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Contents  

Part I PRELIMINARY

Part II REGISTRATION AND MARKING OF AIRCRAFT

Part III AIRWORTHINESS AND EQUIPMENT OF AIRCRAFT

Part IV AIRCRAFT CREW AND LICENSING

Part V OPERATION OF AIRCRAFT

Part VI AIRCRAFT NOISE

Part VII FATIGUE OF CREW

Part VIIA EXHIBITIONS OF FLYING

Part VIII DOCUMENTS AND RECORDS

Part IX CONTROL OF AIR TRAFFIC

Part X AERODROMES, AERONAUTICAL LIGHTS AND DANGEROUS LIGHTS

Part XI GENERAL

FIRST SCHEDULE

SECOND SCHEDULE A, B and C Conditions

THIRD SCHEDULE Categories of Aircraft

FOURTH SCHEDULE Maintenance Engineers: Privileges of Licences

FIFTH SCHEDULE Aircraft Equipment

SIXTH SCHEDULE Radio Equipment to be Carried in Aircraft

SEVENTH SCHEDULE Aircraft, Engine and Propeller Log Books

EIGHTH SCHEDULE Flight Crew of Aircraft: Licences and Ratings

NINTH SCHEDULE Public Transport — Operational Requirements

TENTH  SCHEDULE Documents to be Carried by Aircraft Registered in Singapore

ELEVENTH  SCHEDULE Rules of the Air and Air Traffic Control

TWELFTH  SCHEDULE Fees

THIRTEENTH  SCHEDULE Penalties

FOURTEENTH  SCHEDULE Medical Requirements

FIFTEENTH  SCHEDULE

SIXTEENTH  SCHEDULE Minimum Navigation Performance Specifications — Specified Airspace and Navigation Performance Capability

