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Registration of Deeds Act
(CHAPTER 269)

(Original Enactment: Act 13 of 1988)

REVISED EDITION 1989
(15th March 1989)
An Act relating to the registration of deeds.
[30th November 1988]
Short title
1.  This Act may be cited as the Registration of Deeds Act.
Interpretation
2.
—(1)  In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires —
“assurance” includes any conveyance, memorandum of charge or discharge, deed of consent to the discharge of a trustee, private Act, order of court or certificate of appointment of trustee in bankruptcy;
“Authority” means the Singapore Land Authority established under the Singapore Land Authority Act 2001;
[17/2001 wef 01/06/2001]
“caveatee” means —
(a)
the proprietor of any land who has given an estate or interest in his land to a person named in a caveat; or
(b)
the proprietor of any land, and any person having a prior registered estate or interest in land, in respect of which a caveat has been lodged by any person claiming an estate or interest in the land;
“caveator” means —
(a)
a person who has been given an estate or interest in any land by the proprietor of the land; or
(b)
a person who claims an estate or interest in any land;
“conveyance” includes any assignment, appointment, lease or settlement made by deed on a sale, mortgage, demise or settlement of any land or appointment of a new trustee in respect thereof which has been executed by one or more of the parties by whom any interest in the land is thereby conveyed;
“land” means —
(a)
the surface of any defined parcel of the earth, all substances thereunder and so much of the column of airspace above the surface whether or not held apart from the surface as is reasonably necessary for the use and enjoyment of the proprietor, and includes any estate or interest therein and all vegetation growing thereon and structures affixed thereto; or
(b)
any parcel of airspace or any subterranean space held apart from the surface of the earth and described with certainty by reference to a plan approved by the Chief Surveyor and filed with the Authority, and includes any estate or interest therein and all vegetation growing thereon and structures affixed thereto,
[17/2001 wef 01/06/2001]
and where the context so permits, the proprietorship of land includes natural rights to air, light, water and support and the right of access to any highway on which the land abuts;
“lease” includes an agreement for a lease;
“memorandum of charge” includes any memorandum of a lien or charge on any land which is registered under this Act;
“mortgage” includes any charge on any land for securing money or money’s worth and any transfer of a mortgage; and “mortgagee” has a corresponding meaning;
“order of court” means any judgment, decree, writ of execution or sequestration, adjudication in bankruptcy or other order or process of or issuing from that court or other court of competent jurisdiction whereby any interest in any land is or may be affected;
“prior mortgage” includes a prior charge or assignment which has been either secured by a mortgage or protected by a caveat lodged with and accepted by the Registrar as being in order for registration;
“prior mortgagee” includes a prior chargee or assignee in whose favour an estate or interest in respect of land was mortgaged, charged or assigned by way of mortgage;
“probate” means the probate of any will or any letters of administration with the will annexed or copy thereof, stamped with the seal of the Supreme Court or other court of competent jurisdiction, or a certified office copy thereof;
“registered surveyor” means a person who is registered under the Land Surveyors Act 1991 and has in force a practising certificate issued under that Act;
[Act 24/91 wef 30/08/1991]
“Registrar” means the Registrar of Deeds and includes any Deputy Registrar of Deeds appointed under this Act;
“Registry” means the Registry of Deeds of the Authority;
[17/2001 wef 01/06/2001]
“repealed enactment” means the Registration of Deeds Ordinance 1886 [XIII 1886] or the Registration of Deeds Act [Cap. 269, 1985. Ed] which is repealed by this Act;
“rules” means rules made under this Act;
“subsequent mortgage” includes a subsequent charge or assignment;
“subsequent mortgagee” includes a subsequent chargee or assignee in whose favour an estate or interest in respect of land was mortgaged, charged or assigned by way of mortgage;
“will” includes a codicil.
(2)  In this Act, any reference to a plan certified by a registered surveyor shall, in relation to a plan certified at any time prior to 1st September 1972*, be construed as a reference to a plan which was certified by a surveyor licensed under any written law which was in force at the time that plan was certified.
*  Commencement of the Land Surveyors Act (Cap. 156, 1985 Ed.).
Appointment of Registrar, etc.
3.
