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Contents  

Part I PRELIMINARY

Part II REGISTRATION AND MARKING OF AIRCRAFT

Part III AIRWORTHINESS AND EQUIPMENT OF AIRCRAFT

Part IV AIRCRAFT CREW AND LICENSING

Part V OPERATION OF AIRCRAFT

Part VI AIRCRAFT NOISE

Part VII FATIGUE OF CREW

Part VIIA EXHIBITIONS OF FLYING

Part VIII DOCUMENTS AND RECORDS

Part IX CONTROL OF AIR TRAFFIC

Part X AERODROMES, AERONAUTICAL LIGHTS AND DANGEROUS LIGHTS

Part XI GENERAL

FIRST SCHEDULE

SECOND SCHEDULE A, B and C Conditions

THIRD SCHEDULE Categories of Aircraft

FOURTH SCHEDULE Maintenance Engineers: Privileges of Licences

FIFTH SCHEDULE Aircraft Equipment

SIXTH SCHEDULE Radio Equipment to be Carried in Aircraft

SEVENTH SCHEDULE Aircraft, Engine and Propeller Log Books

EIGHTH SCHEDULE Flight Crew of Aircraft: Licences and Ratings

NINTH SCHEDULE Public Transport — Operational Requirements

TENTH  SCHEDULE Documents to be Carried by Aircraft Registered in Singapore

ELEVENTH  SCHEDULE Rules of the Air and Air Traffic Control

TWELFTH  SCHEDULE Fees

THIRTEENTH  SCHEDULE Penalties

FOURTEENTH  SCHEDULE Medical Requirements

FIFTEENTH  SCHEDULE

SIXTEENTH  SCHEDULE Minimum Navigation Performance Specifications — Specified Airspace and Navigation Performance Capability

