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Contents  

Long Title

Part I PRELIMINARY

Part II ADMINISTRATION

Part III IMPOSITION OF INCOME TAX

Part IV EXEMPTION FROM INCOME TAX

Part V DEDUCTIONS AGAINST INCOME

Part VI CAPITAL ALLOWANCES

Part VII ASCERTAINMENT OF CERTAIN INCOME

Part VIII ASCERTAINMENT OF STATUTORY INCOME

Part IX ASCERTAINMENT OF ASSESSABLE INCOME

Part X ASCERTAINMENT OF CHARGEABLE INCOME AND PERSONAL RELIEFS

Part XI RATES OF TAX

Part XII DEDUCTION OF TAX AT SOURCE

Part XIII ALLOWANCES FOR TAX CHARGED

Part XIV RELIEF AGAINST DOUBLE TAXATION

Part XV PERSONS CHARGEABLE

Husband and wife

Trustees, agents and curators

Part XVI RETURNS

Part XVII ASSESSMENTS AND OBJECTIONS

Part XVIII APPEALS

Part XIX COLLECTION, RECOVERY AND REPAYMENT OF TAX

Part XX OFFENCES AND PENALTIES

Part XXA EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION UNDER AVOIDANCE OF DOUBLE TAXATION ARRANGEMENTS AND EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION ARRANGEMENTS

Part XXB INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS TO IMPROVE TAX COMPLIANCE

Part XXI MISCELLANEOUS

FIRST SCHEDULE Institution, authority, person or fund exempted

SECOND SCHEDULE Rates of tax

THIRD SCHEDULE Repealed

FOURTH SCHEDULE Name of bond, securities, stock or fund

FIFTH SCHEDULE Child relief

SIXTH SCHEDULE Number of years of working life of asset

SEVENTH SCHEDULE Advance rulings

EIGHTH SCHEDULE Information to be included in a request for information under Part XXA

