—(1) A court may issue a search warrant if —
it is not known who possesses that document or thing; or
the court considers that a general or specific search or inspection will serve the purposes of justice or of any investigation, inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Code.
(2) Nothing in this section shall authorise any court other than the High Court to grant a warrant to search for a document in the custody of the Postal Authority or a public postal licensee.
25. If a court, upon information and after such inquiry as it thinks necessary, has reason to believe that any place is used —
for the deposit or sale or manufacture of any forged document, false seal, counterfeit stamp or coin, or any instrument or material for counterfeiting any coin or stamp or for forging; or
for the concealing, keeping or depositing of any stolen property or property unlawfully obtained, forged document, false seal, counterfeit stamp or coin, or any instrument or material used for counterfeiting any coin or stamp or for forging,
the court may by warrant authorise the person or persons to whom it is issued —
to enter that place with such assistance as may be required;
to search it in the manner, if any, specified in the warrant;
to take possession of any goods, property, document, seal, stamp or coin found in it which any of those persons reasonably suspects to be the subject of an offence committed under section 4, 5 or 6 of the Consumer Protection (Trade Descriptions and Safety Requirements) Act or to be stolen, unlawfully obtained, forged, false or counterfeit, and also of any such instrument and material as aforesaid;
to convey any such goods, property, document, seal, stamp, coin, instrument or material before a Magistrate’s Court, or to guard the same on the spot until the offender is taken before a Magistrate’s Court, or otherwise to dispose thereof in some place of safety; and
to take into custody and produce before a Magistrate’s Court every person found in that place who appears to have been privy to the deposit, sale or manufacture or keeping of any such goods, property, document, seal, stamp, coin, instrument or material knowing or having reasonable cause to suspect —
the property to have been stolen or otherwise unlawfully obtained;
the document, seal, stamp or coin to have been forged, falsified or counterfeited; or
the instrument or material to have been or to be intended to be used for counterfeiting any coin or stamp or for forging.
—(1) A search warrant issued by a court under this Code must be in writing bearing the seal of the court, and signed by a Magistrate or District Judge, as the case may be, or in the case of the High Court, by a Judge of the High Court or by the Registrar of the Supreme Court.
(2) A search warrant must ordinarily be issued to the Commissioner of Police and to one or more other police officers to be designated by name in the warrant, and all or any of those police officers may execute it.
(3) The court may in appropriate circumstances issue a search warrant to one or more named persons who are not police officers, and all or any of those persons may execute it.
(4) The court may, if it thinks fit, specify in a search warrant the particular place or part of it to be searched or inspected, and the person charged with executing the warrant must then search or inspect only the specified place or part thereof.
(5) A search warrant is subject to such conditions as may be specified by the court and shall remain in force for the number of days stated in the warrant.
—(1) Subject to subsection (3), the Board may by order revoke any licence granted to a corporation, partnership or limited liability partnership if in the opinion of the Board —
the corporation, partnership or limited liability partnership has failed to comply with any of the conditions imposed by the Board under section 18;
in relation to a corporation, the memorandum or articles of association of the corporation have been so altered that they no longer include the restrictions, limitations or prohibitions of the kind specified in section 17(1) or (2), whichever is applicable;
in relation to a partnership, a person who is neither —
a registered surveyor who has in force a practising certificate; nor
an allied professional who has in force a practising certificate,
has a beneficial interest in the capital assets and profits of the partnership;
in relation to a limited liability partnership, the limited liability partnership no longer satisfies the requirements of section 17(4);
the licence had been obtained by fraud or misrepresentation;
the corporation, partnership or limited liability partnership has ceased to supply survey services in Singapore;
the corporation, partnership or limited liability partnership has contravened any provision of the prescribed code of professional conduct and ethics;
the conduct of any director, manager or employee of the corporation, or any partner, manager or employee of the partnership or limited liability partnership, affords grounds for believing that the corporation, partnership or limited liability partnership, as the case may be, will not engage in survey work in Singapore in accordance with the written law and with honesty and integrity;
the corporation, partnership or limited liability partnership has refused or failed to comply with an order of the Board made under subsection (2); or
(2) The Board may, in any case in which it considers that no cause of sufficient gravity for revoking a licence exists —
by order impose on the corporation, partnership or limited liability partnership concerned a penalty not exceeding $20,000 and every such penalty shall be recoverable as a debt due to the Board; or
order the corporation, partnership or limited liability partnership to pay the cost of any correction to its cadastral survey incurred by the Chief Surveyor.
