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Contents

Long Title

Part I PRELIMINARY

Part II ADMINISTRATION

Part III CONTROL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES WITHIN SINGAPORE

Part IV CONTROL OF AIDS AND HIV INFECTION

Part V PREVENTION OF INTRODUCTION OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES INTO SINGAPORE

Part VI VACCINATION AND OTHER PROPHYLAXIS

Part VII ENFORCEMENT

Part VIIA NATIONAL PUBLIC HEALTH RESEARCH

Part VIII MISCELLANEOUS

FIRST SCHEDULE Infectious Diseases

SECOND SCHEDULE Dangerous Infectious Diseases

THIRD SCHEDULE Requirements As to Vaccination and Other Prophylaxis

FOURTH SCHEDULE Diseases Against Which A Child Is to be Vaccinated

FIFTH SCHEDULE Diseases in Respect of Which Acts Referred to in Section 21a Are Prohibited

SIXTH SCHEDULE Diseases in Respect of Which Information May be Disclosed by the Director to A Person to Enable Him to Take Steps to Prevent Spread of Diseases

Legislative History

Comparative Table

 
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On 23/08/2014, you requested the version in force on 23/08/2014 incorporating all amendments published on or before 23/08/2014. The closest version currently available is that of 08/08/2014.
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PART VII
ENFORCEMENT
Powers of Director and Health Officers in dealing with outbreaks and suspected outbreaks of infectious diseases
55.
—(1)  For the purpose of investigating into any outbreak or suspected outbreak of an infectious disease or for the purpose of preventing a possible outbreak or the spread of an infectious disease, the Director or any Health Officer authorised by the Director may —
(a)
at any time without warrant and with such force as may be necessary —
(i)
enter, inspect and search any premises; or
(ii)
stop, board, inspect and search any conveyance,
in which the outbreak or suspected outbreak has taken place;
(b)
take samples of any substance or matter, wherever found, if the Director or Health Officer has reason to believe that that substance or matter is the cause of, is contributory to or is otherwise connected with, the occurrence of the outbreak or suspected outbreak, and send such samples for such test, examination or analysis as the Director or Health Officer may consider necessary or expedient;
(c)
seize any substance or matter, wherever found, if the Director or Health Officer has reason to believe that that substance or matter is the cause of, is contributory to or is otherwise connected with, the occurrence of the outbreak or suspected outbreak;
(d)
require any person to destroy any food in his possession which the Director or Health Officer has reason to believe is the cause of, is contributory to or is otherwise connected with, the occurrence of the outbreak or suspected outbreak;
(e)
require any person —
(i)
to furnish any information within his knowledge; or
(ii)
to produce any book, document or other record which may be in his custody or possession for inspection by the Director or Health Officer and the making of copies thereof, or to provide the Director or Health Officer with copies of such book, document or other record,
and may, if necessary, further require such person to attend at a specified time and place for the purposes of complying with sub-paragraph (i) or (ii);
(f)
require, by notice in writing, any person who is, or is suspected to be, a case or carrier or contact of an infectious disease to submit to medical examination and have his blood or other body sample taken for examination within or at such time, and at such place, as may be specified in such notice, and to undergo such treatment as may be necessary;
(g)
subject to subsection (5), order the closure or cordoning off of any public place in which the outbreak or suspected outbreak, or the transmission or suspected transmission, of an infectious disease has taken place;
(h)
subject to subsections (6) and (7), requisition, for such period as the Director or Health Officer thinks necessary —
(i)
any premises which, in his opinion, is suitable for the isolation and treatment of persons who are or are reasonably suspected to be cases or carriers or contacts of the infectious disease; and
(ii)
any conveyance which, in his opinion, is suitable and necessary for use in connection with the prevention of the spread of the infectious disease; and
(i)
by order prohibit or restrict the movement of persons, animals and conveyances into, within or out of any public place referred to in paragraph (g) or any premises referred to in paragraph (h)(i).
[5/2003; 7/2003]
(2)  Where the Director or Health Officer seizes any substance or matter under subsection (1)(c) —
(a)
the Director or Health Officer shall immediately give notice in writing of the seizure to the owner of, or to the person from whom, the substance or matter was seized and may —
(i)
direct that the substance or matter under seizure be kept or stored in the premises or conveyance where it was seized or be removed to any other place to be kept or stored thereat; or
(ii)
dispose of the substance or matter immediately if the Director or Health Officer is of the view that the substance or matter is decayed, putrefied or deleterious to health; and
(b)
any person aggrieved by the seizure may, within 48 hours after the seizure, complain thereof to a Magistrate’s Court and the Magistrate’s Court may —
(i)
confirm the seizure wholly or in part;
(ii)
disallow the seizure wholly or in part;
(iii)
order that any substance or matter that has been seized be returned to its owner, subject to any condition which the Court may think fit to impose to ensure that the substance or matter is preserved for any purpose for which it may subsequently be required; or
(iv)
order payment to be made to the owner of or person entitled to the substance or matter seized of such amount as the Court considers reasonable compensation to him for any loss or depreciation resulting from the seizure.
[5/2003]
(3)  Where —
(a)
no complaint is received by the Magistrate’s Court within 48 hours of the seizure under subsection (2)(b); or
(b)
the Magistrate’s Court confirms the seizure under subsection (2)(b)(i),
