on roads;
“owner”, in relation to a vehicle which is the subject of a hiring agreement or hire purchase agreement, means the person in possession of the vehicle under that agreement;
“paid driver” means a person who drives a motor vehicle in return for a salary or other remuneration;
“park” means to bring a motor vehicle or a trailer to a stationary position and cause it to wait for any purpose other than that of immediately taking up or setting down persons, goods or luggage;
“parking place” has the same meaning as in the Parking Places Act (Cap. 214);
“police officer” includes all persons whomsoever employed for police duties in the Singapore Police Force constituted under the Police Force Act (Cap. 235);
“public place” means any place or premises, whether privately owned or not, to which the general public or any section of the general public is permitted to have access, whether on payment or otherwise;
“public service vehicle” means a vehicle used or kept for use for the carriage of passengers for hire or reward, other than a vehicle constructed for use on fixed rails or specially prepared ways;
“Registrar” means the Registrar of Vehicles or the Deputy Registrar or an assistant registrar appointed under section 9;
“road” means any public road and any other road to which the public has access, and includes —
(a)
any road within Pulau Bukom;
(b)
any road within the limits of any installation of the Singapore Armed Forces declared by the Minister by notification in the Gazette to be an installation to which this Act applies; and
(c)
any bridge over which a road passes;
“rules” means rules made under this Act;
“trailer” means a vehicle drawn by a motor vehicle;
“tricycle” means a three-wheeled pedal cycle constructed or adapted for the carriage of goods;
“use” means use on a road;
“vehicle” means any vehicle whether mechanically propelled or otherwise;
“weight unladen” means the weight of a vehicle inclusive of the body and all parts (the heavier being taken where alternative bodies or parts are used) which are necessary to or ordinarily used with the vehicle when working on a road but exclusive of any driver or attendant.
[20/89; 33/93; 28/95; 5/98; 1/99; 45/99; 1/2003]
(2)  For the purposes of this Act, except sections 38(1) and 47F(4), a person is a resident of Singapore, or is deemed to have taken up residence in Singapore, if he resides in Singapore for a continuous period of 6 months and any temporary period or periods of absence during that period of 6 months is immaterial.
[1/99]
PART I
REGISTRATION AND LICENSING OF VEHICLES
Vehicles to which this Part applies
3.  Subject to section 33, this Part shall apply to all vehicles and trailers.
Classification of motor vehicles
4.
—(1)  For the purposes of this Act, motor vehicles shall be divided into the following classes:
(a)
heavy locomotives; that is to say, motor vehicles which are not constructed themselves to carry any load (other than water, fuel, accumulators and other equipment and materials used for the purpose of propulsion, loose tools and loose equipment) and the weight of which unladen exceeds 11,500 kilograms;
(b)
light locomotives; that is to say, motor vehicles which are not constructed themselves to carry any load (other than any of the articles specified in paragraph (a)) and the weight of which unladen does not exceed 11,500 kilograms but exceeds 7,250 kilograms;
(c)
motor tractors; that is to say, motor vehicles which are not constructed themselves to carry any load (other than any of the articles specified in paragraph (a)) and the weight of which unladen does not exceed 7,250 kilograms;
(d)
heavy motor cars; that is to say, motor vehicles (not being vehicles classified under this section as motor cars) which are constructed themselves to carry a load or passengers and the weight of which unladen exceeds 2,500 kilograms;
(e)
motor cars; that is to say, motor vehicles (not being vehicles classified under this section as motor cycles) which are constructed themselves to carry a load or passengers and the weight of which unladen —
(i)
does not exceed 3,000 kilograms in the case of motor vehicles which are —
(A)
constructed solely for the carriage of passengers and their effects;
(B)
adapted to carry not more than 7 passengers exclusive of the driver; and
(C)
fitted with tyres of the prescribed type; and
(ii)
in any other case does not exceed 2,500 kilograms;
(f)
motor cycles; that is to say, motor vehicles with less than 4 wheels and the weight of which unladen does not exceed 400 kilograms;
(g)
invalid carriages; that is to say, motor vehicles which are specially designed and constructed and not merely adapted for the use of persons suffering from some physical defect or disability and are used solely by such persons and the weight of which unladen does not exceed 250 kilograms.
(2)  The Authority may make rules for subdividing any such class as aforesaid whether according to weight, construction, nature of tyres, use or otherwise and making different provision with respect to each subdivision and varying in respect of any class the maximum or minimum weight fixed by this section.
[28/95]
(3)  Any reference in this Part to a class of motor vehicles shall include a reference to any subdivision of such a class.