Legislative History

Comparative Table

Comparative Table

 
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PART XXB
INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS TO
IMPROVE TAX COMPLIANCE
Interpretation of this Part
105I.  In this Part —
“Action 13 Report” means the Transfer Pricing Documentation and Country‑by‑Country Reporting, Action 13 — 2015 Final Report published by the Organisation for Economic Co‑operation and Development on 5 October 2015;
[Act 34 of 2016 wef 29/12/2016]
“CbCR exchange agreement” means a bilateral or multilateral agreement that is based on a model agreement in the Action 13 Report, and that requires the exchange of country‑by‑country reports;
[Act 34 of 2016 wef 29/12/2016]
“competent authority agreement” means a bilateral or multilateral agreement to improve international tax compliance based on the standard for automatic exchange of financial account information in tax matters developed by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development;
[Act 15 of 2016 wef 20/07/2016]
“country-by-country report” means a report by that name mentioned in the Action 13 Report, to be made in the format set out in the Report;
[Act 34 of 2016 wef 29/12/2016]
“international tax compliance agreement” means an agreement or arrangement that is declared by the Minister, by an order under section 105K, as an international tax compliance agreement;
“person” has the meaning given to that word in section 2(1) and includes a partnership.
[19/2013]
Purpose of this Part
105J.  The purpose of this Part is to implement Singapore’s obligations under an international tax compliance agreement, and to enable country-by-country reports to be filed with the Comptroller in accordance with the Action 13 Report.
[19/2013]
[Act 34 of 2016 wef 29/12/2016]
International tax compliance agreements
105K.
—(1)  The Minister may by order declare any of the following as an international tax compliance agreement for the purposes of this Part:
(a)
the agreement reached between the Government and the Government of the United States of America to facilitate compliance by financial institutions and other persons in Singapore with the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act of the United States of America (FATCA);
(aa)
a competent authority agreement between the Government and —
(i)
the government of another country; or
(ii)
the governments of 2 or more countries;
[Act 15 of 2016 wef 20/07/2016]
(ab)
a CbCR exchange agreement between the Government and —
(i)
the government of another country; or
(ii)
the governments of 2 or more countries;
[Act 34 of 2016 wef 29/12/2016]
(b)
any agreement modifying or supplementing an agreement in paragraph (a), (aa) or (ab);
[Act 15 of 2016 wef 20/07/2016]
[Act 34 of 2016 wef 29/12/2016]
(c)
any other agreement or arrangement between the Government and —
(i)
the government of another country; or
(ii)
the governments of 2 or more countries,
which makes provision corresponding, or substantially similar, to that made by an agreement in paragraph (a), (aa), (ab) or (b).
[Act 15 of 2016 wef 20/07/2016]
[Act 34 of 2016 wef 29/12/2016]
(2)  An order under subsection (1) may only take effect on or after the date on which the agreement or arrangement enters into force for Singapore.
[19/2013]
Provision of information to Comptroller
105L.
—(1)  Subject to subsection (5), a person falling within any description of persons prescribed by regulations (called in this section a prescribed person) must provide the Comptroller (or such other person as may be authorised by the Comptroller) with information of a description prescribed by those regulations.
[Act 15 of 2016 wef 20/07/2016]
(1A)  The information under subsection (1) must be provided —
(a)
at such times and frequency as may be prescribed by the regulations or as the Comptroller may in any particular case allow;
(b)
in such form and manner as may be prescribed by the regulations or as the Comptroller may in any particular case allow; and
(c)
using the electronic service, except that the Comptroller may in any particular case or class of cases permit the information to be given in any other manner.
[Act 15 of 2016 wef 20/07/2016]
(1B)  In subsection (1), the reference to a person falling within any description of persons prescribed by regulations —
(a)
excludes one given a written notice by the Comptroller pursuant to a regulation made under section 105P(2)(ba)(i); and
(b)
includes one given a written notice by the Comptroller pursuant to a regulation made under section 105P(2)(ba)(ii).
[Act 34 of 2016 wef 29/12/2016]
(2)  A prescribed person is not excused from providing the information by reason only that the person is under a duty not to collect, use or disclose that information, whether imposed by written law, rule of law, any contract or any rule of professional conduct, in respect of that information.
[19/2013]
[Act 2 of 2016 wef 11/04/2016]
(3)  A prescribed person who in good faith and with reasonable care does any act for the purpose of complying with subsection (1) is not to be treated as being in breach of any duty mentioned in subsection (2).
[Act 2 of 2016 wef 11/04/2016]
(4)  No civil or criminal action for a breach of any such duty, other than a criminal action for an offence under section 105M(3), shall lie against the prescribed person —
(a)
for producing any document or providing any information if he had done so in good faith and with reasonable care in compliance with subsection (1); or
[Act 2 of 2016 wef 11/04/2016]
(b)
for doing or omitting to do any act if he had done or omitted to do the act in good faith and with reasonable care and for the purpose of, or as a result of complying with subsection (1).
[19/2013]
[Act 2 of 2016 wef 11/04/2016]
(5)  Notwithstanding subsection (2), subsection (1) does not apply to any information subject to legal privilege.
[19/2013]
Offences
105M.
—(1)  Any person who, without reasonable excuse, fails or neglects to comply with section 105L(1), or any regulation made under section 105P the contravention of which is an offence, shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction —
(a)
to a fine not exceeding $1,000 and in default of payment to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months; and
(b)
in the case of a continuing offence, to a further fine not exceeding $50 for every day or part thereof during which the offence continues after conviction.
[19/2013]
[Act 37 of 2014 wef 27/11/2014]
(2)  The Comptroller may compound any offence under subsection (1).
[19/2013]
