Arms and Explosives Act
(Original Enactment: Ordinance 9 of 1913)
REVISED EDITION 2003
(31st July 2003)
An Act to regulate the manufacture, use, sale, storage, transport, importation, exportation and possession of arms and explosives, to give effect to the Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for the Purpose of Detection concluded in Montreal on 1st March 1991 and for purposes connected therewith.
[12th December 1913]
—(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires —
“arms” includes firearms, air-guns, air-pistols, automatic guns, automatic pistols, and guns or any other kind of gun from which any shot, bullet or other missile can be discharged or noxious fumes or noxious substance can be emitted and any component part of any such arms, and bayonets, swords, daggers, spears and spearheads;
“authorised military device” means any explosive manufactured solely for lawful military or police purposes, including but not limited to a shell, bomb, projectile, mine, missile, rocket, shaped charge, grenade or perforater;
“authorised military or police personnel” means —
any member of the Singapore Armed Forces;
any member of the Singapore Police Force; or
any person who performs military functions for the Ministry of Defence or the Singapore Armed Forces;
“authorised person” means —
the Commercial and Industrial Security Corporation; or
any other auxiliary police force established under any written law and which is authorised by the Licensing Officer to accept the deposit of guns, arms or explosives under section 19(1);
“carriage” includes any carriage, wagon, cart, truck or other vehicle used for the conveyance of goods or passengers by land, in whatever manner the same is propelled or moved;
“Commercial and Industrial Security Corporation” means the Commercial and Industrial Security Corporation established under the Commercial and Industrial Security Corporation Act (Cap. 47);
“deal in” includes repair, sell, keep or expose for sale;
“detection agent” means any of the substances set out in the Schedule and which —
is intended to be used to enhance the detectability of explosives by vapour detection means;
is introduced into a plastic explosive during its manufacture in such a manner as to achieve homogeneous distribution in the finished product; and
is present in the plastic explosive in such concentration no less than that specified in the fourth column of the Schedule;
means gunpowder, nitro-glycerine, dynamite, gun- cotton, blasting powder, fulminate of mercury or of other metals, coloured fires and every other substance, whether similar to those abovementioned or not, used or manufactured with a view to producing a practical effect by explosion or a pyrotechnic effect;
includes fog signals, fireworks, fuses, rockets, percussion-caps, detonators, cartridges and ammunition of all descriptions, and every adaptation or preparation of an explosive as above defined; and
includes sand crackers, and any substance declared to be deemed an explosive by notification under section 10(1)(a);
“gun” includes howitzers, mortars, quick-firing and machine-guns, and other guns of a similar nature;
“high explosives” includes, but is not limited to, cyclotetramethylenetetranitramine (HMX), pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) and cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine (RDX);
“licensed dealer” means a person licensed under this Act to manufacture or deal in guns or arms;
“Licensing Officer” means the person appointed by the Minister under section 4 and includes an Assistant Licensing Officer;
“manufacture” includes the preparation of any component parts of an explosive, the admixture or other treatment of the same, the breaking up or unmaking of any explosive, and the process of remaking or making fit for use any damaged explosive, and the process of remaking, altering or repairing any explosive;
“master” includes every person having command or charge of a vessel other than a pilot of a vessel;
“pilot-in-command” means the pilot designated by the operator or the owner of an aircraft as being in command and charged with the safe conduct of a flight;
“plastic explosive” means any explosive which —
is formulated with one or more high explosives which in their pure form have vapour pressure of less than 10-4 Pa at a temperature of 25°C;
is formulated with a binder material; and
is, when mixed, malleable or flexible at normal room temperature;
“Port Master” has the same meaning as in the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore Act (Cap. 170A);
“railway administration” means any person or body of persons responsible for the regulation of traffic on any railway;
“unmarked plastic explosive” means any plastic explosive that does not contain a detection agent;
“vessel” includes any steam or sailing ship, junk, boat, sampan or any kind of craft used for the conveyance of persons or things by water.
[7/96; 22/2000; 30/2002]
(2) A person shall be deemed to export an article from Singapore to a particular country, territory or place if he takes or sends the article out of Singapore with the intention that it shall ultimately reach that country, territory or place, either directly or indirectly.
(3) A person shall be deemed to have imported an article into Singapore who, whether as owner, consignee, agent or broker, is in possession of or in any way entitled to the custody or control of the article.
—(1) Subject to subsection (3), nothing in this Act shall apply to —
the manufacture, possession, use, storage, sale, transport, importation or exportation, in accordance with the provisions of any rules made under this Act, of any explosive by order of the Government;
the manufacture, dealing in, possession, importation or exportation, in accordance with the provisions of any rules made under this Act, of any article by order of the Government;
any of the following persons or their equipment while in the course of their duty or employment:
members of the Singapore Armed Forces and of any visiting forces lawfully present in Singapore;
members of any naval, military or air volunteer forces established under any written law;
members of any additional forces established under any written law providing for compulsory service in the defence of Singapore;
members of the Singapore Police Force or any other police force on duty in Singapore;
members of the Special Constabulary, additional constables and peace officers;
dog-shooters employed by the Government;
any vessel belonging to or in the service of the Government or of any foreign government;
any hulk or magazine for the storage or deposit of explosives of the Government or the government of any Commonwealth country;
such articles as form part of the ordinary armament of any vessel or as are required for the service of any vessel or the personal use of the crew or the passengers thereof;
the importation, exportation and possession, in accordance with such conditions as may be prescribed in rules made under this Act, of such arms and ammunition, forming part of the equipment of aircraft or carried therein for the personal use of passengers or crew, as may be permitted by such rules; or
the possession in the course of his duty of armsand explosives by any person employed by the Government, such possession being specially authorised by the head of his department.
(2) In any proceedings under this Act, proof of these facts shall rest with the person alleging them.
—(1) The Minister may, by notification in the Gazette, appoint a Licensing Officer and such number of Assistant Licensing Officers as he considers necessary for the purposes of this Act.
(2) The Licensing Officer may issue licences under this Act to any approved person on payment of the prescribed fee and any other prescribed charges.