the substance or matter seized in its entirety or to the extent to which its seizure was confirmed by the Magistrate’s Court, as the case may be, shall become the property of the Government and shall be disposed of in such manner as the Director thinks fit.
[5/2003]
(4)  A person shall comply with a requirement under subsection (1)(e) to disclose information or produce documents to the Director notwithstanding any restriction on the disclosure of the information or documents imposed by any written law, rule of law, rule of professional conduct or contract; and the person shall not by so doing be treated as being in breach of any such restriction notwithstanding anything to the contrary in that law, rule or contract.
[7/2003]
(5)  The power referred to in subsection (1)(g) shall not apply in respect of any public place where the power to order the closure or cordoning off of such public place in the same circumstances has been conferred by any other written law on some other public officer or statutory body.
[5/2003]
(6)  Any premises that are unoccupied may be requisitioned under subsection (1)(h) without notice being given to the owner thereof, but no premises that are occupied shall be so requisitioned unless a written notice has been served on the owner or occupier or posted in a conspicuous position at those premises.
[5/2003]
(7)  Where any premises or conveyance is requisitioned under subsection (1)(h), the owner or occupier of the premises or the owner or person having control and possession of the conveyance shall be entitled to a reasonable compensation for the occupation of the premises during the period of requisition, or for the use and detention of the conveyance, as the case may be.
[5/2003]
(8)  Any person who fails to comply with any requirement or order made by the Director or a Health Officer under subsection (1)(d), (e), (f), (g) or (i) shall be guilty of an offence.
[5/2003]
(9)  For the purposes of subsection (1)(e), where any document or record required by the Director or a Health Officer is kept in electronic form, then —
(a)
the power of the Director or Health Officer to require such document or record to be produced for inspection includes the power to require a copy of the document or record to be made available for inspection in legible form; and
(b)
the power of the Director or Health Officer to inspect such document or record includes the power to require any person on the premises in question to give the Director or Health Officer such assistance as the Director or Health Officer may reasonably require to enable him to inspect and make copies of the document or record in legible form or to make records of the information contained therein.
Powers of investigation
55A.
—(1)  For the purposes of an investigation into an offence punishable under this Act, any police officer, or any Health Officer who is authorised in writing in that behalf by the Director-General or the Director, may —
(a)
require any person —
(i)
to furnish any information within his knowledge; or
(ii)
to produce any book, document or other record which may be in his custody or possession for inspection by the police officer or Health Officer and the making of copies thereof, or to provide the police officer or Health Officer with copies of such book, document or other record,
and may, if necessary, further require such person to attend at a specified time and place for the purposes of complying with sub-paragraph (i) or (ii); and
(b)
at any time without warrant and with such force as may be necessary stop, board, enter, inspect and search any premises or conveyance, as the case may be, and take samples of or seize any substance or matter found on the premises or conveyance.
(2)  A statement made by any person giving evidence under subsection (1)(a) —
(a)
shall be reduced to writing and read over to him; and
(b)
shall, after correction (if any), be signed by him.
(3)  Any person who, without reasonable excuse —
(a)
refuses or fails to comply with any requirement of a police officer or Health Officer under subsection (1); or
(b)
refuses to answer or gives a false answer to any question put to him by a police officer or Health Officer,
shall be guilty of an offence.
(4)  For the purposes of subsection (3), it is a reasonable excuse for a person to refuse or fail to furnish any information, produce any book, document or other record or answer any question if doing so might tend to incriminate him.
(5)  For the purposes of subsection (1)(a)(i), where any document or record required by a police officer or Health Officer is kept in electronic form, then —
(a)
the power of the police officer or Health Officer to require such document or record to be produced for inspection includes the power to require a copy of the document or record to be made available for inspection in legible form; and
(b)
the power of the police officer or Health Officer to inspect such document or record includes the power to require any person on the premises in question to give the police officer or Health Officer such assistance as the police officer or Health Officer may reasonably require to enable him to inspect and make copies of the document or record in legible form or to make records of the information contained therein.
Powers of arrest
56.
—(1)  Any police officer, or any Health Officer authorised in writing in that behalf by the Director, may arrest without warrant any person committing or who he has reason to believe has committed any offence under section 11(1), 20(2), 21A(4), 23(3), 24(2) or 55(8).
(2)  Subject to subsection (1), any police officer, or any Health Officer authorised in writing in that behalf by the Director-General or the Director, may arrest without warrant any person committing or who he has reason to believe has committed any offence under this Act if —
(a)
the name and address of the person are unknown to him;
(b)
the person declines to give his name and address;
(c)
the person gives an address outside Singapore; or
(d)
there is reason to doubt the accuracy of the name and address if given.
(3)  Subject to subsection (7), any police officer, or any Health Officer authorised in writing in that behalf by the Director, may arrest without warrant any person who —
