—(1) If any person —
in relation to an application made under this Act for registration or the cancellation of the registration of a vehicle, the grant of any approval, permit or licence to himself or any other person, or for the purpose of preventing the grant or variation of any approval, permit or licence or of procuring the imposition of any condition or limitation in relation to any approval, permit or licence, makes any statement or declaration which is false or in any material respect misleading;
furnishes any particulars in connection with a change of the registration of any vehicle which to his knowledge are false or in any material respect misleading; or
makes any entry in a record, register or other document required to be kept under this Act which to his knowledge is false or in any material respect misleading,
he shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or to both.
(2) If any person —
forges or alters or defaces or mutilates or uses or lends to, or allows to be used by, any other person, any mark, plate or document which is required under this Act to be carried on a vehicle or trailer, any registration book or any licence issued under this Act;
makes or has in his possession any mark, plate or document so closely resembling a licence or any mark, plate or document as aforesaid as to be calculated to deceive;
alters any entry made in a record, register or other document kept under this Act;
exhibits upon any vehicle or trailer any licence or identification mark, plate or document which has been forged, altered, defaced, mutilated or added to or any colourable imitation of a licence, mark, plate or document which is required under this Act to be carried on a vehicle or trailer;
transfers or affixes to any vehicle or trailer for which it was not issued any licence, identification mark, plate or document which is required under this Act to be carried on a vehicle or trailer; or
uses any forged, altered, defaced or mutilated driving licence or any driving licence to which any addition not authorised by this Act has been made,
he shall, unless he establishes to the satisfaction of the court that he acted without intent to deceive, be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to be punished as follows:
in the case of a person who is convicted of a second or subsequent offence under subsection (2)(a) or (d) in connection with the alteration of a supplementary licence issued under section 11A, with a fine not exceeding $20,000 or with imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or with both; and
(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of any written law to the contrary, a District Court or Magistrate’s Court shall have the jurisdiction to try any offence under this section and to impose the maximum penalty prescribed therefor.
(4) Subsection (2) shall, with the necessary modifications, apply in relation to a document evidencing the appointment of an officer for the purposes of this Act as it applies in relation to a licence.
(5) If any police officer or the Registrar or officer authorised by the Registrar in writing has reasonable cause to believe that a document carried on a motor vehicle or any licence or record or other document produced to him in pursuance of the provisions of this Act is a document in relation to which an offence under this section has been committed, he may seize the document.
(6) When any document is seized under this section, the driver or the owner of the vehicle shall, if the document is still detained and neither of them has previously been charged with an offence under this section, be summoned before a District Court or Magistrate’s Court to account for his possession of or the presence on the vehicle of the document.
(7) The District Court or Magistrate’s Court shall make such order respecting the disposal of the document and award such costs as the justice of the case may require.
130. In any proceedings for an offence under Part V, in so far as it may be necessary to establish the offence charged, it shall be presumed until the contrary is proved —
that any conveyance of persons or goods in a motor vehicle was for hire or reward;
that the passengers carried in a motor vehicle were being carried in consideration of separate payments made by them;
that a vehicle is not a vehicle in relation to which any licence under Part V has been granted;
that any person is not the holder of a licence granted under the provisions of Part V in respect of a motor vehicle;
that any person is the owner of a motor vehicle; and
that any person is the holder of a licence granted under Part V.
—(1) A person who without lawful excuse —
refuses or neglects to do anything he is by this Act required to do;
fails to comply with the requirements of any notice served on him under this Act; or
acts in contravention of any provision of this Act,
shall be guilty of an offence.
(2) Any person who, under this section or any other provision of this Act, is guilty of an offence shall be liable on conviction, where no special penalty is provided —
in the case of a first offence, to a fine not exceeding $1,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months; and
in the case of a second or subsequent offence, to a fine not exceeding $2,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months.
—(1) Every summons issued for an offence under this Act, and every notice, order or other document required or authorised to be given or served under this Act may be served on any person —
by delivering it to the person or to some adult member or employee of his family at his usual or last known place of residence;
by leaving it at the usual or last known place of residence or place of business of the person in a cover addressed to him;
by sending it by registered post in a prepaid letter addressed to the person at his usual or last known place of residence or business or any address furnished by him; or
in the case of a notice to be served on a person whose usual or last known place of residence or business cannot, with reasonable diligence, be ascertained, by publication of such notice in the Gazette.