—(1)  The Minister may appoint a Registrar of Deeds and such number of Deputy Registrars and Assistant Registrars of Deeds and other officers of the Registry as he may think fit.
(2)  Any act or thing which may be done or performed by the Registrar under this Act may, subject to the orders and directions of the Registrar, be done or performed by a Deputy Registrar or an Assistant Registrar.
(3)  The Minister may create such different grades for Deputy Registrars and Assistant Registrars of Deeds as he may think fit.
(4)  The Registrar shall have a seal, and judicial notice shall be taken of the seal and of the signature of the Registrar in all legal proceedings.
All instruments affecting land may be registered
4.  Subject to this Act and the rules, all assurances executed or made, and all probates and letters of administration granted, before or after 30th November 1988 by which any land within Singapore is affected and which have not been registered under any repealed enactment, may be registered in such manner as is hereinafter directed, and unless so registered shall not be admissible in any court as evidence of title to such land.
Mode of registration
5.
—(1)  Any person desiring to register an instrument under this Act shall present to the Registrar —
(a)
in the case of instruments other than private Acts, probates, letters of administration, orders of court and certificates of appointment of trustee in bankruptcy, the original and a memorial thereof;
(b)
in the case of orders of court or certificates of appointment of trustee in bankruptcy, an office copy and a memorial thereof;
(c)
in the case of a private Act, a copy printed by the Government Printer and a memorial thereof;
(d)
in the case of probates or letters of administration, a memorial thereof prepared in accordance with the rules together with the probates or letters of administration; and
(e)
in the case of a memorandum of lien or charge, or a memorandum of discharge of lien or charge, the original and a memorial thereof.
(2)  Where the Registrar has accepted any instrument for provisional registration under this Act, he shall —
(a)
allot a volume and number of the register to that instrument; and
(b)
endorse on the instrument or its memorial the volume and number which has been allotted and the date and time of acceptance of the instrument for provisional registration.
(3)  As soon as conveniently may be after the provisional registration of any instrument has been effected, the instrument or its memorial shall be duly enrolled in the register by an entry made in the index to land which is maintained by the Registrar for the purposes of the registration of instruments under this Act.
(4)  Upon the presentation for registration of an instrument affecting any land that has not been surveyed and demarcated to the satisfaction of the Chief Surveyor, the person on whose behalf the instrument is so presented shall be deemed to have made an application for the land to be surveyed and demarcated under the direction of the Chief Surveyor, and for the purposes of satisfying the Chief Surveyor on the survey and demarcation of the land, that person may either make application to the Chief Surveyor for the survey to be carried out by the Government Survey Department in which case the Chief Surveyor may either cause the survey to be carried out by the Government Survey Department or direct that a registered surveyor be employed to carry out the survey, or that person may satisfy the Registrar by annexing an assurance plan to the instrument which has been approved by the Chief Surveyor as provided in section 13(1)(c).
Memorandum of lien or charge
6.
—(1)  Where any lien or charge on any lands is claimed in respect of any unpaid purchase-money or by reason of any deposit of title deeds or otherwise, a memorandum of the lien or charge, signed by the person against whom the lien or charge is claimed, may be provisionally registered on presentation by any person claiming to be interested therein.
(2)  No such lien or charge shall have any effect or priority as against any assurance for valuable consideration until a memorandum thereof has been registered in accordance with this Act.
(3)  Where any such lien or charge is satisfied or discharged, any person entitled or claiming to be entitled to any interest in the land may register a memorandum of discharge.
Registration complete on compliance with conditions precedent within 6 months of provisional registration
7.
—(1)  Immediately on compliance with section 13(1) or the provisions of that section, other than paragraph (c) in the event of that paragraph being dispensed with, any instrument provisionally registered shall be deemed to have been registered under this Act as to the lands with respect to which an endorsement has been made under section 5(2), and the date, hour and minute entered under that subsection shall be deemed for all purposes to be the date and time of registration.
