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Contents  

Long Title

Part I PRELIMINARY

Part II INTERPRETATION

Part III COPYRIGHT IN ORIGINAL LITERARY, DRAMATIC, MUSICAL AND ARTISTIC WORKS

Division 1 — Nature, Duration and Ownership of Copyright in Works

Division 2 — Infringement of Copyright In Works

Division 3 — Acts not Constituting Infringements of Copyright Works

Division 4 — Acts not Constituting Infringements of Copyright in Literary, Dramatic and Musical Works

Division 5 — Copying of Works in Libraries

Division 6 — Copying of Works for Educational Purposes

Division 7 — Copying of Works in Institutions Assisting Persons with Reading Disabilities and Institutions Assisting Intellectually Handicapped Readers

Division 8 — Recording of Musical Works

Division 9 — Acts not Constituting Infringements of Copyright in Artistic Works

Division 10 — Designs

Division 11 — Works of Joint Authorship

Part IV COPYRIGHT IN SUBJECT-MATTER OTHER THAN WORKS

Division 1 — Preliminary

Division 2 — Nature of Copyright in Subject-Matter other than Works

Division 3 — Subject-Matter, other than Works, in which Copyright Subsists

Division 4 — Duration of Copyright in Subject-Matter other than Works

Division 5 — Ownership of Copyright in Subject-Matter other than Works

Division 6 — Infringement of Copyright in Subject-Matter other than Works

Division 7 — Miscellaneous

Part V REMEDIES FOR INFRINGEMENTS OF COPYRIGHT

Division 1 — Preliminary

Division 2 — Actions by Owner of Copyright

Division 3 — Proceedings where Copyright is subject to Exclusive Licence

Division 4 — Proof of Facts in Copyright Proceedings

Division 5 — Offences

Division 6 — Border Enforcement Measures

Division 7 — Powers of Search

Division 8 — Miscellaneous

Part VI COMPULSORY LICENCES FOR TRANSLATION AND REPRODUCTION OF CERTAIN WORKS

Part VII COPYRIGHT TRIBUNALS

Division 1 — Preliminary

Division 2 — Constitution of Tribunal

Division 3 — Inquiries by, and Applications and References to, Tribunal

Division 4 — Procedure and Evidence

Division 5 — Miscellaneous

Part VIII EXTENSION OR RESTRICTION OF THIS ACT

Part IX FALSE ATTRIBUTION OF AUTHORSHIP

Part IXA WORKS, OR OTHER SUBJECT-MATTER, IN ELECTRONIC FORM

Part X MISCELLANEOUS

Part XI TRANSITIONAL

Division 1 — Preliminary

Division 2 — Original Works

Division 3 — Subject-Matter other than Works

Division 4 — Miscellaneous

Division 5 — Works made before 1st July 1912

Part XII PERFORMERS’ PROTECTION

Part XIII RIGHTS MANAGEMENT INFORMATION

Part XIIIA CIRCUMVENTION OF TECHNOLOGICAL MEASURES

Part XIV TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS UNDER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (MISCELLANEOUS AMENDMENTS) ACT 2004

Part XV SAVINGS AND TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS UNDER COPYRIGHT (AMENDMENT) ACT 2004