Legislative History

 
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NINTH SCHEDULE
Public Transport — Operational Requirements
Part A
Operations Manual
Paragraph 25
1.  Information and instructions relating to the following matters shall be included in the operations manual referred to in paragraph 25(2) of the Order:
(a)
the number of the crew to be carried in the aircraft, on each stage of any route to be flown, and the respective capacities in which they are to act, and instructions as to the order and circumstances in which command is to be assumed by members of the crew;
(b)
the respective duties of each member of the crew and the other members of the operating staff;
(c)
the particulars of the scheme referred to in paragraph 53(1)(c)(i) of the Order;
(d)
such technical particulars concerning the aircraft, its engines and equipment and concerning the performance of the aircraft as may be necessary to enable the flight crew of the aircraft to perform their respective duties;
(e)
the manner in which the quantities of fuel and oil to be carried by the aircraft are to be computed and records of fuel and oil carried and consumed on each stage of the route to be flown are to be maintained; the instructions shall take account of circumstances likely to be encountered on the flight including the possibility of failure of one or more of the aircraft engines;
(f)
the manner in which the quantity of oxygen, if any, and oxygen equipment to be carried in the aircraft for the purpose of complying with Scales K1 and K2 in the Fifth Schedule is to be computed;
(g)
the check system to be followed by the crew of the aircraft prior to and on take-off, on landing and in an emergency, so as to ensure that the operating procedures contained in the operations manual and in the flight manual or performance schedule forming part of the relevant Certificate of Airworthiness are complied with;
(h)
the circumstances in which a radio watch is to be maintained;
(i)
the circumstances in which oxygen is to be used by the crew of the aircraft, and by passengers;
(j)
communication, navigational aids, aerodromes, local regulations, inflight procedures, approach and landing procedures and such other information as the operator may deem necessary for the proper conduct of flight operations; the information referred to in this paragraph shall be contained in a route guide, which may be in the form of a separate volume;
(k)
the reporting in flight to the notified authorities of meteorological observations;
(l)
the minimum altitudes for safe flight on each stage of the route to be flown and any planned diversion therefrom, such minimum altitudes being not lower than any which may be applicable under the law of Singapore or of the countries whose territory is to be flown over;
(m)
such matters as may be prescribed relating to weather conditions for take-offs and landings;
(n)
emergency flight procedures, including procedures for the instruction of passengers in the position and use of emergency equipment, and procedures to be adopted when the commander of the aircraft becomes aware that another aircraft or a vessel is in distress and needs assistance;
(o)
procedures and visual signals for use by intercepting and intercepted aircraft as prescribed in ICAO Annex 2;
[S 581/2003 wef 12/12/2003]
(p)
operational procedures to ensure that an aeroplane being used to conduct precision approaches crosses the threshold by a safe margin, with the aeroplane in the landing configuration and attitude;
(q)
for aeroplanes intended to be operated above 49,000 ft —
(i)
information which will enable the pilot to determine the best course of action to take in the event of exposure to solar cosmic radiation; and
(ii)
procedures in the event that a decision to descent is taken, covering —
(aa)
the necessity to give the appropriate air traffic service (ATS) unit prior warning of the situation and of obtaining a provisional descent clearance;
(bb)
the action to be taken in the event that communication with the ATS unit cannot be established or is interrupted;
(r)
checklist of emergency and safety equipment and instructions for their use;
(s)
information and instructions on the carriage of dangerous goods, including action to be taken in the event of an emergency;
(t)
emergency evacuation procedures;
(u)
safety precaution during refuelling with passengers on board;
(v)
such particulars of any permission granted to the operator pursuant to paragraph 14 as may be necessary to enable the commander of the aircraft to determine whether he can comply with paragraph 31(b)(ii); and
(w)
the labelling and marking of dangerous goods, the manner in which they must be loaded on or suspended beneath an aircraft, the responsibilities of members of the crew in respect of the carriage of dangerous goods and the action to be taken in the event of emergencies arising involving dangerous goods:
[S 384/2000, wef 31/08/20000]
Provided that in relation to any flight which is not one of a series of flights between the same two places it shall be sufficient if, to the extent that it is not practicable to comply with paragraphs (j), ( l) and (m) of this Part, the manual contains such information and instructions as will enable the equivalent data to be ascertained before take-off.
Part B
Crew Training and Tests
Paragraph 27
1.  The training, experience, practice and periodical tests required under paragraph 27(2) of the Order, in the case of members of the crew of an aircraft engaged on a flight for the purpose of public transport shall be as follows:
(1)  The Crew.
Every member of the crew shall —
(a)
have been tested within the relevant period by or on behalf of the operator as to his knowledge of the use of the emergency and life saving equipment required to be carried in the aircraft on the flight;
(b)
have practised within the relevant period under the supervision of the operator or of a person appointed by him for the purpose of carrying out of the duties required of him in case of an emergency occurring to the aircraft, either in an aircraft of the type to be used on the flight or in apparatus approved by the Minister for the purpose and controlled by persons so approved; and