Legislative History

 
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PART IV
AIRCRAFT CREW AND LICENSING
Composition of crew of aircraft
18.
—(1)  An aircraft shall not fly unless it carries a flight crew of the number and description required by the law of the country in which it is registered.
(2)  A Singapore aircraft shall carry a flight crew adequate in number and description to ensure the safety of the aircraft and of at least the number and description specified in the Certificate of Airworthiness issued or rendered valid under this Order or, if no Certificate of Airworthiness is required under this Order to be in force, the Certificate of Airworthiness, if any, last in force under this Order, in respect of that aircraft.
(3)  A Singapore aircraft flying for the purpose of public transport shall carry not less than the number of flight crew members required by the certification of the aircraft type.
[S 49/92 wef 01/02/1992]
(3A)  Subject to sub-paragraph (3B), a Singapore aircraft flying for the purpose of public transport in circumstances where the aircraft commander is required to comply with the Instrument Flight Rules and having a maximum total weight authorised of 5,700 kg or less and powered by —
(a)
one or more turbine jets;
(b)
one or more turbine propeller engines and provided with a means of pressurising the personnel compartment;
(c)
two or more turbine propeller engines and certificated to carry more than 9 passengers;
(d)
two or more turbine propeller engines and certificated to carry less than 10 passengers and not provided with a means of pressurising the personnel compartments;
(e)
two or more piston engines,
shall carry not less than two pilots as members of the flight crew.
[S 60/92 Corrig]
[S 49/92 wef 01/02/1992]
(3B)  A Singapore aircraft described in sub-paragraph (3A)(d) or (e) shall not be required to carry two pilots if it is equipped with an autopilot which has been approved by the chief executive officer and which is serviceable on take-off or if before take-off the approved autopilot is found to be unserviceable and the aircraft flies in accordance with arrangements approved by the chief executive officer.
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
[S 60/92 Corrig]
[S 49/92 wef 01/02/1992]
(4)  A Singapore aircraft engaged on a flight for the purpose of public transport shall carry —
(a)
a flight navigator as a member of the flight crew; or
(b)
navigational equipment approved by the chief executive officer and used in accordance with any conditions subject to which that approval may have been given,
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
if on the route or any diversion therefrom, being a route or diversion planned before take-off, the aircraft is intended to be more than 500 nautical miles from the point of take-off measured along the route to be flown, and to pass over part of an area specified in the Fifteenth Schedule.
(5)  The flight navigator referred to in sub-paragraph (4) shall be carried in addition to any person who is carried in accordance with this paragraph to perform other duties.
(6)  A Singapore aircraft which is required by paragraph 13 to be equipped with radio communication equipment shall carry a flight radio operator as a member of the flight crew, who, if he is required to operate radiotelegraph apparatus, shall be carried in addition to any other person who is carried in accordance with this paragraph to perform other duties.
(7)  If it appears to him to be expedient to do so in the interests of safety, the Minister may direct any particular operator of any Singapore aircraft that the aircraft operated by him or any such aircraft shall not fly in such circumstances as the Minister may specify unless they carry in addition to the flight crew required to be carried therein by sub-paragraphs (1) to (6) such additional persons as members of the flight crew as he may specify in the direction.
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
(8)  (a)  This paragraph shall apply to any flight for the purpose of public transport by a Singapore aircraft —
(i)
on which is carried 20 or more passengers; or
(ii)
which may, in accordance with its certificate of airworthiness, carry more than 35 passengers and on which at least one passenger is carried.
(b)
The crew of an aircraft on a flight to which this paragraph applies shall include cabin attendants.
[S 384/2000 wef 31/08/2000]
(c)
On a flight to which this paragraph applies, there shall be carried not less than one cabin attendant for every 50, or fraction of 50 passenger seats installed in the aircraft except that the number of cabin attendants calculated in accordance with this sub-paragraph need not be carried where the chief executive officer has granted written permission to the operator to carry a lesser number on that flight and the operator carries the number specified in that permission and complies with any other terms and conditions subject to which such permission is granted.
[S 384/2000 wef 31/08/2000]
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
(9)  The Minister may, if it appears to him to be expedient to do so in the interests of safety, direct any particular operator of any Singapore aircraft that the aircraft operated by him or any such aircraft shall not fly in such circumstances as the Minister may specify unless those aircraft carry in addition to the cabin attendants required to be carried therein by sub-paragraph (8) such additional persons as cabin attendants as he may specify in the direction.
[S 384/2000 wef 31/08/2000]
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
Members of flight crew licences
19.
—(1)  Subject to this paragraph, a person shall not act as a member of the flight crew of a Singapore aircraft unless he is the holder of an appropriate licence granted or rendered valid under this Order:
Provided that a person may, within Singapore, act as a flight radiotelephony operator without being the holder of such a licence if —
(a)