(2)  Immediately after the provisional registration of any instrument, probate, letters of administration, order of court, certificate of appointment of trustee in bankruptcy, private Act or memorandum of charge or discharge there shall be endorsed on the original instrument or on the probate or letters of administration or the office copy of the order of court or certificate or the copy of the Act or on the memorandum of charge or discharge, as the case may be, produced to the Registrar, a certificate stating the date, hour and minute of registration, and the volume and number in the register in which the same or a memorial thereof, as the case may be, is or is intended to be enrolled, and the Registrar or any officer duly authorised by the Registrar shall sign the certificate and seal it with the seal of the Registrar, and every certificate so signed and sealed shall be receivable in evidence.
(3)  If at the expiration of 6 months from the date of provisional registration of any instrument section 13(1) (other than paragraph (c)) has not been fully complied with, then the provisional registration shall be null and void for all purposes and all entries in respect thereof shall be cancelled.
(4)  Subsection (1) shall not apply to any assurance in respect of any estate or interest in any residential property within the meaning of the Residential Property Act [Cap. 274] lodged with the Registrar.
Caveats
8.
—(1)  Subject to this section and the rules, a caveat in respect of any land may be —
(a)
given by the proprietor of the land for any estate or interest therein in favour of any person named in the caveat; or
(b)
lodged by any person claiming an estate or interest in the land.
(2)  Such a caveat shall contain the following particulars:
(a)
the names of the caveator and the caveatee and their addresses for the service of notices under this Act;
(b)
a description of the estate or interest in the land given to or claimed by the caveator and, if the caveator is the purchaser or sub-purchaser of the estate or interest claimed in the caveat, the amount of the purchase price and the date of the caveator’s contract or the date on which he exercised the option to purchase the interest in the land, as the case may be.
[Act 27/93 wef 01/03/1994]
(3)  Where a part of a Government survey lot is affected, the caveat shall have a plan annexed edging with sufficient identity that part of the lot affected.
(4)  The Registrar shall not register a caveat which does not —
(a)
disclose any estate or interest in land; or
(b)
state the Government survey lot number maintained in the records of the Chief Surveyor or, in the case where a part of a Government survey lot is affected, does not state that part of the existing lot and does not clearly identify that part of the lot in one or more plans annexed to the caveat.
(5)  Where, after the acceptance of any caveat for provisional registration, the Registrar discovers that the caveat does not comply with any of the requirements under this section or the rules, the Registrar may cancel the provisional registration.
(6)  Notwithstanding subsections (4) and (5), the Registrar shall not be concerned to consider whether or not a caveator’s claim is justified.
(7)  Where a caveat is lodged by a person claiming an estate or interest in land or by his solicitor or agent, such a person shall serve a notice by registered post on the proprietor of the land and all persons who have prior claims as shown in the register, and the Registrar shall not be concerned to inquire whether or not such a notice has been effected.
(8)  If within the period during which a caveat remains in force any subsequent assurance made or executed in favour of the person to whom a caveat has been granted under subsection (1)(a) or in favour of the person who has lodged a caveat under subsection (1)(b) and conveying the same estate or interest protected by and so described in the subsisting caveat is presented and accepted for registration, that assurance when registered shall have priority as though it had been registered on the date the caveat was registered and that date shall be deemed to be the date of registration of the assurance for all purposes and to have been substituted in all certificates and other instruments for the date on which the assurance was actually presented for enrolment accordingly.
(9)  A caveat registered under this Act shall, unless withdrawn by the caveator or cancelled by an order of court, be in force for a period of 5 years.
Persons to present documents for registration
9.
—(1)  No assurance or caveat shall be provisionally registered under this Act unless it is presented for registration by —
(a)
a person who has executed or claims under it;
(b)
the legal personal representative of that person;
(c)
the agent of that person or representative duly authorised by power of attorney, executed and authenticated in the manner hereinafter mentioned; or
(d)
the solicitor of that person or his representative.
(2)  No instrument shall be provisionally registered on behalf of a corporation or company, unless it is presented for registration —
(a)
in the case of a corporation sole, by the corporation and in the case of a company or other corporation aggregate, by a director or secretary of the company or other corporation;
(b)
by the agent of the corporation or company duly authorised thereunto by a power of attorney; or
(c)
by the solicitor of the corporation or company.
Powers of attorney for purposes of section 9
10.  For the purposes of section 9, where any assurance or caveat has been executed by any agent or representative duly authorised by a power of attorney, the Registrar may require the power of attorney to be deposited in the Registry of the Supreme Court pursuant to section 48 of the Conveyancing and Law of Property Act [Cap. 61] before the assurance or caveat is provisionally registered under this Act.