(3) The Board shall not exercise its powers under subsection (1) or (2) unless —
an opportunity of being heard by a representative in writing or by counsel had been given to the corporation, partnership or limited liability partnership against whom the Board intends to exercise its powers; and
at least 3 members of the Board are present at the hearing.
(4) Where the Board has revoked a licence under this section, it shall immediately inform the corporation, partnership or limited liability partnership concerned.
(5) Any order of revocation made by the Board shall not take effect until the expiration of 30 days after the Board has informed the corporation, partnership or limited liability partnership concerned and if within that period the corporation, partnership or limited liability partnership gives due notice of appeal to the High Court, the order shall not take effect unless the order is confirmed by the Court or the appeal is for any reason dismissed by the Court.
(6) Where an order of revocation becomes effective —
the Registrar shall cause notice of the revocation to be published in the Gazette and shall cancel the entry in the register of licensees relating to the corporation, partnership or limited liability partnership concerned; and
the corporation, partnership or limited liability partnership concerned shall, as from the date of the notice, cease to supply survey services in Singapore except as may be approved by the Board for the purpose of winding up its business.
[35/98; 34/99; 2/2007]
28. Where the Board has made —
an order of cancellation of registration or suspension from practice under section 25 against a registered surveyor;
an order of revocation of a licence under section 27 against a corporation, partnership or limited liability partnership; or
the registered surveyor, corporation, partnership or limited liability partnership concerned may, within 30 days after the order or penalty has been communicated to him or it, appeal to the High Court whose decision shall be final.
29. The Board may, in its discretion, after the expiration of not less than one year from the cancellation of registration of any person, consider any application for registration by that person in accordance with the provisions of Part IV.
—(1) For the purposes of any investigation by an Investigation Committee or any hearing under section 25 or 27 by the Board, the Investigation Committee or the Board may —
require evidence to be given on oath and for that purpose the Chairman of the Investigation Committee or any member of the Board, as the case may be, may administer an oath; and
require any person to attend and give evidence before it and to produce all books, documents and papers in the custody of that person or under his control relating to the subject-matter of the investigation or hearing.
(2) Every person who, without lawful excuse, refuses or fails —
to attend and give evidence when required to do so by the Investigation Committee or the Board;
to answer truly and fully any question put to him by a member of the Investigation Committee or the Board; or
to produce to the Investigation Committee or the Board any book, document or paper required of him,
shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $2,000.
—(1) Where a police officer or other person executing any search under this Division demands entry or access to a place liable to search under this Division, the occupier or any person in charge of the place must allow him free entry or access and provide all reasonable facilities for a search in it.
(2) If free entry or access to that place cannot be obtained under subsection (1), it shall be lawful in any case for the police officer or other person executing the search warrant to break open any outer or inner door or window of any place or to use any other reasonable means in order to gain entry or access into the place.
—(1) If information is given to any police officer of or above the rank of sergeant that there is reasonable cause for suspecting that any stolen property is concealed or lodged in any place and he has good grounds for believing that by reason of the delay in obtaining a search warrant such property is likely to be removed, he may search for the property alleged to have been stolen in the place specified without a search warrant.
(2) A list of all the articles found upon a search conducted under subsection (1) and alleged to have been stolen or missing shall be delivered or taken down in writing with a declaration stating that an offence of theft, extortion, robbery, criminal misappropriation, criminal breach of trust or cheating has been committed and that the informant has good grounds for believing that the property is deposited in that place.
(3) The person who lost the property or his representative shall accompany the officer in the search for that property under subsection (1) unless that person or his representative cannot be found without unreasonable delay.
—(1) The Commissioner of Police may authorise any police officer in writing to enter any place in the circumstances mentioned in subsection (2) to search, seize and secure any property which the police officer believes to have been stolen as if the police officer had a search warrant for the property seized.
(2) The circumstances referred to in subsection (1) are —
when the place to be searched is, or has in the 12 months preceding the search been, occupied or used by any person who has been convicted of the offence of receiving stolen property or of harbouring thieves; or
when the place to be searched is occupied or used by any person who has been convicted of any offence involving fraud or dishonesty punishable with imprisonment.
(3) In authorising any police officer under subsection (1), it is not necessary for the Commissioner of Police to specify any particular property if he has reason to believe generally that the place to be searched is being made a storage for stolen property.
—(1) A police officer investigating an arrestable offence may, without a search warrant, search or cause a search to be made for a document or other thing in any place if —
he considers the document or thing to be necessary for his investigation and if he has reason to believe that a person who has been or may be issued with an order under section 20(1) will not or is unlikely to produce the document or thing or give access thereto as directed in the order;
he has reason to believe that the document or thing, which he considers to be necessary for his investigation, is likely to be removed; or
it is not known who possesses the document or thing which he considers to be necessary for his investigation.