(3)  Any person who, in purported compliance with section 105L(1), produces to the Comptroller any document which contains any information, or provides to the Comptroller any information, known to the person to be false or misleading in a material particular —
(a)
without indicating to the Comptroller that the information is false or misleading and the part that is false or misleading; and
(b)
without providing correct information to the Comptroller if the person is in possession of, or can reasonably acquire, the correct information,
shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years or to both.
[19/2013]
(3A)  Where —
(a)
a person (X), in order to comply with a regulation mentioned in section 105P(2)(c), requests another person (Y) to provide any information contemplated by an agreement mentioned in section 105P(1) to establish Y’s residence for a tax purpose contemplated by that agreement; and
(b)
Y, in purported compliance with that request, provides any such information to X which Y knows is false or misleading in any material particular,
Y shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years or to both.
[Act 15 of 2016 wef 20/07/2016]
(3B)  Where —
(a)
X, in order to comply with a regulation mentioned in section 105P(2)(c), requests Y to provide any information contemplated by an agreement mentioned in section 105P(1) to establish another person’s (Z) residence for a tax purpose contemplated by that agreement; and
(b)
Z provides any such information, whether directly or indirectly, to X or Y which Z knows is false or misleading in any material particular,
Z shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years or to both.
[Act 15 of 2016 wef 20/07/2016]
(4)  In subsection (3), references to the Comptroller include any other person authorised by the Comptroller.
[Act 37 of 2014 wef 27/11/2014]
Anti-avoidance
105MA.
—(1)  If —
(a)
a person enters into any arrangements or takes any action; and
(b)
in the Comptroller’s view, the main purpose, or one of the main purposes of the person in entering into the arrangements or in taking the action is to avoid any obligation under, or to circumvent the application of section 105L or any regulation made under section 105P,
then the Comptroller may in writing direct a relevant person that section 105L or the regulation has effect in relation to the relevant person as if the arrangements had not been entered into or the action had not been taken, and section 105L or the regulation shall then apply accordingly.
(2)  In subsection (1), “relevant person” means a person who is subject to section 105L or the regulation, and whom the Comptroller considers should receive the direction.
[Act 37 of 2014 wef 27/11/2014]
Power of Comptroller to obtain information
105N.
—(1)  Sections 65 to 65D have effect for the purpose of enabling the Comptroller to obtain any information for the purpose of —
(a)
complying with any provision of an international tax compliance agreement;
(b)
enabling Singapore to carry out its obligations under any provision of such agreement; or
(c)
determining whether a person has complied with any regulation made under section 105P.
[Act 15 of 2016 wef 20/07/2016]
(2)  For the purpose of subsection (1) —
(a)
the reference in section 65 to the purpose of obtaining full information in respect of any person’s income shall be read as a reference to the purpose referred to in subsection (1);
(b)
a reference in section 65B to the purposes of this Act shall be read as the purpose referred to in subsection (1);
(c)
references in section 65B to proceedings for an offence under this Act, proceedings for the recovery of tax or penalty and proceedings by way of an appeal against an assessment shall be read as a reference to proceedings for an offence under this Part;
[Act 15 of 2016 wef 20/07/2016]
(d)
the Comptroller may authorise —
(i)
an officer of the Monetary Authority of Singapore; or
(ii)
an accountant,
under section 4(1) to perform or assist in the performance of a duty of the Comptroller under section 65, 65A or 65B; and
[Act 34 of 2016 wef 29/12/2016]
(e)
section 65E has effect in relation to a notice issued under section 65B for a purpose mentioned in subsection (1).
[Act 15 of 2016 wef 20/07/2016]
Information may be used for administration of Act
105O.  For the avoidance of doubt, any information provided or obtained under section 105L or 105N may be used for any purpose connected with the administration of this Act, including the investigation or a prosecution for an offence alleged or suspected to have been committed under this Act.
[19/2013]
Regulations to implement international tax compliance agreements, etc.
105P.
—(1)  The Minister may make regulations for, or in connection with, giving effect to or enabling effect to be given to —
(a)
an international tax compliance agreement; or
(b)
any future competent authority agreement which may be declared as an international tax compliance agreement under section 105K(1).
[Act 15 of 2016 wef 20/07/2016]
(1A)  The Minister may also make regulations to enable the Comptroller to obtain a country-by-country report or its equivalent in a case where the Comptroller is unable to obtain the report or its equivalent from the tax authority of a country in accordance with the Action 13 Report because —
(a)
the Government does not have a CbCR exchange agreement with the government of that country; or
(b)
the Government has a CbCR exchange agreement with the government of that country, but the Minister is of the opinion that the agreement is not operating effectively.
[Act 34 of 2016 wef 29/12/2016]
(2)  Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), regulations under subsection (1) may —
(a)
prescribe anything which may be prescribed under this Part;
(b)
for the purpose of section 105L, prescribe different descriptions of information, forms and manners of provision of the information, and times and frequencies for the provision of the information, in relation to different international tax compliance agreements, different persons or under different circumstances;
(ba)
where the international tax compliance agreement in question is a CbCR exchange agreement, or the regulation is for the purpose in subsection (1A), enable the Comptroller —
(i)
after taking into account prescribed factors, to give written notice to a prescribed person that the person need not comply with section 105L or any other obligation of a prescribed person under the regulations; and
(ii)