he does so as a pilot of a glider not flying for the purpose of public transport or aerial work, or as a person being trained in Singapore aircraft to perform duties as a member of the flight crew of an aircraft;
(b)
he is authorised to operate the radiotelephony station by the holder of the licence granted in respect of that station by the Telecommunication Authority of Singapore under the Telecommunication Authority of Singapore Act [Cap. 323];
[S 640/2006 wef 30/11/2006]
(c)
messages are transmitted only for the purpose of instruction, or of the safety or navigation of the aircraft;
(d)
messages are transmitted only on a frequency exceeding 60 megacycles per second assigned by the Telecommunication Authority of Singapore under the Telecommunication Authority of Singapore Act [Cap. 323];
[S 640/2006 wef 30/11/2006]
(e)
the transmitter is pre-set to one or more of the frequencies so assigned and cannot be adjusted in flight to any other frequency;
(f)
the operation of the transmitter requires the use only of external switches; and
(g)
the stability of the frequency radiated is maintained automatically by the transmitter.
(2)  Subject to this paragraph, a person shall not act as a member of the flight crew required by or under this Order to be carried in an aircraft registered outside Singapore unless —
(a)
in the case of an aircraft flying for the purpose of public transport or aerial work he is the holder of an appropriate licence granted or rendered valid under the law of the country in which the aircraft is registered ; and
[S 384/2000 wef 31/08/2000]
(b)
in the case of any other aircraft, he is the holder of an appropriate licence granted or rendered valid under the law of the country in which the aircraft is registered or under this Order, and the Minister does not in the particular case give a direction to the contrary.
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
(3)  For the purposes of this paragraph, a licence granted under the law of a Contracting State purporting to authorise the holder thereof to act as a member of the flight crew of an aircraft, not being a licence purporting to authorise him to act as a student pilot only, shall unless the Minister in the particular case gives a direction to the contrary be deemed to be a licence rendered valid under this Order but shall not entitle the holder —
(a)
to act as a member of the flight crew of any aircraft flying for the purpose of public transport or aerial work or on any flight in respect of which he receives remuneration for his services as a member of the flight crew on that flight; or
(b)
in the case of a pilot’s licence, to act as pilot of any aircraft flying in controlled airspace in circumstances requiring compliance with the Instrument Flight Rules or to give any instruction in flying.
[S 49/92 wef 01/02/1992]
(4)  Notwithstanding sub-paragraph (1), a person may, unless the Certificate of Airworthiness in force in respect of the aircraft otherwise requires, act as pilot of Singapore aircraft for the purpose of undergoing training or tests for the grant or renewal of a pilot’s licence or for the inclusion, renewal or extension of a rating thereon without being the holder of an appropriate licence, if the following conditions are complied with:
(i)
no other person shall be carried in the aircraft or in an aircraft being towed thereby except a person carried as a member of the flight crew in compliance with this Order, a person authorised by the Minister to witness the aforesaid training or tests, or to conduct the aforesaid tests, or, if the pilot-in-command of the aircraft is the holder of an appropriate licence, a person carried for the purpose of being trained or tested as a member of the flight crew of an aircraft; and
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
(ii)
the person acting as the pilot of the aircraft without being the holder of an appropriate licence shall not be the pilot-in-command of the aircraft unless within the period of 6 months immediately preceding he was serving as a qualified pilot of aircraft in the Armed Forces, and his physical condition has not, so far as he is aware, so deteriorated during that period as to render him unfit for the licence for which he intends to qualify.
(5)  Notwithstanding sub-paragraph (1), a person may act as a member of the flight crew of a Singapore aircraft without being the holder of an appropriate licence if, in so doing, he is acting in the course of his duty as a member of the Armed Forces.
(6)  An appropriate licence for the purposes of this paragraph means a licence which entitles the holder to perform the functions which he undertakes in relation to the aircraft concerned and the flight on which it is engaged.
(7)  This paragraph shall not apply to a person (other than a flight radio operator) by reason of his acting as a member of the flight crew of a glider which is not flying for the purpose of public transport or aerial work.
(8)  Notwithstanding anything in this paragraph —
(a)
the holder of a licence granted or rendered valid under this Order being a licence endorsed to the effect that the holder does not satisfy in full the relevant international standard, shall not act as a member of the flight crew of a Singapore aircraft in the territory of a Contracting State other than Singapore, except in accordance with permission granted by the competent authorities of that State; and
(b)
the holder of a licence granted or rendered valid under the law of a Contracting State other than Singapore, being a licence endorsed as aforesaid, shall not act as a member of the flight crew of any aircraft in Singapore except in accordance with permission granted by the Minister, whether or not the licence is or is deemed to be rendered valid under this Order.
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
Grant and renewal of licences to members of flight crew
20.
—(1)  The Minister may grant licences, subject to such conditions as he thinks fit, for any of the following classes:
(a)
Student pilot’s licence;
(b)
Private pilot’s licence (aeroplanes);
(c)