(2) Where any summons, notice, order or document is served on any person by registered post, it shall be deemed to have been served within such time as it would take to arrive in the ordinary course of transmission and in proving service of the same it shall be sufficient to prove that the envelope containing the summons, notice, order or document was properly addressed, stamped and posted by registered post.
(3) All notices, orders and other documents which the Registrar is empowered to give by this Act may be given by any officer duly authorised by the Registrar.
—(1) Where it appears to a police officer or an employee of the Authority authorised in that behalf that any person has committed or is guilty of any prescribed offence to which this section applies, he may serve a prescribed notice on such person, offering such person the opportunity of the discharge of any liability to the conviction of that offence by the payment of a fixed penalty prescribed for that offence under this section.
(2) No person shall be liable to be convicted of an offence mentioned in subsection (1) if the fixed penalty is paid in accordance with this section before the expiration of 14 days following the date of the notice or such longer period (if any) as may be specified therein.
(3) A notice under subsection (1) may be addressed to the owner or driver of the motor vehicle without stating his name or address and may be served personally or by affixing it to the motor vehicle.
(4) A notice affixed to a motor vehicle under subsection (3) shall not be removed or interfered with except by or under the authority of the owner or driver liable for the offence in question; and any person contravening this subsection shall be guilty of an offence.
(5) Payment of a fixed penalty under this section shall be made at the police station or office specified in the notice.
(6) Where the amount of any fixed penalty for an alleged offence is paid pursuant to this section, no person shall be liable for any further proceedings for the alleged offence.
(7) The appropriate Minister may make rules —
to prescribe the offences to which this section shall apply;
to prescribe the amount of penalty payable under this section for any prescribed offence;
to prescribe different amounts of penalties for different prescribed offences or for the same offence having regard to the circumstances thereof; and
to make provision as to any matter incidental to the operation of this section.
(8) This section is supplemental to and not in derogation of any other provisions of this Act.
—(1) Where a police officer or an employee of the Authority authorised in that behalf has reasonable grounds for believing that a person has committed an offence under this Act, he may, in lieu of applying to a court for a summons, immediately serve upon that person a prescribed notice, requiring that person to attend at the court described, at the hour and on the date specified in the notice.
(2) A duplicate of the notice shall be prepared by the police officer and, if so required by a court, produced to the court.
(3) The notice may be served on the person alleged to have committed the offence in the manner provided by section 131A.
(4) On an accused person appearing before a court in pursuance of such a notice, the court shall take cognizance of the offence alleged and shall proceed as though he were produced before it in pursuance of section 136 of the Criminal Procedure Code (Cap. 68).
(5) If a person, upon whom such a notice has been served as aforesaid, fails to appear before a court in person or by counsel in accordance therewith, the court may, if satisfied that the notice was duly served, issue a warrant for the arrest of the person unless in the case of an offence which may be compounded that person has before that date been permitted to compound the offence.
(6) Upon a person arrested in pursuance of a warrant issued under subsection (5) being produced before it, a court shall —
at the conclusion of the proceedings, call upon him to show cause why he should not be punished for failing to attend in compliance with the notice served upon him,
and if cause is not shown may order him to pay such fine not exceeding $2,000 as the court thinks fit or may commit him to prison for a term not exceeding 2 months.
—(1) The Deputy Commissioner of Police, any police officer not below the rank of sergeant specially authorised by name in that behalf by the Deputy Commissioner of Police by notification in the Gazette or any employee of the Authority specially authorised by name in that behalf by the Minister for Transport by notification in the Gazette may, in his discretion and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed, compound any such offence under this Act as may be prescribed as an offence which may be compounded by the Deputy Commissioner of Police or such police officer or employee of the Authority by collecting from the person reasonably suspected of having committed the offence a sum not exceeding $500.
(2) The appropriate Minister may make rules to prescribe the offences which may be compounded under this section and the conditions subject to which, and the method and procedure by which, such offences may be compounded.
—(1) The Registrar may, if he thinks fit and subject to the provisions of this Act, grant any licence upon receipt of a cheque for the amount of the fee payable thereon.
(2) Where a licence is granted under subsection (1) to any person and the cheque is subsequently dishonoured, the licence shall be void as from the date when it was granted and the Registrar shall send to that person by a registered letter addressed to him to the address given by him when applying for the licence a notice requiring him to deliver up the licence to the Registrar within a period of 7 days from the date that the notice was posted.