Inquiry before registration
11.
—(1)  No assurance or caveat shall be provisionally registered under this Act unless the persons who have executed it or their legal personal representatives or the agents authorised as in section 10 of those persons or representatives appear either simultaneously or at different times before the Registrar and admit such execution.
(2)  The Registrar shall —
(a)
inquire whether or not the instrument was executed by the persons by whom it purports to have been executed;
(b)
satisfy himself as to the identity of the persons appearing before him and alleging that they have executed the instrument; and
(c)
in the case of any person appearing as a legal personal representative or agent, satisfy himself of the right of that person so to appear.
(3)  If all the persons who have executed the instrument appear personally before the Registrar and are personally known to him, or if he is otherwise satisfied that they are the persons they represent themselves to be, and if they all admit the execution or, in the case of any person appearing by an agent, if his agent admits the execution, or if the person who has executed the instrument is dead and his legal personal representative appears before the Registrar and admits the execution, the Registrar shall provisionally register the instrument under this Act.
(4)  The Registrar may, in order to satisfy himself that the persons appearing before him are the persons they represent themselves to be, or for any other purpose contemplated by this Act, examine on oath or affirmation any one present in his office.
(5)  This section shall not apply in the case of a person whose execution of the instrument is certified in the prescribed form, subject to variations permitted under the rules, by —
(a)
an advocate and solicitor of the Supreme Court;
(b)
a consular officer or representative of Singapore; or
(c)
a notary public practising in the country where the execution takes place.
(6)  This section shall not apply in the case of any instrument which has been executed by a company or corporation under its common seal, if —
(a)
a director or the secretary of the company or corporation by which the instrument purports to have been executed appears before the Registrar and admits that the instrument was executed in accordance with the articles of association or other rules governing the management of the affairs of the company or corporation and that the seal affixed thereto is the seal of that company or corporation; or
(b)
the execution of the instrument is certified in the prescribed form subject to variations permitted under the rules made under this Act by —
(i)
an advocate and solicitor of the Supreme Court;
(ii)
a consular officer or representative of Singapore; or
(iii)
a notary public practising in the country where the execution takes place.
(7)  Where there is no notary public practising in the country where the execution takes place, this section shall not apply if an advocate and solicitor of the Supreme Court certifies on the instrument that —
(a)
the person executing the instrument is his client;
(b)
his client is of full age and legal capacity; and
(c)
he is satisfied that the instrument was executed by his client.
(8)  Where an instrument is executed by a company or corporation under its common seal in a country where there is no practising notary public, this section shall not apply if an advocate and solicitor of the Supreme Court certifies on the instrument that —
(a)
the company or corporation executing the instrument is his client; and
(b)
he is satisfied that the instrument was executed by the company or corporation in accordance with the articles of association or other rules governing the management of the affairs of the company or corporation and that the seal affixed onto the instrument is the seal of the company or corporation.
(9)  This section shall not apply in the case of any instrument executed by the Public Trustee or the Official Assignee under his official seal.
Procedure where appearance of executant or witness is desired
12.
—(1)  If any person presenting any instrument for provisional registration desires the appearance of any person whose presence or testimony is necessary for the provisional registration of the instrument, the Registrar may in his discretion issue a summons requiring him to appear at the Registry either in person or by a duly authorised agent as in the summons mentioned and at the time named therein.
(2)  A person who by reason of bodily infirmity is unable without risk or serious inconvenience to appear at the Registry and a person in jail under civil or criminal process shall not be required so to appear, but in every such case the Registrar shall either himself go to the house of that person or to the jail in which he is confined and examine him or issue a commission for his examination.
(3)  The law in force for the time being as to summonses, commissions and compelling the attendance of witnesses and for their remuneration in suits before a District Court shall apply mutatis mutandis to any summons or commission issued and any person summoned to appear under this Act.
Conditions precedent to registration
13.