(2) The police officer in subsection (1) shall, if reasonably practicable, conduct the search in person.
(3) The provisions of this Code relating to searches pursuant to search warrants shall, with the necessary modifications, apply to a search made under this section.
—(1) A police officer may seize, or prohibit the disposal of or dealing in, any property —
in respect of which an offence is suspected to have been committed;
which is suspected to have been used or intended to be used to commit an offence; or
which is suspected to constitute evidence of an offence.
(2) If the property liable to be seized under subsection (1) is held or suspected to be held in an account or a safe deposit box in a financial institution, a police officer of or above the rank of inspector may, by written order —
direct the financial institution to deliver the property to any police officer; or
direct the financial institution not to allow any dealings in respect of the property in such account or safe deposit box for such period as may be specified in the order.
(3) A police officer to whom any property has been delivered under subsection (2)(a) must, as soon as is reasonably practicable, make a report of his receipt of the property at a police station.
(4) A police officer may exercise the powers conferred under this section notwithstanding any provision in any other law relating to the seizure of, or the prohibition of any disposal of or dealing in, any property.
(5) Where any property held in an account in a financial institution is subject to a written order made by a police officer under subsection (2)(b) —
any interest or other earnings on such account, or any other payments, may be credited into such account after the date on which the written order was made; and
any such interest, other earnings or payments shall be deemed to be subject to that same written order.
(6) Any financial institution which contravenes an order made under subsection (2)(a) or (b) shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $3,000.
(7) A court may —
subsequent to an order of a police officer made under subsection (2); and
on the application of any person who is prevented from dealing with property,
order the release of such property or any part of such property.
(8) The court shall only order a release of property under subsection (7) if it is satisfied that —
such release is necessary for the payment of basic expenses, including any payment for foodstuff, rent, the discharge of a mortgage, medicine, medical treatment, taxes, insurance premiums and public utility charges;
such release is necessary exclusively for —
the payment of reasonable professional fees and the reimbursement of any expenses incurred in connection with the provision of legal services; or
the payment of fees or service charges imposed for the routine holding or maintenance of the property which the person is prevented from dealing in;
such release is necessary for the payment of any extraordinary expenses;
the property is the subject of any judicial, administrative or arbitral lien or judgment, in which case the property may be used to satisfy such lien or judgment, provided that the lien or judgment arose or was entered before the order was made under subsection (2)(b); or
such release is necessary, where the person is a company incorporated in Singapore, for any day-to-day operations of the company.
(9) In this section, property in respect of which an offence is suspected to have been committed and property which is suspected to have been used or intended to be used to commit an offence include —
such property as was originally in the possession or under the control of any person;
any property into or for which the property which was originally in the possession or under the control of any person has been converted or exchanged and anything acquired by such conversion or exchange, whether immediately or otherwise; and
if the property referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) is money kept in an account in a financial institution, any interest or other earnings on such account or any other payment which is credited into such account after the date —
on which the offence is suspected to have been committed; or
on which the property is suspected to have been used or intended to be used to commit an offence.
—(1) Any police officer of or above the rank of sergeant, upon being satisfied that any person has in his possession —
any counterfeit coin or current coin or any die, instrument or material for the purpose of counterfeiting any coin or current coin; or
any forged or counterfeit currency note or bank note or any machinery, instrument or material used for the forging or counterfeiting of any currency note or bank note,
may, without warrant and with or without assistance, enter and search any place where any such coin, currency note or bank note or any such die, machinery, instrument or material is kept and seize any such coin, note, die, machinery, instrument or material.
(2) Anything seized under subsection (1) shall, by order of the court before which any person is tried relating to such possession, or where there is no trial, by order of a Magistrate, be forfeited and shall be destroyed or otherwise disposed of in such manner as the Minister may direct.
(3) In this section, “coin”, “current coin”, “die” and “instrument” have the same meanings as in the Penal Code (Cap. 224).
—(1) All fees, penalties and other moneys payable under this Act shall be paid to the Board to be applied —
in the first place to defraying the expenses incurred by the Board in the administration of this Act, including the remuneration of the Registrar and other officers and employees of the Board; and
(2) The Registrar shall take and receive all moneys payable to the Board under this Act.
(3) All fees and other moneys payable to the Board under this Act shall be paid immediately into a bank account approved by the Minister.
(4) The Board may invest its moneys in accordance with the standard investment power of statutory bodies as defined in section 33A of the Interpretation Act (Cap. 1).