(4)  For the purposes of this Part —
(a)
in any case where a motor vehicle is so constructed that a trailer may by partial superimposition be attached to the vehicle in such manner as to cause a substantial part of the weight of the trailer to be borne by the vehicle, that vehicle shall be deemed to be a vehicle itself constructed to carry a load;
(b)
in the case of a motor vehicle fitted with a crane, dynamo, welding plant or other special appliance or apparatus which is a permanent or essentially permanent fixture, the appliance or apparatus shall not be deemed to constitute a load but shall be deemed to form part of the vehicle; and
(c)
a side-car attached to a motor cycle shall, if it complies with the prescribed conditions, be regarded as forming part of the vehicle to which it is attached and not as being a trailer.
Prohibition of vehicles not complying with rules as to construction, etc.
5.
—(1)  Subject to the provisions of this Act, it shall not be lawful to use a vehicle or trailer which does not comply with the rules as to construction, weight and equipment applicable to the class or description of vehicles to which the vehicle or trailer belongs.
[28/95]
(2)  The Authority may, by notification in the Gazette, authorise, subject to such restrictions and conditions as may be specified in the notification, the use of special vehicles or trailers or special types of vehicles or trailers which are constructed either for special purposes or for tests or trials and of new or improved types of vehicles or trailers whether wheeled or wheel-less.
[28/95]
(3)  The Authority may at any time revoke, vary or amend a notification made under this section.
[28/95]
(4)  Subject to this section, it shall not be lawful to sell or to supply or to offer to sell or supply a vehicle or trailer for delivery in such a condition that the use thereof in that condition would be unlawful by virtue of this section.
(5)  Subject to this section, it shall not be lawful to alter a vehicle or trailer so as to render its condition such that the use thereof in that condition would be unlawful by virtue of this section.
(6)  If a vehicle or trailer is used or is sold, supplied, offered or altered in contravention of this section, any person who so uses the vehicle or trailer or causes or permits the vehicle or trailer to be so used or so sells, supplies, offers or alters it or causes or permits it to be so sold, supplied, offered or altered shall be guilty of an offence.
(7)  Any person who is guilty of an offence under subsection (6) of altering a vehicle or trailer in contravention of this section shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $2,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months and, in the case of a second or subsequent conviction, to a fine not exceeding $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months.
[45/99]
(8)  A person shall not be convicted for an offence under this section in respect of the sale, supply, offer or alteration of a vehicle or trailer if he proves that it was sold, supplied, offered or altered, as the case may be, for export from Singapore, or that he had reasonable cause to believe that the vehicle or trailer would not be used in Singapore or would not be so used until it had been put into a condition in which it might lawfully be so used.
Rules as to use and construction of vehicles
6.
—(1)  The Authority may make rules generally as to the use of vehicles and trailers, their construction and equipment and the conditions under which they may be used and, in particular, may make rules —
(a)
to regulate the width, height, wheel base, length and overhang of vehicles and trailers and the load carried thereby, the diameter of wheels and the width, nature and condition of tyres of vehicles and trailers and to prohibit the use of any tyres likely to cause damage to the roads;
(b)
to prohibit excessive noise due to the design or condition of the motor vehicle or trailer or the loading thereof;
(c)
to regulate the maximum weight unladen of heavy locomotives and heavy motor cars and the maximum weight laden of motor vehicles and trailers and the maximum weight to be transmitted to the road or any specified area thereof by a motor vehicle or trailer of any class or description or by any part or parts of such a vehicle or trailer in contact with the road and the conditions under which the weights may be required to be tested;
(d)
to prescribe the particulars to be marked on vehicles and trailers;
(e)
to specify the number and nature of springs and brakes on vehicles and trailers and to secure that springs, brakes, silencers and steering gear shall be efficient and kept in proper working order and for empowering any person or classes of persons named or described in such rules to test and inspect any such springs, brakes, silencers and steering gear on a road or, subject to the consent of the occupier of the premises, on any premises;
(f)
to regulate the appliances to be fitted —
(i)
for signalling the approach of a vehicle or enabling the driver of a motor vehicle to become aware of the approach of another vehicle from the rear;
(ii)
for intimating any intended change of speed or direction of a motor vehicle; or
(iii)
for measuring or indicating or measuring and indicating the amount of motor spirit in the fuel tank of a motor vehicle,
and to regulate or prohibit the use of any such appliance and to secure that they shall be efficient and kept in proper working order;
(g)
to regulate the lights to be carried by vehicles and trailers whether in respect of the nature of such lights, the positions in which they shall be fixed and the periods during which they shall be lighted or otherwise;
(h)
to prescribe the safety equipment to be installed in vehicles;
(i)
to control, in connection with the use of a motor vehicle, the emission of smoke, oily substance, ashes, water, steam, visible vapour, noxious fumes, sparks, cinders, gas or grit;
(j)
to regulate the towing or drawing of vehicles by motor vehicles and the manner of attachments;
(k)
to prohibit in connection with the use of a motor vehicle the use of any appliance or the commission of any act which is likely to cause annoyance or danger;
(l)
to regulate the number of trailers that may be attached in train to any motor vehicle, the manner of attachment and the manner in which the trailers shall be kept under control and the maximum weight thereof;
(m)
to prescribe the number of persons to be employed in driving or attending motor vehicles or trailers and to regulate the duties and conduct of such persons;
(n)
to prescribe a maximum speed for motor vehicles of any class or description and to provide for exemption in special cases; and
(o)
to regulate or prohibit either generally or in specified areas or roads and either at all times or between specified hours the use of horns or other warning appliances.
