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Contents

Long Title

Part I PRELIMINARY

Part II ADMINISTRATION

Part III CONTROL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES WITHIN SINGAPORE

Part IV CONTROL OF AIDS AND HIV INFECTION

Part V PREVENTION OF INTRODUCTION OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES INTO SINGAPORE

Part VI VACCINATION AND OTHER PROPHYLAXIS

Part VII ENFORCEMENT

Part VIIA NATIONAL PUBLIC HEALTH RESEARCH

Part VIII MISCELLANEOUS

FIRST SCHEDULE Infectious Diseases

SECOND SCHEDULE Dangerous Infectious Diseases

THIRD SCHEDULE Requirements As to Vaccination and Other Prophylaxis

FOURTH SCHEDULE Diseases Against Which A Child Is to be Vaccinated

FIFTH SCHEDULE Diseases in Respect of Which Acts Referred to in Section 21a Are Prohibited

SIXTH SCHEDULE Diseases in Respect of Which Information May be Disclosed by the Director to A Person to Enable Him to Take Steps to Prevent Spread of Diseases

Legislative History

Comparative Table

 
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On 29/07/2014, you requested the version in force on 29/07/2014 incorporating all amendments published on or before 29/07/2014. The closest version currently available is that of 05/06/2014.
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PART III
CONTROL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES WITHIN SINGAPORE
Notification of infectious diseases
6.
—(1)  Every medical practitioner who has reason to believe or suspect that any person attended or treated by him is suffering from an infectious disease or is a carrier of that disease shall notify the Director within the prescribed time and in such form or manner as the Director may require.
[5/2003]
(2)  Every person in charge of a laboratory used for the diagnosis of disease who becomes aware of the existence of an infectious disease in the course of his work shall notify the Director within the prescribed time and in such form or manner as the Director may require.
[5/2003]
(3)  Any person who is aware or who suspects that any other person is suffering or has died from or is a carrier of an infectious disease shall notify the Director within the prescribed time and in such form or manner as the Director may require.
[5/2003]
(4)  Any person who is required to notify the Director under this section shall give any other particulars required by the Director in so far as they can be reasonably ascertained by him or are within his knowledge.
(5)  Any person who fails to comply with the requirements of this section or furnishes as true information which he knows or has reason to believe to be false shall be guilty of an offence.
(6)  When any person who is charged with failing to comply with the requirements of subsection (1), (2) or (3) in relation to the notification of an infectious disease, he shall be presumed to have known of the existence of the disease unless he proves to the satisfaction of the court that he had no such knowledge and could not with reasonable diligence have obtained such knowledge.
Public health surveillance programmes, etc.
7.
—(1)  The Director may, from time to time, institute public health surveillance programmes or undertake epidemiological investigations or surveys of people, animals or vectors in order to determine the existence, prevalence or incidence, or to determine the likelihood of a possible outbreak, of —
(a)
any infectious disease; or
(b)
any other disease which the Minister, by notification in the Gazette, declares to be a disease to which this section applies.
(2)  For the purpose of any public health surveillance programme, epidemiological investigation or survey under subsection (1), the Director may require any person —
(a)
to furnish him, within such time as he may specify, with —
(i)
such information as he may require; and
(ii)
any sample of any substance or matter in the possession or control of that person, whether taken pursuant to this Act or otherwise, as he may consider necessary or appropriate; and
(b)
to submit to such medical examination as he thinks fit.
(3)  If a person who is required by the Director under subsection (2) to furnish the Director with any information or sample, or to submit to any medical examination, fails, without reasonable excuse, to do so, he shall be guilty of an offence.
(4)  The Director may send any sample obtained under subsection (2)(a)(ii) for such test, examination or analysis as he may consider necessary or expedient.
Medical examination and treatment
8.
—(1)  The Director may require any person who is, or is suspected to be, a case or carrier or contact of an infectious disease to submit to medical examination or medical treatment within or at such time, and at such place, as the Director may determine.
(2)  For the purpose of subsection (1), the medical examination may include X-rays and the taking of the person’s blood and other body samples for testing and analysis.