Private pilot’s licence (helicopters and gyroplanes);
(d)
Private pilot’s licence (balloons and airships);
(e)
Commercial pilot’s licence (aeroplanes);
(f)
Commercial pilot’s licence (helicopters and gyroplanes);
(g)
Commercial pilot’s licence (balloons);
(h)
Commercial pilot’s licence (airships);
(i)
Commercial pilot’s licence (gliders);
(j)
Airline transport pilot’s licence (aeroplanes);
(k)
Airline transport pilot’s licence (helicopters and gyroplanes);
(l)
Flight navigator’s licence;
(m)
Flight engineer’s licence;
[S 166/2002 wef 15/04/2002]
(n)
Flight radiotelephony operator’s general licence ;
[S 166/2002 wef 15/04/2002]
(o)
Flight radiotelephony operator’s restricted licence;
(p)
Flight radiotelegraphy operator’s licence; and
(q)
Flight radiotelegraphy operator’s temporary licence,
upon his being satisfied that the applicant is a fit and proper person to hold the licence and is qualified by reason of his knowledge, experience, competence, skill and physical fitness to act in the capacity to which the licence relates, and for that purpose the applicant may be required to undergo the appropriate medical examinations set out in the Fourteenth Schedule and any other examinations and tests or furnish any other evidence as the Minister may determine. A licence of any class shall not be granted to any person who is under the minimum age specified for that class of licence in Part A of the Eighth Schedule. A licence of the class referred to in (a) to (k) shall not be renewed or granted to any person who has attained the age of 60 years .
(2)  Subject to any conditions of the licence, a licence of any class shall entitle the holder to perform the functions specified in respect of that licence in Part A of the Eighth Schedule under the heading “privileges”:
Provided that —
(a)
subject to sub-paragraphs (10) and (11) and to paragraphs 19(4) and 23(1), a person shall not be entitled to perform any of the functions specified in Part B of that Schedule in respect of a rating unless his licence includes that rating;
(b)
a person shall not be entitled to perform any of the functions to which his licence relates if he knows or has reason to believe that his physical condition renders him temporarily or permanently unfit to perform such function; and
(c)
a person shall not be entitled to perform the functions to which an instrument rating (aeroplanes), an instrument rating (helicopters), a flying instructor’s rating, an assistant flying instructor’s rating or an instrument meteorological conditions rating (aeroplanes) relates unless his licence bears a certificate signed by a person authorised by the Minister to sign such certificates, indicating that the holder of the licence has, within the period of 13 months in the case of an instrument rating (aeroplanes), an instrument rating (helicopters) and an assistant flying instructor’s rating and 25 months in the case of a flying instructor’s rating and an instrument meteorological conditions rating (aeroplanes) preceding the day on which he performs those functions, passed a test of his ability to perform the functions to which the ratings relates, being a test carried out in flight in the case of the three last-named ratings and in the case of the two first-named rating, either in flight or by means of apparatus approved by the Minister in which flight conditions are stimulated on the ground.
[S 49/92 wef 01/02/1992]
(3)  The Minister may, if he is satisfied that the applicant is qualified as aforesaid to act in the capacity to which the rating relates, include in a licence a rating of any of the classes specified in Part B of the Eighth Schedule and such rating shall be deemed to form part of the licence and shall entitle the holder to perform such functions as are specified in Part B of that Schedule in respect of that rating. An instrument rating (referred to in that Schedule) may be renewed by any person appointed by the Minister for that purpose, if that person is satisfied by a test that the applicant continues to be competent to perform the functions to which the rating relates. The test shall be carried out either in flight or by means of apparatus approved by the Minister in which flight conditions are simulated on the ground.
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
(4)  A licence and a rating shall, subject to paragraph 60 remain in force for the periods indicated in the licence, not exceeding those respectively specified in the Eighth Schedule, and may be renewed by the Minister from time to time upon his being satisfied that the applicant is a fit and proper person and is qualified as aforesaid.
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
(5)  Upon receiving a licence granted under this paragraph the holder shall forthwith sign his name thereon in ink with his ordinary signature.
(6)  Every holder of a licence, other than a flight radiotelephony operator’s licence, granted under this paragraph shall, upon applying for the renewal of the licence and upon such other occasions as the Minister may require, submit himself to medical examination by a person approved by the Minister either generally or in a particular case who shall make a report to the Minister in such form as the Minister may require.
[S 325/2000 wef 01/08/2000]
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
(7)  Every holder of a licence, other than a flight radiotelephony operator’s licence, granted under this paragraph or rendered valid under paragraph 21 who —
(a)
suffers any personal injury involving incapacity to undertake the functions to which his licence relates;
(b)
suffers any illness involving incapacity to undertake those functions throughout a period of 20 days or more; or
(c)
in the case of a woman, has reason to believe that she is pregnant,
shall inform the Minister in writing of such injury, illness, or pregnancy, as soon as possible in the case of the injury or pregnancy, and as soon as the period of 20 days has elapsed in the case of the illness.
