—(1) When 2 or more persons agree to do, or cause to be done —
an illegal act; or
an act, which is not illegal, by illegal means,
such an agreement is designated a criminal conspiracy:
Provided that no agreement except an agreement to commit an offence shall amount to a criminal conspiracy unless some act besides the agreement is done by one or more parties to such agreement in pursuance thereof.
(2) A person may be a party to a criminal conspiracy notwithstanding the existence of facts of which he is unaware which make the commission of the illegal act, or the act, which is not illegal, by illegal means, impossible.
Explanation .—It is immaterial whether the illegal act is the ultimate object of such agreement, or is merely incidental to that object.
[Indian PC 1860, s. 120A]
120B. Whoever is a party to a criminal conspiracy to commit an offence shall, where no express provision is made in this Code for the punishment of such a conspiracy, be punished in the same manner as if he had abetted such offence.
[Indian PC 1860, s. 120B]