[S 384/2000, wef 31/08/20000]
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
(c)
have been trained in the transport of dangerous goods referred to in paragraph 42.
[S 384/2000, wef 31/08/20000]
[S 423/2010 wef 02/08/2010]
(2)  Pilots.
(a)
Every pilot included in the flight crew who is intended by the operator to fly as pilot in circumstances requiring compliance with Instrument Flight Rules shall within the relevant period have been tested by or on behalf of the operator —
(i)
as to his competence to perform his duties while executing normal manoeuvres and procedures in flight, in an aircraft of the type to be used on the flight, including the use of the instruments and equipment provided in the aircraft; and
(ii)
as to his competence to perform his duties in instrument flight conditions while executing emergency manoeuvres and procedures in flight, in an aircraft of the type to be used on the flight, including the use of the instruments and equipment provided in the aircraft.
(b)
A pilot’s ability to carry out normal manoeuvres and procedures shall be tested in the aircraft in flight. The other tests required by this sub-paragraph may be conducted either in the aircraft in flight or under the supervision of a person approved by the Minister for the purpose, by means of an approved flight simulator.
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
(c)
The tests specified in sub-paragraph (2)(a)(ii) when conducted in the aircraft in flight shall be carried out either in actual instrument flight conditions or in approved simulated instrument flight conditions.
(d)
Every pilot included in the flight crew whose licence does not include an instrument rating or who, notwithstanding the inclusion of such a rating in his licence, is not intended by the operator to fly in the circumstances requiring compliance with the Instrument Flight Rules shall within the relevant period have been tested, by or on behalf of the operator, in flight in an aircraft of the types to be used on the flight —
(i)
as to his competence to act as pilot of the aircraft while executing normal manoeuvres and procedures; and
(ii)
as to his competence to act as pilot of the aircraft while executing emergency manoeuvres and procedures.
(e)
Every pilot included in the flight crew who is seated at the flying controls during take-off or landing shall within the relevant period —
(i)
have been tested as to his proficiency in using instrument approach-to-land systems of the type in use at the aerodrome of intended landing and any alternate aerodromes, such test being carried out either in flight in instrument flight conditions or in approved simulated instrument flight conditions or under the supervision of a person approved by the Minister for the purpose by means of an approved flight simulator; and
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
(ii)
have carried out when seated at the flying controls not less than 3 take-offs and 3 landings in aircraft of the type to be used on the flight or subject to the Minister’s approval, in an approved flight simulator.
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
[S 61/93 wef 19/03/1993]
(3)  Flight Engineers.
Every flight engineer included in the flight crew shall within the relevant period have been tested by or on behalf of the operator, either in flight, or, under the supervision of a person approved by the Minister for the purpose, by means of apparatus on the ground, as to his competence to perform the duties of flight engineer in an aircraft of the type to be used on the flight, including his ability to execute emergency procedures in the course of such duties.
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
(4)  Flight Navigators and Flight Radio Operators.
Every flight navigator and flight radio operator whose inclusion in the flight crew is required under paragraph 18(4) and (6) respectively of the Order, shall within the relevant period have been tested by or on behalf of the operator as to his competence to perform his duties in conditions corresponding to those likely to be encountered on the flight —
(a)
in the case of a flight navigator, using equipment of the type to be used in the aircraft on the flight for purposes of navigation; and
(b)
in the case of a flight radio operator using radio equipment of the type installed in the aircraft to be used on the flight, and including a test of his ability to carry out emergency procedures.
(5)  Aircraft Commanders.
(a)
The pilot designated as commander of the aircraft for the flight shall within the relevant period have demonstrated to the satisfaction of the operator that he has adequate knowledge of the route to be taken, the aerodromes of take-off and landing, and any alternate aerodromes, including in particular his knowledge of the terrain, the seasonal meteorological conditions, the meteorological communications and air traffic facilities, services and procedures, the search and rescue procedures and the navigational facilities, relevant to the route;
[S 423/2010 wef 02/08/2010]
(b)
In determining whether a pilot’s knowledge of the matters referred to in sub-paragraph (5)(a) is sufficient to render him competent to perform the duties of aircraft commander on the flight, the operator shall take into account the pilot’s flying experience in conjunction with the following:
(i)
the experience of other members of the intended flight crew;
(ii)
the influence of terrain and obstructions on departure and approach procedures at the aerodromes of take-off and intended landing and at alternate aerodromes;
(iii)
the similarity of the instrument approach procedures and let down aids to those with which the pilot is familiar;
(iv)
the dimensions of runways which may be used in the course of the flight in relation to the performance limits of aircraft of the type to be used on the flights;
(v)
the reliability of meteorological forecasts and the probability of difficult meteorological conditions in the areas to be traversed;
(vi)
the adequacy of the information available regarding the aerodrome of intended landing and any alternate aerodromes;
(vii)
