ROAD USERS ON FOOT
7. Always walk facing oncoming traffic and not with your back towards it. Where there is a pavement or adequate footpath, use it. Do not walk next to the kerb with your back to traffic. Do not step into the road suddenly without looking. If there is no footpath and you have to walk along the road, then walk as close as possible to the edge of the road. This enables you to step off the road to avoid danger.
8. If you walk on an unlighted road at night, always wear or carry something white. Even a handkerchief held in your hand or a folded newspaper may make you more visible to drivers.
9. Do not think that because you can see the lights of a motor vehicle the driver can see you. The distance at which he can see you is very limited and is even more reduced if all your clothes are dark.
10. Cross the street at an intersection or at a marked pedestrian crossing. Go out of your way a little to cross at these points and do not risk death or injury by trying to cross at other places in heavy traffic. Always cross the road by the shortest possible route, which is from one side to the other. Make sure you have a clear view of the road both ways. Take extra care if your view is limited by stationary vehicles or other obstruction.
11. Before you risk crossing the road in front of an approaching motor vehicle remember that although you could stop almost immediately, a motor vehicle would have to travel a considerable distance before it stops. A car travelling at a speed of 50 km/h would have to travel, if the road is dry, approximately 23 metres before it stops.
12. In rainy weather do not rush across the street with your head down, or with an umbrella obscuring your view.
13. Teach children the kerb drill for crossing the road, which is “look right, look left, then look right again, and if the road is clear, quick march”. Use the same drill yourself.
14. Do not follow other pedestrians blindly without yourself checking that it is safe to cross.
15. Do not step on to a pedestrian crossing until you see a reasonable gap in the traffic. When crossing at a pedestrian crossing be alert for vehicles being driven inconsiderately and without care or attention.
16. Take extra care at night. Remember that unless a pedestrian crossing is floodlit, it may not show up very clearly. On rainy nights the markings may be almost invisible to an approaching driver.
17. When you have stepped off the kerb on to a pedestrian crossing you have the right of way but allow approaching vehicles ample time to give way, especially if the road is wet.
18. Do not stand on the pavement at a pedestrian crossing if you do not intend to cross the road.
19. Once you are on the pedestrian crossing, look right and left as you cross, because a driver may not have seen you.
20. Where a pedestrian crossing has a central refuge, each half is a separate crossing and you should treat it as such.
21. When crossing the road at junctions, look out for vehicles negotiating the corner.
22. At a light controlled crossing, wait on the footway until the traffic, in front of which you intend to cross, has come to a standstill.
23. If traffic lights have a “Cross” signal or a “green man” signal, do not cross until the signal appears. If there are no pedestrian signals, cross only with the green light.
24. Pedestrian signals portray “a standing red man” and a “walking green man”.
(1) When the “walking green man” is lighted up, you may cross.
(2) When the “walking green man” starts flickering, it means that the light will change soon, so —
if you are already crossing, move briskly across; or
if you are about to start crossing, do not cross.
(3) When the “stationary red man” is lighted up, do not cross.
25. When push-buttons are provided on the traffic signal pole, push the button if you want the “green man” to appear and wait until the “green man” appears before crossing.
26. Do not cross the road against a signal to stop given by a police officer controlling traffic.
27. Where there is an overhead bridge or a subway, you should make use of it. Overhead bridges and subways are built for your convenience and safety and should always be used when crossing the road.
28. Do not get on or off a bus while it is moving, or when it is not at a bus stop. Do not step out suddenly from behind a stationary or slowly moving bus. If you want to get on a bus at a bus stop, give a clear signal for it to stop. Do not step onto the road until it has stopped.