—(1)  No instrument or memorial shall be registered —
(a)
unless it is duly stamped in accordance with any written law for the time being in force relating to the collection of stamp duties;
(b)
so long as any arrears of land revenue after demand for payment has been made remain due to the State in respect of the land included therein or affected thereby or any part of that land;
(c)
unless the boundaries of all lands affected thereby have been surveyed and demarcated to the satisfaction of the Chief Surveyor or unless there is annexed to the original instrument presented for registration an assurance plan which is referred to in section 21 of the Land Surveyors Act [Cap. 156] and has been endorsed by the Chief Surveyor to indicate that it has been approved by him with the caution as to the inconclusiveness of its boundaries and dimensions;
(d)
if the fees for registration having been demanded remain unpaid; and
(e)
which is not in accordance with any written law which applies to assurances affecting land not subject to the Land Titles Act [Cap. 157].
(2)  Where the requirement in subsection (1)(c) has not been complied with, the instrument or memorial may be registered under this Act if the Registrar has granted dispensation from compliance with that requirement pursuant to the rules.
(3)  If by error any instrument has a wrong town subdivision or mukim number, demarcation lot number or part number, or a wrong area endorsed upon it, the Collector of Land Revenue may visit the land and there hold an inquiry into the matter, and if the Collector is satisfied that all the parties to the instrument who can be found within Singapore or their representatives, if any, admit the error and that the instrument has in fact been wrongly endorsed, then, notwithstanding the absence of any parties who are dead or have left Singapore, the Collector may, by order in writing, direct the endorsement on the instrument to be corrected and may himself make the correction upon the instrument being produced to him.
(4)  A certified copy of any order made under subsection (3) shall be served by the Collector on the Registrar who shall make it available for inspection by the public.
(5)  Upon the service of a certified copy of any order made under subsection (3) on the Registrar, any instrument, register, book or index kept at the Registry which is affected by the order shall be construed as if the corrections directed by the Collector had been in the instrument, register, book or index and the Registrar shall, if it is practicable for him to do so, make the corrections on the instrument, register, book or index.
Priority of instruments
14.
—(1)  Subject to this Act, all instruments registered under any repealed enactment, or entitled to be registered under this Act, shall have priority according to the date of their registration and not according to the date of the instruments or of their execution.
(2)  Nothing in this Act shall interfere with the priorities as between themselves of any instruments the dates of registration of which are identical.
(3)  All priorities given by this Act shall have full effect in all courts except in cases of actual fraud, to which the person by or on whose behalf the registration is made is a party, and all persons claiming thereunder any legal or equitable interests are entitled to corresponding priorities, and no such person shall lose any such priority merely in consequence of his having been affected with actual or constructive notice except in cases of actual fraud to which he is a party.
(4)  Nothing in this section shall operate to confer upon any person claiming without valuable consideration under any person any further priority or protection than would belong to the person under whom he claims, and any disposition of land or charge on land which, if unregistered, would be fraudulent and void shall, notwithstanding registration, be fraudulent and void in like manner.
Tacking of further advances
15.
—(1)  Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, a prior mortgagee of land shall have the right to make further advances giving further credit or accommodation to rank in priority to subsequent mortgages —
(a)
if the prior mortgage authorises the making of further advances, or the giving of credit in instalments or on a current, revolving or continuing account or other accommodation; or
[Act 27/93 wef 01/03/1994]
(b)
where the prior mortgage does not expressly authorise the making of such further advances, or for the giving of credit in instalments or on a current, revolving or continuing account or other accommodation, if the subsequent mortgagee agrees to such further advances being made or such credit or other accommodation being given.
[Act 27/93 wef 01/03/1994]
(2)  Except as provided in this section, the right to tack shall not apply to mortgages.
Rights of purchasers to relief to be same as those of persons through whom they claim
16.  Any person claiming under any assurance duly registered shall have and be entitled to all the same grounds of relief as against any person claiming through any assurance of a subsequent date to that under which he claims but which has acquired priority by earlier registration as the person through whom he claims under that first-mentioned assurance might have had and been entitled to.
Registration
17.
—(1)  Subject to this Act and the rules, the Registrar shall register all assurances and other instruments that are entitled to be registered under this Act which or memorials of which are presented to him for registration in the order in which they are so presented and shall make such entries as are prescribed.
(2)  No assurance or instrument shall be registered under this Act unless it complies with the requirements of this Act and the rules.