(3)  Where the person who is, or is suspected to be, a case or carrier or contact of an infectious disease is a minor, the Director may require the parent or guardian of the minor to have the minor medically examined or treated at such times and at such hospital or other place as the Director may determine.
(4)  Any person who fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with the requirement of the Director under this section shall be guilty of an offence.
Post-mortem examination
9.  Where any person has died whilst being, or suspected of being, a case or carrier or contact of an infectious disease, the Director may order a post-mortem examination of the body of that person for the purpose of —
(a)
determining the cause or circumstances of the death of that person; or
(b)
investigating into any outbreak or suspected outbreak of, or preventing the spread of, that disease.
[7/2003]
Director may require information from healthcare professionals, etc.
10.
—(1)  The Director may, for the purpose of investigating into any outbreak or suspected outbreak of an infectious disease, preventing the spread of an infectious disease, or treating any person who is, or is suspected to be, a case or carrier or contact of an infectious disease —
(a)
require any healthcare professional to obtain from his patient such information as the Director may reasonably require for that purpose and transmit such information to the Director; and
(b)
with the approval of the Minister, prescribe by order any general or specific measures or procedures for that purpose for compliance by any healthcare professional, hospital, medical clinic, clinical laboratory or healthcare establishment.
[7/2003]
[10/2008 wef 10/06/2008]
(2)  Any person who fails to comply with a requirement or an order referred to in subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence.
[7/2003]
(3)  A patient of a healthcare professional who fails to provide the healthcare professional or a person acting on his behalf with any information sought from the patient pursuant to a requirement under subsection (1)(a) that is within the patient’s knowledge shall be guilty of an offence.
[7/2003]
[10/2008 wef 10/06/2008]
(4)  A healthcare professional shall comply with a requirement under subsection (1)(a) to transmit information to the Director notwithstanding any restriction on the disclosure of information imposed by any written law, rule of law, rule of professional conduct or contract; and he shall not by so doing be treated as being in breach of any such restriction notwithstanding anything to the contrary in that law, rule or contract.
[7/2003]
[10/2008 wef 10/06/2008]
(5)  In this section —
“clinical laboratory”, “healthcare establishment” and “medical clinic” have the same meanings as in the Private Hospitals and Medical Clinics Act (Cap. 248);
“healthcare professional” means —
(a)
a medical practitioner;
(b)
a dentist registered under the Dental Registration Act (Cap. 76);
(c)
a registered nurse or an enrolled nurse, or a registered midwife, within the meaning of the Nurses and Midwives Act (Cap. 209);
(d)
a pharmacist registered under the Pharmacists Registration Act 2007 (Act 48 of 2007);
(e)
a person registered under section 14 of the Traditional Chinese Medicine Practitioners Act (Cap. 333A) for the carrying out of any practice of traditional Chinese medicine prescribed under that Act; or
(f)
any other person providing any other healthcare service in Singapore.
Offence for supplying false or misleading information
11.
—(1)  Any person who —
(a)
donates any blood or blood product at any blood bank or hospital in Singapore for any use or purpose; and
(b)
directly in connection with such donation of blood or blood product, supplies any material information which he knows to be false or misleading,
shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $20,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years or to both.
[13/99]
(2)  In this section, “material information” means any information directly relating to the likelihood of transmission of an infectious disease by the use of any blood or blood product.
[13/99]
Treatment of premises or vessel
12.
—(1)  The Director may, by notice in writing, require the owner or occupier of any premises or vessel to cleanse or disinfect it in the manner and within the time specified in the notice.
[5/2003]
(2)  Any owner or occupier who fails to comply with the requirements of the notice served under subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence.
(3)  Without prejudice to any proceedings under subsection (2), where a notice issued by the Director under subsection (1) has not been complied with, a person authorised in that behalf by the Director may, without warrant and with such force as may be necessary, enter the premises or vessel to which the notice relates and take or cause to be taken such measures as have been specified in the notice.
[10/2008 wef 10/06/2008]
(4)  The cost and expenses incurred by the Director under subsection (3) shall be paid by the person in default and may be recovered as a debt due to the Government.