(5) The Board shall keep full and proper accounts of all moneys received and expended by it and the accounts shall be audited by an auditor approved by the Minister.
34. Any person who —
wilfully makes or causes to be made any false entry in or falsification of any register kept and maintained under this Act;
wilfully procures or attempts to procure —
for any corporation, partnership or limited liability partnership any licence; or
for himself or any other person a practising certificate or to be registered as a surveyor under this Act,
by making or producing or causing to be made or produced any false or fraudulent representation or declaration, either verbally or in writing, or by intentionally suppressing any material fact and furnishing information which is misleading; or
shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $4,000.
35. Where a corporation, partnership, limited liability partnership or an unincorporated association of persons is guilty of an offence under this Act and that offence is proved to have been committed with the authority, consent or connivance of any director, manager, partner, secretary or other similar officer of the corporation, partnership, limited liability partnership or association or any person who was purporting to act in any such capacity, he, as well as the corporation, partnership, limited liability partnership or association, shall be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.
—(1) For the purposes of investigating an arrestable offence, the Public Prosecutor may by order authorise a police officer or an authorised person to exercise, in addition to the powers under section 39, all or any of the powers under this section.
(2) The police officer or authorised person referred to in subsection (1) shall be entitled to —
access any information, code or technology which has the capability of retransforming or unscrambling encrypted data into readable and comprehensible format or text for the purposes of investigating the arrestable offence;
any person whom he reasonably suspects of using a computer in connection with an arrestable offence or of having used it in this way; or
any person having charge of, or otherwise concerned with the operation of, such computer,
to provide him with such reasonable technical and other assistance as he may require for the purposes of paragraph (a); and
require any person whom he reasonably suspects to be in possession of any decryption information to grant him access to such decryption information as may be necessary to decrypt any data required for the purposes of investigating the arrestable offence.
(3) Any person who obstructs the lawful exercise by a police officer or an authorised person of the powers under subsection (2)(a) or who fails to comply with any requirement of the police officer or authorised person under subsection (2)(b) or (c) shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 years or to both.
(4) Where a person is convicted of an offence under subsection (3) and it is shown that the encrypted data contains evidence relevant to the planning, preparation or commission of a specified serious offence, he shall, in lieu of the punishment prescribed under subsection (3) —
be liable to be punished with the same punishment prescribed for that specified serious offence, except that the punishment imposed shall not exceed a fine of $50,000 or imprisonment for a term not exceeding 10 years or both; or
be liable to a fine not exceeding $50,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 10 years or to both where the specified serious offence is punishable on conviction with death or imprisonment for life.
(5) For the purposes of subsection (4) but subject to subsection (6), “specified serious offence” means an offence under any of the following written laws:
any written law which provides for any offence involving the causing of death or bodily harm;
any written law relating to actions or the threat of actions prejudicial to national security;
any written law relating to radiological or biological weapons;
the Corrosive and Explosive Substances and Offensive Weapons Act (Cap. 65);
the Protected Areas and Protected Places Act (Cap. 256);
the Terrorism (Suppression of Financing) Act (Cap. 325);
the United Nations (Anti-Terrorism Measures) Regulations (Cap. 339, Rg 1); and
such other written law as the Minister may, by order published in the Gazette, specify.
(6) No offence shall be a specified serious offence for the purposes of subsection (4) unless the maximum punishment prescribed for that offence, whether for a first or subsequent conviction, is —
imprisonment for a term of 5 years or more;
imprisonment for life; or
(7) In proceedings against any person for an offence under this section, if it is shown that that person was in possession of any decryption information at any time before the time of the request for access to such information, that person shall be presumed for the purposes of those proceedings to have continued to be in possession of that decryption information at all subsequent times, unless it is shown that the decryption information —
was not in his possession at the time the request was made; and
continued not to be in his possession after the request was made.
(8) A person who had acted in good faith or in compliance with a requirement under subsection (2) shall not be liable in any criminal or civil proceedings for any loss or damage resulting from the act.
(9) In this section —
“data” means representations of information or of concepts that are being prepared or have been prepared in a form suitable for use in a computer;
“decryption information” means information, code or technology or part thereof that enables or facilitates the retransformation or unscrambling of encrypted data from its unreadable and incomprehensible format to its plain text version;
“encrypted data” means data which has been transformed or scrambled from its plain text version to an unreadable or incomprehensible format, regardless of the technique utilised for such transformation or scrambling and irrespective of the medium in which such data occurs or can be found for the purposes of protecting the content of such data;
“plain text version” means the original data before it has been transformed or scrambled to an unreadable or incomprehensible format.