[20/89; 28/95]
(2)  The Authority may make different rules for different classes or descriptions of vehicles for the same class or description of vehicles in different circumstances.
[20/89; 28/95]
Alteration of fuel-measuring equipment
6A.
—(1)  No person shall alter the fuel-measuring equipment of a motor vehicle for the purpose of preventing the fuel-measuring equipment from duly measuring or indicating the quantity of motor spirit in the fuel supply tank of the motor vehicle.
[20/89]
(2)  Any person who contravenes subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months.
[20/89]
(3)  Where there is found any artificial or mechanical means which, either alone or in conjunction with additional artificial or mechanical means not found, could be used for altering or facilitating the alteration of the index of the fuel-measuring equipment, or which would make the fuel-measuring equipment false or unjust in measuring or indicating the quantity of motor spirit in the fuel supply tank of that motor vehicle, the person having custody or control of the motor vehicle at the time such artificial or mechanical means are found shall be presumed, until the contrary is proved, to have abetted the alteration of the fuel-measuring equipment in contravention of subsection (1).
[20/89]
(4)  In this section, “fuel-measuring equipment”, in relation to a motor vehicle, means any instrument or appliance, or a combination of instruments or appliances, capable of or constructed for measuring or indicating or measuring and indicating the quantity of motor spirit in the fuel supply tank of the motor vehicle and includes in particular any fuel gauge or fuel sensoring device.
[20/89]
Savings
7.  Nothing in this Part shall authorise any person to use any vehicle or trailer so constructed or used as to cause a public or private nuisance or be deemed to affect the liability by virtue of any act or otherwise of the driver or owner so using such a vehicle.
Definition of licence
8.  In this Part, “licence” means a vehicle licence issued under the provisions of this Part.
Appointment of Registrar, Deputy Registrar and assistant registrars
9.
—(1)  The Authority shall appoint one of its officers as the Registrar of Vehicles who shall carry out such duties as may be assigned to him under this Act.
[28/95]
(2)  The Authority may appoint from among its officers a Deputy Registrar and such number of assistant registrars as may from time to time be required for the purposes of this Act.
[28/95]
(3)  The Authority may from time to time give to the Registrar such directions, not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, as it may consider necessary for carrying out the provisions of this Part, and may from time to time vary or revoke such directions, and the Registrar shall comply with any directions so given.
[28/95]
(4)  The Registrar shall cause to be printed and provided the forms of licences and of applications for the licences and all declarations, notices, returns, books of accounts and other documents required by the rules or otherwise by law required with respect to any matter to which this Act relates.
[28/95]
Registration of vehicles
10.
—(1)  Except as otherwise provided by this Act, no person shall keep or use a vehicle unless it has been registered under this Act and its registration under this Act has not been cancelled.
[7/90]
(2)  The Registrar may charge such fees as may be prescribed for the registration of a vehicle under this Act.
(3)  Any person who contravenes subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $2,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months and, in the case of a second or subsequent conviction, to a fine not exceeding $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months.
[45/99]
Vehicles not to be registered without permits issued by Registrar
10A.
—(1)  No vehicle shall be registered or, except as otherwise provided by this Act, continue to be registered under this Act unless there is in force a permit issued by the Registrar authorising the registration of the vehicle.
[7/90; 33/93]
(2)  Except as otherwise provided by this Act, a permit shall be issued upon the payment of a levy.
(3)  The Minister may from time to time, by notification in the Gazette, prescribe a limit on the number of permits to be issued by the Registrar under subsection (1) and the Minister may prescribe different limits for vehicles belonging to any category, class or description.
(4)  The Minister may make rules for carrying out or giving effect to this section and, in particular, the rules may —
(a)
provide for the issue of permits under this section to successful applicants who submitted bids for the permits;
(b)
require fees and deposits to be paid for the submission of applications for the issue of permits under this section, and provide for the forfeiture of deposits for non-compliance with any conditions governing the submission of such applications;
(c)
prescribe the levy, or the method or manner for determining the amount of the levy, payable for a permit issued under this section;
(d)
prescribe the period for which a permit issued under this section is in force and different periods may be prescribed for vehicles belonging to different categories, classes or descriptions;
(e)
prescribe the conditions upon which permits are issued under this section;
(f)
provide for a rebate on all or any part of the levy payable for the issue of a permit under this section, in such circumstances as may be permitted by the rules;
(g)
provide for the cancellation of a permit issued under this section and the refund of all or part of the levy paid for the issue of the permit in such circumstances as may be permitted by the rules;
(h)
impose a levy on the transfer of a permit at any time prior to the registration of a vehicle authorised by the permit;
(i)
provide for the issue of permits, whether with or without the payment of a levy, for vehicles which were registered under this Act prior to 2nd April 1990;
(j)
provide for the renewal of a permit before or after its expiration and the levy and any other fee to be paid therefor;
(k)
exempt any particular vehicle or class of vehicles from the payment of the levy for a permit issued under this section; and
(l)
provide for all matters which are required or permitted to be prescribed or which are necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this section.