if the Comptroller considers appropriate after taking into account those factors, to give written notice to one or more other persons to discharge those obligations in place of the prescribed person mentioned in sub‑paragraph (i).
[Act 34 of 2016 wef 29/12/2016]
(c)
impose on a person —
(i)
audit requirements for the purpose of determining the extent of compliance by the person with the regulations made under this section (including requiring the person’s internal auditor or appointing another person to carry out an audit, and report the results of the audit to the Comptroller);
(ii)
due diligence requirements;
(iii)
registration and other requirements; and
(iv)
a requirement that the person inform the Comptroller if the person wishes to authorise another person to perform any requirement under section 105L(1) or sub-paragraphs (i), (ii) and (iii) on the person’s behalf,
being requirements that —
(A)
are required or permitted to be imposed under an international tax compliance agreement on any person to whom the agreement applies; or
(B)
may facilitate the implementation of any future competent authority agreement which may be declared as an international tax compliance agreement under section 105K(1);
[Act 15 of 2016 wef 20/07/2016]
(ca)
provide that a contravention of any specified provision is an offence;
[Act 37 of 2014 wef 27/11/2014]
[Act 15 of 2016 wef 20/07/2016]
(cb)
enable the Comptroller to appoint another person to carry out an audit for the purpose of determining the extent of compliance by a person with the regulations made under this section; and
[Act 15 of 2016 wef 20/07/2016]
(d)
contain incidental, transitional or savings provisions.
[19/2013]
(3)  Regulations under subsection (1) may give force of law to any provision of an international tax compliance agreement, whether with or without any modification.
[19/2013]
[Act 34 of 2016 wef 29/12/2016]
Duty to provide information under regulations prevails over duty of secrecy, etc.
105PA.
—(1)  This section applies where a regulation made under section 105P imposes a duty on a person (A) to —
(a)
provide any information to another person;
(b)
require A’s internal auditor or appoint another person to carry out an audit for the purpose of determining the extent of compliance by A with the regulation;
(c)
carry out any due diligence requirements; or
(d)
provide any information to —
(i)
A’s internal auditor or the appointed person mentioned in paragraph (b); or
(ii)
a person appointed by the Comptroller to carry out an audit.
[Act 15 of 2016 wef 20/07/2016]
(2)  A is not excused from complying with a duty mentioned in subsection (1) by reason only that A is under a duty not to collect, use or disclose any information, whether imposed by written law, rule of law, any contract or any rule of professional conduct.
[Act 15 of 2016 wef 20/07/2016]
(3)  A who in good faith and with reasonable care does any act for the purpose of complying with the regulation mentioned in subsection (1) is not to be treated as being in breach of any duty mentioned in subsection (2).
(4)  No civil or criminal action for a breach of any such duty, other than criminal action for an offence under section 105M (if applicable), lies against A —
(a)
for producing any document or providing any information if A does so in good faith and with reasonable care in compliance with the regulation mentioned in subsection (1); or
(b)
for doing or omitting to do any act if A does or omits to do the act in good faith and with reasonable care and for the purpose of or as a result of complying with the regulation mentioned in subsection (1).
(5)  Despite subsection (2), subsection (1) does not apply to any information subject to legal privilege.
[Act 2 of 2016 wef 18/03/2015]
Confidentiality requirements for judicial review proceedings
105Q.
—(1)  This section applies to a judicial review instituted by any person in respect of —
(a)
any action taken by the Comptroller to obtain information for the purpose of complying with any provision of an international tax compliance agreement or to enable Singapore to carry out its obligations under any provision of such agreement;
(b)
any disclosure or intended disclosure of information pursuant to an international tax compliance agreement; or
(c)
any action taken by the Comptroller under this Part or a failure to take such action,
as well as any proceedings in court (however instituted) for a liquidated sum, damages, equitable relief or restitution if a Mandatory Order, Prohibiting Order, Quashing Order or declaration is made pursuant to the judicial review.
(2)  In any proceedings to which this section applies, no person may inspect or take a copy of any of the following documents without the leave of court:
(a)
a request for information made under any provision of the international tax compliance agreement;
(b)
any document relating to the request which is given by or to the Comptroller, to or by the authority making the request or a person acting on behalf of the authority.
(3)  Leave shall not be given under subsection (2) in relation to any document if the court is satisfied that the authority referred to in that subsection has requested the Comptroller not to disclose that document to any person.
(4)  A court may, in any proceedings to which this section applies, on the application of the Comptroller, make such order as it may consider necessary to ensure the confidentiality of anything relating to those proceedings.
(5)  Every application, affidavit or other document filed with the court for the purpose of any proceedings to which this section applies shall be sealed upon the request of the applicant or the Comptroller.
(6)  All proceedings to which this section applies shall be heard in camera.
(7)  No information relating to any proceedings to which this section applies may be published without the leave of court; and leave shall not be given unless the court is satisfied that the information, if published in accordance with such directions as it may give, would not reveal any matter that —
(a)
the Comptroller;
(b)
the person from whom the Comptroller obtains the information; or
(c)
the person in relation to whom information is sought,
reasonably wishes to remain confidential.
(8)  In this section, “judicial review” includes proceedings instituted by way of —
(a)
an application for a Mandatory Order, a Prohibiting Order or a Quashing Order; or
(b)
an application for a declaration or an injunction, or any other suit or action, relating to or arising out of any matter referred to in subsection (1)(a) to (c).
[Act 37 of 2014 wef 27/11/2014]