the nature of air traffic control procedures and familiarity of the pilot with such procedures;
(viii)
the influence of terrain on route conditions and the extent of the assistance obtainable en route from navigational aids and air-to-ground communication facilities; and
(ix)
the extent to which it is possible for the pilot to become familiar with unusual aerodrome procedures and features of the route by means of ground instruction and training devices.
(6)  For the purposes of this paragraph —
“approved” in relation to a flight simulator or simulated instrument flight conditions, means approved by the Minister;
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
[S 61/93 wef 19/03/1993]
“instrument flight conditions” means weather conditions such that the pilot is unable to fly by visual reference to objects outside the aircraft;
“relevant period” means a period which immediately precedes the commencement of the flight being a period —
(a)
in the case of sub-paragraph (2)(e)(ii), of 3 months;
[S 384/2000, wef 31/08/20000]
(b)
in the case of sub-paragraphs (2)(a)(ii), (2)(e)(i), (3), of 6 months;
[S 162/2011 wef 01/04/2011]
(c)
in the case of sub-paragraphs (1), (2)(a)(i), (4) and (5)(a), of 13 months :
[S 384/2000, wef 31/08/20000]
[S 162/2011 wef 01/04/2011]
Provided that —
(i)
any pilot of the aircraft to whom sub-paragraph (2)(a)(ii) or (2)(e)(i) and any flight engineer of the aircraft to whom sub-paragraph (3) applies shall for the purposes of the flight be deemed to have complied with such requirements within the relevant period if he has qualified to perform his duties in accordance therewith on two occasions within the period of 13 months immediately preceding the flight, such occasions being separated by an interval of not less than 4 months;
[S 384/2000, wef 31/08/20000]
[S 162/2011 wef 01/04/2011]
(ii)
the requirements of sub-paragraph (5)(a) shall be deemed to have been complied with within the relevant period by a pilot designated as commander of the aircraft for the flight if, having become qualified so to act on flights between the same places over the same route more than 13 months before commencement of the flight, he has within the period of chief executive officerimmediately preceding the flight flown as pilot of an aircraft between those places over that route.
[S 384/2000, wef 31/08/20000]
[S 423/2010 wef 02/08/2010]
2.—(1)  The records required to be maintained by an operator under paragraph 27(2) of the Order shall be accurate and up to date records so kept as to show, on any date, in relation to each person who has during the period of two years immediately preceding that date flown as a member of the crew of any public transport aircraft operated by that operator —
(a)
the date and particulars of each test required by this Schedule undergone by that person during the said period including the name and qualifications of the examiner;
(b)
the date upon which that person last practised the carrying out of the duties referred to in paragraph 1(1)(b);
(c)
the operator’s conclusions based on each such test and practice as to that person’s competence to perform his duties;
(d)
the date and particulars of any decision taken by the operator during the said period in pursuance of paragraph 1(5)(a) including particulars of the evidence upon which that decision was based.
(2)  The operator shall whenever called upon to do so by any authorised person produce for the inspection of any person so authorised all records referred to in sub-paragraph (1) and furnish to any such person all such information as he may require in connection with any such records and produce for his inspection all log books, certificates, papers and other documents whatsoever which he may reasonably require to see for the purpose of determining whether such records are complete or of verifying the accuracy of their contents.
(3)  The operator shall at the request of any person in respect of whom he is required to keep records as aforesaid furnish to that person, or to any operator of aircraft for the purpose of public transport by whom that person may subsequently be employed, particulars of any qualifications in accordance with this Schedule.
Part C
Training Manual
Paragraph 26
The following information and instructions in relation to the training, experience, practice and periodical tests required under paragraph 27(2) of the Order shall be included in the training manual referred to in paragraph 26(2) of the Order:
(a)
the manner in which the training, practice and periodical tests required under paragraph 27(2) of the Order and specified in Part B of this Schedule are to be carried out;
(b)
(i)
the minimum qualifications and experience which the operator requires of persons appointed by him to give or to supervise the training, practice and periodical tests; and
(ii)
the type of training, practice and periodical tests which each such person is appointed to give or to supervise; and
(iii)
the type of aircraft in respect of which each such person is appointed to give or to supervise the training, practice and periodical tests;
(c)
the minimum qualifications and experience required of each member of the crew undergoing the training, practice and periodical tests;
(d)
the syllabus for, and specimen forms for recording, the training, practice and periodical tests;
(e)
the manner in which instrument flight conditions and engine failure are to be simulated in the aircraft in flight;
(f)
the extent to which the training and testing is permitted in the course of flights for the purpose of public transport; and
(g)
the use to be made in the training and testing of equipment approved for the purpose by the chief executive officer .
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
Part D
Aerodrome Operating Minima
Paragraph 29
Aerodrome operating minima for take-off, approach to landing and landing by public transport aircraft registered in Singapore.
(1)  In this paragraph —
“approach to landing” means that portion of the flight of the aircraft in which it is descending below a height of 1,000 feet above the decision height of the relevant minimum for landing;
[S 166/2002 wef 15/04/2002]