(3)  The register maintained by the Registrar for the purposes of this Act may be kept wholly or partly —
(a)
on paper or microfilm, or in any other medium or a combination of mediums capable of having information recorded in or upon it or them; and
(b)
in a device for storing and processing information.
(4)  The Registrar may micro-film assurances and other instruments registered under this Act and any repealed enactment and dispose of them in such manner as he may think fit after they have been micro-filmed.
Title searches
18.
—(1)  Subject to this Act and the rules, any person may, upon such days and during such hours as are appointed by the Registrar and upon payment of the prescribed fees, inspect and search the public records kept at the Registry under this Act and the rules and obtain computer print-outs, photocopies or micro-prints of the records or extracts therefrom.
(2)  The following records kept at the Registry are public records:
(a)
all instruments and their memorials which are registered or provisionally registered under this Act or any repealed enactment; and
(b)
indices and other records which are maintained by the Registrar on paper or microfilms or in a computer to facilitate searches to be made of instruments and their memorials which are registered or provisionally registered under this Act or any repealed enactment.
Official searches
19.
—(1)  Subject to this Act and the rules, any person may at any time require an official search to be made on his behalf at the Registry by delivering to the Registrar a requisition in writing signed by him.
(2)  The requisition referred to in subsection (1) shall specify the Government survey lot number and mukim number or town subdivision number and either —
(a)
the specified instruments which have been registered or provisionally registered under this Act or any repealed enactment; or
(b)
the period of the official search required commencing with a specified instrument provided that the period shall not exceed the statutory period of limitation for title to be deduced under the Conveyancing and Law of Property Act [Cap. 61].
(3)  Upon receipt of any requisition referred to in subsection (1), the Registrar shall cause a diligent search to be made and shall give a certificate of the result of that search to the person requiring it to be made and shall sign the certificate and seal it with his seal, and every certificate so signed and sealed shall be receivable in evidence.
Record of official searches
20.
—(1)  Where any official search has been made under this Act, a record of the result of the search shall be preserved at the Registry.
(2)  The Registrar shall give a certificate of that result to any person requiring it and shall sign the certificate and endorse it with his seal, and every certificate so signed and sealed shall be receivable in evidence.
Certified copies
21.
—(1)  Subject to this Act and the rules, any person may require a certified copy of or extract from any document enrolled in the register or any entry in the register or any other public record maintained by the Registrar under this Act and the rules, and thereupon a certified copy or extract signed by the Registrar and endorsed with his seal shall be given to that person.
(2)  Every such copy or extract so signed and sealed shall be receivable as evidence of the contents of that document or entry in every case where those contents may under the rules of evidence be proved by means of any copy or extract.
(3)  Nothing in this section shall be taken to dispense with the production of any original document in any case in which the production thereof might otherwise be required, nor to dispense with any proof which might otherwise be required as to the due making and execution thereof.
Print-outs of information stored
22.  Where a public record in the custody of the Registrar is stored in a computer, a document purporting to be a print-out of that public record and certified to be a true reproduction of that public record shall be receivable in evidence.
Protection of solicitors, trustees, etc., in case of certificates, etc.
23.  Where any solicitor, trustee, executor, agent or other person in a fiduciary position, either by himself or by a solicitor, obtains —
(a)
a certificate of the result of an official search; or
(b)
a certified copy of or extract from any document enrolled in the register or any entry in the register or any other public record maintained by the Registrar under this Act or the rules,
the solicitor, trustee, executor, agent or other person shall not be answerable for any loss, damage or injury that arises from any error in that certificate, copy or extract.
Rectification of register by Court
24.
—(1)  Any person claiming any estate or interest in any land within Singapore may at any time apply to the High Court for an order that —
(a)
the register or any book or index kept at the Registry under this Act or the rules shall be rectified;
(b)
any entry may be made or interpolated in any such register, book or index;
(c)
any entry in such a register, book or index may be cancelled;
(d)
any certificate endorsed or given under this Act may be amended or cancelled;
(e)
any deed, probate, letters of administration, certificate or other document may be produced to the Registrar for the purpose of any registration, entry or cancellation; or
(f)
the priority by this Act granted to assurances or other instruments upon the registration thereof may be suspended in whole or in part during the continuance of any proceedings then pending in any court as to any assurances registered after the date of the order.