[16/91; 33/93]
Heavy vehicle not to be registered without valid vehicle parking certificate
10B.
—(1)  No heavy vehicle shall be registered under this Act unless the person applying for the registration of the heavy vehicle satisfies the Registrar that he has been issued by the relevant authority under the Parking Places Act (Cap. 214) with a vehicle parking certificate or such other document in respect of the parking of the heavy vehicle for the period for which the heavy vehicle is to be licensed.
[33/93]
(2)  In this section and sections 19(3)(f) and 34 (1) (r), “heavy vehicle” has the same meaning as in the Parking Places Act.
[33/93]
Charge of tax on vehicles
11.
—(1)  Subject to the provisions of this Act, a tax shall be charged in respect of —
(a)
the first registration of every vehicle under this Act; and
(b)
every vehicle used or kept on any road in Singapore.
(2)  The tax shall be paid upon a licence to be taken out by the person keeping the vehicle.
(3)  The tax chargeable under subsection (1)(a) in respect of a vehicle shall be of such an amount as the Minister may prescribe from time to time and the Minister may prescribe different taxes for vehicles of different classes, categories or descriptions or vehicles used for different purposes.
(4)  The tax chargeable under subsection (1)(b) in respect of a vehicle of any description shall be chargeable by reference to such annual or semi-annual rate as may be prescribed by the Minister from time to time.
(5)  Any rates prescribed by the Minister may be so made to apply only to vehicles of a specified class, category or description and the Minister may prescribe different rates for vehicles of different classes, categories or descriptions or vehicles used for different purposes.
(6)  The Minister may, subject to such conditions as he thinks fit to impose, prescribe —
(a)
a rebate on all or any part of the tax payable for vehicles of a specified class, category or description; and
(b)
different rates of rebate or the methods for determining the amount of the rebate for vehicles of different classes, categories or descriptions or vehicles used for different purposes.
[16/91; 28/2001]
(7)  For the purposes of the tax, in so far as it is chargeable in respect of the use or keeping of a vehicle on a road, a vehicle shall be deemed —
(a)
to be chargeable with the like tax as on the occasion of the issue of the vehicle licence or last vehicle licence issued for the vehicle under this Act, and to be so chargeable by reference to the prescribed rate applicable to the vehicle on that occasion; or
(b)
if no vehicle licence has been issued for the vehicle under this Act, to be chargeable by reference to the prescribed rate applicable to the vehicle.
(8)  Nothing in this section shall operate so as to render lawful the keeping of a vehicle for any period, in any manner or at any place, if to do so would be unlawful apart from this section.
(9)  Any person who gives any incorrect information in relation to any matter affecting the amount of tax chargeable under this section shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months, and the court shall order him to pay to the Registrar the amount of tax which has been undercharged.
[7/90]
(10)  The Registrar may, in his discretion, compound any offence punishable under subsection (9) by collecting from the person reasonably suspected of having committed the offence a sum not exceeding $1,000 and the amount of the tax undercharged, and may before judgment stay or compound any proceedings thereunder.
[7/90]
Restricted licences and supplementary licences
11A.
—(1)  The Registrar may, upon application by the owner of a motor vehicle in such circumstances as may be prescribed, issue a licence subject to the restriction that the motor vehicle shall not be driven on any road or on any specified road during specified days or times unless there is in force a supplementary licence for that motor vehicle.
[16/91; 28/2001]
(2)  The Minister may make rules for carrying out or giving effect to this section and, in particular, such rules may —
(a)
provide for the issue of supplementary licences, whether at prescribed fees or without charge, and regulate their use and exhibition; and
(b)
provide for all matters necessary or incidental to allow subsection (1) to apply or cease to apply to motor vehicles of any description, including the re-registration of such vehicles and the imposition of any fee or levy in connection with such re-registration.
[16/91; 28/2001]
(3)  Any person who drives a motor vehicle, issued with a licence subject to the restriction referred to in subsection (1), in contravention of such a restriction or any owner of such a motor vehicle who causes or permits his vehicle to be so driven shall be guilty of an offence and shall on conviction be punished with —
(a)
a fine not exceeding $5,000;