Destruction and disposal of infected animals, food and water
13.
—(1)  The Director may order the destruction of any animal and the disposal of any food or water wherever found if he considers such animal, food or water to be a source for the transmission of an infectious disease.
[10/2008 wef 10/06/2008]
(2)  Any person who fails to comply with an order made by the Director under subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence.
[10/2008 wef 10/06/2008]
(3)  Without prejudice to any proceedings under subsection (2), where an order made by the Director under subsection (1) has not been complied with, the Director, a Health Officer or a police officer may —
(a)
without warrant and with such force as may be necessary, enter the premises where the animal, food or water (as the case may be) is to be found; and
(b)
take or cause to be taken such measures as have been specified in the order for the destruction of the animal or the disposal of the food or water.
(4)  The costs and expenses incurred by the Director or a Health Officer under subsection (3) shall be paid by the person in default and may be recovered as a debt due to the Government.
Wakes and disposal of corpses
14.
—(1)  Where any person has died whilst being, or suspected of being, a case or carrier or contact of an infectious disease, the Director may by order —
(a)
prohibit the conduct of a wake over the body of that person or impose such conditions as he thinks fit on the conduct of such wake; or
(b)
impose such conditions as he thinks fit for the collection, removal and disposal of the body of that person.
[7/2003]
(2)  If any person contravenes any order under subsection (1) —
(a)
that person shall be guilty of an offence; and
(b)
any Health Officer may take such steps as may be necessary to ensure that the order is complied with, including entering any premises at any time without warrant and with such force as may be necessary to collect, remove and dispose of the body of the deceased person.
[7/2003]
(3)  Any costs and expenses incurred by a Health Officer under subsection (2)(b) shall be borne by the person in default and may be recovered as a debt due to the Government.
[7/2003]
Isolation of certain persons
15.
—(1)  The Director may order any person who is, or is suspected to be, a case or carrier or contact of an infectious disease to be detained and isolated in a hospital or other place for such period of time and subject to such conditions as the Director may determine.
[7/2003]
(2)  The Director may order any person who is, or is suspected or continues to be suspected to be, a case or carrier or contact of an infectious disease, or who has recently recovered from or been treated for such disease, to remain and to be isolated and (if necessary) be treated, in his own dwelling place —
(a)
for such period of time as may be necessary for the protection of the public; and
(b)
subject to such conditions as the Director may consider necessary for this purpose.
[7/2003]
(3)  Where the person who is to be isolated under subsection (1) or (2) is a minor, the Director may order the parent or guardian of the minor —
(a)
to take the minor, within the time specified in the order, to the place in which he is to be isolated; or
(b)
to ensure that the minor remains in isolation in his own dwelling place,
for such period of time and subject to such conditions as may be specified by the Director.
(4)  Any person against whom an order under subsection (1) or (2) is made shall be guilty of an offence if he —
(a)
fails, without reasonable excuse, to proceed to the place in which he is to be isolated within the time specified in the order;
(b)
without the permission of the Director, leaves or attempts to leave the place in which he is being isolated; or
(c)
fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with any condition to which he is subject.
(5)  Any person, being the parent or guardian of a minor, who fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with an order of the Director under subsection (3) shall be guilty of an offence.
Surveillance
16.
—(1)  The Director may, in his discretion, order any person who is, or is suspected to be, a case or carrier or contact of an infectious disease to undergo surveillance for such period of time and subject to such conditions as the Director thinks fit.
[7/2003]
(2)  Where the person who is to undergo surveillance under subsection (1) is a minor, the Director may order the parent or guardian of the minor to have the minor undergo surveillance for such period of time and subject to such conditions as the Director thinks fit.
(3)  Any person subjected to surveillance by the Director under subsection (1) who fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with any condition relating to his surveillance imposed by the Director shall be guilty of an offence.
(4)  Any person, being the parent or guardian of a minor, who fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with an order of the Director under subsection (2) shall be guilty of an offence.