(3) If the person fails to comply with the request within the period under subsection (2), he shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $1,000 and if the licence is in respect of a motor vehicle the Registrar may on the expiry of the 7 days proceed under section 15.
137. Except as otherwise provided in the Land Transport Authority of Singapore Act (Cap. 158A), all moneys received by the Deputy Commissioner of Police and by the Registrar under this Act shall be paid into the Consolidated Fund.
138. When during any proceedings leading to the conviction of any person for any criminal offence it comes to the knowledge of the court recording the conviction that the person (whether or not that person is in possession of any licence issued under this Act) is or has been or has acted as the owner, driver or conductor of a public service vehicle, the court shall, if in its opinion the fact of the conviction affects the suitability or otherwise of the person convicted to hold or receive a licence under this Act, immediately send particulars of the conviction and of any sentence passed thereon to the Registrar and the Deputy Commissioner of Police.
—(1) Any registration document or licence issued by the Registrar in respect of any vehicle shall be prima facie evidence of the registration of the vehicle or of the fact that the vehicle was licensed for the period specified in the licence, as the case may be.
(2) When in any proceedings for an offence under this Act it is necessary to prove —
that a vehicle was, or was not, registered in the name of any person;
that any person was, or was not, the registered owner of a vehicle; or
that any person was, or was not, the holder of a licence granted under this Act,
a certificate purporting to be signed by the Registrar or the Deputy Commissioner of Police, as the case may be, and certifying the matters aforesaid shall be admissible as evidence, and shall constitute prima facie proof of the facts certified in the certificate, without proof of the signature of the Registrar or the Deputy Commissioner of Police, as the case may be, to the certificate.
(3) When in any proceedings for an offence under this Act any question arises as to whether a vehicle does, or does not, comply with any of the provisions of this Act relating to the construction, equipment or conditions of use of the vehicle, a certificate from an officer of the Registrar’s office that he has examined the vehicle and the result of the examination shall be admissible in evidence, and shall be sufficient prima facie evidence of any fact or opinion stated therein relating to the construction, equipment or conditions of use of the vehicle.
(4) The officer may not be called for cross-examination on the certificate unless contrary evidence is given which appears to the court to be credible, or unless for any reason the court considers cross-examination to be necessary or desirable in the interests of justice.
(5) In any case in which the prosecution intends to give in evidence any such certificate, there shall be delivered to the defendant a copy thereof not less than 10 clear days before the commencement of the trial.
(6) When in any proceedings it is necessary to prove the weight unladen or laden of any vehicle, or the weight of any load carried on any vehicle, a certificate purporting to be signed by any public officer in charge of the weighbridge or weighing machine on which such vehicle or load was weighed, and certifying the weight of the vehicle or load and that the weighbridge or weighing machine had been examined within the previous 12 months and found to be accurate, shall be accepted by any court as prima facie proof of the facts certified in the certificate.
(7) When in any proceedings before any court it is necessary to prove that any police officer, public officer or the Registrar or the Deputy Commissioner of Police, as the case may be, has sent or served, or has received or has not received, any badge, document, licence, notice, plate or other thing, a certificate purporting to be signed by the police officer, public officer or the Registrar or the Deputy Commissioner of Police, as the case may be, and certifying the sending, service, reception or non-reception, as the case may be, of the badge, document, licence, notice, plate or thing, shall be admissible as evidence, and shall constitute prima facie proof of the facts certified in the certificate, without proof of the signature of that certificate.
(8) Where in any proceedings for an offence under this Act relating to the maximum speed at which motor vehicles may be driven it is necessary to prove the speed at which the vehicle has been driven, a certificate, purporting to be signed by a police officer not below the rank of inspector who was in charge of the apparatus, instrument or appliance used to measure, at a distance from such vehicle, the speed at which the vehicle was driven and certifying that the apparatus, instrument or appliance had been examined within the previous 3 months and found to be accurate, shall be accepted by any court as prima facie proof of the facts certified in the certificate.
139A. Where any notice, order or other document required or authorised by this Act to be served on any person requires authentication, the signature of the Deputy Commissioner of Police, the Registrar, a police officer or an employee of the Authority or an official facsimile of such signature appended to such notice, order or document shall be sufficient authentication.
