—(1) The directors of a company shall, within 3 months after incorporation of the company, appoint a person or persons to be the auditor or auditors of the company, and any auditor or auditors so appointed shall, subject to this section, hold office until the conclusion of the first annual general meeting.
(2) A company shall at each annual general meeting of the company appoint a person or persons to be the auditor or auditors of the company, and any auditor or auditors so appointed shall, subject to this section, hold office until the conclusion of the next annual general meeting of the company.
(3) Subject to subsections (7) and (8), the directors of a company may appoint a public accountant to fill any casual vacancy in the office of auditor of the company, but while such a vacancy continues the surviving or continuing auditor or auditors, if any, may act.
(4) An auditor of a company may be removed from office by resolution of the company at a general meeting of which special notice has been given, but not otherwise.
(5) Where special notice of a resolution to remove an auditor is received by a company —
it shall immediately send a copy of the notice to the auditor concerned and to the Registrar; and
the auditor may, within 7 days after the receipt by him of the copy of the notice, make representations in writing to the company (not exceeding a reasonable length) and request that, prior to the meeting at which the resolution is to be considered, a copy of the representations be sent by the company to every member of the company to whom notice of the meeting is sent.
(6) Unless the Registrar on the application of the company otherwise orders, the company shall send a copy of the representations as so requested and the auditor may, without prejudice to his right to be heard orally, require that the representations be read out at the meeting.
(7) Where an auditor of a company is removed from office in pursuance of subsection (4) at a general meeting of the company —
the company may, at the meeting, by a resolution passed by a majority of not less than three-fourths of such members of the company as being entitled to do so vote in person or, where proxies are allowed, by proxy immediately appoint another person nominated at the meeting as auditor; or
the meeting may be adjourned to a date not earlier than 20 days and not later than 30 days after the meeting and the company may, by ordinary resolution, appoint another person as auditor, being a person notice of whose nomination as auditor has, at least 10 days before the resumption of the adjourned meeting, been received by the company.
(8) A company shall, immediately after the removal of an auditor from office in pursuance of subsection (4), give notice in writing of the removal to the Registrar and, if the company does not appoint another auditor under subsection (7), the Registrar shall appoint an auditor.
(9) An auditor appointed in pursuance of subsection (7) or (8) shall, subject to this section, hold office until the conclusion of the next annual general meeting of the company.
(10) If the directors do not appoint an auditor or auditors as required by this section, the Registrar may on the application in writing of any member of the company make the appointment.
(11) Subject to subsection (7), a person shall not be capable of being appointed auditor of a company at an annual general meeting unless he held office as auditor of the company immediately before the meeting or notice of his nomination as auditor was given to the company by a member of the company not less than 21 days before the meeting.
(12) Where notice of nomination of a person as an auditor of a company is received by the company whether for appointment at an adjourned meeting under subsection (7) or at an annual general meeting, the company shall, not less than 7 days before the adjourned meeting or the annual general meeting, send a copy of the notice to the person nominated, to each auditor, if any, of the company and to each person entitled to receive notice of general meetings of the company.
(12A) Where a resolution under section 175A is in force and the auditor or auditors of the company is or are to be appointed by a resolution by written means under section 184A by virtue of section 175A(10), references in subsections (11) and (12) to the date of an annual general meeting shall be read as references to the time —
agreement to that resolution is sought in accordance with section 184C; or
documents referred to in section 183(3A) in respect of the resolution are served or made accessible in accordance with section 183(3A),
as the case may be.
(13) If, after notice of nomination of a person as an auditor of a company has been given to the company, the annual general meeting of the company is called for a date 21 days or less after the notice has been given, subsection (11) shall not apply in relation to the person and, if the annual general meeting is called for a date not more than 7 days after the notice has been given and a copy of the notice is, at the time notice of the meeting is given, sent to each person to whom, under subsection (12), it is required to be sent, the company shall be deemed to have complied with that subsection in relation to the notice.
(14) An auditor of a company may resign —
if he is not the sole auditor of the company; or
at a general meeting of the company,
but not otherwise.
(15) If an auditor gives notice in writing to the directors of the company that he desires to resign, the directors shall call a general meeting of the company as soon as is practicable for the purpose of appointing an auditor in place of the auditor who desires to resign and on the appointment of another auditor the resignation shall take effect.
(16) The fees and expenses of an auditor of a company —
in the case of an auditor appointed by the company at a general meeting — shall be fixed by the company in general meeting or, if so authorised by the members at the last preceding annual general meeting, by the directors; and
in the case of an auditor appointed by the directors or by the Registrar — may be fixed by the directors or by the Registrar, as the case may be, and, if not so fixed, shall be fixed as provided in paragraph (a) as if the auditor had been appointed by the company.
(17) If default is made in complying with this section, the company and every director of the company who is in default shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $5,000.
[UK, 1948, ss. 159-161; Aust., 1961, ss. 166, 166A, 166B]