Isolation area
17.
—(1)  The Minister may, for the purpose of preventing the outbreak or spread of an infectious disease, by notification in the Gazette declare any premises to be an isolation area.
[7/2003]
(2)  A notification under subsection (1) shall be effective until the expiration of such period as may be specified in the notification or until it is revoked by the Minister, whichever occurs first.
[7/2003]
(3)  The Director may, in relation to an isolation area, by order —
(a)
prohibit any person or class of persons from entering or leaving the isolation area without the permission of the Director;
(b)
prohibit or restrict the movement within the isolation area of any person or class of persons;
(c)
prohibit or restrict the movement of goods;
(d)
require any person or class of persons to report at specified times and places and submit to such medical examinations, answer such questions and submit to such medical treatment as the Director thinks fit;
(e)
authorise the destruction, disposal or treatment of any goods, structure, water supply, drainage and sewerage system or other matter within the isolation area known or suspected to be a source of infection; and
(f)
prohibit, restrict, require or authorise the carrying out of such other act as may be prescribed.
[7/2003]
(4)  A Health Officer or a police officer may take any action that is necessary to give effect to an order under subsection (3).
(5)  Any person who, without reasonable excuse, contravenes an order under subsection (3) shall be guilty of an offence.
[7/2003]
(6)  A person who leaves or attempts to leave or is suspected of having left an isolation area in contravention of an order under subsection (3) may be arrested without warrant by any police officer, or by any Health Officer authorised in writing in that behalf by the Director.
[7/2003]
(7)  Without prejudice to any of the orders which the Director may make under this Act, the Director may issue an order under section 15 against a person who is arrested under subsection (6) as if he were a person referred to in that section.
[7/2003]
(8)  Goods brought into or removed from an isolation area in contravention of an order under subsection (3) shall be forfeited to the Government and may be seized, dealt with and disposed of in accordance with section 60(2) and (3) as if those goods were any substance or matter referred to in section 60(1)(c).
[7/2003]
Restricted zones during public health emergency
17A.
—(1)  If the Minister is satisfied that there is an outbreak or imminent outbreak of an infectious disease that poses a substantial risk of a significant number of human fatalities or incidents of serious disability in Singapore, he may, by order, declare a public health emergency.
[10/2008 wef 10/06/2008]
(2)  The Minister may, if it appears necessary or expedient for the securing of public health or safety during a public health emergency, by order declare the whole of or such area in Singapore to be a restricted zone and may in such order prohibit or restrict, subject to such conditions as he may think fit —
(a)
the entry and stay of persons in any place, building or other premises (whether public or private) within the restricted zone; and
(b)
the holding of, or the attendance of persons at, any public meeting, reception, procession or other gathering within the restricted zone.
[10/2008 wef 10/06/2008]
(3)  Subject to subsection (4), every order made under subsection (1) or (2) shall remain in force until it is revoked by the Minister or upon the expiration of 14 days from the date upon which it was made, whichever is the earlier.
[10/2008 wef 10/06/2008]
(4)  An order made under subsection (1) or (2) may be renewed by declaration of the Minister from time to time for such period, not exceeding 14 days at a time, as may be specified in the declaration.
[10/2008 wef 10/06/2008]
(5)  An order made under subsection (1) or (2) and a declaration of renewal made under subsection (4) shall be published in such manner as the Minister thinks necessary for bringing it to the notice of all persons who in his opinion ought to have notice thereof and shall have effect as soon as such notice has been given, without publication in the Gazette.
[10/2008 wef 10/06/2008]
(6)  A copy of every order made under subsection (1) or (2) and of every declaration of renewal made under subsection (4) shall be published in the Gazette and shall be presented to Parliament as soon as possible after it has been made and if a resolution is passed by Parliament annulling the order or declaration, it shall cease to have effect, notwithstanding subsection (3) or (4) (whichever is applicable), but without prejudice to anything previously done by virtue thereof.
[10/2008 wef 10/06/2008]
(7)  Where an order referred to in subsection (2)(b) is in force, any public officer or officer of any statutory body who is authorised in writing by the Director (hereinafter referred to as an authorised person) or any police officer may direct the persons at any public meeting, reception, procession or other gathering within the restricted zone to disperse and it shall thereupon be the duty of the persons so directed to disperse accordingly.