(2)  An application referred to in subsection (1) shall be served on the Registrar of Titles where the application affects the proprietorship, description or area of any land comprised in a certificate of title issued under the Land Titles Act [Cap. 157].
(3)  The court may either refuse such an application or, if satisfied of the justice of the case, may make such order in reference thereto and as to the costs thereof as in the opinion of the court is just and expedient.
(4)  Any jurisdiction under this section may be exercised by any judge whether sitting in open court or in chambers.
(5)  Any person aggrieved by an order made by the court under this section may appeal within the prescribed time in the same manner and with the same incidents in and with which orders made by the court in cases within its ordinary jurisdiction may be appealed from.
(6)  Upon registration of an order made by the court under this section, any instrument, register, book or index kept at the Registry which is affected by the order of court shall be construed as if the amendments, rectifications, cancellations or endorsements ordered by the court had been made in the instrument, register, book or index and the Registrar shall, if so directed by the order of court, make the amendments, rectifications, cancellations or endorsements on the instrument, register, book or index unless it is not practicable for him to do so.
(7)  The Registrar may require any person who has custody, possession or control of any instrument which is the subject of an order of court made under this section to produce that instrument to the Registrar for amendments, rectifications or endorsements to be made on the instrument or to cancel the instrument in accordance with the terms of that order of court; and if that person refuses or neglects to produce that instrument he shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years.
Act not to extend to certain leaseholds
25.
—(1)  Nothing in this Act shall extend to any lease for a term not exceeding 7 years or any assignment thereof where accompanied by actual possession from the making of the lease or assignment.
(2)  For the purposes of determining whether or not an instrument may be registered under this Act —
(a)
the right or option to extend the term of a lease for any further period granted by the lessor to the lessee shall be deemed to be part of the term of years granted by the lease; and
(b)
no account shall be taken of the fact that the lease may be determined on the happening of an event during the duration of the lease.
Penalty for wilful misconduct by Registrar
26.  The Registrar or any person employed by or under him for the purposes of this Act, who wilfully neglects his duty in the execution of his office according to the rules and directions in this Act mentioned, or wilfully commits or suffers to be committed any undue or fraudulent practice in the execution of that office, intending thereby to cause or knowing it to be likely that he may thereby cause injury as defined in the Penal Code [Cap. 224] to any person, shall be guilty of an offence and shall be punished on conviction with a fine or with imprisonment for a term not exceeding 7 years or with both.
Offences and penalties
27.  Any person who —
(a)
intentionally makes any false statement, whether on oath or not, before an officer acting in the execution of this Act;
(b)
fraudulently procures, assists in fraudulently procuring, or is privy to the fraudulent procuring of any instrument, or any entry in, any alteration or erasure of, or any addition to, in any register or record kept at the Registry;
(c)
intentionally delivers to a registering officer a false document;
(d)
knowingly misleads or deceives any person authorised by this Act to demand an explanation or any information with respect to any land, or the title to any land with respect to any instrument registered or provisionally registered;
(e)
falsely impersonates another and in that assumed character presents any document or makes any statement or does any other act for the purposes of this Act;
(f)
fraudulently removes from the Registry any part of the records or any instrument kept at the Registry or causes any defacement, obliteration, mutilation or unauthorised entry or alteration to be made thereto; or
(g)
abets the commission of an offence under this Act,
shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 years or to both.
Fees
28.
—(1)  The Registrar shall not be required to do any act or permit any act to be done in respect of which any fee is specified or fixed except on payment of that fee.
(2)  All fees collected under or in connection with any service provided by the Registrar under this Act or any rules made thereunder shall be paid into the funds of the Authority.
[17/2001 wef 01/06/2001]
Rules
29.