—(1) The appropriate Minister may make rules —
for prescribing the language and script in which any traffic sign, notice, record, application, return or other documents shall be written;
for any purpose for which rules may be made under this Act;
for prescribing anything which may be prescribed under this Act;
generally for the purpose of carrying this Act into effect; and
for prescribing penalties (not exceeding those provided by section 131) for any breach or failure to comply with any such rules.
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), the appropriate Minister may make rules with respect to any of the following matters or for any of the following purposes:
regulating the relative position in the roadway of traffic of differing speeds or types;
prescribing the conditions subject to which and the times at which, articles of exceptionally heavy weight or exceptionally large dimensions may be carried along roads;
regulating the loads which may be carried on vehicles and prescribing the manner in which vehicles on or passing along a road shall be loaded and the precautions to be taken for ensuring the safety of the public in connection therewith;
prescribing the conditions subject to which, and the times at which, articles may be loaded on to or unloaded from vehicles or vehicles of any particular class or description, while on a road;
prescribing the precedence to be observed as between traffic proceeding in the same direction, or in opposite directions, or when crossing;
prescribing the conditions subject to which, and the times at which, horses, cattle, sheep and other animals may be led or driven on or along a road;
prescribing the conditions subject to which vehicles, or vehicles of any particular class or description, may be left unattended on a road;
prohibiting animals from being left unattended or not under due control on a road;
restricting the use of vehicles and animals, of sandwichmen and other persons on roads for the purposes of advertisement of such a nature or in such a manner as to be likely to be a source of danger or to cause obstruction to traffic;
restricting and regulating the use on roads of vehicles engaged in the erection, placing, removal, alteration or repair of lamps, overhead cables or road or street works;
restricting or prohibiting the washing of vehicles and animals on any road;
prescribing the lights to be carried on vehicles other than motor vehicles, or on any particular class or description of such vehicles, including the nature of such lights, the position in which they shall be fixed and the period during which they must be lighted;
prescribing and restricting the number and kind of brakes, bells, horns or other warning instruments to be fitted to vehicles of any particular kind or description;
prescribing the number of persons who may be carried upon pedal bicycles or pedal tricycles while on any road; and
prescribing the general behaviour of traffic on roads.
—(1) All rules made under this Act shall be presented to Parliament as soon as possible after publication in the Gazette.
(2) If a resolution is passed pursuant to a motion notice whereof has been given for a sitting day not later than the first available sitting day of Parliament next after the expiry of one month from the date when the rules are so presented annulling the rules or any part thereof as from a specified date, the rules or such part thereof, as the case may be, shall thereupon become void as from that date but without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done thereunder or to the making of new rules.
142. The appropriate Minister may, from time to time by order and either generally or for any period delimited in such order and subject to such conditions as may in the order be stated, exempt from any provision of this Act any person or class or description of persons or any vehicle or class or description of vehicles.
—(1) The Deputy Commissioner of Police may from time to time issue police orders, prescribing the routes, entrances and exits by which traffic shall approach or leave any place of assembly or public resort, and prescribing where and the order in which vehicles shall park while waiting at such places.
(2) An order made under this section may prescribe a parking place or places upon land in private ownership if the owner or occupier of such land consents.
(3) The Deputy Commissioner of Police may, with the consent of the owner or occupier of any place of assembly or public resort, authorise any police officer in uniform to regulate the movement of traffic in such place.
(4) Any person who —
contravenes any order made under this section; or
neglects or refuses to stop a vehicle or to make it proceed in or keep to a particular line of traffic or neglects or refuses himself to proceed in or keep to a particular line of traffic when directed to do so by a police officer authorised under this section to regulate traffic,
shall be guilty of an offence.
(5) Police orders issued under this section shall be published in the Gazette and may be published in such other manner as the Deputy Commissioner of Police may think fit.
—(1) Every driver or conductor of a public service vehicle shall immediately deposit at a police station or at the office of the Registrar all money or other property left in any public service vehicle of which he is in charge and not claimed by the owner thereof.
(2) Any driver or conductor who neglects or omits to so deposit all money or other property shall be guilty of an offence.
(3) The Authority may make rules for the disposal of money or other property deposited at a police station or the office of the Registrar under subsection (1).
145. The Road Traffic (Amendment) Act 2002 (Act 21 of 2002) shall not affect any driving licence which was granted or renewed before 16th December 2002 and which, on that date remains in force, and the relevant provisions of this Act in force immediately before 16th December 2002 shall continue to apply to such a driving licence until its expiration, as if the Road Traffic (Amendment) Act 2002 had not been enacted.