(a)
being required to be isolated in any place under the provisions of this Act, has failed to proceed to that place or has left or attempted to leave that place; or
(b)
being required to undergo or submit to any surveillance, medical examination or medical treatment under the provisions of this Act, has failed to undergo or submit to such surveillance, examination or treatment or comply with any condition relating to his surveillance.
(4)  Any person arrested under subsection (2) shall, within 24 hours from the arrest or immediately in the case of a person who gives his address as a place outside Singapore, be taken before a Magistrate’s Court, unless before that time his true name and residence are ascertained, in which case he shall be immediately released on his executing a bond with or without sureties before a police officer not below the rank of inspector for his appearance before a Magistrate’s Court, if so required.
(5)  Without prejudice to subsection (4), no person arrested shall be detained longer than is necessary for bringing him before a court unless the order of a court for his detention is obtained.
(6)  The Director may issue any order under this Act for the isolation, surveillance, medical examination or medical treatment of a person arrested under subsection (3).
(7)  Where a person who has failed to comply with any of the requirements referred to in subsection (3)(a) or (b) is unable to do so by reason of his age or any infirmity of body or mind, the police officer or Health Officer may, instead of arresting that person, take such measures as he thinks fit —
(a)
in a case where that person is to be isolated —
(i)
to cause that person to be taken to the place where he is to be isolated; or
(ii)
to ensure that the person remains in isolation in his own dwelling place,
for such period of time and subject to such conditions as the Director thinks necessary for the protection of the public;
(b)
in a case where that person is to undergo surveillance, to cause that person to undergo surveillance for such period of time and subject to such conditions as the Director thinks necessary for the protection of the public; or
(c)
in a case where that person is to undergo medical examination or medical treatment, to cause that person to be medically examined or treated.
(8)  The measures referred to in subsection (7) may extend to —
(a)
the entry into any premises without a warrant; and
(b)
the use of such force as may be necessary.
56A.  [Deleted by Act 10/2008 wef 10/06/2008]
Police officer or Health Officer may demand names and addresses in certain cases
57.
—(1)  Any person who is required by any police officer or by any Health Officer authorised in that behalf by the Director-General or the Director shall on demand give his name and address and other proof of identity to the police officer or Health Officer, as the case may be.
[4/2002; 5/2003]
(2)  The occupier of any premises shall, if required by any police officer or by a Health Officer authorised in that behalf by the Director-General or the Director, give his name and address and other proof of identity and the name and address of the owner of the premises, if known.
[4/2002; 5/2003]
(3)  Any person who fails to comply with any requirement properly made to him by a police officer or Health Officer under subsection (1) or (2), or wilfully mis-states his name and address or the name and address of the owner of any premises, shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $500.
[5/2003]
Disclosure of information to prevent spread or possible outbreak of infectious disease, etc.
57A.
—(1)  Subject to subsection (2), the Director may disclose any information obtained by him under this Act which identifies any person who is, or is suspected to be, a case or carrier or contact of an infectious disease —
(a)
to any person if such disclosure is necessary to enable that person to take the necessary measures to prevent the spread or possible outbreak of an infectious disease where —
(i)
the infectious disease is one of the diseases set out in the Sixth Schedule; or
(ii)
the Minister, having regard to the circumstances of the case, thinks that such disclosure is necessary and has given his approval in writing for the disclosure to be made; or
(b)
to the World Health Organisation or a State Party to the World Health Organisation if such disclosure is necessary to comply with an international obligation of Singapore.
(2)  The Director may, in disclosing any information to any person under subsection (1)(a)(i), impose such conditions as he thinks fit and the person to whom the information is disclosed shall comply with such conditions.
(3)  The Minister may, in giving his approval for the disclosure of any information under subsection (1)(a)(ii), impose such conditions as he thinks fit and the person to whom the information is disclosed shall comply with such conditions.
(4)  A person to whom the Director has disclosed any information under subsection (1)(a) may only disclose or use such information to the extent necessary for implementing any measure permitted by the Director for the purpose of preventing the spread or possible outbreak of that infectious disease, but not otherwise.
(5)  Any person who —
(a)
fails to comply with any condition imposed under subsection (2) or (3); or
(b)
contravenes subsection (4),
shall be guilty of an offence.
(6)  This section shall apply without prejudice to any other right of disclosure under this Act or any other written law or rule of law.
Extraordinary powers in relation to emergency measures
58.
—(1)  The Director may, with the approval of the Minister, formulate and implement emergency measures for the control of an infectious disease in any area and such measures shall be published in the Gazette before implementation.
(2)  Any person who wilfully neglects or refuses to carry out or obstructs the execution of any emergency measure formulated and implemented under subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both.
[7/2003]
Police assistance
59.  The Commissioner of Police shall provide such police assistance as may be necessary to carry out any of the provisions of this Act.