THE SCHEDULE False Registration of Industrial Designs

Legislative Source Key

Legislative History

Comparative Table

Comparative Table

 
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On 27/07/2017, you requested the version in force on 27/07/2017 incorporating all amendments published on or before 27/07/2017. The closest version currently available is that of 31/03/2015.
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Division 1 — Nature, Duration and Ownership of Copyright in Works
Nature of copyright in original works
26.
—(1)  For the purposes of this Act, unless the contrary intention appears, copyright, in relation to a work, is the exclusive right —
(a)
in the case of a literary, dramatic or musical work, to do all or any of the following acts:
(i)
to reproduce the work in a material form;
(ii)
to publish the work if the work is unpublished;
(iii)
to perform the work in public;
(iv)
to communicate the work to the public;
(v)
to make an adaptation of the work;
(vi)
to do, in relation to a work that is an adaptation of the first-mentioned work, any of the acts specified in relation to the first-mentioned work in sub-paragraphs (i) to (v);
(b)
in the case of an artistic work, to do all or any of the following acts:
(i)
to reproduce the work in a material form;
(ii)
to publish the work in Singapore or any country in relation to which this Act applies, if the work is unpublished;
(iii)
to communicate the work to the public; and
(c)
in the case of a computer program, to enter into a commercial rental arrangement in respect of the program unless the program is not the essential object of the rental.
[6/98; 52/2004]
(2)  Subsection (1)(c) shall not extend to entry into a commercial rental arrangement in respect of a machine or device in which a computer program is embodied if the program is not able to be copied in the course of the ordinary use of the machine or device.
[6/98]
(3)  The reference in subsection (2) to a device shall not include a device of a kind ordinarily used to store computer programs, such as a floppy disc, a device of the kind commonly known as a CD ROM, or an integrated circuit.
[6/98]
(4)  Subsection (1)(c) shall not extend to entry into a commercial rental arrangement in respect of a computer program if —
(a)
the copy of the computer program, not being an infringing copy, was purchased by a person (referred to in this subsection as the program owner) before 16th April 1998;
(b)
the commercial rental arrangement is entered into in the ordinary course of a business conducted by the program owner; and
(c)
the program owner was conducting the same business, or another business that consisted of, or included, the making of commercial rental arrangements in respect of computer programs, when the copy was purchased.
[6/98]
[Aust. 1968, s. 31]
Original works in which copyright subsists
27.
—(1)  Subject to the provisions of this Act, copyright shall subsist in an original literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work that is unpublished and of which the author —
(a)
was a qualified person at the time when the work was made; or
(b)
if the making of the work extended over a period — was a qualified person for a substantial part of that period.
(2)  Subject to the provisions of this Act, where an original literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work has been published —
(a)
copyright shall subsist in the work; or
(b)
if copyright in the work subsisted immediately before its first publication, copyright shall continue to subsist in the work,
if, but only if —
(c)
the first publication of the work took place in Singapore;
(d)
the author of the work was a qualified person at the time when the work was first published; or
(e)
the author died before that time but was a qualified person immediately before his death.
(3)  Notwithstanding subsection (2) but subject to the remaining provisions of this Act, copyright shall subsist in —
(a)
an original artistic work that is a building situated in Singapore; or
(b)
an original artistic work that is attached to, or forms part of, such a building.
(4)  In this section, “qualified person” means a citizen of Singapore or a person resident in Singapore.
[Aust. 1968, s. 32]
Duration of copyright in original works
28.
—(1)  This section shall have effect subject to sections 27(2) and 29.
(2)  Subject to this section, where, by virtue of this Part, copyright subsists in a literary, dramatic or musical work, or in an artistic work other than a photograph, that copyright shall continue to subsist until the expiration of 70 years after the expiration of the calendar year in which the author of the work died.
[21/2004]
(3)  If, before the death of the author of a literary, dramatic or musical work —
(a)
the work had not been published;
(b)
the work had not been performed in public;
(c)
the work had not been broadcast;
(d)
the work had not been included in a cable programme; and
(e)
records of the work had not been offered or exposed for sale to the public,
the copyright in the work shall continue to subsist until the expiration of 70 years after the expiration of the calendar year in which the work is first published, performed in public, or broadcast, or included in a cable programme, or records of the work are first offered or exposed for sale to the public, whichever is the earliest of those events to happen.
[21/2004]
(4)  A reference in subsection (3) to the doing of an act in relation to a work shall be read as including a reference to the doing of that act in relation to an adaptation of the work.
(5)  If, before the death of the author of an engraving, the engraving had not been published, the copyright in the engraving shall continue to subsist until the expiration of 70 years after the expiration of the calendar year in which the engraving is first published.
[21/2004]
(6)  Copyright subsisting in a photograph by virtue of this Part shall continue to subsist until the expiration of 70 years after the expiration of the calendar year in which the photograph is first published.
[21/2004]
[Aust. 1968, s. 33]
Duration of copyright in anonymous and pseudonymous work
29.
—(1)  Subject to subsection (2), where the first publication of a literary, dramatic or musical work, or of an artistic work other than a photograph, is anonymous or pseudonymous, section 28 shall not apply in relation to the work but any copyright subsisting in the work by virtue of this Part shall continue to subsist until the expiration of the period of 70 years after the expiration of the calendar year in which the work was first published.
[21/2004]
(2)  Subsection (1) shall not apply in relation to a work if at any time before the expiration of the period referred to in that subsection, the identity of the author of the work is generally known or can be ascertained by reasonable inquiry.
[Aust. 1968, s. 34]
Ownership of copyright in original works
30.
—(1)  This section shall have effect subject to Part X.
(2)  Subject to this section, the author of a literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work shall be entitled to any copyright subsisting in the work by virtue of this Part.
(3)  The operation of subsection (4), (5) or (6) in relation to copyright in a particular work may be excluded or modified by agreement.
(4)  Where a literary, dramatic or artistic work is made by the author in pursuance of the terms of his employment by the proprietor of a newspaper, magazine or similar periodical under a contract of service or apprenticeship and is so made for the purpose of publication in a newspaper, magazine or similar periodical, the proprietor shall be entitled to any copyright subsisting in the work by virtue of this Part insofar as the copyright relates to —
(a)
publication of the work in any newspaper, magazine or similar periodical; or
(b)
reproduction of the work for the purpose of its being so published,
but not otherwise.
(5)  Subject to subsection (4), where —
(a)
a person makes, for valuable consideration, an agreement with another person for the taking of a photograph, the painting or drawing of a portrait or the making of an engraving by the other person; and
(b)
the work is made in pursuance of the agreement,
the first-mentioned person shall be entitled to any copyright subsisting in the work by virtue of this Part, except that if the work is required for any particular purpose, that purpose shall be communicated to that other person and that other person shall be entitled to restrain the doing, otherwise than for that particular purpose, of any act comprised in the copyright in the work.
(6)  Where a literary, dramatic or artistic work to which subsections (4) and (5) do not apply, or a musical work, is made by the author in pursuance of the terms of his employment by another person under a contract of service or apprenticeship, that other person shall be entitled to any copyright subsisting in the work by virtue of this Part.
[Aust. 1968, s. 35]