[10/2008 wef 10/06/2008]
(8)  Any person who refuses or fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with an order made under subsection (2) or with any direction given by an authorised person or a police officer under subsection (7) —
(a)
shall be guilty of an offence; and
(b)
may, without prejudice to any proceedings which may be taken against him, be arrested without warrant, and may be removed by an authorised person or a police officer from the place in respect of which the order or direction applies.
Abatement of overcrowding
18.
—(1)  If, in the opinion of the Director, a building is so overcrowded as to expose the occupants thereof to the risk of infection by an infectious disease, the Director may, by notice in writing, direct the owner or occupier of the building to abate the overcrowding or to close the building or part thereof within the time specified in the notice.
(2)  Any owner or occupier who fails to comply with a notice given to him by the Director under subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence.
(3)  When a building or any part thereof has been directed to be closed under subsection (1), any person who enters the building or any part thereof without the permission of the Director shall be guilty of an offence.
(4)  Without prejudice to any proceedings under subsection (2), where a notice issued by the Director under subsection (1) has not been complied with, the Director, a Health Officer or a police officer may, without warrant and with such force as may be necessary, enter the building and take or cause to be taken such measures as are necessary to abate the overcrowding or to close the building or any part thereof, as specified in the notice.
(5)  The costs and expenses incurred by the Director or a Health Officer under subsection (4) shall be paid by the owner or occupier in default and may be recovered as a debt due to the Government.
(6)  Any person who is aggrieved by any direction of the Director as contained in a notice given to him under subsection (1) may, within 7 days from the date of the notice, appeal to the Minister whose decision shall be final.
(7)  Notwithstanding that any appeal under subsection (6) is pending, a notice issued by the Director under subsection (1) shall take effect from the date specified by the Director, unless the Minister otherwise directs.
Closure and disinfection of premises
19.
—(1)  If the Director has reason to believe that there exist on any premises conditions that are likely to lead to the outbreak or spread of any infectious disease, he may, by notice in writing —
(a)
order the closure of the premises for a period not exceeding 14 days; or
(b)
prohibit the sale or distribution of food or water in the premises for such period as may be specified in the notice,
and may require the owner or occupier of the premises to —
(i)
cleanse or disinfect the premises in the manner and within the time specified in the notice; or
(ii)
carry out such additional measures as the Director may require in the manner and within the time specified in the notice.
(2)  A notice under subsection (1)(a) directing the owner or the occupier of the premises to close the premises may be renewed by the Director from time to time for such period, not exceeding 14 days, as the Director may, by notice in writing, specify.
(3)  Subject to subsection (7), any person who fails to comply with a notice given to him by the Director under subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence.
(4)  When any premises have been ordered to be closed under subsection (1)(a), any person who enters those premises without the permission of the Director shall be guilty of an offence.
(5)  Without prejudice to any proceedings under subsection (3), where a notice issued by the Director under subsection (1) has not been complied with, the Director, a Health Officer or a police officer may, without warrant and with such force as may be necessary, enter the premises to which the notice relates and close the premises or take or cause to be taken such measures as have been specified in the notice.
(6)  The costs and expenses incurred by the Director or a Health Officer under subsection (5) shall be paid by the person in default and may be recovered as a debt due to the Government.
(7)  Any person who is aggrieved by any order or requirement of the Director as contained in a notice given to him under subsection (1) may, within 7 days from the date of the notice, appeal to the Minister whose decision shall be final.
(8)  Notwithstanding that any appeal under subsection (7) is pending, a notice issued by the Director under subsection (1) shall take effect from the date specified by the Director, unless the Minister otherwise directs.
Prohibition or restriction of meetings, gatherings and public entertainments