“approved”, in relation to the operations manual, means accepted by the Minister after any additions or amendments required by the Minister have been incorporated;
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
“aerodrome operating minima”, in relation to the operation of an aircraft at an aerodrome, means the cloud ceiling and runway visual range for take-off and the decision height, runway visual range and visual reference for landing specified by the operator in or ascertainable by reference to the operations manual as being the minimum for the operation of that aircraft at that aerodrome;
“cloud ceiling”, in relation to an aerodrome, means the vertical distance from the elevation of the aerodrome to the lowest part of any cloud visible from the aerodrome which is sufficient to obscure more than one-half of the sky so visible;
“decision height”, in relation to the operation of an aircraft at an aerodrome, means the minimum height specified by the operator in or ascertainable by reference to the operations manual as being the minimum height to which an approach to landing can safely be made by that aircraft at that aerodrome without visual reference to the ground;
“runway visual range”, in relation to a runway or landing strip, means the range over which the pilot of an aircraft on the centre line of a runway can see the runway surface markings or the lights delineating the runway or identifying its centre line;
“specified”, in relation to an aircraft, means specified in or ascertainable by reference to the operations manual relating to that aircraft;
“visibility” means the ability, as expressed in units of distance, to see and identify prominent unlighted objects by day and prominent lighted objects by night; and, in the case of an aerodrome in Singapore, the distance, if any, communicated to the commander of the aircraft by or on behalf of the person in charge of the aerodrome as being the visibility shall be taken as the visibility for the time being.
[S 423/2010 wef 02/08/2010]
(2)  In compliance with paragraph 25(2) of the Order and paragraph (1)(c) of Part A of this Schedule, the operator of every aircraft to which this Schedule applies shall establish and include in the operations manual relating to the aircraft particulars of aerodrome operating minima appropriate to every aerodrome of intended departure or landing and every alternate aerodrome:
Provided that —
(i)
in respect of aerodromes to be used only on a flight which is not a scheduled journey or any part thereof it shall be sufficient to include in the operations manual, data and instructions by means of which the appropriate aerodrome operating minima can be calculated by the commander of the aircraft; and
[S 423/2010 wef 02/08/2010]
(ii)
in respect of aerodromes at which meteorological observations cannot be communicated to the commander of an aircraft in flight, it shall be sufficient to include in the approved operations manual, general directions to pilots concerning aerodrome operating minima for safe operation.
[S 423/2010 wef 02/08/2010]
(3)  The aerodrome operating minima specified shall not, in respect of any aerodrome, be less favourable than any declared in respect of that aerodrome by the competent authority, unless that authority otherwise permits in writing.
(4)  In establishing aerodrome operating minima for the purposes of this Part the operator of the aircraft shall take into account the following matters:
(a)
the type and performance and handling characteristics of the aircraft and any relevant conditions in its Certificate of Airworthiness;
(b)
the composition of its crew;
(c)
the physical characteristics of the relevant aerodrome and its surroundings;
(d)
the dimensions of the runways which may be selected for use;
(e)
whether or not there are in use at the relevant aerodrome any aids, visual or otherwise, to assist aircraft in approach, landing, or take-off, being aids which the crew of the aircraft are trained and equipped to use; the nature of any such aids that are in use; and the procedures for approach, landing and take-off which may be adopted according to the existence or absence of such aids; and
(f)
whether or not there is in use at the relevant aerodrome any communication facilities for passing meteorological observations to aircraft in flight,
and shall establish in relation to each runway which may be selected for use minimum weather conditions appropriate to each set of circumstances which can reasonably be expected.
(5)  With reference to paragraph 29(3) of the Order, an aircraft shall not commence a flight at a time when —
(a)
the cloud ceiling or the runway visual range or visibility as appropriate, at the aerodrome of departure is less than the minimum respectively specified for take-off; or
(b)
according to the information available to the commander of the aircraft it would not be able, without contravening paragraph (6) of this Part, commence or continue an approach to landing at the aerodrome of intended destination at the estimated time of arrival there and at any alternate aerodrome at any time at which according to a reasonable estimate the aircraft would arrive there.
[S 423/2010 wef 02/08/2010]
(6)  With reference to paragraph 29(3) of the Order, an aircraft shall not —
(a)
commence or continue an approach to landing at any aerodrome if the runway visual range or visibility, as appropriate, at that aerodrome established or determined as aforesaid, is at the time less than the relevant minimum for landing; or
(b)
continue an approach to landing at an aerodrome by flying below the critical height of the relevant minimum for landing if from that height the approach to landing cannot be completed entirely by visual reference to the ground.
(7)  If according to the information available an aircraft would as regards any flight be required by the Rules of the Airand Air Traffic Control to be flown in accordance with the Instrument Flight Rules at the aerodrome of intended landing, the commander of the aircraft shall select prior to take-off an alternate aerodrome unless no aerodrome suitable for that purpose is available.
[S 423/2010 wef 02/08/2010]