OBLIGATIONS RELATING TO IDENTIFYING INFORMATION
36A. In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires —
“disclose”, in relation to identifying information that is a personal identifier, includes providing access to the identifying information;
“identifying information” means —
any personal identifier;
any meaningful identifier derived from any personal identifier;
any record of a result of analysing any personal identifier or meaningful identifier derived from any personal identifier; and
any other information, derived from any personal identifier or meaningful identifier derived from any personal identifier, or from any record of a kind referred to in paragraph (c), that could be used to discover a particular person’s identity or to get information about a particular person.
—(1) The Minister may, in writing, authorise a specified person, or any person included in a specified class of persons —
to access identifying information of the kind specified in the Minister’s authorisation; or
to disclose, on written request, identifying information of the kind specified in the Minister’s authorisation, to another specified person, or another person included in a specified class of persons, in the Minister’s authorisation,
for the purpose or purposes specified in the Minister’s authorisation.
(2) The Minister shall specify in an authorisation under this section, as the purpose or purposes for which access or disclosure is authorised, one or more of the following purposes, and no other:
combating document and identity fraud in immigration matters;
assisting in the identification of, and authenticating the identity of, any person who may be required by or under this Act to provide a personal identifier;
improving the efficiency and integrity of immigration processing at authorised landing places, airports, train checkpoints or points of entry;
assisting in the identification of, and authenticating the identity of, any applicant for or holder of a Singapore visa, and facilitating his entry into Singapore;
enforcement of the criminal law, including investigating or prosecuting a person for an offence under any written law;
administering or managing the storage of identifying information;
modifying identifying information to enable it to be matched with other identifying information, or in order to correct errors or ensure compliance with appropriate standards;
identifying non-citizens who are prohibited immigrants, who are of national security concern or who are associated with activities of a criminal nature and whose detention or supervision may be necessary in the interests of public safety, peace and good order;
making decisions under this Act, the Passports Act 2007 or the regulations made under either Act;
any other purpose the disclosure of which is required or authorised by or under any written law.
(3) For the purposes of subsection (1)(b), a specified person or a specified class of persons to whom identifying information may be disclosed to may include a police force, a law enforcement body or a border control body of a foreign country.
—(1) If a person accesses identifying information, and the person —
is not authorised under section 36B to access any identifying information; or
is not authorised under section 36B to access the identifying information for the purpose for which the person accessed it,
the person shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 years or to both.
(2) If a person’s conduct causes disclosure of identifying information, and the disclosure is not a disclosure that is for any of the purposes specified in section 36B(2), the person shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 years or to both.