—(1)  The Authority may make rules with respect to all or any of the following matters:
(a)
the form of the register and the mode in which it is to be made and kept;
(b)
the preparation and keeping at the Registry of any books and indexes and the entries to be made therein for the purpose of effecting any registration;
(c)
the mode in which registration or provisional registration is to be conducted;
(d)
the making of entries in the register where any mortgage, lien or charge with reference to which any instrument has been registered under this Act has been satisfied or discharged;
(e)
the forms of memorials, memoranda of discharge, certificates and other instruments to be prepared for the purposes of this Act;
(f)
the making of searches and the giving of certified copies and prescribing the fees therefor;
(g)
[Deleted by Act 17/2001 wef 01/06/2001]
(h)
[Deleted by Act 17/2001 wef 01/06/2001]
(i)
the custody of the register and other documents connected with the business of registration;
(j)
exempting leases for a term exceeding 7 years or assignments thereof from any of the provisions of this Act, and prescribing the method by which the boundaries of land comprised in such leases shall be recorded;
(k)
exempting instruments relating to land intended to form part of street or back lanes from any of the provisions of this Act, and prescribing the mode in which such instruments may be registered;
(l)
enabling the Registrar in his discretion to dispense with the requirements of section 13(1)(c) when he considers it desirable to do so;
(m)
the persons by whom and the manner in which any memorandum of discharge shall be signed;
(n)
generally to carry into effect the objects of this Act.
[17/2001 wef 01/06/2001]
(1A)  The Authority, with the approval of the Minister, may make rules prescribing —
(a)
the fees for any matter or thing done under this Act; or
(b)
the penalties or additional fees to be taken by the Registrar for delay in removing instruments after registration.
[17/2001 wef 01/06/2001]
(2)  All rules made under this Act shall be published in the Gazette.
Service of notices
30.
—(1)  Any notice required by this Act to be served on any person shall be deemed to be duly served on him if sent by registered post to his last known address in Singapore notwithstanding the fact that it is returned through the post as undelivered.
(2)  Section 72 of the Conveyancing and Law of Property Act [Cap. 61] shall not apply to the service on a proprietor of a notice under this Act.
Transitional provision
31.
—(1)  Any register, instrument, index or other document maintained under the repealed Registration of Deeds Act [Cap. 269, 1985 Ed.] shall be continued to be maintained under a corresponding provision of this Act or any of the rules.
(2)  In so far as any entry in a register or instrument was made or other thing whatsoever was done under the repealed Registration of Deeds Act, that entry or thing shall have effect as if made or done under a corresponding provision of this Act or any of the rules.
(3)  Any caveat registered under the repealed Registration of Deeds Act shall, unless removed or cancelled in accordance with any rules made for that purpose, be in force for such period not exceeding 6 months as is specified therein in that behalf.
(4)  Any lease for a term exceeding 3 years but less than 7 years or any assignment thereof executed or made before 30th November 1988 and which was not registered under the repealed Registration of Deeds Act [Cap. 269, 1985 Ed] may, notwithstanding section 25 of this Act, be registered under this Act, and unless so registered shall not be admissible in any court as evidence of title to land.
(5)  Any written law or other document referring to the repealed Registration of Deeds Act shall as far as may be necessary for preserving its effect, be construed as referring, or as including a reference, to this Act.
(6)  Nothing in this section shall be taken as prejudicing the operation of section 16 of the Interpretation Act [Cap. 1] (which relates to the effect of repeals).

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY

Registration of Deeds Act
(CHAPTER 269)
This Legislative History is provided for the convenience of users of the Registration of Deeds Act. It is not part of the Act.
1.  
Date of First Reading
:
31 May 1988
(Bill No. 10/1988 published on 1 June 1988)
Date of Second and Third Readings
:
28 June 1988
Date of commencement
:
30 November 1988
2.  
1989 Revised Edition—Registration of Deeds Act
Date of operation
:
15 March 1989
3.  
(Consequential amendments made to Act by)
Date of First Reading
:
27 February 1991
(Bill No. 11/1991 published on 28 February 1991)
Date of Second and Third Readings
:
28 June 1991
Date of commencement
:
30 August 1991
4.  
(Consequential amendments made to Act by)
Date of First Reading
:
16 November 1992
(Bill No. 36/1992 published on 17 November 1992)
Date of Second and Third Readings
:
30 August 1993
Date of commencement
:
1 March 1994
5.  
(Consequential amendments made to Act by)
Date of First Reading
:
5 March 2001
(Bill No. 17/2001 published on 6 March 2001)
Date of Second and Third Readings
:
19 April 2001
Date of commencement
:
1 June 2001