20.
—(1)  Where it appears to the Director that the holding of any meeting, gathering or any public entertainment is likely to increase the spread of any infectious disease, the Director may by order prohibit or restrict, subject to such conditions as he may think fit, for a period not exceeding 14 days, the meeting, gathering or public entertainment in any place.
(1A)  An order under subsection (1) may be renewed by the Director from time to time for such period, not exceeding 14 days, as the Director may, by notice in writing, specify.
(2)  Any person who holds, is present at or has taken part in any meeting, gathering or public entertainment in contravention of an order by the Director under subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence.
(3)  A Health Officer or a police officer may take any action that is necessary to give effect to an order under subsection (1).
(4)  Any person who is aggrieved by any order of the Director under subsection (1) may, within 7 days from the date of the order, appeal to the Minister whose decision shall be final.
(5)  Notwithstanding that any appeal under subsection (4) is pending, an order made by the Director under subsection (1) shall take effect from the date specified by the Director, unless the Minister otherwise directs.
Control of occupation, trade or business
21.
—(1)  The Director may, by order in writing, prohibit any person who is a case or carrier of an infectious disease for any period specified therein from carrying on any occupation, trade or business in which that person is likely to cause the spread of the disease.
[16/80]
(2)  The Director may, by order in writing, prohibit any person for any period specified therein from carrying on any occupation, trade or business if his occupation, trade or business is conducted in such manner as is likely to cause the spread of any infectious disease.
(3)  Any person who fails to comply with an order made by the Director under subsection (1) or (2) shall be guilty of an offence.
(4)  Without prejudice to any proceedings under subsection (3), where an order made by the Director under subsection (1) or (2) prohibiting any person from carrying on any occupation, trade or business has not been complied with by that person, the Director, a Health Officer or a police officer may, without warrant and with such force as may be necessary, enter the premises on which the occupation, trade or business is being carried out and take or cause to be taken such measures as are necessary to close the premises.
(5)  The costs and expenses incurred by the Director or a Health Officer under subsection (4) shall be paid by the person in default and may be recovered as a debt due to the Government.
(6)  Any person who is aggrieved by any order or requirement of the Director as contained in an order made by the Director under subsection (1) or (2) may, within 7 days from the date of the order, appeal to the Minister whose decision shall be final.
(7)  Notwithstanding that any appeal under subsection (6) is pending, an order made by the Director under subsection (1) or (2) shall take effect from the date specified by the Director, unless the Minister otherwise directs.
Certain persons not to act in manner likely to spread disease
21A.
—(1)  A person who knows, or has reason to suspect, that he is a case or carrier or contact of a disease set out in the Fifth Schedule shall not expose other persons to the risk of infection by his presence or conduct in any public place or any other place used in common by persons other than the members of his own family or household.
[7/2003]
(2)  A person having the care of another person whom he knows, or has reason to suspect, is a case or carrier or contact of a disease set out in the Fifth Schedule shall not cause or permit that person to expose other persons to the risk of infection by that person’s presence or conduct in any such place.
[7/2003]
(3)  A person shall not lend, sell, transmit or expose, without previous disinfection, any clothing, bedding or rags which he knows to have been exposed to infection from a disease set out in the Fifth Schedule, or any other article which he knows to have been so exposed and which is liable to carry such infection.
[7/2003]
(4)  Any person who contravenes subsection (1), (2) or (3) shall be guilty of an offence.
[7/2003]
(5)  A person shall not incur any liability for contravening subsection (1) if his presence or conduct in a place mentioned in that subsection is necessary for the purpose of obtaining medical treatment.
[7/2003]
(6)  Where the Director has designated a hospital or other place for the treatment of any disease set out in the Fifth Schedule, subsection (5) shall only apply in relation to the obtaining of medical treatment at the designated hospital or place for that disease.
[7/2003]
(7)  A person shall not incur any liability for contravening subsection (3) by transmitting with proper precautions any article for the purpose of having it disinfected.
[7/2003]