(8)  A licence, other than a flight radiotelephony operator’s licence, granted under this Part shall be deemed to be suspended upon the occurrence of such an injury, or the elapse of such period of illness as is referred to in sub-paragraph (7).
The suspension of the licence shall cease —
(a)
upon the holder being medically examined under arrangements made by the Minister and pronounced fit to resume his functions under the licence; or
(b)
upon the chief executive officer exempting the holder from the requirement of a medical examination, subject to such conditions as the Minister may think fit.
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
(9)  A licence granted under this paragraph shall be deemed to be suspended upon the pregnancy of the holder being diagnosed and shall remain suspended until the holder has been medically examined after the termination of the pregnancy and pronounced fit to resume her duties under the licence.
(10)  Nothing in this Order shall be taken to prohibit the holder of a commercial pilot’s or airline transport pilot’s licence (aeroplanes) from acting as pilot-in-command of an aeroplane carrying passengers by night by reason of the lack of a night rating in his licence.
(11)  Nothing in this Order shall prohibit the holder of a pilot’s licence from acting as pilot of an aircraft not exceeding 5,700 kg maximum total weight authorised when with the authority of the Minister he is testing any person in pursuance of sub-paragraph (1) or (3) notwithstanding that the type of aircraft in which the test is conducted is not specified in the aircraft rating included in his licence.
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
(12)  Where any provision of Part B of the Ninth Schedule permits a test to be conducted in a flight simulator approved by the Minister, that approval may be granted subject to such conditions as the Minister thinks fit.
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
(13)  Without prejudice to any other provision of this Order, the Minister may, for the purpose of this paragraph, either absolutely or subject to such conditions as he thinks fit —
(a)
approve any course of training or instruction;
(b)
authorise a person to conduct such examinations or tests as he may specify; and
(c)
approve a person to provide any course of training or instruction.
[S 299/2009 wef 30/06/2009]
Validation of licences
21.  The Minister may issue a certificate of validation rendering valid for the purposes of this Order any licence as a member of the flight crew of aircraft granted under the law of any country other than Singapore. A certificate of validation may be issued subject to such conditions and for such period as the Minister thinks fit.
[S 278/2010 wef 15/05/2010]
Personal flying log book
22.
—(1)  Every member of the flight crew of a Singapore aircraft, and every person who engages in flying for the purpose of qualifying for the grant or renewal of a licence under this Order or undergoing tests or receiving instructions in flying for admission into the Armed Forces, shall keep a personal flying log book in which the following particulars shall be recorded:
(a)
the name and address of the holder of the log book;
(b)
particulars of the holder’s licence (if any) to act as a member of the flight crew of an aircraft; and
(c)
the name and address of his employer (if any);
(2)  Particulars of each flight during which the holder of the log book acted either as a member of the flight crew of an aircraft or for the purpose of qualifying for the grant or renewal of a licence under this Order, as the case may be, shall be recorded in the log book at the end of each flight or as soon thereafter as is reasonably practicable, including —
(a)
the date, the places at which the holder of the log book embarked from the aircraft and the time spent during the course of a flight when he was acting in either capacity;
(b)
the type and registration marks of the aircraft;
(c)
the capacity in which he acted in flight;
(d)
particulars of any special conditions under which the flight was conducted, including night flying and instrument flying; and
(e)
particulars of any test or examination undertaken whilst in flight.
(3)  For the purposes of this paragraph, a helicopter shall be deemed to be in flight from the moment the helicopter first moves under its own power for the purpose of taking off until the rotors are next stopped.
(4)  Particulars of any test or examination taken whilst in a flight simulator shall be recorded in the log book, including —
(a)
the date of the test or examination;
(b)
the type of simulator;
(c)
the capacity in which he acted; and
(d)
the nature of the test or examination.
[S 49/92 wef 01/02/1992]
Instructions in flying
23.
—(1)  A person shall not give any instruction in flying to which this paragraph applies unless —
(a)
he holds a licence, granted or rendered valid under this Order, entitling him to act as pilot-in-command of the aircraft for the purpose and in the circumstances under which the instruction is to be given; and
(b)
his licence includes a flying instructor’s rating or an assistant flying instructor’s rating entitling the holder to give the instruction.
(2)  This paragraph shall apply to instruction in flying given to any person flying or about to fly a flying machine or glider for the purpose of becoming qualified for —
(a)
the grant of a pilot’s licence; and
(b)
the inclusion or variation of any rating in his licence.
(3)  This paragraph shall not apply to any instruction in flying to a person for the purpose of becoming qualified for the inclusion in his licence of an aircraft rating entitling him to act as pilot of a multi-engined aircraft, or of any aircraft of any class appearing in column 4 of the Table in Part A of the First Schedule if that person has previously been entitled under the Order, or qualified in the Armed Forces, to act as pilot of a multi-engined aircraft, or of an aircraft of that class as the case may be.
[S 49/92 wef 01/02/1992]
Glider pilot— minimum age
24.  A person under the age of 16 years shall not act as pilot-in-command of a glider.